Search results for: an-analysis-of-economic-size-distributions

An Analysis of Economic Size Distributions

Author : B. Näslund
File Size : 89.78 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 956
Read : 852
Download »
The basic idea behind this book is that in a market economy there is endless variety, people die and are born, new products and processes emerge and old ones disappear etc. Some firms grow others decline. Some people get high salaries others get unemployed. Opportunities, disasters and capabilities are to a large extent random. An economy has a certain amount of resources to divide among its members. These resources may vary over time but the rate of change is fairly small. The number of persons in society may also vary but the rate of change is limited. For a society such as the one described above I was interested in deriving equilibrium distributions of various kinds and make some tests of the distributions found against data for different countries. I have studied the following types of distributions a) Income distribution b) Functional distribution of income c) Size distributions of firms. Since the above mentioned distributions are related; another main purpose of the book has been to develop a similar method for the analysis of all three distributions in order to simplify the understanding of their relations.

An Analysis of Economic Size Distributions

Author : B Naslund
File Size : 51.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 340
Read : 687
Download »

Statistical Size Distributions in Economics and Actuarial Sciences

Author : Christian Kleiber
File Size : 69.30 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 793
Read : 410
Download »
A comprehensive account of economic size distributions around the world and throughout the years In the course of the past 100 years, economists and applied statisticians have developed a remarkably diverse variety of income distribution models, yet no single resource convincingly accounts for all of these models, analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, similarities and differences. Statistical Size Distributions in Economics and Actuarial Sciences is the first collection to systematically investigate a wide variety of parametric models that deal with income, wealth, and related notions. Christian Kleiber and Samuel Kotz survey, compliment, compare, and unify all of the disparate models of income distribution, highlighting at times a lack of coordination between them that can result in unnecessary duplication. Considering models from eight languages and all continents, the authors discuss the social and economic implications of each as well as distributions of size of loss in actuarial applications. Specific models covered include: Pareto distributions Lognormal distributions Gamma-type size distributions Beta-type size distributions Miscellaneous size distributions Three appendices provide brief biographies of some of the leading players along with the basic properties of each of the distributions. Actuaries, economists, market researchers, social scientists, and physicists interested in econophysics will find Statistical Size Distributions in Economics and Actuarial Sciences to be a truly one-of-a-kind addition to the professional literature.

Temporal Analysis of Settlement Size Distributions and Economic Development Egypt 1882 1966

Author : Rafik Khalil Farid
File Size : 37.99 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 970
Read : 1215
Download »

Temporal Analysis of Settlement Size Distributions and Economic Development

Author : Rafik Khalil Farid
File Size : 71.87 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 883
Read : 1331
Download »

City size Distribution Spatial Integration and Economic Development in Developing Countries

Author : Eric Chetwynd
File Size : 83.72 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 840
Read : 786
Download »

Measuring and Explaining Dairy Farm Size Distributions

Author : Christopher Allen Wolf
File Size : 52.65 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 510
Read : 850
Download »

Size Distribution Analysis Packaged Program and Income Distribution Data Base

Author :
File Size : 21.99 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 995
Read : 839
Download »

City size Distribution Spatial Integration and Economic Development in Developing Countries

Author : Eric Chetwynd Jr
File Size : 68.73 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 325
Read : 760
Download »

A comparative economic analysis of the size distribution of incomes of white black and Spanish American ethnic groups in the United States

Author : Mahmood A. Omarzai
File Size : 87.93 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 247
Read : 437
Download »

Size Distribution of Income

Author : Shail Jain
File Size : 72.30 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 112
Read : 967
Download »
The majority of income distribution surveys are scattered throughout a variety of sources and rarely present their data in a comparable manner. This report represents a combing of this literature and a setting of the data on 81 countries into a format that allows direct comparisons among the results of all surverys. A uniform group of inequality indexes accompanies each data set; an introductory essay discusses measurement concepts and guidelines; an index of coverage permits easy comparison of the type and date of each survey for a given country; and a comprehensive bibliography cites all of the data sources. This unique compilation is part of an ongoing effort by the Development Research Center of the World Bank to provide a factual and analytical research base in the important areas of poverty and income distribution.

