Search results for: biosynthesis-and-manipulation-of-plant-products

Biosynthesis and Manipulation of Plant Products

Author : Donald Grierson
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Volumes I and 2 of this Plant Biotechnology series reviewed fundamental aspects of plant molecular biology and discussed production and analysis of the first generation of transgenic plants of potential use in agriculture and horticulture. These included plants resistant to insects, viruses and herbicides, which were produced by adding genes from other organisms. Realisation of the potential of plant breeding has led to a resurgence of interest in methods of altering the structure, composition and function of plant constituents, which represents an even greater challenge and offers scope for improving the quality of a wide range of agricultural products. This, in tum, has resulted in a re-evaluation of priorities and targets by industry. Volume 3 of this series considers the biochemical and gentic basis of the biosynthesis of plant products such as starch, lipids, carotenoids and cell walls, and evaluates the ways in which biosynthesis of these products can be modified for use in the food industries. Authors also cover the biosynthesis of rare secondary products and the function and application of proteins for plant protection and therapeutic use. The emphasis throughout is on the relationship between fundamen tal aspects of biosynthesis and structure-function relationships, and application of this knowledge to the redesigning and altering of plant products by molecular genetics.

Biosynthesis and Manipulation of Plant Products

Author : Donald Grierson
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Volume 3 discusses our present knowledge of the biosynthesis of plant natural products, their use as fresh produce, in processing prior to consumption and as raw materials for industrial processing, and the potential of programmes designed to change natural products within the plant by genetic engineering.

Plant Lipid Biosynthesis

Author : John L. Harwood
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A review of the most recent advances in plant lipid biosynthesis, particularly relevant to industry.

Food Australia

Author :
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Seed Storage Compounds

Author : Phytochemical Society of Europe
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Seeds have long been harvested as a source of protein, oil, starch, and animal feed. This edited volume brings together authoritative writings on the three groups of seed storage compounds--proteins, lipids, and starch--and offers the most up-to-date account of their structure, biosynthesis, and modes of deposition available. The book also sheds light on compound interactions and on the mechanisms by which plants regulate the partitioning of carbon into lipid or starch. Finally, it discusses opportunities for the genetic engineering of plants either to manipulate the structures of the major seed storage compounds or to produce novel products. The book, which provides a synopsis of the field's exciting new developments not previously brought together in one easily accessible volume, will be of interest to students and researchers of plant physiology and biochemistry.

Natural Product Biosynthesis by Microorganisms and Plants

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This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial by containing quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. The first of 3 volumes covering Natural product biosynthesis by microorganisms and plants, it has chapters on such topics as Kinetics of plant sesquiterpene synthases, Terpenoid biosynthesis in fungi, and plant Type III polyketide synthases. Contains quality chapters authored by leaders in the field The first of 3 volumes Has chapters on such topics as kinetics of plant sesquiterpene synthases, terpenoid biosynthesis in fungi, and plant Type III polyketide synthases

Plant Molecular Biology

Author : Gloria Coruzzi
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Presented here is an analysis of plant development and plant metabolism using the tools of genetics and molecular biology, such as mutant analysis, mutation tagging, mapping using polymorphic characters and basic molecular biology techniques. Studies with a range of model genetic organisms, most notably maize and Arabidopsis, are included. The reader gains a comprehensive view of the subject which is more and more of both scientific and industrial interest. The value of basic research in plants is highlighted and examples where basic studies have led to applications in agricultural biotechnology are given.

Photoassimilate Distribution Plants and Crops Source Sink Relationships

Author : Zamski
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Adopting an interdisciplinary approach to the study of photoassimilate partitioning and source-sink relationhips, this work details the major aspects of source-sink physiology and metabolism, the integration of individual components and photoassimilate partitioning, and the whole plant source-sink relationships in 16 agriculturally important crops. The work examines in detail the components of carbon partitioning, such as ecology, photosynthesis, loading, transport and anatomy, and discusses the impact of genetic, environmental and agrotechnical factors on the parts of whole plant source-link physiology.

Medicinal Natural Products

Author : Paul M. Dewick
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This guide covers classes of natural products in medicine, whether derived from plants, micro-organisms or animals. Structured according to biosynthetic pathway, it is written from a chemistry-based approach.

