Search Results for "anatomy-of-an-epidemic-magic-bullets-psychiatric-drugs-and-the-astonishing-rise-of-mental-illness-in-america"

Anatomy of an Epidemic

Anatomy of an Epidemic

Magic Bullets, Psychiatric Drugs, and the Astonishing Rise of Mental Illness in America

  • Author: Robert Whitaker
  • Publisher: Broadway Books
  • ISBN: 9780307452436
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 416
  • View: 3030
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Now with bonus material, including a new foreword and afterword with updated research In this astonishing and startling book, award-winning science and history writer Robert Whitaker investigates a medical mystery: Why has the number of disabled mentally ill in the United States tripled over the past two decades? Every day, 1,100 adults and children are added to the government disability rolls because they have become newly disabled by mental illness, with this epidemic spreading most rapidly among our nation’s children. What is going on? Anatomy of an Epidemic challenges readers to think through that question themselves. First, Whitaker investigates what is known today about the biological causes of mental disorders. Do psychiatric medications fix “chemical imbalances” in the brain, or do they, in fact, create them? Researchers spent decades studying that question, and by the late 1980s, they had their answer. Readers will be startled—and dismayed—to discover what was reported in the scientific journals. Then comes the scientific query at the heart of this book: During the past fifty years, when investigators looked at how psychiatric drugs affected long-term outcomes, what did they find? Did they discover that the drugs help people stay well? Function better? Enjoy good physical health? Or did they find that these medications, for some paradoxical reason, increase the likelihood that people will become chronically ill, less able to function well, more prone to physical illness? This is the first book to look at the merits of psychiatric medications through the prism of long-term results. Are long-term recovery rates higher for medicated or unmedicated schizophrenia patients? Does taking an antidepressant decrease or increase the risk that a depressed person will become disabled by the disorder? Do bipolar patients fare better today than they did forty years ago, or much worse? When the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) studied the long-term outcomes of children with ADHD, did they determine that stimulants provide any benefit? By the end of this review of the outcomes literature, readers are certain to have a haunting question of their own: Why have the results from these long-term studies—all of which point to the same startling conclusion—been kept from the public? In this compelling history, Whitaker also tells the personal stories of children and adults swept up in this epidemic. Finally, he reports on innovative programs of psychiatric care in Europe and the United States that are producing good long-term outcomes. Our nation has been hit by an epidemic of disabling mental illness, and yet, as Anatomy of an Epidemic reveals, the medical blueprints for curbing that epidemic have already been drawn up.

In the Fellowship of His Suffering

In the Fellowship of His Suffering

A Theological Interpretation of Mental Illness—A Focus on “Schizophrenia”

  • Author: Elahe Hessamfar
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1630874671
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 390
  • View: 7865
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Schizophrenia" is by many accounts the most devastating illness of our time. In this book, Elahe Hessamfar uses her personal encounter with her daughter's illness to bring the reader to experience the pain and anguish of those who suffer so intensely. She candidly discusses the gripping and dark realities her family has faced in the midst of this journey and exposes that the ride isn't easy, but it can be fruitful and purposeful, and it can be a journey of joy and peace if understood from the intended perspective. This is a fascinating and deeply theological portrayal of madness under the mighty hand of God. It challenges and awakens the reader to a heightened awareness about self, community, pain, brokenness, sin, grace, and redemption. This is the first truly biblically based, theological interpretation of madness in conversation with psychiatry and social sciences. Hessamfar passionately discusses the shortcomings of our current medical model of mental illness and directs the reader's attention to the mistreatment of those the medical community labels with "schizophrenia." She argues that not only is "schizophrenia" not pathological but it touches on the most fundamental fragilities of the human soul, and hence, it is a critical pastoral issue. Hessamfar offers tangible, inspiring, and life-changing solutions for those dealing with this most elusive and mysterious phenomenon--solutions that would bring hope and healing to the hopeless people chained in the abyss of madness.

