Search results for: barriers-and-accident-prevention

Barriers and Accident Prevention

Author : Erik Hollnagel
File Size : 48.47 MB
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Accidents are preventable, but only if they are correctly described and understood. Since the mid-1980s accidents have come to be seen as the consequence of complex interactions rather than simple threads of causes and effects. Yet progress in accident models has not been matched by advances in methods. The author's work in several fields (aviation, power production, traffic safety, healthcare) made it clear that there is a practical need for constructive methods and this book presents the experiences and the state-of-the-art. The focus of the book is on accident prevention rather than accident analysis and unlike other books, has a proactive rather than reactive approach. The emphasis on design rather than analysis is a trend also found in other fields. Features of the book include: -A classification of barrier functions and barrier systems that will enable the reader to appreciate the diversity of barriers and to make informed decisions for system changes. -A perspective on how the understanding of accidents (the accident model) largely determines how the analysis is done and what can be achieved. The book critically assesses three types of accident models (sequential, epidemiological, systemic) and compares their strengths and weaknesses. -A specific accident model that captures the full complexity of systemic accidents. One consequence is that accidents can be prevented through a combination of performance monitoring and barrier functions, rather than through the elimination or encapsulation of causes. -A clearly described methodology for barrier analysis and accident prevention. Written in an accessible style, Barriers and Accident Prevention is designed to provide a stimulating and practical guide for industry professionals familiar with the general ideas of accidents and human error. The book is directed at those involved with accident analysis and system safety, such as managers of safety departments, risk and safety consultants, human factors professionals, and accident investigators. It is applicable to all major application areas such as aviation, ground transportation, maritime, process industries, healthcare and hospitals, communication systems, and service providers.

Median Barriers and Accident Prevention

Author : J. C. Womack
File Size : 28.12 MB
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Accident Incident Prevention Techniques

Author : Charles D. Reese
File Size : 53.32 MB
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This A-to-Z, hands-on guidebook addresses the responsibilities, principles, tools and techniques involved in accident investigation and loss control. It blends theory and applications and takes the reader from investigative planning and preparation through the various methods and equipment used, all the way to system safety applications. It covers a myriad of accident prevention techniques, which have been in use by the safety community for many years. The information and illustrations included in this book will allow the reader to begin to develop and build a safety and health program in the workplace. Detailed information is included on: * safety analysis * job safety observations * safety and health tracking * safe operating procedures * root, change, casual, and barrier analysis * resource and information sources This book is applicable to a wide range of occupations since there are no risk free workplaces. It is especially written for occupational safety and health professionals who addresses these issues at work and will also be an excellent source of study for training practitioners and students of this discipline.

Work Zone Safety

Author : Suzanna Long
File Size : 37.29 MB
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The ETTO Principle Efficiency Thoroughness Trade Off

Author : Erik Hollnagel
File Size : 51.14 MB
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Accident investigation and risk assessment have for decades focused on the human factor, particularly 'human error'. Countless books and papers have been written about how to identify, classify, eliminate, prevent and compensate for it. This bias towards the study of performance failures, leads to a neglect of normal or 'error-free' performance and the assumption that as failures and successes have different origins there is little to be gained from studying them together. Erik Hollnagel believes this assumption is false and that safety cannot be attained only by eliminating risks and failures. The ETTO Principle looks at the common trait of people at work to adjust what they do to match the conditions - to what has happened, to what happens, and to what may happen. It proposes that this efficiency-thoroughness trade-off (ETTO) - usually sacrificing thoroughness for efficiency - is normal. While in some cases the adjustments may lead to adverse outcomes, these are due to the very same processes that produce successes, rather than to errors and malfunctions. The ETTO Principle removes the need for specialised theories and models of failure and 'human error' and offers a viable basis for effective and just approaches to both reactive and proactive safety management.