Photosynthesis Physiology and Metabolism

Author : Richard C. Leegood
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Photosynthesis: Physiology and Metabolism is the we have concentrated on the acquisition and ninth volume in theseries Advances in Photosynthesis metabolism of carbon. However, a full understanding (Series Editor, Govindjee). Several volumes in this of reactions involved in the conversion of to series have dealt with molecular and biophysical sugars requires an integrated view of metabolism. aspects of photosynthesis in the bacteria, algae and We have, therefore, commissioned international cyanobacteria, focussing largely on what have been authorities to write chapters on, for example, traditionally, though inaccurately, termed the ‘light interactionsbetween carbon and nitrogen metabolism, reactions’(Volume 1, The Molecular Biology of on respiration in photosynthetic tissues and on the Cyanobacteria;Volume2,AnoxygenicPhotosynthetic control of gene expression by metabolism. Photo- Bacteria, Volume 3, Biophysical Techniques in synthetic carbon assimilation is also one of the most Photosynthesis and Volume 7, The Molecular Biology rapid metabolic processes that occurs in plant cells, of the Chloroplasts and Mitochondria in Chlamy- and therefore has to be considered in relation to domonas). Volume 4 dealt with Oxygenic Photo- transport, whether it be the initial uptake of carbon, synthesis: The Light Reactions, and volume 5 with intracellular transport between organelles, inter- Photosynthesis and the Environment, whereas the cellular transport, as occurs in plants, or transport structure and function of lipids in photosynthesis of photosynthates through and out of the leaf. All was covered in Volume 6 of this series: Lipids in these aspects of transport are also covered in the Photosynthesis: Structure, Function and Genetics, book.

Biology of Adventitious Root Formation

Author : Tim D. Davis
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Charles E. Hess Department of Environmental Horticulture University of California Davis, CA 95616 Research in the biology of adventitious root formation has a special place in science. It provides an excellent forum in which to pursue fundamental research on the regulation of plant growth and development. At the same time the results of the research have been quickly applied by commercial plant propagators, agronomists, foresters and horticulturists (see the chapter by Kovar and Kuchenbuch, by Ritchie, and by Davies and coworkers in this volume). In an era when there is great interest in speeding technology transfer, the experiences gained in research in adventitious root formation may provide useful examples for other areas of science. Interaction between the fundamental and the applied have been and continue to be facilitated by the establishment, in 1951, of the Plant Propagators' Society, which has evolved into the International Plant Propagators' Society, with active programs in six regions around the world. It is a unique organization which brings together researchers in universities, botanical gardens and arboreta, and commercial plant propagators. In this synergistic environment new knowledge is rapidly transferred and new ideas for fundamental research evolve from the presentations and discussions by experienced plant propagators. In the past 50 years, based on research related to the biology of adventitious root formation, advances in plant propagation have been made on two major fronts.

Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis

Author : Michael Black
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Edited by a renowned seed biologist with a team assembled from the most respected laboratories worldwide, Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis illustrates the commercial value of seeds as a major resource. The editors provide a sweeping overview of the current state-of-the-art in seed technology and its biological basis. The book is invaluable to researchers and professionals in both the industrial and academic sectors.

Plant Toxicology

Author : Bertold Hock
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In order to keep track of all the compounds and pathogens affecting plant metabolism and development, you would need to spend all your waking hours combing periodicals and the Internet in dozens of languages, as new toxins via pollutants and migratory or mutant pathogens are being discovered every day. Plant Toxicology, Fourth Edition start

The Molecular Biology and Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening

Author : Graham Seymour
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A comprehensive and mechanistic perspective on fruitripening, emphasizing commonalities and differences betweenfruit groups and ripening processes. Fruits are an essential part of the human diet and containimportant phytochemicals that provide protection against heartdisease and cancers. Fruit ripening is of importance for humanhealth and for industry-based strategies to harness naturalvariation, or genetic modification, for crop improvement. This book covers recent advances in the field of plant genomicsand how these discoveries can be exploited to understandevolutionary processes and the complex network of hormonal andgenetic control of ripening. The book explains the physiochemicaland molecular changes in fruit that impact its quality, and recentdevelopments in understanding of the genetic, molecular andbiochemical basis for colour, flavour and texture. It is a valuableresource for plant and crop researchers and professionals,agricultural engineers, horticulturists, and food scientists. Summary: Reviews the physiochemical and molecular changes in fruitwhich impact flavour, texture, and colour Covers recent advances in genomics on the genetic,molecular, and biochemical basis of fruit quality Integrates information on both hormonal and geneticcontrol of ripening Relevant for basic researchers and applied scientists