The Art of Narrative Psychiatry

The Art of Narrative Psychiatry

Stories of Strength and Meaning

  • Author: SuEllen Hamkins
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199982066
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 224
  • View: 7419
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Narrative psychiatry empowers patients to shape their lives through story. Rather than focusing only on finding the source of the problem, in this collaborative clinical approach psychiatrists also help patients diagnose and develop their sources of strength. By encouraging the patient to explore their personal narrative through questioning and story-telling, the clinician helps the patient participate in and discover the ways in which they construct meaning, how they view themselves, what their values are, and who it is exactly that they want to be. These revelations in turn inform clinical decision-making about what it is that ails them, how they'd like to treat it, and what recovery might look like. The Art of Narrative Psychiatry is the first comprehensive description of narrative psychiatry in action. Engaging and accessible, it demonstrates how to help patients cultivate their personal sources of strength and meaning as resources for recovery. Illustrated with vivid case reports and in-depth accounts of therapeutic conversations, the book offers psychiatrists and psychotherapists detailed guidance in the theory and practice of this collaborative approach. Drawing inspiration from narrative therapy, post-modern philosophy, humanistic medicine, and social justice movements - and replete with ways to more fully manifest the intentions of the mental health recovery model - this engaging new book shows how to draw on the standard psychiatric toolbox while also maintaining focus on the patient's vision of the world and illuminating their skills and strengths. Written by a pioneer in the field, The Art of Narrative Psychiatry describes a breadth of nuanced, powerful narrative practices, including externalizing problems, listening for what is absent but implicit, facilitating re-authoring conversations, fostering communities of support, and creating therapeutic documents. The Art of Narrative Psychiatry addresses mental health challenges that range from mild to severe, including anxiety, depression, despair, anorexia/bulimia, perfectionism, OCD, trauma, psychosis, and loss. True to form, the author narrates her own experience throughout, sharing her internal thoughts and decision-making processes as she listens to patients. The Art of Narrative Psychiatry is necessary reading for any professional seeking to empower their patients and become a better, more compassionate clinician.

The Noonday Demon

The Noonday Demon

An Atlas Of Depression

  • Author: Andrew Solomon
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1451676883
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 576
  • View: 5818
DOWNLOAD NOW »
With uncommon humanity, candor, wit, and erudition, award-winning author Andrew Solomon takes the reader on a journey of incomparable range and resonance into the most pervasive of family secrets. His contribution to our understanding not only of mental illness but also of the human condition is truly stunning. The Noonday Demon examines depression in personal, cultural, and scientific terms. Drawing on his own struggles with the illness and interviews with fellow sufferers, doctors and scientists, policymakers and politicians, drug designers and philosophers, Solomon reveals the subtle complexities and sheer agony of the disease. He confronts the challenge of defining the illness and describes the vast range of available medications, the efficacy of alternative treatments, and the impact the malady has had on various demographic populations around the world and throughout history. He also explores the thorny patch of moral and ethical questions posed by emerging biological explanations for mental illness. The depth of human experience Solomon chronicles, the range of his intelligence, and his boundless curiosity and compassion will change the reader's view of the world.

Crisis

Crisis

How to Help Yourself and Others in Distress or Danger

  • Author: Lee Ann Hoff
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199364184
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7439
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Unlike books focusing on a single crisis topic, Crisis helps recognize common signs of endangerment across a range of life challenges by showing the interconnections between various harmful events. Through media coverage of school shootings, suicides, domestic abuse, workplace violence, and more, we've become accustomed to hearing about violence and trauma-almost invariably followed by reports that show all of the warning signs that were missed. While it is impossible to predict when, where, and with whom a crisis will occur, we do have the means to be better equipped to intervene in stressful situations before they tip over into a crisis. Important preventative information is readily available, and this book better prepares us to take appropriate responsive action. Often a crisis is the result of a critical life event; whether or not a life-changing event turns into a crisis depends on the type, timing, and interpretation of the event, the person's life cycle development phase, history of healthy coping, and available timely support. In sum, Lee Ann Hoff illustrates how to recognize crisis as both danger and opportunity. The more we know about how to spot a potential crisis and what to do, the more likely distressed persons will get the help they need.

