Search results for: castro-and-franco

Castro and Franco

Author : HARUKO. HOSODA
File Size : 22.98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 663
Read : 1026
Download »
Cuba's Fidel Castro and Spain's Francisco Franco were two men with very similar backgrounds but very different political ideologies. Both received a Catholic education and had strong connections to the Galicia region of Spain. Both were familiar with guerrilla tactics and came to power through fighting civil wars. However, Franco had support from fascists, who fought a vicious campaign against communist guerrillas, whereas Cuba was strategically aligned with the USSR after the revolution. The two countries nevertheless maintained strong relations, notably keeping a formal diplomatic relationship after the 1959 Cuban revolution despite the United States' severing of ties to Cuba. This relationship, Hosoda argues, would remain a vital back channel for communication between Cuba and the West. Using a mixture of primary and secondary sources, derived from Cuban, American and Spanish archives, Hosoda analyses the nature and wider role of diplomatic relations between Cuba and Spain during the Cold War. Addressing both the question of how this relationship was forged - whether through the personal strange "amity" of their leaders, mutual animosity toward the U.S., or the alignment of national interests - and the importance of the role that it played. Considering also the role of the Vatican, this book offers a fascinating insight into a rarely studied aspect of the Cold War, one that transcends the usual East-West binaries.

Castro and Franco

Author : Haruko Hosoda
File Size : 26.3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 946
Read : 774
Download »
Cuba’s Fidel Castro and Spain’s Francisco Franco were two men with very similar backgrounds but very different political ideologies. Both received a Catholic education and had strong connections to the Galicia region of Spain. Both were familiar with guerrilla tactics and came to power through fighting civil wars. However, Franco had support from fascists, who fought a vicious campaign against communist guerrillas, whereas Cuba was strategically aligned with the USSR after the revolution. The two countries nevertheless maintained strong relations, notably keeping a formal diplomatic relationship after the 1959 Cuban revolution despite the United States' severing of ties to Cuba. This relationship, Hosoda argues, would remain a vital back channel for communication between Cuba and the West. Using a mixture of primary and secondary sources, derived from Cuban, American and Spanish archives, Hosoda analyses the nature and wider role of diplomatic relations between Cuba and Spain during the Cold War. Addressing both the question of how this relationship was forged – whether through the personal strange "amity" of their leaders, mutual animosity toward the U.S., or the alignment of national interests – and the importance of the role that it played. Considering also the role of the Vatican, this book offers a fascinating insight into a rarely studied aspect of the Cold War, one that transcends the usual East-West binaries.

Ninety Miles

Author : Ian Michael James
File Size : 90.94 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 428
Read : 258
Download »
"Together, these three tell a saga played out during a unique age filled with upheaval, sharp divisions, and yet, hope. Spanning nearly five decades of life in Cuba and in exile, this wide-ranging history is also an intimately personal narrative, one that helps explain Cubans' complex and diverse views about the path their country has taken."--BOOK JACKET.