Size Distribution of Family Personal Income

Author : Edward C. Budd
File Size : 26.82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 679
Read : 606
Download »

Economic Analysis of Size Distribution of Income Governmental Policies in the Allocation of Revenues and Social Amenities and the Standard of Living Within Nigeria

Author : Bartholomew Nnamdi Ifuma
File Size : 84.98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 269
Read : 863
Download »

An analysis of the interrelationships between the size distribution of income and economic growth in the United States 1947 1973 equity vs equality

Author : Louis Anthony DeNino
File Size : 71.89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 539
Read : 1229
Download »

Essays on the Size Distribution of Cities

Author : Hiroki Watanabe
File Size : 65.42 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 963
Read : 992
Download »
The dissertation is comprised of three essays that analyze the spatial distribution of people and economic activities from three distinct perspectives. Chapter 1: Explaining the Size Distribution of Cities: X-treme Economies. The empirical regularity known as Zipf's law or the rank-size rule has motivated development of a theoretical literature to explain it. We examine the assumptions on consumer behavior, particularly about their inability to insure against the city-level productivity shocks, implicitly used in this literature. With either self insurance or insurance markets, and either an arbitrarily small cost of moving or the assumption that consumers do not perfectly observe the shocks to firms' technologies, the agents will never move. Even without these frictions, our analysis yields another equilibrium with insurance where consumers never move. Thus, insurance is a substitute for movement. We propose an alternative class of models, involving extreme risk against which consumers will not insure. Instead, they will move, generating a Fréchet distribution of city sizes that is empirically competitive with other models. (Forthcoming at Quantitative Economics. Based on joint work with Professor Marcus Berliant) Chapter 2: A Scale-Free Network Structure Explains the City-Size Distribution. Zipf's law is one of the best-known empirical regularities in urban economics. There is extensive research on the subject, where each city is treated symmetrically in terms of the cost of transactions with other cities. Recent developments in network theory facilitate the examination of an asymmetric transport network. In a scale-free network, the chance of observing extremes in network connections becomes higher than the Gaussian distribution predicts and therefore it explains the emergence of large clusters. The city-size distribution shares the same pattern. This paper decodes how accessibility of a city to other cities on the transportation network can boost its local economy and explains the city-size distribution as a result of its underlying transportation network structure. (Based on joint work with Professor Marcus Berliant) Chapter 3: A Spatial Production Economy Explains Gross Metropolitan Product. It has long been known that the city-size distribution is fat tailed, drawing the interest of urban economists. In contrast, not much is known about the distribution of GDP at city level (henceforth referred to as gross metropolitan product, GMP). We build a model of the spatial economy that includes production and confirm the following empirical facts about the GMP counterpart of the city-size distribution. First, both Zipf's and Gibrat's law hold for the distribution of GMP as well. In particular the GMP distribution is well-traced by a lognormal distribution. Second, citywide aggregate production exhibits increasing returns to scale with respect to employment. In particular a 1% increase in employment leads to a 1.117% (or 1.180% in theory) increase in GMP. Agglomeration economies are explained as a result of an endogenous trade-off between externalities and land consumption of consumers.

Income Distribution and Economic Development

Author : Jacques Lecaillon
File Size : 76.84 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 528
Read : 798
Download »
Research into the relationship between income distribution, economic development and employment in developing countries - examines factors of income inequality based on social status, regional disparity, etc.; makes a comparison of the impact of public expenditure on family budgets in developing and developed countries and examines economic implications of income redistribution, etc.

An Econometric Analysis of Variations in the Size Distribution of Family Incomes in U S Cities 1960

Author : Michael Edward Farbman
File Size : 59.38 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 782
Read : 693
Download »

Economic Quarterly

Author :
File Size : 34.83 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 682
Read : 1260
Download »

A Comparative Economic Analysis of the Size Distribution of Incomes of White Black and Spanish American Ethnic Groups in the United States

Author : Mahmood Ali Khan Omarzi
File Size : 39.32 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 496
Read : 1139
Download »

Distribution of Income and Economic Growth Concepts and Issues

Author : Nancy Baster
File Size : 22.36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 193
Read : 908
Download »