Search Results for "biopolitics"

Biopolitics

Biopolitics

An Advanced Introduction

  • Author: Thomas Lemke,Monica J. Casper,Lisa Jean Moore
  • Publisher: NYU Press
  • ISBN: 9780814752999
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 158
  • View: 1308
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The biological features of human beings are now measured, observed, and understood in ways never before thought possible, defining norms, establishing standards, and determining average values of human life. While the notion of “biopolitics” has been linked to everything from rational decision-making and the democratic organization of social life to eugenics and racism, Thomas Lemke offers the very first systematic overview of the history of the notion of biopolitics, exploring its relevance in contemporary theoretical debates and providing a much needed primer on the topic. Lemke explains that life has become an independent, objective and measurable factor as well as a collective reality that can be separated from concrete living beings and the singularity of individual experience. He shows how our understanding of the processes of life, the organizing of populations and the need to “govern” individuals and collectives lead to practices of correction, exclusion, normalization, and disciplining. In this lucidly written book, Lemke outlines the stakes and the debates surrounding biopolitics, providing a systematic overview of the history of the notion and making clear its relevance for sociological and contemporary theoretical debates.

Bíos

Bíos

Biopolitics and Philosophy

  • Author: Roberto Esposito
  • Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
  • ISBN: 0816649898
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 230
  • View: 1061
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Roberto Esposito is one of the most prolific and important exponents of contemporary Italian political theory. Bos-his first book to be translated into English-builds on two decades of highly regarded thought, including his thesis that the modern individual-with all of its civil and political rights as well as its moral powers-is an attempt to attain immunity from the contagion of the extraindividual, namely, the community. In Bos, Esposito applies such a paradigm of immunization to the analysis of the radical transformation of the political into biopolitics. Bos discusses the origins and meanings of biopolitical discourse, demonstrates why none of the categories of modern political thought is useful for completely grasping the essence of biopolitics, and reconstructs the negative biopolitical core of Nazism. Esposito suggests that the best contemporary response to the current deadly version of biopolitics is to understand what could make up the elements of a positive biopolitics-a politics of life rather than a politics of mastery and negation of life. In his introduction, Timothy Campbell situates Esposito’s arguments within American and European thinking on biopolitics. A comprehensive, illuminating, and highly original treatment of a critically important topic, Bos introduces an English-reading public to a philosophy that will critically impact such wide-ranging current debates as stem cell research, euthanasia, and the war on terrorism. Roberto Esposito teaches contemporary philosophy at the Italian Institute for the Human Sciences in Naples. His books include Categorie dell impolitico, Nove pensieri sulla politica, Communitas: orgine e destino della comunit;, and Immunitas: protezione e negazione della vita. Timothy Campbell is associate professor of Italian studies in the Department of Romance Studies at Cornell University and the author of Wireless Writing in the Age of Marconi (Minnesota, 2006).

Biopolitics

Biopolitics

  • Author: Catherine Mills
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351401866
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 186
  • View: 9622
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The concept of biopolitics has been one of the most important and widely used in recent years in disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. In Biopolitics, Mills provides a wide-ranging and insightful introduction to the field of biopolitical studies. The first part of the book provides a much-needed philosophical introduction to key theoretical approaches to the concept in contemporary usage. This includes discussions of the work of Michel Foucault, Giorgio Agamben, Hannah Arendt, Roberto Esposito, and Antonio Negri. In the second part of the book, Mills discusses various topics across the categories of politics, life and subjectivity. These include questions of sovereignty and governmentality, violence, rights, technology, reproduction, race, and sexual difference. This book will be an indispensable guide for those wishing to gain an understanding of the central theories and issues in biopolitical studies. For those already working with the concept of biopolitics, it provides challenging and provocative insights and argues for a ground-breaking reorientation of the field.

The Biopolitics of Beauty

The Biopolitics of Beauty

Cosmetic Citizenship and Affective Capital in Brazil

  • Author: Alvaro Jarrin
  • Publisher: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520293878
  • Category: Health & Fitness
  • Page: 248
  • View: 628
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"The Biopolitics of Beauty examines how beauty became an aim of national health in Brazil. Based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out in Brazilian hospitals, the author explains how plastic surgeons and patients navigate the public health system to transform beauty into a basic health right. The book historically traces the national concern with beauty to Brazilian eugenics, which established beauty as an index of the nation's racial improvement. From here, Jarrain explains how plastic surgeons became the main proponents of a raciology of beauty, using it to gain the backing of the Brazilian state. Beauty can be understood as an immaterial form of value that Jarrain calls "affective capital," which maps onto and intensifies the social hierarchies of Brazilian society. Patients experience beauty as central to national belonging and to gendered aspirations of upward mobility, and they become entangled in biopolitical rationalities that complicate their ability to consent to the risks of surgery. The Biopolitics of Beauty not only examines the biopolical regime that made beauty a desirable national project, but also the subtle ways in which beauty is laden with affective value within everyday social practices, thus becoming the terrain upon which race, class, and gender hierarchies are reproduced and contested in Brazil."--Provided by publisher.

