Search Results for "against-meritocracy-culture-power-and-myths-of-mobility"

Against Meritocracy (Open Access)

Against Meritocracy (Open Access)

Culture, power and myths of mobility

  • Author: Jo Littler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317496035
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 236
  • View: 9138
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Meritocracy today involves the idea that whatever your social position at birth, society ought to offer enough opportunity and mobility for ‘talent’ to combine with ‘effort’ in order to ‘rise to the top’. This idea is one of the most prevalent social and cultural tropes of our time, as palpable in the speeches of politicians as in popular culture. In this book Jo Littler argues that meritocracy is the key cultural means of legitimation for contemporary neoliberal culture – and that whilst it promises opportunity, it in fact creates new forms of social division. Against Meritocracy is split into two parts. Part I explores the genealogies of meritocracy within social theory, political discourse and working cultures. It traces the dramatic U-turn in meritocracy’s meaning, from socialist slur to a contemporary ideal of how a society should be organised. Part II uses a series of case studies to analyse the cultural pull of popular ‘parables of progress’, from reality TV to the super-rich and celebrity CEOs, from social media controversies to the rise of the ‘mumpreneur’. Paying special attention to the role of gender, ‘race’ and class, this book provides new conceptualisations of the meaning of meritocracy in contemporary culture and society.

Against Meritocracy

Against Meritocracy

Culture, Power and Myths of Mobility

  • Author: Jo Littler
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 9781138889545
  • Category: Electronic books
  • Page: 236
  • View: 8077
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Meritocracy today involves the idea that whatever your social position at birth, society ought to offer enough opportunity and mobility for ¿talent¿ to combine with ¿effort¿ in order to ¿rise to the top¿. This idea is one of the most prevalent social and cultural tropes of our time, as palpable in the speeches of politicians as in popular culture. In this book Jo Littler argues that meritocracy is the key cultural means of legitimation for contemporary neoliberal culture ¿ and that whilst it promises opportunity, it in fact creates new forms of social division. Against Meritocracy is split into two parts. Part I explores the genealogies of meritocracy within social theory, political discourse and working cultures. It traces the dramatic U-turn in meritocracy¿s meaning, from socialist slur to a contemporary ideal of how a society should be organised. Part II uses a series of case studies to analyse the cultural pull of popular ¿parables of progress¿, from reality TV to the super-rich and celebrity CEOs, from social media controversies to the rise of the ¿mumpreneur¿. Paying special attention to the role of gender, ¿race¿ and class, this book provides new conceptualisations of the meaning of meritocracy in contemporary culture and society. The Open Access version of this book, available at https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315712802, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Ethics and Morality in Consumption

Ethics and Morality in Consumption

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: Deirdre Shaw,Michal Carrington,Andreas Chatzidakis
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317653947
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 268
  • View: 4305
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Ethical consumerism is on the rise. No longer bound to the counter-cultural fringes, ethical concerns and practices are reaching into the mainstream of society and being adopted by everyday consumers – from considering carbon miles to purchasing free-range eggs to making renewable energy choices. The wide reach and magnitude of ethical issues in society across individual and collective consumption has given rise to a series of important questions that are inspiring scholars from a range of disciplinary areas. These differing disciplinary lenses, however, tend to be contained in separate streams of research literature that are developing in parallel and in relative isolation. Ethics in Morality and Consumption takes an interdisciplinary perspective to provide multiple vantage points in creating a more holistic and integrated view of ethics in consumption. In this sense, interdisciplinary presupposes the consideration of multiple and distinct disciplines, which in this book are considered in delineated chapters. In addition, the Editors make an editorial contribution in the final chapter of the book by combining these separate disciplinary perspectives to develop a nascent interdisciplinary perspective that integrates these perspectives and presents platforms for further research.

Heading Home

Heading Home

Motherhood, Work, and the Failed Promise of Equality

  • Author: Shani Orgad
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231545630
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 304
  • View: 2357
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Women in today’s advanced capitalist societies are encouraged to “lean in.” The media and government champion women’s empowerment. In a cultural climate where women can seemingly have it all, why do so many successful professional women—lawyers, financial managers, teachers, engineers, and others—give up their careers after having children and become stay-at-home mothers? How do they feel about their decision and what do their stories tell us about contemporary society? Heading Home reveals the stark gap between the promise of gender equality and women’s experience of continued injustice. Shani Orgad draws on in-depth, personal, and profoundly ambivalent interviews with highly educated London women who left paid employment to take care of their children while their husbands continued to work in high-powered jobs. Despite identifying the structural forces that maintain gender inequality, these women still struggle to articulate their decisions outside the narrow cultural ideals that devalue motherhood and individualize success and failure. Orgad juxtaposes these stories with media and policy depictions of women, work, and family, detailing how—even as their experiences fly in the face of fantasies of work-life balance and marriage as an egalitarian partnership—these women continue to interpret and judge themselves according to the ideals that are failing them. Rather than calling for women to transform their feelings and behavior, Heading Home argues that we must unmute and amplify women’s desire, disappointment, and rage, and demand social infrastructure that will bring about long-overdue equality both at work and at home.

