Search results for: advances-in-gas-phase-ion-chemistry-volume-4

Advances in Gas Phase Ion Chemistry

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Advances in Gas Phase Ion Chemistry

Advances in Gas Phase Ion Chemistry

Author : L.M. Babcock
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Gas phase ion chemistry is a broad field that has many applications and which encompasses various branches of chemistry and physics. Advances in Gas Phase Ion Chemistry, Volume 4, describes innovative ways of studying reactions as well as the application of unique apparatuses to problems in this field. This volume contains a series of chapters, in the general area of gas phase chemistry and physics, which are at the cutting edge of research. The chapters are not meant to be general reviews, but focus on the author's own work. They focus on both experimental and theoretical work, which gives a balance to the volume. Applications are included to appeal to a wider audience and to broaden the knowledge of the more fundamentally inclined. An application to environmental pollution monitoring and medical monitoring of breath is included. With successive volumes, the coverage broadens to include more current research in the title area. The book is aimed at graduate researchers, university faculty and graduates in industry. The editors have made a specific effort to include contributions from those relatively new to the field, which brings in new ideas and perspectives, as well as those more established workers, who bring a wealth of experience.

Advances in Gas Phase Ion Chemistry

Author : N.G. Adams
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Gas-phase ion chemistry is a broad field which has many applications and which encompasses various branches of chemistry and physics. An application that draws together many of these branches is the synthesis of molecules in interstellar clouds. This was part of the motivation for studies on the neutralization of ions by electrons and on isomerization in ion-neutral associations. The results of investigations of particular aspects of ion dynamics are presented in this volume. Solvation in ion-molecule reactions is discussed and extended to include multiply charged ions by the application of electrospray techniques. This volume also provides a wealth of information on reaction thermodynamics which is critical in determining reaction spontaneity and availability of reaction channels. More focused studies are also presented towards the end of this volume, relating to the ionization process and its nature.

Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics

Author : Ennio Arimondo
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Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics publishes reviews of recent developments in a field which is in a state of rapid growth, as new experimental and theoretical techniques are used on many old and new problems. Topics covered include related applied areas, such as atmospheric science, astrophysics, surface physics and laser physics. Articles are written by distinguished experts, and contain both relevant review material and detailed descriptions of important recent developments. International experts Comprehensive articles New developments

Foodborne Disease Handbook Second Edition

Author : Y. H. Hui
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Advances in Multi Photon Processes and Spectroscopy

Author : S H Lin
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Contents:Two-Color Double Resonance Spectroscopy For the Study of High Excited States of Molecules (M Ito & M Fujii)Resonantly Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization — Photoelectron Spectroscopy as a Probe of Molecular Photophysics and Photochemistry (S Pratt, P Dehmer & J Dehmer)Progress in Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization Spectroscopy of Transient Free Radicals (J Hudgens)Time-Resolved Resonance Raman Spectroscopy: Intense Electromagnetic Field Effects, and Photoelectrochemical Reactions on Semiconductor Crystallite Surfaces (L Brus) Readership: Atomic physicists, chemists and materials scientists.

Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry II

Author : J. A. McCleverty
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Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry II (CCC II) is the sequel to what has become a classic in the field, Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry, published in 1987. CCC II builds on the first and surveys new developments authoritatively in over 200 newly comissioned chapters, with an emphasis on current trends in biology, materials science and other areas of contemporary scientific interest.

Inorganic Chemistry

Author : Gary Wulfsberg
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Wulfsberg's new InorganicChemistryis ideal for use as the primary textbook in thejunior-, senior- and introductory graduate-level sequence ofinorganic chemistry courses. With a clear descriptive approachthat seamlessly integrates bioinorganic, environmental,geological, and medicinal material into each chapter, there ismuch to like about this contemporary text. Also refreshing is anempirical approach to problems in which the text emphasizesobservations before moving on to theoretical models. Because PartI of the book explains chemical concepts and reactions usingValence Bond theory, it may be used by students who have not hadphysical chemistry; thus Part I of the book is also recommendedfor use in a one-semester introductory course. Part II covers alltraditional topics of an advanced inorganic course for chemistrymajors including symmetry, molecular orbital theory, transitionmetal chemistry, organometallic chemistry, inorganic materialsand mechanisms, and bioinorganic chemistry. Worked examples and solutionsin each chapter combine with chapter-ending study objectives,40-70 exercises per chapter, and experiments for discovery-basedlearning to make this, in the words of one reviewer, "anoutstanding new text." This remarkable book even appears as set dressing inUniversal Pictures motion picture, The Incredible Hulk with Nick Nolte. Ancillaries A detailed Instructors' Manual is available for adopting professors. Art from the book may be downloaded by adopting professors.

