Search results for: biomedical-technology-and-public-policy

Biomedical Technology and Public Policy

Author : Associate Professor Department of Political Science Robert H Blank
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This volume is designed to provide a framework for studying the public policy implications of a broad range of biomedical technologies. Each chapter focuses on the policy issues and political activities surrounding a single technology. Contributors address such issues as new reproductive technologies, animal experimentation, contraceptive drugs, genetic markers and technology and the aging society.

Biomedical Scientists and Public Policy

Author : H. H. Fudenberg
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This volume brings together the views of authors involved in many aspects of biomedicine-from research on basic biology to clinical invest igation of the causes and treatment of human disease to hospital adminis tration ·to health care planning on the state and Federal levels to Con gressionallegislation covering biomedical research, medical education, the development of medical technology, and the delivery of health care. The purpose is not to present a "party line" representing a consensus of these often divergent viewpoints, and we do not suggest that we have found solutions to the many problems encountered in the interaction of scientists, administrators, legislators, and the recipients of health care. These articles are intended primarily to communicate to both biomedical scientists and intelligent laymen the processes, social and political as well as scientific, whereby biomedical science advances, and the need for biomedical scientists to take an interest and initiative not only in scientific research but also in research on health care delivery and in related public issues before the legislative and administrative branches of government.

Handbook of Public Policy Evaluation

Author : Stuart S. Nagel
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Handbook of Public Policy Evaluation is the only book of its kind to present aspects of public policy evaluation that relate to economic, technology, social, political, international, and legal problems. Rather than looking at specific narrowly focused programs, this book emphasizes broad-based evaluation theory, study, and application, providing a rich variety of exceptional insights and ideas.

Public Policy Evaluation

Author : Stuart S. Nagel
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First published in 1998, this volume examines how super-optimum decisions involve finding alternatives to controversies whereby Conservatives, Liberals, or other major groups can all come out ahead of their best initial expectations simultaneously. This book is organised in terms of concepts, methods, causes, process, substance, and the policy studies profession. Concepts clarify that policy evaluation traditionally involves: (1) Goals to be achieved; (2) Alternatives available for achieving them; (3) Relations between goals and alternatives; (4) Drawing a conclusion as to the best alternative in light of the goals, alternatives, and relations; and (5) Analysing how the conclusion would change if there were changes in the goals, alternatives, or relations. Super-optimizing also involves five related steps, but with the following improvements: (1) Goals are designed as conservative, liberal, or neutral; (2) Alternatives get the same designations; (3) Relations are simplified to indicate which alternatives are relatively high or low on each goal; (4) The conclusion involves arriving at an alternative that does better on Goal A than Alternative A, and simultaneously better on Goal B than Alternative B; and (5) The fifth step involves analysing the super-optimum or win-win alternative in terms of its feasibility as to the economic, technological, psychological, political, administrative, and legal matters.

Science Technology and Public Policy Books monographs documents and articles in journals 1968 through 1970

Author : Lynton Keith Caldwell
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Science Technology And Policy Decisions

Author : Anne L. Hiskes
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This text, written by a philosopher of science and a political theorist, introduces students to the issues and controversies surrounding science and technology policy in the United States. As the impact of technological advancement is increasingly felt, the policy-making process for science and technology is undergoing a marked transition. The making of this policy is no longer solely the function of government agencies and institutions. New actors in the policy arena are raising questions about the future of technological advancement in the United States and elsewhere, and their voices are affecting—sometimes obstructing—the traditional policy process. This book surveys the entire domain of science and technology policy making with special emphasis on the growing role of citizen participation, the ethical issues raised by modern policy problems, and the general principles that guide current policy. The authors discuss current philosophical views about the nature of science and technology as social and political entities and also consider the history of the relations between these fields and political authority. They combine an issues and case study approach with a narrative discussion of how ethical, participatory, and institutional factors have merged in the policy process. Among the topics addressed are nuclear power and siting policy, hazardous waste, communications technology, and biomedical technology. After reviewing the difficult problems facing the modern policy maker, the authors assess the methods and ethical assumptions of the current policy-making framework and consider alternatives that are more sensitive to the complexity of contemporary policy issues. Intended as a core text for courses in "Science, Technology, and Public Policy," the book can also be used in interdisciplinary courses focusing on the relationship between science, technology, and society. The text is also appropriate for courses in the philosophy of science and technology and for courses in social and political philosophy.

Science and ethics of human cloning hearing before the Subcommittee on Science Technology and Space of the Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation United States Senate One Hundred Eighth Congress first session January 29 2003

Author :
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Conflict Resolution and Public Policy

Author : Miriam K. Mills
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This work represents a broad-based perspective of the conflict resolution process. While related books have tended to specialize on specific settings, this volume gives in-depth treatment of four various settings--environmental risk resolution, rule-making in the public sector, consumer disputes, and contracts and the courts. It also examines future models for resolving disputes. With its contributions from both practitioners and theorists in the art/science of conflict resolution, this volume properly emphasizes the important role that public policy plays in the settlement of societal conflict. The first section of the book deals with dispute resolution related to environmental issues. Articles in this section address negotiations in the area of hazardous waste, present a review of the timber, fish, and wildlife policy negotiations of Washington State, and examine environmental regulation in the Reagan era. The second section focuses on consumer disputes in two areas--utilities and those exposed unwittingly to asbestos. The third section discusses contracts and the limitations of courts as a higher authority. The fourth section reviews negotiated rule-making in administrative settings. The final portion presents a modern approach to dispute resolution using decision-aiding software. This book serves as valuable reading for anyone interested in the interconnected fields of dispute resolution and public policy.