Gender and Digital Culture

Gender and Digital Culture

Between Irreconcilability and the Datalogical

  • Author: Helen Thornham
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351336843
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 168
  • View: 3874
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Gender and Digital Culture offers a unique contribution to the theoretical and methodological understandings of digital technology as inherently gendered and classed. The silences within, through and from the systems we experience every day, create inequalities that are deeply affective and constitute very real forms of algorithmic vulnerability. The book explores these lived and mundane algorithmic vulnerabilities across three interrelated research projects. These focus on recent digital phenomena including sexting, selfies and wearables, and particular decision-making systems used in health, education and social services. Central to this book are the themes of irreconcilability and the datalogical. It makes the case that feminism and gender politics have become increasingly irreconcilable with not only long-running debates around representation and embodiment, but also with conceptions of the technological, conceptions of the user and of the systems themselves. In keeping with longstanding feminist scholarship, these irreconcilabilities can be productive and generative; they can be used to interrogate the power politics of digital culture. By studying the lived and routine elements of digital technologies, Gender and Digital Culture asks about the many convolutions that are held together through the everyday use of these technologies, and the implications for how gender and technology are approached, discussed and theorised.

Our Civilizing Mission

Our Civilizing Mission

The Lessons of Colonial Education

  • Author: Nicholas Harrison
  • Publisher: Contemporary French and Francophone Cultures
  • ISBN: 1786941767
  • Category:
  • Page: 368
  • View: 6987
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Our Civilizing Mission is at once an exploration of colonial education, and a response to current anxieties about the historical and conceptual foundations of the 'humanities'. On the one hand, focusing in detail on the example of Algeria, it treats colonial education as a facet of colonialism, exploring work by 'colonized' writers that attests to the suffering inflicted by colonialism, to the shortcomings of colonial education, and to the often painful mismatch between the world of the colonial school and students' home cultures. On the other hand, it asks what can be learned by treating colonial education not just as an example of colonialism but as a provocative, uncomfortable example of education. Placing writers' literary and personal accounts of their transformative and often alienating experiences of colonial education in historical context, it raises difficult questions - about languages, literatures, ways of thinking, nationalism and national cultures - that need to be reconsidered by anyone teaching subjects such as French, or English, especially through literature.

The Meritocracy Myth

The Meritocracy Myth

  • Author: Stephen J. McNamee,Robert K. Miller
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742510562
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 8263
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This book challenges the widely held American belief in meritocracy_that people get out of the system what they put into it based on individual merit. The book first reviews each of the four components of merit--being talented, having the right attitude, working hard, and having high moral character-in terms of its impact on getting ahead. The book then identifies various non-merit factors that suppress, neutralize, or negate the effects of merit. These non-merit factors include the effects of inheritance as unequal starting points in the race to get ahead, the effects of who you know (social capital) and 'fitting in' (cultural capital), being at the right place at the right time (luck), unequal access to educational opportunities, decline in rates of self-employment and the prospects of being a 'self-made' person, and discrimination on the bases of race, sex, age, sexual orientation, physical disability, region, religion, and physical appearance. To more closely approximate a true meritocracy, societal-level reforms would be necessary. In the meantime, the myth of meritocracy is itself harmful because it unfairly exalts the rich and unfairly condemns poor. -- BACK COVER.

Manufacturing meritocracy

Manufacturing meritocracy

adult education, career mobility, and elite transformation in socialist China

  • Author: Bobai Li,Stanford University. Dept. of Sociology
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: 332
  • View: 2613
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Creating Economic Growth

Creating Economic Growth

Lessons for Europe

  • Author: M. Magnani
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137427051
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 295
  • View: 6341
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As national leaders struggle to revive their economies, the people of Europe face a stark reality, which has created an opportunity for local leaders and citizen movers and shakers to rise to the occasion to spur revitalization from the bottom up. The author offers a six-point plan to prosperity.

Sixties Britain

Sixties Britain

Culture, Society and Politics

  • Author: Mark Donnelly
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317866622
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 640
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Sixties Britain provides a more nuanced and engaging history of Britain. This book analyses the main social, political, cultural and economic changes Britain undertook as well as focusing on the 'silent majority' who were just as important as the rebellious students, the residents if Soho and the icons of popular culture. Sixties Britain engages the reader without losing sight of the fact that the 1960s were a vibrant, fascinating and controversial time in British History.