Chemistry of Hypervalent Compounds

Author : Kin-ya Akiba
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Broad, comparative coverage of hypervalent compounds -a much-needed foundation in a rapidly growing field of chemistry. Although hypervalency is already a mature field in chemistry, it has seen a new surge of interest in recent years due to the discovery of compounds useful in organic synthesis, as well as others with significant applications for materials science. Now, this comprehensive book-written by a group of twenty leading experts in the field-provides an authoritative blueprint on the subject. Instead of focusing on compounds specific to one element, it presents a review of structure and reactivity among an extensive array of main group, organic, and organometallic hypervalent compounds. In so doing, the book offers essential information on underlying principles that unify seemingly unrelated families of main group element compounds. An invaluable resource for both organic and inorganic chemists, Chemistry of Hypervalent Compounds includes: * An overview of general aspects of structure and reactivity common among hypervalent compounds * Information on such recently characterized organic compounds as silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, iodine, and xenon * A review of new organometallic compounds with synthetic applications * Solid background material on compounds important in advanced materials science, such as semiconductors * A systematic approach using the N-X-L designation, where N represents the valence electrons of the central atom X, and L the ligands that bond the compound.

Fundamental Aspects of Organic Mass Spectrometry

Author : Karsten Levsen
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Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics

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Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics

Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry

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Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry

Journal

Author : American Chemical Society
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Advances in Mass Spectrometry

Author : P.G. Kistemaker
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These proceedings, containing the texts of the invited lectures, cover all aspects of mass spectrometry including theory, fundamental studies, applications and instrumentation. Emphasis is placed on recent developments. A complete listing of the posters is included.