Alternative Therapies For Epilepsy

Alternative Therapies For Epilepsy

  • Author: Orrin Devinsky, MD,Steven V. Pacia, MD,Steven C. Schachter
  • Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
  • ISBN: 1617050660
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 240
  • View: 309
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Written by three distinguished epileptologists with a long-standing interest in alternative therapies, this book provides an evidence-based consideration of the use of complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies in epilepsy care. Organized by problem, the authors review alternative approaches to epilepsy- related conditions to help physicians, healthcare professionals, CAM providers, and patients understand the options and safely integrate treatments that work into their regimens. The book begins with an overview of the therapies themselves, including herbal remedies, nutrition, alternative pharmacological therapies, physical treatments, and neurobehavioral approaches, and also discusses medication-related considerations and caveats. The next group of chapters covers CAM and preventive approaches to mitigating the effects of epilepsy and epilepsy therapies, such as drug toxicity and side effects of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), seizures, enhancing cognitive function, issues for women (pregnancy, breast feeding, menopause), and managing anxiety and depression. The final part of the book focuses on quality of life and lifestyle modifications to reduce seizure risk, including techniques for stress reduction, sleep disturbances and aids to normalize, alcohol and recreational drugs, and environmental factors. Features of Alternative Therapies for Epilepsy Include: Evidence-based review of CAM therapies for epilepsy Problem-oriented, practical approach to integrating alternative treatments into traditional regimens for healthcare providers Written by distinguished epileptologists with broad clinical experience Addresses all aspects of health for persons with epilepsy (not just seizures) and offers practical suggestions for improving patient care and patient health

All We Have to Fear

All We Have to Fear

Psychiatry's Transformation of Natural Anxieties into Mental Disorders

  • Author: Allan V. Horwitz, PhD,Jerome C. Wakefield, DSW, PhD
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199978867
  • Category: Health & Fitness
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3366
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Thirty years ago, it was estimated that less than five percent of the population had an anxiety disorder. Today, some estimates are over fifty percent, a tenfold increase. Is this dramatic rise evidence of a real medical epidemic? In All We Have to Fear, Allan Horwitz and Jerome Wakefield argue that psychiatry itself has largely generated this "epidemic" by inflating many natural fears into psychiatric disorders, leading to the over-diagnosis of anxiety disorders and the over-prescription of anxiety-reducing drugs. American psychiatry currently identifies disordered anxiety as irrational anxiety disproportionate to a real threat. Horwitz and Wakefield argue, to the contrary, that it can be a perfectly normal part of our nature to fear things that are not at all dangerous--from heights to negative judgments by others to scenes that remind us of past threats (as in some forms of PTSD). Indeed, this book argues strongly against the tendency to call any distressing condition a "mental disorder." To counter this trend, the authors provide an innovative and nuanced way to distinguish between anxiety conditions that are psychiatric disorders and likely require medical treatment and those that are not--the latter including anxieties that seem irrational but are the natural products of evolution. The authors show that many commonly diagnosed "irrational" fears--such as a fear of snakes, strangers, or social evaluation--have evolved over time in response to situations that posed serious risks to humans in the past, but are no longer dangerous today. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines including psychiatry, evolutionary psychology, sociology, anthropology, and history, the book illuminates the nature of anxiety in America, making a major contribution to our understanding of mental health.

