Search results for: a-history-of-modern-computing

A History of Modern Computing

Author : Paul E. Ceruzzi
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Ceruzzi pens a history of computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer to the Web and dot-com crash.

A History of Modern Computing second edition

Author : Paul E. Ceruzzi
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From the first digital computer to the dot-com crash—a story of individuals, institutions, and the forces that led to a series of dramatic transformations. This engaging history covers modern computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer through the dot-com crash. The author concentrates on five key moments of transition: the transformation of the computer in the late 1940s from a specialized scientific instrument to a commercial product; the emergence of small systems in the late 1960s; the beginning of personal computing in the 1970s; the spread of networking after 1985; and, in a chapter written for this edition, the period 1995-2001. The new material focuses on the Microsoft antitrust suit, the rise and fall of the dot-coms, and the advent of open source software, particularly Linux. Within the chronological narrative, the book traces several overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's internal design; the effect of economic trends and the Cold War; the long-term role of IBM as a player and as a target for upstart entrepreneurs; the growth of software from a hidden element to a major character in the story of computing; and the recurring issue of the place of information and computing in a democratic society. The focus is on the United States (though Europe and Japan enter the story at crucial points), on computing per se rather than on applications such as artificial intelligence, and on systems that were sold commercially and installed in quantities.

John Von Neumann and the Origins of Modern Computing

Author : William Aspray
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William Aspray provides the first broad and detailed account of von Neumann's many different contributions to computing.

A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century

Author : International Research Conference on the History Of Computing (1976 : Los Alamos)
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A Brief History of Computing

Author : Gerard O'Regan
File Size : 62.25 MB
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Robert Irwin travels back in time with his real-life best friend, in his third wild adventure Robert and his best friend Riley are visiting the Canadian badlands in Alberta with Riley's Uncle Nate. The badlands are home to more than 35 different species of dinosaur fossils. Robert and Riley get pulled back in time to Alberta, Canada during the Late Cretaceous period, to find a heavily armored euoplocephalus trapped in vines. The rescue doesn't go according to plan when a ferocious gorgosaurus arrives on the scene, looking for a snack.

A History of Modern Computing

Author : Paul E. Ceruzzi
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Ceruzzi pens a history of computing from the development of the first electronic digital computer to the Web and dot-com crash.

Computing

Author : Paul E. Ceruzzi
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A compact and accessible history, from punch cards and calculators to UNIVAC and ENIAC, the personal computer, Silicon Valley, and the Internet. The history of computing could be told as the story of hardware and software, or the story of the Internet, or the story of “smart” hand-held devices, with subplots involving IBM, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Twitter. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective. He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing's technological development: digitization—the coding of information, computation, and control in binary form, ones and zeros; the convergence of multiple streams of techniques, devices, and machines, yielding more than the sum of their parts; the steady advance of electronic technology, as characterized famously by “Moore's Law”; and the human-machine interface. Ceruzzi guides us through computing history, telling how a Bell Labs mathematician coined the word “digital” in 1942 (to describe a high-speed method of calculating used in anti-aircraft devices), and recounting the development of the punch card (for use in the 1890 U.S. Census). He describes the ENIAC, built for scientific and military applications; the UNIVAC, the first general purpose computer; and ARPANET, the Internet's precursor. Ceruzzi's account traces the world-changing evolution of the computer from a room-size ensemble of machinery to a “minicomputer” to a desktop computer to a pocket-sized smart phone. He describes the development of the silicon chip, which could store ever-increasing amounts of data and enabled ever-decreasing device size. He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, and brings the story up to the present with the Internet, the World Wide Web, and social networking.

The Origins of Digital Computers

Author : Brian Randell
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Computing Milieux -- History of Computing.

A History of Scientific Computing

Author : Stephen Nash
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Essays about pioneers in the field of scientific and numeric computing--John von Neumann, James Wilkinson, George Forsythe, and Howard Aiken--show how the drive to solve particular problems influenced the development of algorithms, software, and even computers. Methods that have led to new tools in computer analysis, such as the fast Fourier transform and finite-element and iterative methods, also are discussed, as well as the contributions of scientific organizations like ACM and SIAM and institutions like the Los Alamos Laboratory and the former National Bureau of Standards. The volume concludes with a view of numerical analysis in Europe and the Soviet Union. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Project Whirlwind

Author : Kent C. Redmond
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A History of Personal Workstations

Author : Adele Goldberg
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This distinctive book presents a history of an increasingly important class of computers, personal workstations. It is a history seen from the unique perspective of the people who pioneered their development.

Turing s Legacy

Author : David M. Yates
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During the second half of the twentieth century, the use of computers has transformed working life in the developed world. The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is one of the cradles of this revolution. This book outlines its contribution to modern computing history, covering the vital role played by Alan Turing, the Pilot ACE and ACE computers developed from his plans, and the fertile marriage of computers and communications in the 1960s.