The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry Ten Volume Set

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Overview: The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry The need for an encyclopedia of mass spectrometry (MS) becomes apparent when considering the subject's evolution. By 1990, MS had evolved as a discipline and as a technique for solving problems in chemistry. Along with nuclear magnetic resonance and optical spectroscopy, it was a tool for compound identification. For complex mixtures as found in environmental chemistry, flavors, energy materials, and small-molecule metabolism, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry had become the premier analytical method. Despite these advances, MS played in 1990 only a small role in polar and large-molecule analysis. Field desorption, fast atom bombardment, and Cf-252 plasma desorption gently pushed it into peptide sequencing and molecular weight determination of larger polymers. Although these ionizations had limitations, when they were coupled with tandem mass spectrometers, the future became clearer. MS now awaited the development of new ionization methods that would extend its capabilities into many different research laboratories. The inventions of electrospray ionization (ESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) in the late 1980s opened the door for that greater role. Even the discipline of MS could expand by embracing the chemical-physical studies of proteins and oligodeoxynucleotides in the gas phase. The broad applicability of MS to a multitude of chemical, physical, and biological problems makes it now the central tool in chemical analysis. No longer a specialist's tool, it has assumed broad applicability and availability. To permit a full and fruitful expansion in other disciplines, the Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry is designed to be a learning tool to newcomers who do not have the theoretical and practical background needed to take advantage of the possibilities of MS. Moreover, the field is now so broad that the specialist also needs a resource to allow exploration of its vast reaches. The encyclopedia meets that need and strives to be an entrance into the subject and to serve as its major reference work. Volume 1: Theory and Ion Chemistry Volume 1 begins with two theory chapters. The first discusses theoretical aspects of ion collisions, chemistry, and dynamics, and the second introduces ab initio calculations of ions. The latter has become a nearly indispensable tool in ion chemistry studies today. Instrumentation is essential in fundamental investigations. Chapter 3 introduces instrumentation, with an emphasis on unusual instrumentation, generally not commercially available. Ion traps, ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometers, and time-of-flight instruments, which are important in both fundamental studies and in applications, are also covered. Chapter 4 discusses myriad means of performing spectroscopic experiments on ions. In the next chapter, various methods of measuring thermodynamic information about ions are introduced and evaluated. Collisional activation and dissociation processes, in various incarnations, are in Chapter 6. Mobility experiments are the focus of the next chapter, which covers fundamental aspects and applications of this rapidly growing technology. Various means and uses of changing charge states of ions is the topic of chapter 8. Chapters 9 and 10 introduce the ion chemistry of organic ions, positive and negative, respectively. The last three chapters (Chapter 11-13) are expositions of the ion chemistry of clusters and solvation phenomena, inorganic chemistry, and the rapidly expanding area of biochemistry. Volume 2: Biological Applications Part A The focus of Volume 2 is peptides and proteins. The organization emphasizes separation techniques, preparation protocols, and fundamentals of ionic gas-phase species of biological importance. This volume is divided into four sections: (1) experimental approaches and protocols, (2) sequence analysis, (3) other structural analyses, and (4) targeted applications. The first section encompass separation procedures (e.g., 2-D gel electrophoresis), sample preparation (e.g., desalting and enzyme digestion), and instrumentation issues (e.g., high resolving power, molecular-weight determination, protein chips, and quantification). H/D exchange, analysis of membrane proteins, and bioinformatics are included. The next section on sequencing covers high energy and low energy CAD, protein identification, fundamentals of peptide fragmentation, bottom-up and top-down strategies, chemical derivatization, and post-source decay with MALDI. A section on structure analysis includes primary structure determination and issues with studying quaternary structure, protein-protein and protein-ligand complexes, disulfide analysis, phosphopeptides and phosphoproteins, selenoproteins, nitrated proteins, metal ion binding, and oxidized proteins. Additional coverage of methods for studying the biophysics of proteins is provided in Volume 6. The last chapter, Targeted Applications, focuses on neuropeptides, clinical applications, enzyme kinetics, imaging, and single-cell analysis. Volume 3: Biological Applications Part B Over the past decades, enormous gains have been made towards the analysis of all the biomolecules in cells. Although early attention was focused on peptides and proteins, a wealth of information is arising about other major biomolecules including nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates. In no small way, modern ionization methods, especially electrospray and matrix-assisted laser desorption, have provided a quantum leap in the capabilities of the tools we can now deploy in answering biological questions involving structure and molecular weight of virtually every type of molecule in the cell. Volume 3 covers classes carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids. In addition, special areas of application are also included, such as pharmaceuticals, natural products, isotope ratio methods for biomolecules analysis, and clinical applications. The articles are arranged under general headings for continuity and ease of access, although several of these are of interest across the various disciplines. The articles cover basics and sufficient additional detail to bring the reader up-to-date on a given subject. Some advanced topics are also covered, either in a special section of an article or in additional reading citations. Volume 4: Organic and Organometallic Compounds This volume presents a cross section of applications in organic and organometallic chemistry in two parts. Chapters 1 to 6 are devoted to the fundamentals whereas chapters 7 and 8 cover applications to organic and organometallic compounds, either available as pure compounds or present in complex mixtures. Chapter 1 describes the theory for organic mass spectrometry, building on and complementing material in Volume 1. The themes for Chapter 2 are the structures and properties of gas-phase ions of conventional, distonic, and non-covalent complexes. Chapter 3 covers methodology used in study of gas-phase ions. Chapters 4 and 5 turn to mechanisms of both unimolecular and bimolecular reactions of ions and include topics in stereochemistry and radical chemistry. Chapter 6 contains a number of articles on the formation and reactivity of metal ion complexes and organometallic cations and anions, drawing connections with molecular recognition, catalysis and organic synthesis. Chapter 7 deals with the structure determination of organic compounds, including chiral compounds and natural products. In chapter 8 are contributions that provide illustrative examples of the determination of organic compounds present at low levels in complex samples that originate from various natural and biological sources. Included is an article on the determination of explosives. Volume 5: Elemental and Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry This volume focuses on (1) the plethora of mostly atomic ionization techniques that have been coupled to MS for elemental analysis, the measurement of isotope ratios, and even the determination of inorganic compounds and (2) the precise measurement of isotope ratios of organic elements as small gas molecules by isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). Volume 6: Ionization Methods Volume 6 captures the story of molecular ionization and its phenomenal evolution that makes mass spectrometry the powerful method it is today. Chapters 1 and 2 cover fundamentals and various issues that are common to all ionization (e.g., accurate mass, isotope clusters, and derivatization). Chapters 3-9 acknowledge that some ionization methods are appropriate for gas-phase molecules and others for molecules that are in the solid or liquid states. Chapters 3-6 cover gas-phase molecules, dividing the subject into: (1) ionization of gas-phase molecules by particles (e.g., EI), (2) ionization by photons, (3) ionization by ion-molecule and molecule-molecule reactions (e.g., APCI and DART), and ionization in Strong electric fields (i.e., Electrohydrodynamic and Field Ionization/Desorption). "Ionization in a Strong Electric Field" illustrates the transition to ionization of molecules in the solid or liquid states, covered in Chapters 7-9: (1) spray methods for ionization (e.g., electrospray), (2) desorption ionization by particle bombardment (e.g., FAB), and (3) desorption by photons (e.g., MALDI). Electrospray and MALDI also lead to applications in biophysical chemistry, the theme of Chapter 10. Chapter 11 reconsiders ionization from the view of choosing an ionization method. The range of subjects is from ionization of organic and biomolecules to the study of microorganisms. Volume 7: Mass Analyzers The volume is under preparation Volume 8: Hyphenated Methods Starting with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and continuing through GCxGC-MS, LC-MSn, and LC-NMR-MS, hyphenated methods have revolutionized chemical analysis. This volume covers that revolution in two parts. The first (Chapters 1-4) describes principles, instrumentation, and technology, and the second (Chapters 5-10) organizes major application areas in GC-MS and LC-MS. After a general introduction (Chapter 1), attention is paid to principles and instrumentation of GC-MS (Chapter 2) and LC-MS (Chapter 3). Other hyphenated methods, including online combinations of capillary electromigration methods and supercritical fluid chromatography with mass spectrometry, are in Chapter 4. Applications are then covered in the remaining chapters. The application-oriented chapters are focused on the role of mainly LC-MS in the pharmaceutical field (Chapter 5) and biochemical and biotechnological applications (Chapter 10), and the application of both GC-MS and LC-MS in relation to environmental analysis (Chapter 6), food safety and food analysis (Chapter 7), characterization of natural products (Chapter 8), and clinical, toxicological, and forensic analysis (Chapter 9). Volume 9: History of Mass Spectrometry This volume is under preparation. Volume 10: Index * This multi-volume work is the first to provide unparalleled and comprehensive coverage of the full range of topics and techniques * Suitable for new graduate students who are interested but not yet versed in the subject of mass spectrometry * Techniques, methods and applications of mass spectrometry are described in considerable detail; including limitations, current problems, and areas in which the method does not succeed well

