Search results for: basic-epidemiology

Basic Epidemiology

Author : R. Bonita
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Basic epidemiology provides an introduction to the core principles and methods of epidemiology, with a special emphasis on public health applications in developing countries. This edition includes chapters on the nature and uses of epidemiology; the epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations; the strengths and limitations of epidemiological study designs; and the role of epidemiology in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of health care. The book has a particular emphasis on modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, including environmental and occupational health.

Basic Epidemiological Methods and Biostatistics

Author : Randy M. Page
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This text is an easy-to-understand, application-oriented guidebook for learning the basic principles of epidemiologic investigation. Numerous opportunities are presented to apply and test learning through problems and application exercises. Answers are provided.

Basic Statistics and Epidemiology

Author : Antony Stewart
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This straightforward primer in basic statistics emphasizes its practical use in epidemiology and public health, providing understanding of essential topics such as study design, data analysis and statistical methods used in the execution of medical research. This new edition is substantially revised and includes entirely new material on statistical power and sample size. Clearly worded and assuming no prior knowledge, it gives full step-by-step guidance on performing statistical calculations. It contains numerous examples and exercises with detailed answers to help readers grasp the main points of these complex subjects with ease, providing doctors, nurses, health managers, researchers and students with a concise and practical guide

Essential Epidemiology

Author : Penny Webb
File Size : 52.33 MB
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This is an accessible, easily readable, and modern introduction to epidemiology for students of medicine and public health. It combines a strong public health perspective and rationale with modern methodological insights in a coherent and straight forward way. It emphasises the fundamental principles common to all areas of epidemiology and, unlike many other texts, integrates both public health and clinical epidemiology and the study of infectious and chronic diseases. It aims to give health professionals a good understanding of the methods and potential problems underlying epidemiological data and reports but also provides a thorough introduction for would-be epidemiologists. The 'nuts and bolts' of epidemiology are embedded in the wider health perspective and the concluding chapter explores future possibilities and emphasises the integration of the various strands of the discipline. The basic messages are reinforced through numerous examples and questions, with answers provided.

Basic Epidemiological Methods and Biostatistics

Author : Cecil Slome
File Size : 30.25 MB
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Introduction to Epidemiology

Author : Ray M. Merrill
File Size : 43.23 MB
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An Introduction to Epidemiology, Fourth Edition is intended for introductory courses in health-related programs at both the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable reference for epidemiologists working in the field, industrial hygienists, infectious disease nurses, and staff epidemiologists.

Teacher s Guide for Basic Epidemiology

Author : R. Beaglehole
File Size : 88.51 MB
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Protecting Lives Restoring Livelihoods The U S Program To Remove Landmines

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Epidemiology

Author : Moyses Szklo
File Size : 45.67 MB
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Written for those who are familiar with the basic strategies of analytic epidemiology, this book takes readers through a more rigorous discussion of key epidemiologic concepts and methods such as study design, measures of association, research assessment, and more. This thorough revision features end-of-chapter exercises as well as an entirely new chapter devoted to issues related to the interface between epidemiology, health policy, and public health, such as Rothman's causality model, proximal and distal causes, and Hill's guidelines. Careful attention is also given to sensitivity analysis, meta-analysis, and publication bias.

Introduction to Epidemiology

Author : Ilona Carneiro
File Size : 41.81 MB
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An introduction to the principles, methods and application of epidemiology for improving health and survival.

Basic Concepts in Statistics and Epidemiology

Author : Theodore Harney MacDonald
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This book is specifically designed to underpin the concepts of statistics and epidemiology. It is practical and easy to use and is ideal for people who can feel uncomfortable with mathematics.

Epidemiology Matters

Author : Katherine M. Keyes
File Size : 43.95 MB
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Epidemiology Matters offers a new approach to understanding and identifying the causes of disease -- and with it, how to prevent disease and improve human health. Utilizing visual explanations and examples, this text provides an accessible, step-by-step introduction to the fundamentals of epidemiologic study, from design to analysis. Across fourteen chapters, Epidemiology Matters teaches the individual competencies that underlie the conduct of an epidemiologic study: identifying populations; measuring exposures and health indicators; taking a sample; estimating associations between exposures and health indicators; assessing evidence for causes working together; assessing internal and external validity of results. With its consequentialist approach -- designing epidemiologic studies that aim to inform our understanding, and therefore improve public health -- Epidemiology Matters is an introductory text for the next generation of students in medicine and public health.

Field Epidemiology

Author : Michael B. Gregg
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Field epidemiology involves the application of epidemiologic methods to unexpected health problems when a rapid on-site investigation is necessary for timely intervention. Based on decades of experience in both infectious and non-infectious diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this book describes in simple and practical terms the distinct approach, tasks, and actions needed for successful field investigations. Guidance is given on such issues as how to perform surveillance, manage and execute field investigations, collect and analyze data, perform surveys, adapt a personal computer for field use, and communicate the findings. Specific advice is also given on such subjects as dealing with the media; investigations in healthcare, day-care, and international settings; and the legal aspects of field studies. An entire chapter covers the proper collection, handling, and testing of infectious and non-infectious agents in the field. In the Second Edition, four new chapters cover many unique aspects of field studies in the workplace, after natural disasters, in preparation for and response to possible bioterrorist attacks, and by state and local health departments. Finally, an appendix describes how to investigate a common source food-borne epidemic. This text gives public health professionals and students a practical and complete reference to use in virtually any field investigation setting.