Prevention of Accidents Through Experience Feedback

Author : Urban Kjellen
File Size : 57.94 MB
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Providing a practical introduction to the basic theories and principals of accident prevention through diagnosis and feedback control, this book presents the various methods and tools of safety, health, and environment (SHE) practice where experience feedback is employed. These include methods of accident and near accident reporting and investigation, workplace inspection, SHE performance measurement, and safety analysis and auditing. It also assesses potentials and limitations of the different methods and tools, including learning from experience of unwanted events and errors. It includes highly applicable data on developing a computer-supported SHE information system.

Serious Incident Prevention

Author : Thomas Burns
File Size : 44.98 MB
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Serious incidents affect a company's most important and most visible measures of performance, including profitability and company image. Unfortunately, prevention of accidents often garners low visibility and often even low priority. Many companies invest the minimum effort required to meet regulations and make changes only after an expensive and devastating crisis. Real improvement takes place when prevention becomes a high priority. This is your guide to creating a proactive, effective prevention process. This book presents a model showing you how to systematically identify and execute the steps needed to make your operations incident-free. Its team-based approach draws every level of the organization into the effort. Follow this roadmap to a safer, more prosperous plant by preventing serious incidents

Past and Current Median Barrier Practice in California

Author : L. L. Seamons
File Size : 50.83 MB
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This report constitutes a major review of median barrier policies and procedures at Caltrans. It attempts to assemble all of the important documentation into one source that can be used as a handy reference. The report also reviews data from recent years to see if any changes need to be made in current practices. This report also is the latest in the continuing study of median barriers.

Resource Guide to Literature on Barrier free Environments

Author :
File Size : 68.68 MB
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Handbook of Safety Principles

Author : Niklas Möller
File Size : 65.8 MB
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Presents recent breakthroughs in the theory, methods, and applications of safety and risk analysis for safety engineers, risk analysts, and policy makers Safety principles are paramount to addressing structured handling of safety concerns in all technological systems. This handbook captures and discusses the multitude of safety principles in a practical and applicable manner. It is organized by five overarching categories of safety principles: Safety Reserves; Information and Control; Demonstrability; Optimization; and Organizational Principles and Practices. With a focus on the structured treatment of a large number of safety principles relevant to all related fields, each chapter defines the principle in question and discusses its application as well as how it relates to other principles and terms. This treatment includes the history, the underlying theory, and the limitations and criticism of the principle. Several chapters also problematize and critically discuss the very concept of a safety principle. The book treats issues such as: What are safety principles and what roles do they have? What kinds of safety principles are there? When, if ever, should rules and principles be disobeyed? How do safety principles relate to the law; what is the status of principles in different domains? The book also features: • Insights from leading international experts on safety and reliability • Real-world applications and case studies including systems usability, verification and validation, human reliability, and safety barriers • Different taxonomies for how safety principles are categorized • Breakthroughs in safety and risk science that can significantly change, improve, and inform important practical decisions • A structured treatment of safety principles relevant to numerous disciplines and application areas in industry and other sectors of society • Comprehensive and practical coverage of the multitude of safety principles including maintenance optimization, substitution, safety automation, risk communication, precautionary approaches, non-quantitative safety analysis, safety culture, and many others The Handbook of Safety Principles is an ideal reference and resource for professionals engaged in risk and safety analysis and research. This book is also appropriate as a graduate and PhD-level textbook for courses in risk and safety analysis, reliability, safety engineering, and risk management offered within mathematics, operations research, and engineering departments. NIKLAS MÖLLER, PhD, is Associate Professor at the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The author of approximately 20 international journal articles, Dr. Möller's research interests include the philosophy of risk, metaethics, philosophy of science, and epistemology. SVEN OVE HANSSON, PhD, is Professor of Philosophy at the Royal Institute of Technology. He has authored over 300 articles in international journals and is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. Dr. Hansson is also a Topical Editor for the Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science. JAN-ERIK HOLMBERG, PhD, is Senior Consultant at Risk Pilot AB and Adjunct Professor of Probabilistic Riskand Safety Analysis at the Royal Institute of Technology. Dr. Holmberg received his PhD in Applied Mathematics from Helsinki University of Technology in 1997. CARL ROLLENHAGEN, PhD, is Adjunct Professor of Risk and Safety at the Royal Institute of Technology. Dr. Rollenhagen has performed extensive research in the field of human factors and MTO (Man, Technology, and Organization) with a specific emphasis on safety culture and climate, event investigation methods, and organizational safety assessment.