Fighting Castro

Author : Kay Abella
File Size : 36.90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 300
Read : 829
Download »
Havana 1960. Lino Fernandez, a young Cuban doctor, and his wife Emy decide to fight Castro rather than flee into exile. They work together in the underground, traveling across Cuba to muster support for the guerilla movement. Then Lino continues alone as Emy waits for the birth of their third child. Now a major leader in the resistance group MRR (movement to Recuperate the Revolution), is able to see Emy only sporadically, sneaking back to Havana for a few hours for the birth of their daughter Lucia. Lino makes a number of trips into the Escambray Mountains where guerilla troops are training. He finally arranges a long-awaited arms drop by the CIA, but is captured by the militia and taken to Cuban Security Police (G-2) headquarters. It is February 1961. He is 26 years old. Both Emy and Lino believe he will be executed, but hope for a prison sentence instead. Whatever happens to Lino, Emy believes that their children, one month, one year, and two years old, cannot grow up in Cuba, indoctrinated in Communism and treated as pariahs, the children of a traitor. At the age of 22, she makes the agonizing decision to send her children away to Miami with her parents and stay in Cuba to help Lino survive in prison. If nothing else, she will be with him if he is executed.Lino is placed in several prisons until, after a hunger strike he organized, he is sent to the maximum security Ile of Pines prison on an island off the south coast of Cuba. Already known as a troublemaker, he is placed in solitary in a cage-cell, naked, humiliated, on starvation rations, and exposed to searing sun and hurricanes. He manages to keep his sanity by communicating with other prisoners through the wire ceilings of their cells. During this time he learns from a telegram that his children are safe in Miami and Emy has stayed in Cuba.After 100 days, he is put into a cell block with 1200 other prisoners.There he discovers a deep connection to others who fought Castro, many from a world he never knew before ; farmers, peasants, manual workers.Lino emerges as a leader not only in fact but in the respect shown him by other prisoners. At Linos trial he uses the one time he is permitted to speak to describe his reasons for opposing Castro, despite prejudicing his case. To Emys relief, he is sentenced not to death but to 30 years in prison. He is returned to Ile of Pines where he and the others are subjected to brutal random attacks, beatings, and killings by guards. Lino and other leaders are determined to keep up the morale and health of the political prisoners by creating as normal an existence as possible. They organize a clinic, a library, classes, sports - anything to maintain the feeling that the years are not being thrown away. They also manage to stay in contact via radio with the outside world and smuggle letters in and out of prison. Visits by families, and the supplies they bring, are sporadic, but become a lifeline for the prisoners.The years at Ile of Pines are a series of assaults on the prisoners morale and safety. At one point, Castro wires the prison with dynamite, in order to get rid of the Resistance fighters in case of another invasion like Bay of Pigs. Lino experiences the 1962 missile crisis via the prisoners clandestine radio. Later he helps prisoners survive the forced labor and random killings imposed by Castro. Eventually Ile of Pines is closed and Lino is transferred to La Cabana prison near Havana. In Havana Emy struggles to create a bearable life, spending much of her time searching for the food and supplies Lino needs in prison. Although she finds some support in working at the Egyptian embassy, Emy is twice arrested for minor infractions and tried for crimes against the revolution. She moves from one friends house to another, subject to harassment and discrimination, her only comfort coming from her friendships with other wives of dissidents and with foreigners. The couples relationship grows through the rare visits and through passionate love letters smuggled in and out of prison. Allowed no direct contact with her children, Emy can only imagine their lives through news from friends who visit Miami and rare letters from her parents. At La Cabana prison, conditions are even worse; men are crammed into dark stone galleras, with no space to move and no light or fresh air. Steadfastly refusing to accept, even symbolically, the legitimacy of Castros regime, Lino leads several attempts at revolt, ending in a hunger strike in which he comes close to death. After seventeen years in prison and work camps, Lino is released in the middle of the night, with no warning or explanation. He makes his way to Havana where he is reunited with Emy. However, they are still forbidden to leave Cuba. They settle down to create whatever existence they can in Havana, desperate to be with their children and subject to many limitations and harassments. One year later, during a short thaw in relations with the U.S, Castro unexpectedly allows former political prisoners to have exit visas, although there is no transport available.A group of ex-prisoners families in Miami send a charter plane and Lino and Emy are finally reunited with their children in Miami.

Franco

Author : Geoffrey Jensen
File Size : 70.47 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 669
Read : 838
Download »
Before becoming one of the longest-ruling dictators of the twentieth century, Francisco Franco commanded troops in the kinds of wars that have since become all too familiar. He not only waged vicious counterinsurgency campaigns against Muslim warlords and defiant tribes in Morocco, but he also led a multinational force to victory in Europe’s “dress rehearsal†for World War II—the Spanish Civil War. Born into a military family in 1892, Francisco Franco first made a name for himself leading attacks against rebellious Moroccan warlords and tribesmen and by 1926 was promoted to brigadier general. His role in the ruthless suppression of the 1934 revolution by coal miners in Asturias sealed his reputation for brutality, although Franco saw it as simply carrying out an order in the most efficient manner possible. In 1936, as head of Spain's formidable Army of Africa, Franco joined a military revolt against the Popular Front government of the republic. He quickly secured the support of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, touching off more than two years of bloody civil war. Within months of the wars outbreak he became generalissimo and head of state of the rebel camp, and in 1939 Britain and France recognized him as the legitimate ruler of Spain. He then outlasted fellow dictators Hitler and Stalin by decades, dying in 1975 at the helm of the same regime he had established in Spain before the Second World War. In this engaging and concise introduction to the generalissimo’s life on and off the battlefield, Geoffrey Jensen makes clear how Franco’s military experiences helped shape the character of his dictatorship and its repressive policies.

