Search results for: clifton-and-morenci-mining-district

Clifton and Morenci Mining District

Author : Robert A. Chilicky
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Across America, from big cities to small towns and rural hamlets, there are many stories of challenges, historic events, courageous people, tragedy, and success. Some of the best and most exciting tales may not be well known. Such is the case for the towns of Clifton and Morenci, Arizona. They survived labor strikes, rising and falling copper prices, devastating floods, outlaws and lawlessness, gambling houses, and saloons. All this added to the lore that these towns were some of the roughest communities in the West. Today, after 143 years of mining, Freeport-McMoRan's Morenci copper mine is the largest in North America. Expansion has required new homes in Clifton-Morenci, a modern library, and recreational facilities. Residents are proud of their communities.

Scenes of the Clifton Morenci Mining District Greenlee County Arizona

Author : Risdon Studio (Clifton, Ariz.)
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History of Arizona s Clifton Morenci Mining District The underground days

Author : Ted Cogut
File Size : 53.81 MB
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This book traces the history of the area's mineral discoveries by cavalry troops in the 1860s, to when copper miners at the Morenci area mines worked with a shovel in one hand and a gun in the other to protect themselves from outlaws and from Geronimo's Apache band, and then on to the bad economic times of the Great Depression.

Landscape Evolution in the Clifton Morenci Mining District Arizona 1872 1986

Author : Udo Zindel
File Size : 58.40 MB
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The Copper Deposits of the Clifton Morenci District Arizona

Author : Waldemar Lindgren
File Size : 87.93 MB
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U S Geological Survey Professional Paper

Author :
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Frank Little and the IWW

Author : Jane Little Botkin
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Franklin Henry Little (1878–1917), an organizer for the Western Federation of Miners and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), fought in some of the early twentieth century’s most contentious labor and free-speech struggles. Following his lynching in Butte, Montana, his life and legacy became shrouded in tragedy and family secrets. In Frank Little and the IWW, author Jane Little Botkin chronicles her great-granduncle’s fascinating life and reveals its connections to the history of American labor and the first Red Scare. Beginning with Little’s childhood in Missouri and territorial Oklahoma, Botkin recounts his evolution as a renowned organizer and agitator on behalf of workers in corporate agriculture, oil, logging, and mining. Frank Little traveled the West and Midwest to gather workers beneath the banner of the Wobblies (as IWW members were known), making soapbox speeches on city street corners, organizing strikes, and writing polemics against unfair labor practices. His brother and sister-in-law also joined the fight for labor, but it was Frank who led the charge—and who was regularly threatened, incarcerated, and assaulted for his efforts. In his final battles in Arizona and Montana, Botkin shows, Little and the IWW leadership faced their strongest opponent yet as powerful copper magnates countered union efforts with deep-laid networks of spies and gunmen, an antilabor press, and local vigilantes. For a time, Frank Little’s murder became a rallying cry for the IWW. But after the United States entered the Great War and Congress passed the Sedition Act (1918) to ensure support for the war effort, many politicians and corporations used the act to target labor “radicals,” squelch dissent, and inspire vigilantism. Like other wage-working families smeared with the traitor label, the Little family endured raids, arrests, and indictments in IWW trials. Having scoured the West for firsthand sources in family, library, and museum collections, Botkin melds the personal narrative of an American family with the story of the labor movements that once shook the nation to its core. In doing so, she throws into sharp relief the lingering consequences of political repression.

The Early History of the Clifton Morenci District

Author : James Colquhoun (engineer.)
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The Ajo Mining District Arizona

Author : James Gilluly
File Size : 72.15 MB
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The Clifton Morenci Strike

Author : James R. Kluger
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The strike that paralyzed the mining camps of Clifton and Morenci during 1915-16 and gained nationwide attention was one of the most remarkable that ever occurred in the West. During an era when physical violence, death, and property destruction were almost accepted elements of Western labor difficulties, this walkout was peaceful. With few exceptions, law and order continually predominated. This, then, is the seldom-seen side, a positive side, to a state's labor history. Coming at a time when western labor was purging itself of radicalism and recharting its goals, the Clifton-Morenci strike may well have been that "milestone" in organized labor's groping for recognition in the West. Violence did not erupt--this notable absence of bloodshed thereby making the strike unique in that time of industrial turbulence. Kluger's answer to the question of why and how peace prevailed is significant reading. Strikers and managers hurled charges at each other, but both sides showed restraint when it came to action. When negotiations reached an impasse, Governor George W. P. Hunt moved to prevent the managers from importing strike-breakers. At the same time, the Department of Labor entered the situation, and the rise in copper prices and loss of wages made a settlement desirable for both sides. When the mine whistles blew on January 26, 1916, to signal the end of the strike, the repercussions of the events of 1915 were still to be felt. Author Kluger traces how the strike affected working conditions, wages, and the cause of unionism in the district. Overall, he provides insight into feelings concerning the fears of management regarding unionism, and labor's manner of making itself heard during these years. Western historians, labor historians, and all those concerned with labor relations will recognize the importance of this highly readable work.

U S Geological Survey Circular

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File Size : 36.5 MB
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Mining American

Author :
File Size : 58.84 MB
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Mining Reporter

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File Size : 46.92 MB
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Geological review

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Being the Portraits and Biographies of the Progressive Men of the West

Author : Press Reference Library (Western edition). Notables of the West
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The Distribution and Activities of Bacteria in Soils of the Arid Regions

Author : Charles Bernard Lipman
File Size : 40.1 MB
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Coopers International Journal

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Vols. -27, no. 5, -May 1918 include a section in German; the section from Feb. 1903-May 1918 has title: Die Internationale Küfer-Zeitung.

The International Horseshoers Monthly Magazine

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The Painter and Decorator

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Mixer and Server

Author :
File Size : 70.18 MB
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