Search Results for "a-manufactured-plague-the-history-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-britain"

A Manufactured Plague

A Manufactured Plague

The History of Foot-and-mouth Disease in Britain

  • Author: Abigail Woods
  • Publisher: Earthscan
  • ISBN: 1849770301
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 208
  • View: 3005
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Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is currently regarded as one of the world's worst animal plagues. But how did this label become attached to a curable disease that poses little threat to human health? And why, in the epidemic of 2001, did the government's control strategy still rely upon Victorian trade restrictions and mass slaughter? This groundbreaking and well-researched book shows that, for over a century, FMD has brought fear, tragedy and sorrow- damaging businesses and affecting international relations. Yet these effects were neither inevitable nor caused by FMD itself but were, rather, the product of the legislation used to control it, and in this sense FMD is a 'manufactured' plague rather than a natural one. A Manufactured Plague turns the spotlight on this process of manufacture, revealing a rich history beset by controversy, in which party politics, class relations, veterinary ambitions, agricultural practices, the priorities of farming and the meat trade, fears for national security and scientific progress all made FMD what it is today.

Taste, Trade and Technology

Taste, Trade and Technology

The Development of the International Meat Industry since 1840

  • Author: Richard Perren
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351896083
  • Category: History
  • Page: 302
  • View: 9520
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Focusing on the interactions of producers, sellers and consumers of meat across the world, Richard Perren elucidates aspects of the evolution of the international economy and the part played by the investment of capital and the enterprise of individuals. The study utilises the government reports and papers issued by all countries involved in the meat trade, including North and South America, Australia, New Zealand and Britain. Beginning in the nineteenth century allows a comprehensive analysis of how an efficient meat exporting industry was built. The industry required investment, which was part of the general process of economic development. Perren focuses on the nature of the firms involved with the trade, the part played in the industry's development by foreign investment and the encouragement given by governments. Close attention is also paid to the stimulus of war, the impact of animal health and food hygiene regulations on producers and the competing demands of interest groups involved in the food businesses. By taking an historical as well as a contemporary approach, the book contributes to the current discussion on the effectiveness of animal and meat inspection in identifying farm livestock diseases such as tuberculosis and BSE. This study advances our knowledge of the process of food distribution in the industrialising and post-industrial economies, and leads to a comprehensive understanding of an important component of the international food chain.

Arresting Contagion

Arresting Contagion

Science, Policy, and Conflicts over Animal Disease Control

  • Author: Alan L. Olmstead
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674967224
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 805
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Sixty percent of infectious human diseases are shared with other vertebrates. Alan Olmstead and Paul Rhode tell how innovations to combat livestock infections—border control, food inspection, drug regulation, federal research labs—turned the U.S. into a world leader in combatting communicable diseases, and remain central to public health policy.

Geographies of Nature

Geographies of Nature

Societies, Environments, Ecologies

  • Author: Steve Hinchliffe
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 1446228622
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 224
  • View: 2203
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"An exemplary introduction to cutting edge work on the geographies of nature. Intellectually demanding, clearly written and empirically rich, this is a book that deserves a wide readership within and beyond the geographical discipline." - Sarah J. Whatmore, Oxford University Centre for the Environment Geographies of Nature introduces readers to conventional understandings of nature - realist, environmental, constructivist - while examining alternative accounts from different disciplines where nature resists easy classification. Accessibly written, it demonstrates how recent thinking has urgent relevance and impact on the ways in which we approach environmental problems. The text: Makes concepts like 'environment', 'conservation', and 'sustainability' accessible and applicable with the extensive use of case studies. Uses text boxes to introduce readers to debates and ideas. Grounds the reader and proceeds to the explanation of more complex arguments progressively. Geographies of Nature presents a new kind of environmental analysis, one that refuses to view nature as wholly separate to the human and nonhuman practices through which it is constantly made and remade.

The Social and Cultural Impact of Foot and Mouth Disease in the UK in 2001

The Social and Cultural Impact of Foot and Mouth Disease in the UK in 2001

Experiences and Analyses

  • Author: Martin Döring,Brigitte Nerlich
  • Publisher: Manchester University Press
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 1006
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The 2001 Foot and Mouth Disease epidemic in the UK, during which millions of animals were culled over a nine-month period, had a devastating and long-lasting impact on individuals and communities. In 2002, the European Parliament noted that policymakers need to have a better understanding of the social and psychological impact of such events on adults and children, on farmers and non-farmers. Although many studies about FMD have been published since 2001, this is the first to offer a detailed examination of the various ways in which the outbreak affected the fabric of rural life and rural culture across classes and across generations. Drawing on the experiences of farmers, the media, artists, writers, children and churches, this collection provides a space for academic inquiry, political and poetic reflection and artistic expression.

South African Historical Journal

South African Historical Journal

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: South Africa
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6097
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Healing the Herds

Healing the Herds

Disease, Livestock Economies, and the Globalization of Veterinary Medicine

  • Author: Karen Brown,Daniel Gilfoyle
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 299
  • View: 8189
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Healing the Herds: Disease, Livestock Economies, and the Globalization of Veterinary Medicine offers a new and exciting comparative approach to the complex interrelationships of microbes, markets, and medicine in the global economy. It draws upon fourteen case studies from the Americas, western Europe, and the European and Japanese colonies to illustrate how the rapid growth of the international trade in animals through the nineteenth century engendered the spread of infectious diseases, sometimes with devastating consequences for indigenous pastoral societies. At different times and across much of the globe, livestock epidemics have challenged social order and provoked state interventions, which were sometimes opposed by pastoralists. The intensification of agriculture has transformed environments, with consequences for animal and human health. But the last two centuries have also witnessed major changes in the way societies have conceptualized diseases and sought to control them. The rise of germ theories and the discovery of vaccines against some infections made it possible to move beyond the blunt tools of animal culls and restrictive quarantines of the past. Nevertheless, these older methods have remained important to strategies of control and prevention, as demonstrated during the recent outbreak of foot and mouth disease in Britain in 2001. From the late nineteenth century, advances in veterinary technologies afforded veterinary scientists a new professional status and allowed them to wield greater political influence. In the European and Japanese colonies, state support for biomedical veterinary science often led to coercive policies for managing the livestock economies of the colonized peoples. In western Europe and North America, public responses to veterinary interventions were often unenthusiastic and reflected a latent distrust of outside interference and state regulation. Politics, economics, and science inform these essays on the history of animal diseases and the expansion in veterinary medicine.

Sustaining language

Sustaining language

essays in applied ecolinguistics

  • Author: Alwin Fill,Hermine Penz
  • Publisher: Lit Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783825898588
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 301
  • View: 8169
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Can language diversity be sustained on this earth? Can the resource language be used in a sustainable way? The essays in this volume address language loss in the age of globaliation and discuss how language construes our view of Nature and Environment. The volume is also a plea for using an ecolinguistic perspective in school teaching

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Lancashire, England
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9329
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List of members in each volume.

Animal Disease and Human Trauma

Animal Disease and Human Trauma

  • Author: Ian Convery,Maggie Mort,Cathy Bailey,Josephine Baxter
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9780230506978
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 5721
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Many disasters are approached as if they have a clear beginning, middle and end, but the experience of being in a disaster is often very different. For many victims or survivors, part of what makes particular events so harrowing is a sense that the past, the present and the future are all implicated or affected by what has happened. This book offers ways of thinking about disasters that are non-linear and non-prescriptive. Focusing on the UK Foot and Mouth Disease Disaster of 2001, and drawing on international case studies, this fascinating study explores the lived experience of disasters, looking at how daily lives intersect with dramatic events. Exploring the intersection between `natural` and `technological` disaster, and individual and collective trauma, this book views disaster in its local specificities as well as the wider context of control, risk and debates surrounding the relationship between nature and culture.