The EU in the Global Political Economy

Author : Finn Laursen
File Size : 81.38 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 345
Read : 180
Download »
The EU has become an important international actor. Its internal policies often have repercussions far beyond its borders. It is also increasingly becoming a proactive global actor, defending its interests and projecting its norms and values in both bilateral and multilateral external relations. This volume has a special focus on external economic relations and includes chapters on the Euro, trade policy, and competition policy as well as on specific bilateral relationships. The section on relations with industrialized countries deals with the United States, Canada, Russia, Japan and China, while the section on relations with developing countries has chapters on administrative reform, environmental cooperation, Cuba, Central America and Iran. The book thus gives an up-to-date overview of important aspects of the EU's external relations. With a focus on political economy, it traces the continuous interplay of economics and politics that has characterized the EU's development of a fully-fledged foreign policy. What emerges is a picture of a European Union that is better equipped institutionally to deal with economic, rather than political issues.

The Long Night of Dark Intent

Author : Irving Horowitz
File Size : 50.93 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 501
Read : 847
Download »
The Cuban Revolution of 1959 was a benchmark of triumph and a harbinger of tragedy to come. Rather than herald a new era of Cuba joining the world community of nations as a paragon of democracy as many fervently hoped and believed it would, it became instead a new stage in authoritarian rule in the Western hemisphere.For more than a half century since then Cuba has been defined by the capacity of a single family to command and determine the fate of a nation?and to do so with a minimum of opposition. Incredibly, even those professing adhesion to democratic norms have been ready to forgive the dictator his excesses. This volume explains the theory and practice of this absence of internal opposition and the persistence of external support for the Castro family and its entourage.The Long Night of Dark Intent is chronological in order, with the author indicating major points in each of the five decades covered. The volume covers five centers of system analysis: economics, politics, society, military, and ideology. Who or what "determines" events and decisions is the stuff of real history. It is precisely due to variability in causal chains in society that we have huge variance in levels of predictability. The course of the Cuban Revolution gives strong support for such an approach to the Castro Era. This is a unique, unflinching account with a strong emphasis on the importance of U.S. policy decisions over time.

Spanish foreign policy distinct interpretations about the relationship between francos spain and cuba under fidel castro

Author :
File Size : 23.93 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 319
Read : 737
Download »
A história política da Espanha franquista caracterizou-se por paradoxos e por contradições. A sua Política Externa foi um dos maiores e talvez o mais notável desses paradoxos, pois aponta para compromissos que contradiziam aideologia do regime e a sua política interna. Esse foi o caso das relações que a Espanha manteve com Cuba após a revolução liderada por Fidel Castro. Este trabalho objetiva explicar as razões dessa relação especial contrapondo duasvariáveis, sendo a primeira de caráter cultural e identitário, e a segunda, de natureza econômica. Procura, por fim, demonstrar que a explicação mais adequada é aquela que conjuga as duas variáveis.

Without Fidel

Author : Ann Louise Bardach
File Size : 44.29 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 779
Read : 1012
Download »
From the award-winning reporter and go-to source on Cuban-Miami politics Ann Louise Bardach comes a riveting, eye-opening account of the last chapter in the life of Fidel Castro: his near death and marathon finale, his enemies and their fifty-year failed battle to eliminate him, and the carefully planned succession and early reign of his brother Raúl. Ann Louise Bardach offers a spellbinding chronicle of the Havana-Washington political showdown, drawing on nearly two decades of reporting and countless interviews with everyone from the Comandante himself, his co-ruler and brother Raúl, and other family members, to ordinary Cubans as well as officials and politicos in Miami, Havana, and Washington. The result is an unforgettable dual portrait of Fidel and Raúl Castro -- arguably the most successful and enduring political brother team in history. Since 1959, Fidel Castro has been the supreme leader of Cuba, deftly checkmating his foes, both from within and abroad; confronting eleven American presidents; and outfoxing dozens of assassination attempts, vanquished only by collapsing health. As night descends on Castro's extraordinary fifty-year reign, Miami, Havana, and Washington are abuzz with anxious questions: What led to the lightning-bolt purge of key Cuban officials in March 2009? Who will be Raúl's heir? Will the U.S. embargo end now? Bardach offers profound and surprising answers to these questions as she meticulously chronicles Castro's protracted farewell and assesses his transformative impact on the world stage and the complex legacy that will long outlive him. She reports from three distinct vantage points: In Miami, where more than one million Cubans have fled, she interviews scores of exiles including Castro's would-be assassins Orlando Bosch and Luis Posada Carriles; in Washington, DC, she reports on the Obama administration's struggle to formulate a post-Castro strategy; in Havanah she permeates the bubble around the fiercely private and officially retired Castro to ascertain the extent of his undisclosed medical condition. Bardach delivers a compelling meditation on one of the most controversial, combative, and charismatic rulers in history. Without Fidel includes never-before-published reporting on Castro, his family, and his half-century grip on the largest country in the Caribbean while assessing how his departure will forever transform politics and policy in the Western Hemisphere -- and the world.