Brain2Brain

Brain2Brain

Enacting Client Change Through the Persuasive Power of Neuroscience

  • Author: John B. Arden
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118756894
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 288
  • View: 9718
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Overcome resistance and fully engage clients by bringingneuroscience into treatment Brain2Brain: Enacting Client Change Through the PersuasivePower of Neuroscience applies the popular topic ofneuroscience in mental health to everyday practice, showingtherapists how to teach their clients brain-based strategies formaking changes and improving their lives. Cutting-edge findings inneuroscience are translated into language that clients willunderstand, and sidebars provide therapists more detailedinformation relating to particular disorders. With a holisticapproach that incorporates mental, spiritual, and physical skills,knowledge, and exercises, this book provides a clear, completeresource for incorporating neuroscience into therapy. Case examplesillustrate how the material can be used with different types ofclients and situations, and sample dialogues and client handoutshelp therapists easily incorporate these techniques into theirpractice. Many clients forget that there is a biological basis foreverything the brain does, and the ways that activity manifestseveryday – good or bad, healthy or dysfunctional, the verycore of human consciousness boils down to a series of electricalimpulses. This book helps therapists bring neuroscience intotherapy, to teach clients how to work with their brain's innateprocesses to reinforce progress and achieve healthier outcomes. Learn techniques for dealing with client resistancefactors Discover phrases and memory aides that help clients apply whatthey've learned in therapy Facilitate higher client motivation to engage in thetherapeutic process Teach clients about the brain's relevance to their particularproblem Find tools for explaining the role of diet, exercise, and sleepin mental health When a client's treatment revolves around eliminating harmfulthought patterns or behaviors, the therapeutic process can feellike a battle against their own brain. By bringing neuroscienceinto the treatment plan, therapists can shift the client'sperspective to a more collaborative mindset, focused on thepositive aspects of change. Brain2Brain: Enacting ClientChange Through the Persuasive Power of Neuroscience providesthe guidance therapists need to chart a clearer path to good mentalhealth.

Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice

Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice

Skills, Strategies, and Techniques

  • Author: John Sommers-Flanagan,Rita Sommers-Flanagan
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118289048
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 592
  • View: 2218
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A comprehensive, in-depth exploration of the origins, contemporary developments, and applications to practice related to each major counseling theory Fully revised and updated, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice, Second Edition is complete with useful learning aids, instructions for ongoing assessment, and valuable case studies—all designed to facilitate comprehension and lead to effective, ethical practice. The Second Edition features: New chapters on Family Systems Theory and Therapy as well as Gestalt Theory and Therapy Extended case examples in each of the twelve Theory chapters A treatment planning section that illustrates how specific theories can be used in problem formulation, specific interventions, and potential outcomes assessment Deeper and more continuous examination of gender and cultural issues An evidence-based status section in each Theory chapter focusing on what we know from the scientific research with the goal of developing critical thinking skills A new section on "Outcome Measures" that provides ideas on how client outcomes can be tracked using practice-based evidence Showcasing the latest research, theory, and evidence-based practice, Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice, Second Edition is an engaging and illuminating text. "John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have done it again! In the revised Second Edition of their popular book, they have masterfully organized and written a compelling text that will appeal to students and faculty alike. The Second Edition is thoroughly pragmatic with careful attention to research and evidence-based literature. Much to the delight of readers, extensive case analyses that illustrate major theoretical concepts abound." —Sherry Cormier, PhD, Professor Emerita, West Virginia University, coauthor of Interviewing and Change Strategies for Helpers "John and Rita Sommers-Flanagan have written an exceptionally practical text for students wishing to learn usable counseling principles. Their excellent scholarship is balanced by a superb treatment of counseling theory that includes a review of the strengths, limitations, and means for implementing the systems represented." —Robert Wubbolding, EdD, Professor Emeritus, Xavier University; Director, Center for Reality Therapy; author of Reality Therapy (Theories of Psychotherapy Series) "This introductory text is written with extraordinary care and attention to detail. Not only is it one of the best resources I know of for in-depth coverage of classical therapeutic theory, it is also one of the best at illuminating cutting-edge developments, both in theory and application. Readers will greatly benefit from the clarity, comprehensiveness, and personal perceptiveness of this engaging introductory guide." —Kirk J. Schneider, PhD, Faculty, Saybrook University; Vice President, Existential-Humanistic Institute; coauthor of Existential-Humanistic Therapy and editor of Existential-Integrative Psychotherapy