New Serial Titles

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A union list of serials commencing publication after Dec. 31, 1949.

Advances in Mass Spectrometry

Author : Emilio Gelpi
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This 15th volume of Advances in Mass Spectrometry brings together the key papers and abstracts from the 15th International Mass Spectrometry Conference. Attended by over 1100 scientists, this conference presented over 700 papers on all aspects of modern mass spectrometry. Coverage included the rapidly growing application areas in biochemisty, biology and medicine, as well as the fundamentals, instrumental and methodology developments of mass spectrometry which has all been brought together in one comprehensive volume.

Optical Methods for Time and State resolved Chemistry

Author : Cheuk-Yiu Ng
File Size : 41.40 MB
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Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry

Author : J. Braunstein
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The first chapter of this volume deals with computer simulation of molten salt behavior by molecular dynamics calculations. The next four chapters are reviews of experimental work: Chapter 2 deals with the solubility of nonre active gases in molten salts, Chapter 3 with various types of organic reactions in molten tetrachloroaluminates, Chapter 4 with techniques for the study of molten fluorides, and Chapter 5 with the physical and chemical properties of thiocyanate melts. The last chapter is a collection of phase diagrams for binary and ternary fluoride systems. J. B., G. M., G. P. S. v CONTENTS Chapter 1 MOLECULAR DYNAMICS CALCULATIONS ON MOLTEN IONIC SALTS L. V. Woodcock 1. Introduction. . 4 2. Intermolecular Forces in Molten Salts 4 2.1. True and Effective Pair Potentials 2.2. Semiempirical Models 6 3. Computational Techniques 13 3.1. Molecular Dynamics Simulation 13 3.2. The Monte Carlo Method 15 3.3. Electrostatic Summations . . 18 4. Calculation of Physical Properties 23 4.1. Equilibrium Properties . 23 4.2. Transport Coefficients 27 4.3. Spectroscopic Properties 32 5. Applications. . . . . . . . 35 5.1. Studies of Interionic Forces. 35 5.2. Microstructure and Mechanisms 40 5.3. Interpretation of Experimental Observables 50 5.4. Reappraisal of Molten Salt Theories . 64 70 6. Conclusions 7. References. 72 vii Contents viii Chapter 2 GAS SOLUBILITY IN MOLTEN SALTS P. Field 1. Introduction 75 2. Experimental Techniques 78 3. Solution Thermodynamics.

Electronic Noses

Author : Julian W. Gardner
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This book aims to discuss the basic principles of an electronic nose, and to provide an account of recent developments in this field, with practical examples of its application. It seeks to review the field together with the many new developments that have occurred since the first meeting washeld on electronic noses in Iceland in 1991. It will be essential reading for anyone who is working, researching or simply interested in electronic noses or machine olfaction. A comprehensive appendix is provided at the end of the book.