Search results for: between-craft-and-science

Between Craft and Science

Author : Stephen R. Barley
File Size : 90.7 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 219
Read : 407
Download »
Between Craft and Science brings together leading scholars from sociology, anthropology, industrial relations, management, and engineering to consider issues surrounding technical work, the most rapidly expanding sector of the labor force. Part craft and part science, part blue-collar and part white-collar, technical work demands skill and knowledge but is rarely rewarded with commensurate status or salary. The book first considers the anomalous nature of technical work and the difficulty of locating it in any conventional theoretical framework. Only an ethnographic approach, studying the actual doing of the work, will make sense of the subject, the authors conclude. The studies that follow report daily practice filled with disjunctures and ironies that mirror the ambiguities of technical work's place in the larger culture. On the basis of those studies, the authors probe questions of policy, management, and education. Between Craft and Science considers the cultural difficulties in understanding technical work and advances coherent, practice-oriented insights into this anomalous phenomenon.

The Craft and Science of Coffee

Author : Britta Folmer
File Size : 73.43 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 938
Read : 1024
Download »
The Craft and Science of Coffee follows the coffee plant from its origins in East Africa to its current role as a global product that influences millions of lives though sustainable development, economics, and consumer desire. For most, coffee is a beloved beverage. However, for some it is also an object of scientifically study, and for others it is approached as a craft, both building on skills and experience. By combining the research and insights of the scientific community and expertise of the crafts people, this unique book brings readers into a sustained and inclusive conversation, one where academic and industrial thought leaders, coffee farmers, and baristas are quoted, each informing and enriching each other. This unusual approach guides the reader on a journey from coffee farmer to roaster, market analyst to barista, in a style that is both rigorous and experience based, universally relevant and personally engaging. From on-farming processes to consumer benefits, the reader is given a deeper appreciation and understanding of coffee's complexity and is invited to form their own educated opinions on the ever changing situation, including potential routes to further shape the coffee future in a responsible manner. Presents a novel synthesis of coffee research and real-world experience that aids understanding, appreciation, and potential action. Includes contributions from a multitude of experts who address complex subjects with a conversational approach. Provides expert discourse on the coffee calue chain, from agricultural and production practices, sustainability, post-harvest processing, and quality aspects to the economic analysis of the consumer value proposition. Engages with the key challenges of future coffee production and potential solutions.

The Craft of Scientific Writing

Author : Michael Alley
File Size : 51.56 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 785
Read : 1327
Download »
Designed to help both professional and student scientists and engineers write clearly and effectively, this text approaches the subject in a fresh way. Using scores of examples from a wide variety of authors and disciplines, the author - himself a writer and physicist -- demonstrates the difference between strong and weak scientific writing, and how to convey ideas to the intended audience. In addition, he gives advice on how to start writing, and how to revise drafts, including many suggestions about approaching a wide variety of tasks - from laboratory reports to grant proposals, from internal communications to press releases - as well as a concise guide to appropriate style and usage.

Archaeology History and Science

Author : Marcos Martinón-Torres
File Size : 58.67 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 309
Read : 1187
Download »
Using a combination of historical, archaeological, and scientific techniques is not an uncommon practice in archaeological interpretation. Rarely found, however, are more overt critical considerations of how these data relate to each other, or explicit attempts at demonstrating successful strategies for these kinds of interdisciplinary research. The authors in this volume provide such a critical consideration, examining a wide range of cultures, time periods, and materials to demonstrate the diversity of approaches to these types of analyses. Case studies include such examples as the ideology of flint knives in ancient Egypt, meaning of Cuneiform glass texts, and urban archaeology in Sheffield. This volume is particularly noteworthy because it offers individual contributions to specific areas of study, as well as reflects on the problems and potentials of the interdisciplinary study of the human past.

The Science of the Craft

Author : William H. Keith
File Size : 73.50 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 977
Read : 152
Download »
Advancements in science have taken us further and further from the tangibles our ancestors used to define and understand their world. science has attempted to draw a careful line between what can be provan and what cannot. But a revolution is at hand. keith explains how a fresh look at quantum physics supports phenomena that have long been ridiculed or ignored by classical science. In engaging and frank prose Keith argues that magic is governed by laws similar to those that define scientific principles. This is a truly fascinating gateway for exploring psychic phenomena.

Scientific Knowledge and Its Social Problems

Author :
File Size : 81.35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 184
Read : 699
Download »
Science is continually confronted by new and difficult social and ethical problems. Some of these problems have arisen from the transformation of the academic science of the prewar period into the industrialized science of the present. Traditional theories of science are now widely recognized as obsolete. In Scientific Knowledge and Its Social Problems (originally published in 1971), Jerome R. Ravetz analyzes the work of science as the creation and investigation of problems. He demonstrates the role of choice and value judgment, and the inevitability of error, in scientific research. Ravetz's new introductory essay is a masterful statement of how our understanding of science has evolved over the last two decades.

