Search results for: challenging-genetic-determinism

Challenging Genetic Determinism

Author : Louis Maheu
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Compelling essays on understanding the interplay of genes in society.

Ethical Challenges as We Approach the End of the Human Genome Project

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Genes Determinism and God

Author : Denis Alexander
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Over the past centuries the pendulum has constantly swung between an emphasis on the role of either nature or nurture in shaping human destiny, a pendulum often energised by ideological considerations. In recent decades the flourishing of developmental biology, genomics, epigenetics and our increased understanding of neuronal plasticity have all helped to subvert such dichotomous notions. Nevertheless, the media still report the discovery of a gene 'for' this or that behaviour, and the field of behavioural genetics continues to extend its reach into the social sciences, reporting the heritability of such human traits as religiosity and political affiliation. There are many continuing challenges to notions of human freedom and moral responsibility, with consequent implications for social flourishing, the legal system and religious beliefs. In this book, Denis Alexander critically examines these challenges, concluding that genuine free will, often influenced by genetic variation, emerges from an integrated view of human personhood derived from contemporary biology.

Challenges to the Enlightenment

Author : Academy of Humanism
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Modern western society, with its democratic institutions and its reliance on science as the basis of technology and industry, is largely an outgrowth of Enlightenment ideals. Yet today the entire Enlightenment agenda is being challenged, not only by members of the religious orthodoxy but also by a group of academics loosely described under the label of "postmodernism." Whereas the Enlightenment project has always been at odds with religious orthodoxy, which has traditionally been suspicious of efforts to achieve human progress without supernatural support, today it must deal with a very different type of attack from postmodernist intellectuals.

The American Psychologist

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Includes proceedings of the 54th-55th annual meetings of the association, 1946-47 and proceedings of meetings of various regional psychological associations.

Genetic Politics

Author : Marc Lappé
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Daughters of Sarah

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Obesity in Europe 91

Author : Gérard Ailhaud
File Size : 64.62 MB
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Includes proceedings of the 3rd European Congress on Obesity, Nice, France, 1991.

Harvard Divinity Bulletin

Author : Harvard Divinity School
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CHILD DEVELOPMENT ABSTRACTS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Nature Encyclopedia of the Human Genome

Author : David N. Cooper
File Size : 50.58 MB
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Nature Encyclopedia of the Human Genome is the only reference resource devoted entirely to the scientific basis and genetics and genomics research and the complex commercial, philosophical, and ethical questions that arise from it. It presents a comprehensive and rigorously detailed overview of current genome science and its groundbreaking applications, examining the many topics that surround the field from the differing perspectives of history, philosophy, ethics, law, medicine, public health, and industry. Core areas covered include: structural genomics, functional genomics, chromosome structure and function, evolution and comparative genomics, genome mapping and sequencing, genes and disease, behavioural and psychiatric genetics, mathematical and population genetics, proteomics, bioinformatics, ethical, legal and social issues and biographies or key figures.

Genes in Development

Author : Eva M. Neumann-Held
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In light of scientific advances such as genomics, predictive diagnostics, genetically engineered agriculture, nuclear transfer cloning, and the manipulation of stem cells, the idea that genes carry predetermined molecular programs or blueprints is pervasive. Yet new scientific discoveries—such as rna transcripts of single genes that can lead to the production of different compounds from the same pieces of dna—challenge the concept of the gene alone as the dominant factor in biological development. Increasingly aware of the tension between certain empirical results and interpretations of those results based on the orthodox view of genetic determinism, a growing number of scientists urge a rethinking of what a gene is and how it works. In this collection, a group of internationally renowned scientists present some prominent alternative approaches to understanding the role of dna in the construction and function of biological organisms. Contributors discuss alternatives to the programmatic view of dna, including the developmental systems approach, methodical culturalism, the molecular process concept of the gene, the hermeneutic theory of description, and process structuralist biology. None of the approaches cast doubt on the notion that dna is tremendously important to biological life on earth; rather, contributors examine different ideas of how dna should be represented, evaluated, and explained. Just as ideas about genetic codes have reached far beyond the realm of science, the reconceptualizations of genetic theory in this volume have broad implications for ethics, philosophy, and the social sciences. Contributors. Thomas Bürglin, Brian C. Goodwin, James Griesemer, Paul Griffiths, Jesper Hoffmeyer, Evelyn Fox Keller, Gerd B. Müller, Eva M. Neumann-Held, Stuart A. Newman, Susan Oyama, Christoph Rehmann-Sutter, Sahotra Sarkar, Jackie Leach Scully, Gerry Webster, Ulrich Wolf

International Journal of Mental Health

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Encyclopedia of Science Technology and Ethics

Author : Carl Mitcham
File Size : 69.37 MB
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This encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the social, ethical, and political issues raised by science and technology.

Local Actions Global Visions

Author : Giovanna Di Chiro
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Conservative Judaism

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File Size : 32.94 MB
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Bioethics for the People by the People

Author : Darryl Raymund Johnson Macer
File Size : 26.64 MB
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Religion Index One

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Tactical Biopolitics

Author : Beatriz Da Costa
File Size : 86.49 MB
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Scientists, scholars, and artists consider the political significance of recentadvances in the biological sciences.

The Literary Review

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