Search results for: backward-stochastic-differential-equations

Backward Stochastic Differential Equations with Jumps and Their Actuarial and Financial Applications

Author : Łukasz Delong
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Backward stochastic differential equations with jumps can be used to solve problems in both finance and insurance. Part I of this book presents the theory of BSDEs with Lipschitz generators driven by a Brownian motion and a compensated random measure, with an emphasis on those generated by step processes and Lévy processes. It discusses key results and techniques (including numerical algorithms) for BSDEs with jumps and studies filtration-consistent nonlinear expectations and g-expectations. Part I also focuses on the mathematical tools and proofs which are crucial for understanding the theory. Part II investigates actuarial and financial applications of BSDEs with jumps. It considers a general financial and insurance model and deals with pricing and hedging of insurance equity-linked claims and asset-liability management problems. It additionally investigates perfect hedging, superhedging, quadratic optimization, utility maximization, indifference pricing, ambiguity risk minimization, no-good-deal pricing and dynamic risk measures. Part III presents some other useful classes of BSDEs and their applications. This book will make BSDEs more accessible to those who are interested in applying these equations to actuarial and financial problems. It will be beneficial to students and researchers in mathematical finance, risk measures, portfolio optimization as well as actuarial practitioners.

Backward Stochastic Differential Equations

Author : Jianfeng Zhang
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This book provides a systematic and accessible approach to stochastic differential equations, backward stochastic differential equations, and their connection with partial differential equations, as well as the recent development of the fully nonlinear theory, including nonlinear expectation, second order backward stochastic differential equations, and path dependent partial differential equations. Their main applications and numerical algorithms, as well as many exercises, are included. The book focuses on ideas and clarity, with most results having been solved from scratch and most theories being motivated from applications. It can be considered a starting point for junior researchers in the field, and can serve as a textbook for a two-semester graduate course in probability theory and stochastic analysis. It is also accessible for graduate students majoring in financial engineering.

Forward Backward Stochastic Differential Equations and their Applications

Author : Jin Ma
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This volume is a survey/monograph on the recently developed theory of forward-backward stochastic differential equations (FBSDEs). Basic techniques such as the method of optimal control, the 'Four Step Scheme', and the method of continuation are presented in full. Related topics such as backward stochastic PDEs and many applications of FBSDEs are also discussed in detail. The volume is suitable for readers with basic knowledge of stochastic differential equations, and some exposure to the stochastic control theory and PDEs. It can be used for researchers and/or senior graduate students in the areas of probability, control theory, mathematical finance, and other related fields.

Financial Modeling

Author : Stephane Crepey
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Backward stochastic differential equations (BSDEs) provide a general mathematical framework for solving pricing and risk management questions of financial derivatives. They are of growing importance for nonlinear pricing problems such as CVA computations that have been developed since the crisis. Although BSDEs are well known to academics, they are less familiar to practitioners in the financial industry. In order to fill this gap, this book revisits financial modeling and computational finance from a BSDE perspective, presenting a unified view of the pricing and hedging theory across all asset classes. It also contains a review of quantitative finance tools, including Fourier techniques, Monte Carlo methods, finite differences and model calibration schemes. With a view to use in graduate courses in computational finance and financial modeling, corrected problem sets and Matlab sheets have been provided. Stéphane Crépey’s book starts with a few chapters on classical stochastic processes material, and then... fasten your seatbelt... the author starts traveling backwards in time through backward stochastic differential equations (BSDEs). This does not mean that one has to read the book backwards, like a manga! Rather, the possibility to move backwards in time, even if from a variety of final scenarios following a probability law, opens a multitude of possibilities for all those pricing problems whose solution is not a straightforward expectation. For example, this allows for framing problems like pricing with credit and funding costs in a rigorous mathematical setup. This is, as far as I know, the first book written for several levels of audiences, with applications to financial modeling and using BSDEs as one of the main tools, and as the song says: "it's never as good as the first time". Damiano Brigo, Chair of Mathematical Finance, Imperial College London While the classical theory of arbitrage free pricing has matured, and is now well understood and used by the finance industry, the theory of BSDEs continues to enjoy a rapid growth and remains a domain restricted to academic researchers and a handful of practitioners. Crépey’s book presents this novel approach to a wider community of researchers involved in mathematical modeling in finance. It is clearly an essential reference for anyone interested in the latest developments in financial mathematics. Marek Musiela, Deputy Director of the Oxford-Man Institute of Quantitative Finance

Backward Stochastic Differential Equations with Applications to Stochastic Control Problems and Generalized Stochastic Differential Utility

Author : Felix Stenau
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Stochastic Differential Equations Backward SDEs Partial Differential Equations

Author : Etienne Pardoux
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This research monograph presents results to researchers in stochastic calculus, forward and backward stochastic differential equations, connections between diffusion processes and second order partial differential equations (PDEs), and financial mathematics. It pays special attention to the relations between SDEs/BSDEs and second order PDEs under minimal regularity assumptions, and also extends those results to equations with multivalued coefficients. The authors present in particular the theory of reflected SDEs in the above mentioned framework and include exercises at the end of each chapter. Stochastic calculus and stochastic differential equations (SDEs) were first introduced by K. Itô in the 1940s, in order to construct the path of diffusion processes (which are continuous time Markov processes with continuous trajectories taking their values in a finite dimensional vector space or manifold), which had been studied from a more analytic point of view by Kolmogorov in the 1930s. Since then, this topic has become an important subject of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, because of its mathematical richness and its importance for applications in many areas of Physics, Biology, Economics and Finance, where random processes play an increasingly important role. One important aspect is the connection between diffusion processes and linear partial differential equations of second order, which is in particular the basis for Monte Carlo numerical methods for linear PDEs. Since the pioneering work of Peng and Pardoux in the early 1990s, a new type of SDEs called backward stochastic differential equations (BSDEs) has emerged. The two main reasons why this new class of equations is important are the connection between BSDEs and semilinear PDEs, and the fact that BSDEs constitute a natural generalization of the famous Black and Scholes model from Mathematical Finance, and thus offer a natural mathematical framework for the formulation of many new models in Finance.

