This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling & Prediction and Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation, SBP-BRiMS 2016, held in Washington, DC, USA, in June/July 2016. The 38 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 78 submissions. The goal of this conference was to build a new community of social cyber scholars by bringing together and fostering interaction between members of the scientific, corporate, government and military communities interested in understanding, forecasting and impacting human socio-cultural behavior. For this three challenges have to be met: deep understanding, socio-cognitive reasoning, and re-usable computational technology. Thus papers come from a wide number of disciplines: computer science, psychology, sociology, communication science, public health, bioinformatics, political science, and organizational science.