Gendered Domains

Author : Berkshire Conference on the History of Women
File Size : 57.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 258
Read : 549
Download »
Making available the best papers on the public/private theme delivered at the 1987 Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, Gendered Domains will be welcomed by anyone interested in women's studies, including historians, political scientists, feminist theorists, anthropologists, sociologists, and...

The Past Present and Future of Integrated History and Philosophy of Science

Author : Emily Herring
File Size : 25.21 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 501
Read : 1264
Download »
Integrated History and Philosophy of Science (iHPS) is commonly understood as the study of science from a combined historical and philosophical perspective. Yet, since its gradual formation as a research field, the question of how to suitably integrate both perspectives remains open. This volume presents cutting edge research from junior iHPS scholars, and in doing so provides a snapshot of current developments within the field, explores the connection between iHPS and other academic disciplines, and demonstrates some of the topics that are attracting the attention of scholars who will help define the future of iHPS.

The Craft of Scientific Presentations

Author : Michael Alley
File Size : 29.48 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 634
Read : 1076
Download »
The Craft of Scientific Presentations, 2nd edition aims to strengthen you as a presenter of science and engineering. The book does so by identifying what makes excellent presenters such as Brian Cox, Jane Goodall, Richard Feynman, and Jill Bolte Taylor so strong. In addition, the book explains what causes so many scientific presentations to flounder. One of the most valuable contributions of this text is that it teaches the assertion-evidence approach to scientific presentations. Instead of building presentations, as most engineers and scientists do, on the weak foundation of topic phrases and bulleted lists, this assertion-evidence approach calls for building presentations on succinct message assertions supported by visual evidence. Unlike the commonly followed topic-subtopic approach that PowerPoint leads presenters to use, the assertion-evidence approach is solidly grounded in research. By showing the differences between strong and weak presentations, by identifying the errors that scientific presenters typically make, and by teaching a much more powerful approach for scientific presentations than what is commonly practiced, this book places you in a position to elevate your presentations to a high level. In essence, this book aims to have you not just succeed in your scientific presentations, but excel. About the Author Michael Alley has taught workshops on presentations to engineers and scientists on five continents, and has recently been invited to speak at the European Space Organization, Harvard Medical School, MIT, Sandia National Labs, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Simula Research Laboratory, and United Technologies. An Associate Professor of engineering communication at Pennsylvania State University, Alley is a leading researcher on the effectiveness of different designs for presentation slides.

The Craft of Scientific Communication

Author : Joseph E. Harmon
File Size : 40.76 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 722
Read : 189
Download »
The ability to communicate in print and person is essential to the life of a successful scientist. But since writing is often secondary in scientific education and teaching, there remains a significant need for guides that teach scientists how best to convey their research to general and professional audiences. The Craft of Scientific Communication will teach science students and scientists alike how to improve the clarity, cogency, and communicative power of their words and images. In this remarkable guide, Joseph E. Harmon and Alan G. Gross have combined their many years of experience in the art of science writing to analyze published examples of how the best scientists communicate. Organized topically with information on the structural elements and the style of scientific communications, each chapter draws on models of past successes and failures to show students and practitioners how best to negotiate the world of print, online publication, and oral presentation.

Envisioning Science

Author : Felice Frankel
File Size : 73.79 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 706
Read : 379
Download »
A complete guide to the creation of compelling science photographs.

Computer Vision Craft Engineering and Science

Author : David Vernon
File Size : 58.85 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 203
Read : 907
Download »
This volume assesses approaches to the construction of computer vision systems. It shows that there is a spectrum of approaches with different degrees of maturity and robustness. The useful exploitation of computer vision in industry and elsewhere and the development of the discipline itself depend on understanding the way these approaches influence one another. The chief topic discussed is autonomy.True autonomy may not be achievable in machines in the near future, and the workshop concluded that it may be more desirable - and is certainly more pragmatic - to leave a person in the processing loop. The second conclusion of the workshop concerns the manner in which a system is designedfor an application. It was agreed that designers should first specify the required functionality, then identify the knowledge appropriate to that task, and finally choose the appropriate techniques and algorithms. The third conclusion concerns the methodologies employed in developing vision systems: craft, engineering, and science are mutually relevant and contribute to one another. The contributors place heavy emphasis on providing the reader with concrete examples of operational systems. The book is based on a workshop held as part of the activities of an ESPRIT Basic Research Action.