The Birth of Biopolitics

The Birth of Biopolitics

Lectures at the Collège de France, 1978-1979

  • Author: M. Foucault,Arnold I. Davidson,Graham Burchell
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230594182
  • Category: History
  • Page: 368
  • View: 7839
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Foucault continues on the theme of his 1978 course by focusing on the study of liberal and neo-liberal forms of government and concentrating in particular on two forms of neo-liberalism: German post-war liberalism and the liberalism of the Chicago School.

Tactical Biopolitics

Tactical Biopolitics

Art, Activism, and Technoscience

  • Author: Beatriz Da Costa,Kavita Philip
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262514915
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 511
  • View: 2140
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Scientists, scholars, and artists consider the political significance of recent advances in the biological sciences.

Biopolitics, Militarism, and Development

Biopolitics, Militarism, and Development

Eritrea in the Twenty-first Century

  • Author: David O'Kane,Tricia M. Redeker Hepner
  • Publisher: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 9781845455675
  • Category: History
  • Page: 197
  • View: 4090
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Bringing together original, contemporary ethnographic research on the Northeast African state of Eritrea, this book shows how biopolitics - the state-led deployment of disciplinary technologies on individuals and population groups - is assuming particular forms in the twenty-first century. Once hailed as the “African country that works,” Eritrea’s apparently successful post-independence development has since lapsed into economic crisis and severe human rights violations. This is due not only to the border war with Ethiopia that began in 1998, but is also the result of discernible tendencies in the “high modernist” style of social mobilization for development first adopted by the Eritrean government during the liberation struggle (1961–1991) and later carried into the post-independence era. The contributions to this volume reveal and interpret the links between development and developmentalist ideologies, intensifying militarism, and the controlling and disciplining of human lives and bodies by state institutions, policies, and discourses. Also assessed are the multiple consequences of these policies for the Eritrean people and the ways in which such policies are resisted or subverted. This insightful, comparative volume places the Eritrean case in a broader global and transnational context.

Biopolitics

Biopolitics

A Feminist and Ecological Reader on Biotechnology

  • Author: Vandana Shiva
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • ISBN: 9781856493369
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 294
  • View: 2659
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Biotechnology is the single most powerful bundle of new technologies currently under development. It is also the most intrusive and determinative technology relating to nature generally and the human body specifically. This Reader brings together some of the most important work from feminists and environmentalists critical of the headlong rush into what is likely to prove a technological minefield. As such it will be essential reading for students, scholars and activists in social studies of science, women's studies, development and environmental studies.

Chinese Modernity and Global Biopolitics

Chinese Modernity and Global Biopolitics

Studies in Literature and Visual Culture

  • Author: Sheldon H. Lu
  • Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
  • ISBN: 0824831772
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 264
  • View: 9049
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This is an interdisciplinary study of Chinese modernity in the context of globalisation from the late 19th century onwards. The text draws on Chinese literature, film, art, photography, and video to map the emergence of modern China in relation to the capitalist world-system in the economic, social, and political realms.

The Routledge Handbook of Biopolitics

The Routledge Handbook of Biopolitics

  • Author: Sergei Prozorov,Simona Rentea
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317044088
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 4013
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The problematic of biopolitics has become increasingly important in the social sciences. Inaugurated by Michel Foucault’s genealogical research on the governance of sexuality, crime and mental illness in modern Europe, the research on biopolitics has developed into a broader interdisciplinary orientation, addressing the rationalities of power over living beings in diverse spatial and temporal contexts. The development of the research on biopolitics in recent years has been characterized by two tendencies: the increasingly sophisticated theoretical engagement with the idea of power over and the government of life that both elaborated and challenged the Foucauldian canon (e.g. the work of Giorgio Agamben, Antonio Negri, Roberto Esposito and Paolo Virno) and the detailed and empirically rich investigation of the concrete aspects of the government of life in contemporary societies. Unfortunately, the two tendencies have often developed in isolation from each other, resulting in the presence of at least two debates on biopolitics: the historico-philosophical and the empirical one. This Handbook brings these two debates together, combining theoretical sophistication and empirical rigour. The volume is divided into five sections. While the first two deal with the history of the concept and contemporary theoretical debates on it, the remaining three comprise the prime sites of contemporary interdisciplinary research on biopolitics: economy, security and technology. Featuring previously unpublished articles by the leading scholars in the field, this wide-ranging and accessible companion will both serve as an introduction to the diverse research on biopolitics for undergraduate students and appeal to more advanced audiences interested in the current state of the art in biopolitics studies.