Accident Prevention Manual for Industrial Operations

Author : National Safety Council
File Size : 44.98 MB
Format : PDF
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Bus and Passenger Accident Prevention

Author : Judith A. Byman
File Size : 49.37 MB
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Collision Avoidance System Cost benefit Analysis Volume II Appendices A E Final Report

Author : Anil V. Khadilkar
File Size : 48.85 MB
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Slips Trips and Fractured Hips

Author : Hammett Emma
File Size : 39.79 MB
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Slips, Trips and Fractured Hips is a clear, accessible, reference guide to prevention and treatment of common accidents and injuries in older people. With pictures, diagrams and practical advice, to help carers help those they care for, to remain as healthy, active and independent as possible and live their lives to the full.

Kompass Deutschland

Author :
File Size : 53.64 MB
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Children Within Environments Toward A Psychology of Accident Prevention

Author : Tommy Gärling
File Size : 23.87 MB
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Accident Prevention Manual for Shop Teachers

Author : William Andrew Williams
File Size : 55.25 MB
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Prevention of Major Accidents in the Oil Gas Industry

Author : Georgina Wien
File Size : 26.99 MB
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Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: B, Robert Gordon University Aberdeen (Energy Centre), course: Master of Science Oil & Gas Engineering, language: English, abstract: Despite sophisticated Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) Management Systems and highly developed safety cultures, major accidents in the Oil & Gas industry are reoccurring events. This type of low frequency high impact event puts at stake the health and safety of employees, the viability of the ecosystem, the integrity of the structure, the life and health of populations in neighboring communities and can also massively impact the economic situation of a region. Prevention of major accidents is therefore of utmost importance. Detailed case studies of nine historic major accidents revealed common features in the accidents, although they represent a wide range of individual accident scenarios. Identified common features and recurring patterns were degradation of safety measures, decrease in attention and awareness towards major accident hazards as well as an increase in complacency and resulting management failures. These findings served as the basis for a prevention model specific to major accident hazards in the Oil & Gas industry. The Management of Major Accidents Scenarios model (MOMAS) was designed with special attention to practical application, information availability over long time periods and avoiding degradation of safety systems, in a holistic system approach. The MOMAS model consists of elements fit for application and offers palpable and precise support in performing the individual assessment steps. This was tested by demonstrating the prevention potential of the MOMAS model on three of the case study incidents. The MOMAS model also integrated the approach of As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA), which is deemed to be more applicable to a major accident scenario setting than the current approach of As Low As Reasonably Pra

Industrial Safety Survey

Author :
File Size : 50.90 MB
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New Trends in System Reliability Evaluation

Author : Krishna B. Misra
File Size : 65.76 MB
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The subject of system reliability evaluation has never been so extensively and incisively discussed as in the present volume. The book fills a gap in the existing literature on the subject by highlighting the shortcomings of the current state-of-the-art and focusing on on-going efforts aimed at seeking better models, improved solutions and alternative approaches to the problem of system reliability evaluation. The book's foremost objective is to provide an insight into developments that are likely to revolutionize the art and science in the near future. At the same time it will help serve as a benchmark for the reader not only to understand and appreciate the newer developments but to profitably guide him in reorienting his efforts. This book will be valuable for people working in various industries, research organizations, particularly in electrical and electronics, defence, nuclear, chemical, space and communciation systems. It will also be useful for serious-minded students, teachers, and for the laboratories of educational institutions.