Beyond the Limits

Author : Paul E. Ceruzzi
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Chronicles the progressive penetration of computing into every aspect of flight technology, from the end of World War II to the present

History of Computing and Education 2 HCE2

Author : John Impagliazzo
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These proceedings derive from an international conference on the history of computing and education. This conference is the second of hopefully a series of conferences that will take place within the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) and hence, we describe it as the "Second IFIP Conference on the History of Computing and Education" or simply "History of Computing and Education 2" (HCE2). This volume consists of a collection of articles presented at the HCE2 conference held in association with the IFIP 2006 World Computer Congress in Santiago, Chile. Articles range from a wide variety of educational and computing perspectives and represent activities from five continents. The HCE2 conference represents a joint effort of the IFIP Working Group 9. 7 on the History of Computing and the IFIP Technical Committee 3 on Education. The HCE2 conference brings to light a broad spectrum of issues. It illustrates topics in computing as they occurred in the "early days" of computing whose ramifications or overtones remain with us today. Indeed, many of the early challenges remain part of our educational tapestry; most likely, many will evolve into future challenges. Therefore, these proceedings provide additional value to the reader as it will reflect in part the future development of computing and education to stimulate new ideas and models in educational development. These proceedings provide a spectrum of interesting articles spanning many topics of historical interest.

The Computer Establishment

Author : Katharine Davis Fishman
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Computer

Author : Martin Campbell-Kelly
File Size : 42.24 MB
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Computer: A History of the Information Machine traces the history of the computer and shows how business and government were the first to explore its unlimited, information-processing potential. Old-fashioned entrepreneurship combined with scientific know-how inspired now famous computer engineers to create the technology that became IBM. Wartime needs drove the giant ENIAC, the first fully electronic computer. Later, the PC enabled modes of computing that liberated people from room-sized, mainframe computers. This third edition provides updated analysis on software and computer networking, including new material on the programming profession, social networking, and mobile computing. It expands its focus on the IT industry with fresh discussion on the rise of Google and Facebook as well as how powerful applications are changing the way we work, consume, learn, and socialize. Computer is an insightful look at the pace of technological advancement and the seamless way computers are integrated into the modern world. Through comprehensive history and accessible writing, Computer is perfect for courses on computer history, technology history, and information and society, as well as a range of courses in the fields of computer science, communications, sociology, and management.

The Science of Computing

Author : Matti Tedre
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The identity of computing has been fiercely debated throughout its short history. Why is it still so hard to define computing as an academic discipline? Is computing a scientific, mathematical, or engineering discipline? By describing the mathematical, engineering, and scientific traditions of computing, The Science of Computing: Shaping a Discipline presents a rich picture of computing from the viewpoints of the field’s champions. The book helps readers understand the debates about computing as a discipline. It explains the context of computing’s central debates and portrays a broad perspective of the discipline. The book first looks at computing as a formal, theoretical discipline that is in many ways similar to mathematics, yet different in crucial ways. It traces a number of discussions about the theoretical nature of computing from the field’s intellectual origins in mathematical logic to modern views of the role of theory in computing. The book then explores the debates about computing as an engineering discipline, from the central technical innovations to the birth of the modern technical paradigm of computing to computing’s arrival as a new technical profession to software engineering gradually becoming an academic discipline. It presents arguments for and against the view of computing as engineering within the context of software production and analyzes the clash between the theoretical and practical mindsets. The book concludes with the view of computing as a science in its own right—not just as a tool for other sciences. It covers the early identity debates of computing, various views of computing as a science, and some famous characterizations of the discipline. It also addresses the experimental computer science debate, the view of computing as a natural science, and the algorithmization of sciences.

Casting the Net

Author : Peter H. Salus
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Focusing on the design decisions and standards which have made internetworking possible, this new book charts the intriguing history of this communications/computing phenomenon. From its beginnings as a Department of Defense project to its current position as the global network for computing communications, the full Internet story is told here.

History of Computing Learning from the Past

Author : Arthur Tatnall
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History of Computing: Learning from the Past Why is the history of computing important? Given that the computer, as we now know it, came into existence less than 70 years ago it might seem a little odd to some people that we are concerned with its history. Isn’t history about ‘old things’? Computing, of course, goes back much further than 70 years with many earlier - vices rightly being known as computers, and their history is, of course, important. It is only the history of electronic digital computers that is relatively recent. History is often justified by use of a quote from George Santayana who famously said that: ‘Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it’. It is arguable whether there are particular mistakes in the history of computing that we should avoid in the future, but there is some circularity in this question, as the only way we will know the answer to this is to study our history. This book contains papers on a wide range of topics relating to the history of c- puting, written both by historians and also by those who were involved in creating this history. The papers are the result of an international conference on the History of Computing that was held as a part of the IFIP World Computer Congress in Brisbane in September 2010.

Targeting the Computer

Author : Kenneth Flamm
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