Epidemiology

Author : Kenneth J. Rothman
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In the past thirty years epidemiology has matured from a fledgling scientific field into a vibrant discipline that brings together the biological and social sciences, and in doing so draws upon disciplines ranging from statistics and survey sampling to the philosophy of science. These areas of knowledge have converged into a modern theory of epidemiology that has been slow to penetrate into textbooks, particularly at the introductory level. Epidemiology: An Introduction closes the gap. It begins with a brief, lucid discussion of causal thinking and causal inference and then takes the reader through the elements of epidemiology, focusing on the measures of disease occurrence and causal effects. With these building blocks in place, the reader learns how to design, analyze and interpret problems that epidemiologists face, including confounding, the role of chance, and the exploration of interactions. All these topics are layered on the foundation of basic principles presented in simple language, with numerous examples and questions for further thought.

Statistical Methods in Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Duncan C. Thomas
File Size : 68.12 MB
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Environmental epidemiology is the study of the environmental causes of disease in populations and how these risks vary in relation to intensity and duration of exposure and other factors like genetic susceptibility. As such, it is the basic science upon which governmental safety standards and compensation policies for environmental and occupational exposure are based. Profusely illustrated with examples from the epidemiologic literature on ionizing radiation and air pollution, thistext provides a systematic treatment of the statistical challenges that arise in environmental health studies and the use epidemiologic data in formulating public policy, at a level suitable for graduate students and epidemiologic researchers.After a general overview of study design and statistical methods for epidemiology generally, the book goes on to address the problems that are unique to environmental health studies, special-purpose designs like two-phase case-control studies and countermatching, statistical methods for modeling exposure-time-response relationships, longitudinal and time-series studies, spatial and ecologic methods, exposure measurement error, interactions, and mechanistic models. It also discusses studiesaimed at evaluating the public health benefits of interventions to improve the environment, the use of epidemiologic data to establish environmental safety standards and compensation policy, and concludes with emerging problems in reproductive epidemiology, natural and man-made disasters like globalwarming, and the global burden of environmentally caused disease. No other book provides such a broad perspective on the methodological challenges in this field at a level accessible to both epidemiologists and statisticians.

Epidemiology and Disease Prevention

Author : John Yarnell
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This second edition of Epidemiology and Disease Prevention summarizes the natural history of the major disease groups, explaining and applying core epidemiological principles and practices with the help of case studies, questions, and references to the most important sources of information in the field.

Epidemiology A Very Short Introduction

Author : Rodolfo Saracci
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What is epidemiology? What are the causes of a new disease? How can pandemics be prevented? Epidemiology is the study of the changing patterns of disease and its main aim is to improve the health of populations. It's a vital field, central to the health of society, to the identification of causes of disease, and to their management and prevention. Epidemiology has had an impact on many areas of medicine; from discovering the relationship between tobacco smoking and lung cancer, to the origin and spread of new epidemics. However, it is often poorly understood, largely due to misrepresentations in the media. In this Very Short Introduction Rodolfo Saracci dispels some of the myths surrounding the study of epidemiology. He provides a general explanation of the principles behind clinical trials, and explains the nature of basic statistics concerning disease. He also looks at the ethical and political issues related to obtaining and using information concerning patients, and trials involving placebos. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Author : Monica Nordberg
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Handbook of the Toxicology of Metals is the standard reference work for physicians, toxicologists and engineers in the field of environmental and occupational health. This new edition is a comprehensive review of the effects on biological systems from metallic elements and their compounds. An entirely new structure and illustrations represent the vast array of advancements made since the last edition. Special emphasis has been placed on the toxic effects in humans with chapters on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of metal poisoning. This up-to-date reference provides easy access to a broad range of basic toxicological data and also gives a general introduction to the toxicology of metallic compounds. * Covers up-to-date toxicological information on 31 metallic elements and their compounds, each in a separate chapter * New chapters on general chemistry, biological monitoring and biomarkers, essential metals, principles for prevention of the toxic effects of metals, and more

Essentials of Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Author : Manya Magnus
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Essentials of Infectious Disease Epidemiology is devoted specifically to the methods required to study infectious disease making the perfect introduction to the field for undergraduate and introductory masters-level public health students. It will provide students with the requisite skills to conduct, evaluate, and understand the field of infectious disease epidemiology.

A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts

Author : Alfredo Morabia
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Methods, just as diseases or scientists, have their own history. It is important for scientists to be aware of the genesis of the methods they use and of the context in which they were developed. A History of Epidemiologic Methods and Concepts is based on a collection of contributions which appeared in "SPM International Journal of Public Health", starting in January 2001. The contributions focus on the historical emergence of current epidemiological methods and their relative importance at different points in time, rather than on specific achievements of epidemiology in controlling plagues such as cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, typhoid fever, or lung cancer. The papers present the design of prospective and retrospective studies, and the concepts of bias, confounding, and interaction. The compilation of articles is complemented by an introduction and comments by Prof. Alfredo Morabia which puts them in the context of current epidemiological research.