Technology and Public Policy

Author : Vary T. Coates
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Science Public Policy and the Scientist Administrator

Author : National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
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Science Public Policy and the Scientist Administrator

Author : National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Committee on Staff-Traing-Extramural Programs
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Government Policy and Program Impacts on Technology Development Transfer and Commercialization

Author : Kimball Marshall
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In recent decades, government-funded technologies have produced radar, microwave ovens, modern cell phone systems, the Internet, new materials for aircraft and motor vehicles, and new medical instrumentation. This first-of-its-kind book examines how access to technology is affected by government policies and government-sponsored programs. Government Policy and Program Impacts on Technology Development, Transfer, and Commercialization: International Perspectives provides an easy-to-read overview of the field and several studies serving as examples to guide government policymakers and private sector decision makers. This forward-looking book also forecasts the potential impacts of government regulation upon the field and presents provocative discussions of the ethical implications of the cross-cultural and cross-national challenges facing technologically developed nations in the global economy. This book reviews this broad field by first providing an overview of the goals of government technology policies and programs as well as of generic types of government technology programs. Next, it presents carefully selected studies that illustrate the potential impacts of government decisions upon marketing constraints, industry acceptance of regulatory requirements, economic development, gross domestic product, and the choices firms make when it comes to location, competitiveness, product development, and other factors. The final chapters explore ethical considerations from a global perspective. These chapters also explore the implications of these considerations in relation to the success of governmental and private sector technology transfer and commercialization programs. The macromarketing perspective taken by the contributors serves to ground the impacts of government technology policies and programs in practical implications for economic development, business productivity, and quality of life. The contributors to this unique collection share their expertise on government sponsorship of technology research, the impact of government regulation upon technology marketing and economic development, the effects of government policies on business practices, intellectual property rights, and much more. Government Policy and Program Impacts on Technology Development, Transfer, and Commercialization shows how evolving technology and government policy changes have affected: the commercialization of music—new media, piracy problems, consumer choices and costs, and changes in the radio and concert promotion industries the adoption of new household technology licensure requirements for telemedicine—with an essential overview of telemedicine plus examinations of relevant governmental regulations and potential applications patents, copyrights, trademarks, licensing, and proprietary information scrap tire disposal—new alternatives for a chronic waste disposal problem food product development state-owned enterprises—with a case study illustrating how a stagnant state-owned company quickly evolved into China’s leading firm in the textile machinery field

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis

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Health Care Politics and Policy in America

Author : Kant Patel
File Size : 54.30 MB
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Fully updated in this new edition, Health Care Politics and Policy in America combines a historical overview of U.S. health policy and programs with analysis of current trends and reform efforts. The book -- shows how health policy fits into the larger social, economic, political, and ideological environment of the United States; -- identifies the roles played by both public and private, institutional and individual actors in shaping the health care system at all levels; -- considers the trade-offs inherent in various policy choices and their impacts on different social groups; -- takes account of the dynamic impact of technological change on health care capacities, costs, and ethics. This edition includes expanded discussion of equity issues and whether there is a "right" to health care, and a new chapter on the issue of medical liability. The concluding chapter brings the story of health care policy up to the end of the millennium, with particular attention to the managed care revolution and reaction to it. The book equips readers with the basic tools for drawing more informed judgments in the ongoing debate about health care policy in the United States.

Bibliography of Agriculture

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International Policy Studies

Author : Stuart S. Nagel
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The basic elements of this book involve integrating five policy problems, and four fields of knowledge. The five policy problems are economic, technology, social, political and legal. The four developing regions are Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America. The four fields of knowledge are natural science, social science, humanities and law.

Law and Science at the Crossroads

Author : Suffolk University. Law School. Center for Advanced Legal Studies
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Ideology Values and Technology in Political Life

Author : Kenneth R. Stunkel
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What are the pervasive forces for change in the modern world? Looking back on political, social, and economic upheavals of the past two hundred years, a casual observer might conclude that it has been politics alone. Conversely, Stunkel and Sarsar assert that ideology, technology, and values played equally as crucial roles then as they do now. As three of the most influential 'ideas' in the modern world--ideology, values and technology are acutely addresed in this volume in order to clarify what they are and what their significance is for political life.

Science and Ethics of Human Cloning

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space
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Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy A J

Author : Jack Rabin
File Size : 46.86 MB
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From the Nuremberg trials to the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 to recent budget reconciliation bills, the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy provides detailed coverage of watershed policies and decisions from such fields as privatization, biomedical ethics, education, and diversity. This second edition features a wide range of new topics, including military administration, government procurement, social theory, and justice administration in developed democracies. It also addresses current issues such as the creation of the Department of Homeland Security and covers public administration in the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia, the Pacific, and Latin America.