A Day in My Life

Author : Mary Aris
File Size : 25.71 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 952
Read : 508
Download »
Once upon a time, a little girl was born in 1963. 'A Day in My Life' is the story of that little girl who grew up into a young woman. This is the story of Mary Aris (Nee González). It is the story of a wife, a daughter, a sister, an Aunt, a poet, and a writer as she travels through the journey of her life. A Day in My Life is the autobiography of a girl with a passion for poetry and literature. It is the story of a young lady who was inspired to write poetry at an early age and later published 'Melodies of the Heart'....a collection of twenty-nine of her best love poems. It is also the story about her struggle with scoliosis, an abusive experience, an eating disorder, an arrogant tyrannical boss and how she coped with it all.

Guerrilla Prince The Untold Story Of Fi

Author : Georgie Geyer
File Size : 76.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 408
Read : 316
Download »
Based on hundreds of interviews conducted over many years in 28 countries, including extensive personal interviews with Castro himself, Georgie Anne Geyer reveals the untold story of Fidel Castro in this definitive biography.

Castro s Colony

Author : Bobby D. Weaver
File Size : 70.34 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 252
Read : 875
Download »
In 1842, French banker Henri Castro secured a colonization grant and recruited more than two thousand Europeans to immigrate to Texas and populate his colony. The author describes the empresario system under which this community, now known as Castroville, was formed and considers the life of its founder.

Castro as Charismatic Hero

Author : Ward M. Morton
File Size : 80.73 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 590
Read : 177
Download »

Cuba the Truth the Lies and the Cover Ups

Author : Dr. Julio Antonio del Mármol
File Size : 83.21 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 886
Read : 1041
Download »
In this volume, the reader is transported back to 1960, where newly minted master spy Julio Antonio del Marmol begins his career by stealing the briefcase of Che Guevara from inside the provincial military headquarters of the Rebel Army in Pinar del Rio. This action propels him into a new, more dangerous sphere of operation as a spy as he works his way into the inner circles of the most paranoid mind of the leaders of the Cuban revolution, Che Guevarawho seeks to groom the young man as his own protg KGB agent! The story details seemingly unbelievable and undoubtedly controversial events surrounding the blueprints to create communist revolutions, spread corruption, and commit assassinations too outrageous to be fiction. The author tells the story not merely as a narratorhe was an active participant in these events as part of the first steps in his life as a thirteen-year-old spy as he retrieved important documents for his friends in his intelligence network. Only when they reviewed the data did he realize the sheer magnitude of what he had accomplished as he exposed what really lay behind Cuba: the truth, the lies, and the cover-ups.

The Morning After

Author : Victor Franco
File Size : 52.61 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 204
Read : 492
Download »

Attempts of Pro Castro Forces to Pervert the American Press

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary
File Size : 70.23 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 356
Read : 351
Download »

Attempts of Pro Castro Forces To Pervert the American Press

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws
File Size : 25.47 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 368
Read : 988
Download »

Cuba Since the Revolution of 1959

Author : Samuel Farber
File Size : 49.11 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 463
Read : 1189
Download »
Farber provides a critical analysis of the revolution's impact and legacy on Cuba.

Fidel Castro s Cuba

Author : Rita J. Markel
File Size : 90.29 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 896
Read : 1047
Download »
Describes how the policies of dictator Fidel Castro has affected the economy, social conditions, and international influence of Cuba.

Mexican Political Biographies 1935 2009

Author : Roderic Ai Camp
File Size : 82.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 175
Read : 926
Download »
"Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies."