Search results for: acutr-respiratory-distress-in-adults

ACUTR RESPIRATORY DISTRESS IN ADULTS

Author : T W Haslett
File Size : 70.75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 118
Read : 433
Download »
Great progress has been made since the first description of the acute respiratory distress syndrome by the Denver group in 1967 (Lancet). Although we introduced the term 'adult respiratory distress syndrome' in our second and more detailed description of the syndrome (ehest, 1971), this was probably amistake for the simple reason that children also suffer the same syndrome fo11owing acute lung insults. Today, the syndrome of acute respiratory distress in adults (ARDS) is recognized as a worldwide problem, but the prevalence of disease varies in different parts of the world. A huge amount of research has focused on the mechanisms of acute lung injury and yet the exact sequence of events and media tors in inflammatory cascade, which result in acute respiratory failure from ARDS, is not known but many possibilities exist. The definition of ARDS has been gradua11y modified in recent years and investigators around the world are now co11aborating in order to establish more uniform concepts in identification, risk factors and mechanisms of lung injury, which someday will result in improved approaches to management. Already, at least some centers are showing improved outcomes in ARDS, achieving an approximate 60% survival rate. In the past, most large series documented only about a 40% survivability taking a11 causes of ARDS. This apparent progress is likely attributable to more meticulous and disciplined care than any specific pharmacologic attack on the basic mechanism resulting in ARDS.

ARDS Acute Respiratory Distress in Adults

Author : Timothy W. Evans
File Size : 67.93 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 281
Read : 902
Download »
Great progress has been made since the first description of the acute respiratory distress syndrome by the Denver group in 1967 (Lancet). Although we introduced the term 'adult respiratory distress syndrome' in our second and more detailed description of the syndrome (ehest, 1971), this was probably amistake for the simple reason that children also suffer the same syndrome fo11owing acute lung insults. Today, the syndrome of acute respiratory distress in adults (ARDS) is recognized as a worldwide problem, but the prevalence of disease varies in different parts of the world. A huge amount of research has focused on the mechanisms of acute lung injury and yet the exact sequence of events and media tors in inflammatory cascade, which result in acute respiratory failure from ARDS, is not known but many possibilities exist. The definition of ARDS has been gradua11y modified in recent years and investigators around the world are now co11aborating in order to establish more uniform concepts in identification, risk factors and mechanisms of lung injury, which someday will result in improved approaches to management. Already, at least some centers are showing improved outcomes in ARDS, achieving an approximate 60% survival rate. In the past, most large series documented only about a 40% survivability taking a11 causes of ARDS. This apparent progress is likely attributable to more meticulous and disciplined care than any specific pharmacologic attack on the basic mechanism resulting in ARDS.

Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Author : Steven L. Shein
File Size : 53.95 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 976
Read : 591
Download »
This book provides a concise yet comprehensive overview of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS). The text reviews the emerging science behind the new PARDS definition; explores epidemiology, pathobiology, etiologies, and risk factors; reviews state-of-the-art treatment modalities and strategies; and discusses clinical outcomes. Written by experts in the field, Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Clinical Guide is a valuable resource for clinicians and practitioners who specialize in pediatric critical care.

Evidence Based Management of Patients with Respiratory Failure

Author : Andres Esteban
File Size : 78.88 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 603
Read : 499
Download »
Respiratory failure is a complex disease process whereby the underlying disease and therapeutic measures interact. This book contains an extensive bibliographic review, focusing on preventive and therapeutic studies, that was methodologically standardized, with authors assessing and classifying studies according to statutes of evidence-based medicine. It considers the epidemiology and outcome of mechanical ventilation; addresses ventilator modes and utility of pulmonary mechanics monitoring for treatment; analyzes physiologic effect and patient-outcomes of pulmonary recruitment and lung protective ventilation procedures; describes complications that can be present in these patients such as ventilator-associated pneumonia and useful methods to prevent respiratory infections; covers the impact of bronchodilators, corticosteroids, and antibiotics in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; discusses how, when, and in whom to do tracheostomy; and evaluates the use of sedation and neuromuscular blockade as well as current clinical trials in acute lung injury.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Author : Sadatomo Tasaka
File Size : 24.84 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 237
Read : 1279
Download »
Divided into thirteen chapters, this book provides a wealth of research-oriented findings and practical guidance, ranging from the definition, epidemiology and pathophysiology, to the diagnosis and management of the disease. Although acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined by the acute onset of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, hypoxemia and the need for mechanical ventilation, it is a heterogeneous disease entity, which makes it difficult to develop specific therapies. Treatment tends to focus on lung-protective ventilation, and no specific pharmacotherapies have been identified. All chapters were written by respected experts in the field, and summarize the latest trends, share recent research findings, and outline future prospects. Specific chapters are devoted to novel, promising diagnostic approaches, such as microRNA, which may improve our ability to identify early ARDS or at-risk patients. In addition, a dedicated chapter explores cell-based therapies and regenerative medicine, which offer potential therapeutic options. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome - Advances in Diagnostic Tools and Disease Management offers a valuable reference guide not only for young physicians and trainees, but also for experienced or teaching physicians, medical educators, and basic researchers. Readers will find the latest information on ARDS and come to understand the current challenges, encouraging them to further advance the diagnosis, treatment and clinical research on this disease.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Author : James A. Russell
File Size : 77.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 785
Read : 1289
Download »
ARDS: A Comprehensive Clinical Approach focuses on the clinical assessment and management of patients with ARDS.

Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome An Issue of Critical Care Clinics E Book

Author : Lena M. Napolitano
File Size : 29.62 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 983
Read : 656
Download »
This issue of Critical Care Clinics will focus on Severe Acute Respiratory DIstress Syndrome and dealing with it in the ICU. Topics will include: Challenges and Successes in ARDS Research;Mechanical ventilation with Lung Protective Strategies: What works?; Gene therapy for ALI/ARDS;High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation in ALI/ARDS;Prone positioning therapy in ARDS;Recovery and Long-term outcome in ARDS; and Experimental models and emergeing hypotheses for ALI and ARDS

Shock and the Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Author : Wolfgang Kox
File Size : 86.48 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 917
Read : 1094
Download »

Respiratory Disease and its Management

Author : A. McLuckie
File Size : 20.69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 474
Read : 540
Download »
Medical training for Intensive Care Medicine (ICM) has made great developments over the years. Recent advances have led to the introduction of competency based training, with a strong focus on the development of specific competencies at basic, intermediate and advanced stages of learning. This ensures trainees hold the appropriate skills and knowledge to undertake safe clinical practice, and thus provide good patient care. One of the key topics covered in ICM training is respiratory disease and its management. Based on this, it would therefore seem appropriate to introduce a text that addresses each of the key areas.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Author : Marie C. Elie
File Size : 66.49 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 476
Read : 1046
Download »
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a complex disorder associated with rapidly progressive lung inflammation, non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, hypoxemic respiratory failure and one or more well-defined risk factors including sepsis and severe trauma. Since its original description in 1967, experimental and clinical evidence has provided considerable insight into the key roles deregulated systemic inflammation and coagulation play in this devastating clinical syndrome. Despite substantial advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of ARDS, until recently, little progress had been made in uncovering clinical strategies to improve the outcome of patients with ARDS. However, over the past 10 years protective ventilation and other supportive management strategies have been identified that markedly improve the outcome in ARDS. More recently, research has identified patients at risk for the development of the syndrome. Currently, clinical trials are underway.