Starches for Food Application

Author : Maria Teresa Pedrosa Silva Clerici
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Starches for Food Application: Chemical, Technological and Health Properties examines the scientific, technological and nutritional knowledge of different types of starches, including their production and application in food, health and the environment. The book covers the links between biosynthesis, structure and the environmental impact on processing and nutrition. In addition, it covers starch identification and evaluation methods, along with production methodologies for food application, new sources of starch, modified starches for food application, and the relationship between starch, nutrition and health. Covers all aspects of starch in relation to foods, i.e., from the production and modification of starch, to the function and application of starch in food Offers a practical reference guide that compiles information on new sources of starch in food, starch application, modification and new starches for health benefits Brings scientific, technological and nutritional knowledge of starch for food applications to bridge the gap between health and environment

Primary and Secondary Metabolism of Plants and Cell Cultures III

Author : J. Schripsema
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Since 1984 and 1988, when meetings were held on the topic of primary and secondary metabolism of plant cell cultures, there has been a clear shift of the focus of ongoing research. While the cell culture itself and the production of secondary metabolites and the biosynthetic pathways and the activity of enzymes were major topics, now these aspects are linked with genes, i.e. molecular biology becomes more prominent. This state-of-the-art book has contributions on such subjects as fermentation, enzymology of secondary metabolism, catabolism of secondary metabolites, elicitation of pathways and genetic modification of metabolic pathways. It includes contributions on the most recent achievements in the research on among other things tropane and indole alkaloids, phenolics, (iso)flavonoids, terpenes and cardenolides. It is an excellent review of the progress made in the past years and a perspective on the future developments.

Natural Product Biosynthesis by Microorganisms and Plants

Author : David A. Hopwood
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This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial by containing quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. The third of 3 volumes covering Natural product biosynthesis by microorganisms and plants. This new volume continues the legacy of this premier serial Contains quality chapters authored by leaders in the field The third of 3 volumes, it has chapters on such topics as metabolic pathways in Aspergillus oryzae, heterologous gene clusters and cyanobacteria as a source of natural products

Natural Product Biosynthesis by Microorganisms and Plants

Author :
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This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial by containing quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. The third of 3 volumes covering Natural product biosynthesis by microorganisms and plants. This new volume continues the legacy of this premier serial Contains quality chapters authored by leaders in the field The third of 3 volumes, it has chapters on such topics as metabolic pathways in Aspergillus oryzae, heterologous gene clusters and cyanobacteria as a source of natural products

High Value Fermentation Products Volume 1

Author : Saurabh Saran
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Green technologies are no longer the “future” of science, but the present. With more and more mature industries, such as the process industries, making large strides seemingly every single day, and more consumers demanding products created from green technologies, it is essential for any business in any industry to be familiar with the latest processes and technologies. It is all part of a global effort to “go greener,” and this is nowhere more apparent than in fermentation technology. This book describes relevant aspects of industrial-scale fermentation, an expanding area of activity, which already generates commercial values of over one third of a trillion US dollars annually, and which will most likely radically change the way we produce chemicals in the long-term future. From biofuels and bulk amino acids to monoclonal antibodies and stem cells, they all rely on mass suspension cultivation of cells in stirred bioreactors, which is the most widely used and versatile way to produce. Today, a wide array of cells can be cultivated in this way, and for most of them genetic engineering tools are also available. Examples of products, operating procedures, engineering and design aspects, economic drivers and cost, and regulatory issues are addressed. In addition, there will be a discussion of how we got to where we are today, and of the real world in industrial fermentation. This chapter is exclusively dedicated to large-scale production used in industrial settings.

Wheat Prospects for Global Improvement

Author : H.-J. Braun
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The book contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Wheat Conference at which leading international scientists reviewed current research issues and developments in wheat improvement. The debated topics cover breeding and genetics, genetic resources and importance of free germplasm exchange, breeding for biotic and abiotic stresses, physiology, agronomy and mineral nutrition, grain quality and biotechnology. A significant number of presentations were made by participants from the former USSR and Eastern and Central Europe, making this book also a prime reference for current wheat research and production status in these countries. This book provides an opportunity for wheat scientists interested in global wheat improvement issues to obtain an insight into the research that is currently being conducted worldwide and the prospects of further improvement to meet the increasing demands for this food commodity.