Backward Stochastic Differential Equations

Author : N El Karoui
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This book presents the texts of seminars presented during the years 1995 and 1996 at the Université Paris VI and is the first attempt to present a survey on this subject. Starting from the classical conditions for existence and unicity of a solution in the most simple case-which requires more than basic stochartic calculus-several refinements on the hypotheses are introduced to obtain more general results.

Forward backward Stochastic Differential Equations with Nonsmooth Coefficients

Author : Ying Hu
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Backward Stochastic Differential Equations with Jumps are Stable

Author : Alexandros Saplaouras
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Numerical Finance with Backward Stochastic Differential Equations an Exploration of Three Schemes

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Deferred Correction Methods for Forward Backward Stochastic Differential Equations

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Abstract: The deferred correction (DC) method is a classical method for solving ordinary differential equations; one of its key features is to iteratively use lower order numerical methods so that high-order numerical scheme can be obtained. The main advantage of the DC approach is its simplicity and robustness. In this paper, the DC idea will be adopted to solve forward backward stochastic differential equations (FBSDEs) which have practical importance in many applications. Noted that it is difficult to design high-order and relatively "clean" numerical schemes for FBSDEs due to the involvement of randomness and the coupling of the FSDEs and BSDEs. This paper will describe how to use the simplest Euler method in each DC step–leading to simple computational complexity–to achieve high order rate of convergence.

Dissipative Backward Stochastic Differential Equations in Infinite Dimensions

Author : Fulvia Confortola
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Topics in Ergodic Control and Backward Stochastic Differential Equations

Author : Victor Fedyashov
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Optimal Stochastic Control Stochastic Target Problems and Backward SDE

Author : Nizar Touzi
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​This book collects some recent developments in stochastic control theory with applications to financial mathematics. We first address standard stochastic control problems from the viewpoint of the recently developed weak dynamic programming principle. A special emphasis is put on the regularity issues and, in particular, on the behavior of the value function near the boundary. We then provide a quick review of the main tools from viscosity solutions which allow to overcome all regularity problems. We next address the class of stochastic target problems which extends in a nontrivial way the standard stochastic control problems. Here the theory of viscosity solutions plays a crucial role in the derivation of the dynamic programming equation as the infinitesimal counterpart of the corresponding geometric dynamic programming equation. The various developments of this theory have been stimulated by applications in finance and by relevant connections with geometric flows. Namely, the second order extension was motivated by illiquidity modeling, and the controlled loss version was introduced following the problem of quantile hedging. The third part specializes to an overview of Backward stochastic differential equations, and their extensions to the quadratic case.​

Theory of Stochastic Differential Equations with Jumps and Applications

Author : Rong SITU
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Stochastic differential equations (SDEs) are a powerful tool in science, mathematics, economics and finance. This book will help the reader to master the basic theory and learn some applications of SDEs. In particular, the reader will be provided with the backward SDE technique for use in research when considering financial problems in the market, and with the reflecting SDE technique to enable study of optimal stochastic population control problems. These two techniques are powerful and efficient, and can also be applied to research in many other problems in nature, science and elsewhere.

Topics Related to Backward Stochastic Differential Equations Driven by L vy Processes

Author : 周清
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Stochastic Differential Equations

Author : Tony G. Deangelo
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In this collection, the authors begin by introducing a methodology for examining continuous-time Ornstein-Uhlenbech family processes defined by stochastic differential equations (SDEs). Additionally, a study is presented introducing the mathematics of mixed effect parameters in univariate and bivariate SDEs and describing how such a model can be used to aid our understanding of growth processes using real world datasets. Results and experience from applying the concepts and techniques in an extensive individual tree and stand growth modeling program in Lithuania are described as examples. Next, the authors present a review paper on J-calculus, as well as a contributed paper which displays some new results on the topic and deepens some special properties in relation with non-differentiability of functions. Following this, this book develops the general framework to be used in our papers [2, 9, 8]. The starting point for the discussion will be the standard risk-sensitive structures, and how constructions of this kind can be given a rigorous treatment. The risk-sensitive optimal control is also investigated by using the extending part of this of problem of backward stochastic equation. In the closing article, the authors note that the square of an O-U process is the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process used as a model for volatility in finance. The filtered form of the original hazard rate based on this new observation is also studied. If the difference between the original hazard rate and the filtered one is not significant, then the person is not affected by the new frailty.

Stochastic Differential Equations and Applications

Author : X Mao
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This advanced undergraduate and graduate text has now been revised and updated to cover the basic principles and applications of various types of stochastic systems, with much on theory and applications not previously available in book form. The text is also useful as a reference source for pure and applied mathematicians, statisticians and probabilists, engineers in control and communications, and information scientists, physicists and economists. Has been revised and updated to cover the basic principles and applications of various types of stochastic systems Useful as a reference source for pure and applied mathematicians, statisticians and probabilists, engineers in control and communications, and information scientists, physicists and economists

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Alison Etheridge
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Consists of papers given at the ICMS meeting held in 1994 on this topic, and brings together some of the world's best known authorities on stochastic partial differential equations.

Some Research on Stochastic Transport Type Equations and Distribution Dependent Backward Stochastic Differential Equations

Author : 唐昊
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