Between Craft and Class

Author : Jeffrey Haydu
File Size : 29.85 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 252
Read : 258
Download »

Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology

Author : Christopher G. Morris
File Size : 45.89 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 648
Read : 1290
Download »
Over 125,000 entries cover 124 scientific and technological fields, including acoustical engineering, cartography graphic arts, microbiology, organic chemistry, radiology, and zoology

The Recovery of Rhetoric

Author : Richard H. Roberts
File Size : 82.74 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 301
Read : 1248
Download »

The Art Science and Craft of Great Landscape Photography

Author : Glenn Randall
File Size : 46.3 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 785
Read : 581
Download »
The Art, Science, and Craft of Great Landscape Photography teaches photographers how to convert their visual peak experiences-moments of extraordinary natural beauty that evoke a sense of wonder and awe-into stunning images that elicit the same awestruck emotion in their viewers. Randall is an experienced wilderness photographer, and whether you want to venture into the mountains for once-in-a-lifetime shots of raw nature, or simply hone your landscape photography skills from the safety of your back deck, Randall explains the art, science and craft of creating astounding images.Randall begins by focusing on the art of landscape photography. He describes his three-step process for composing a photograph and shows how good composition is an organic process that begins with rules but ultimately transcends them. Randall then explores the science behind successful landscape photographs, which requires understanding key concepts from geography, optics, vision, and psychology. These concepts include: Understanding how the position of the sun at sunrise and sunset varies throughout the year, which will help you plan when and where to shoot. Understanding optics to predict where rainbows will appear, how polarizers will interact with reflections, and where to find spectacular light. Understanding how to use topographic maps and computerized mapping tools to help you find the most promising shooting locations in the wilderness. Understanding how our visual system analyzes images and the psychology of how we view art. These insights will help you produce successful photographs. Exposure is a central aspect of the craft of landscape photography, and Randall tackles the challenges of this topic from every angle-from tips on calculating exposures in the field, to achieving correct exposure in high-contrast lighting situations, to the best digital darkroom techniques.Great landscape photography can be mastered with practice and by applying the techniques taught in this book. The Art, Science, and Craft of Great Landscape Photography is intended for those who already understand the basics of photography and who are ready to master the finer nuances of creating magnificent landscape photographs. Foreword by Reid Callanan Director, Santa Fe Photographic Workshops

Oxford Textbook of Medicine

Author : D. A. Warrell
File Size : 85.57 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 184
Read : 528
Download »

Power to Teach

Author : Wendy Robinson
File Size : 65.59 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 819
Read : 159
Download »
This book illustrates hitherto unexamined connections between the present state of teacher education in the UK and past models of practice. It locates contemporary debates within ongoing historical tensions over what constitutes a sound and proper start to a career in teaching. Questions as to the constituents of a professional training, the essential skills, knowledge and attitudes desired of an effective teacher, the most suitable locus of expertise, the relative roles of participants, and the balance of theory and practice lie at the heart of this book. The book reviews apprenticeship and teach-exemplar models of training, expert-novice relationships, model and demonstration teaching, school-based practice and the elaboration of core pedagogical principles in educational debate and research. These developments are assessed against recent initiatives in ITT, such as partnership models of ITT, school-based mentoring, advanced skills teaching, training schools, a standards-driven model of assessment for student teachers and models of effective teaching. Central to the book is the concept of the power to teach. By reclaiming this notion, the book offers challenging new perspectives on current policy and practice in teacher education today and adds to existing histories of teacher training of the past.

Building American Submarines 1914 1940

Author : Gary E. Weir
File Size : 59.52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 199
Read : 1148
Download »
In this volume, Gary E. Weir assesses the Navy's efforts between 1914 and 1940 to develop effective submarines. In particular, the author describes the work of the Navy and private industry that allowed the relatively primitive submersible of the First World War period to be replaced by the fleet submarine that fought in the Second World War.Building American Submarines argues that there was a fundamental shift in the relationship between the Navy and its submarine suppliers during this period. After being completely dependent upon private industry in 1914, the Navy - not industry - controlled the design and construction process by the eve of the Second World War.. As a result, the Navy was able to acquire high-quality submarines to fulfill the nation's strategic requirements. When we entered the Second World War, these new submarines were ready to undertake prolonged and effective antishipping operations in distant waters. That capability was of enormous importance in the ensuing triumph of American sea power over Imperial Japan.In tracing these developments, the author provides insights into the goals of the naval submarine submarine leaders, the evolution of the American submarine industry, the influence of German underseas technology, and strategic requirements foreseen by naval planners. The Navy's historians hope that this case study of the problems and successes involved in a major weapons acquisition program will be of particular interest to naval personnel involved in that process today, as well as to representatives of the industrial firms that supply the needs of the modern Navy.

Effective Blended Learning Practices Evidence Based Perspectives in ICT Facilitated Education

Author : Stacey, Elizabeth
File Size : 28.47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 588
Read : 698
Download »
Provides insight into the practice of blended learning in higher education.