Search results for: clinical-mr-spectroscopy

Clinical MR Spectroscopy

Author : Peter B. Barker
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Covers all MR spectroscopy techniques and their clinical applications in neurological disorders, malignancies and musculoskeletal diseases.

Clinical MR Spectroscopy

Author : Nouha Salibi
File Size : 65.71 MB
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Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has been an important analytical tool in organic chemistry, biology, and materials science for more than a half-century. Now, recent advances in the clinical application of MRS are allowing radiologists to more effectively diagnose lymphoma, head and neck cancers, and brain tumors, as well as to understand metabolic brain anomalies such as stroke and dementia. Clinical MR Spectroscopy: First Principles acquaints readers with the basic physics and chemistry of MRS while providing clear, practical guidelines for its clinical use. While most readers are likely to have had experience with MRI, this is not a prerequisite for understanding either the basic science or applied sections of the book. Individual chapters address such topics as: * The basic concepts of MRS * Hardware and software requirements * Techniques for localized spectroscopy * Spectroscopy data processing * The application of MRS in examining the brain, heart, muscles, and liver. Clinical MR Spectroscopy: First Principles features numerous line drawings to clarify the basic science of MRS and images to illustrate its clinical utility. This concise and timely book provides an accessible but comprehensive resource for radiologists, MRI technologists, and radiology residents.

MR Spectroscopy of the Brain

Author : Lara Alexandre Brandão
File Size : 72.16 MB
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This volume is a practical guide to the technique and most frequent clinical applications of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the brain. Using more than 500 images, the authors present the fundamentals of MRS in a straightforward fashion and show radiologists and neurologists how to recognize normal and disease processes on scans. The book presents the spectra of the most common neurological disease entities, along with the conventional images and perfusion and diffusion where appropriate. The authors thoroughly describe the pathology and key MRS features of each disease process. Each chapter ends with a quick-reference summary of the main findings.

MR Spectroscopy of Pediatric Brain Disorders

Author : Stefan Blüml
File Size : 51.18 MB
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Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a modality available on most clinical MR scanners and readily integrated with standard MR imaging (MRI). For the brain in particular, MRS has been a powerful research tool providing additional clinically relevant information for several disease families such as brain tumors, metabolic disorders, and systemic diseases. The most widely-available MRS method, proton (1H; hydrogen) spectroscopy, is FDA approved for general use in the US and can be ordered by clinicians for patient studies if indicated. There are several books available that describe applications of MRS in adults. However, to the best of our knowledge there is currently no book available that focuses exclusively on applications in pediatrics. MR spectroscopy in the pediatric population is different from adults for two main reasons. Particularly in the newborn phase the brain undergoes biochemical maturation with dramatic changes of the "normal" biochemical fingerprint. Secondly, brain diseases in the pediatric population are different from adult disorders. For example, brain tumors, which are mostly gliomas in the adults, often originate from different cell types and are also more diverse even within the same type and grade of tumor. This diversity of diseases and its implications for MR spectroscopy has not been addressed sufficiently in the literature, we believe. The target audience for "MR Spectroscopy of Pediatric Brain Disorders" are thus both clinicians and researchers involved with pediatric brain disorders. This includes radiologists, neurologists, neurooncologists, neurosurgeons, and more broadly the neuroscience and neurobiology community. This book will provide the necessary background information to understand the basics of MR spectroscopy. This will be followed by a detailed discussion of the normal biochemical maturation which will highlight the metabolic differences between the pediatric and adult brain. Thereafter, in SECTION I individual chapters will address various pediatric brain disease families. Of particular importance for pediatrics are case studies. For that reason, SECTION II will contain a large number of case studies. This will be particularly important for clinicians who may want to see examples of MRS for various conditions. A standardized format will be used for case reports that allow the reader to quickly understand the history of each case presented and the significance of the findings. The case reports will also include information from other imaging modalities to point out any added value of MRS in addition to conventional studies and clinical information. This section is necessary because the format of providing more complete information about individual patients is not practical for the chapters in SECTION I.

Clinical MR Spectroscopy

Author : Jonathan McNulty
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This book equips readers from a variety of clinical and research backgrounds with a broad understanding of the use of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), starting from the basic principles and proceeding through protocol design, localisation, optimisation, processing, and analysis. It clearly explains the various applications of MRS and highlights common artefacts and pitfalls. In addition, it discusses likely future directions for MRS. There is a perception that, while the clinical applications of structural MRI have grown exponentially since the late 1970s, in vivo MRS is associated with acquisition challenges, lengthy examination times, interpretation difficulties, and limited clinical applications. The truth, amply demonstrated in this book, is that MRS holds great potential to contribute to the diagnosis of a widening range of disease processes, as evidenced by the growth in research that has resulted in more than 500 new publications each year.

Clinical MR Neuroimaging

Author : Jonathan H. Gillard
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The physiological magnetic resonance techniques of diffusion imaging, perfusion imaging and spectroscopy offer insights into brain structure, function and metabolism. Until recently, they were mainly applied within the realm of medical research, but with their increasing availability on clinical MRI machines, they are now coming into clinical practice for the evaluation of neuropathology in individual patients. This book provides the reader with a thorough review of the underlying physical principles of each of these methods, as well as comprehensive coverage of their clinical applications. Topics covered include single- and multiple-voxel MRS techniques, MR perfusion based on both arterial spin labelling and dynamic bolus tracking approaches, and diffusion-weighted imaging, including techniques for mapping brain white matter fiber bundles. Clinical applications are reviewed in depth for each technique, with case reports included throughout the book. Attention is also drawn to possible artifacts and pitfalls associated with these techniques.

Clinical Applications of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Author : Suresh K. Mukherji
File Size : 87.95 MB
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Clinical Applications of MR Spectroscopy Edited by Suresh K. Mukherji, M.D. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a powerful diagnostic tool for a variety of brain disorders—from epilepsy and tumors to age-related degeneration and strokes. Unlike magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which gives us a picture of anatomical and physiological conditions, MRS generates a frequency domain spectrum that provides information about biochemical and metabolic processes occurring within tissues. Clinical Applications of MR Spectroscopy presents a short, practical treatment of MRS today. Comprising contributions by leading authorities in the field, the book discusses MRS techniques used for diagnostic purposes and research, terminologies and examples drawn from clinical experience, and ways to correlate MRS results with other modalities to enhance our understanding of disease processes and the outcomes of particular treatments. Topics include: Basic principles of clinical proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy MRS in the evaluation of epilepsy Proton MRS of brain tumors Proton MRS in selected childhood disorders MRS and spectroscopic imaging for cerebrovascular disease MRS of degenerative brain disease in the elderly MRS of the head and neck Potential clinical applications of new techniques in MRS Correlation of functional brain imaging with MRS Clinical Applications of MR Spectroscopy provides 150 photographs and figures to illustrate the interpretation of MRS signals, as well as fully referenced chapters for those wishing to expand their knowledge of the underlying science. It is an essential guide to the state of the art for radiologists and neurologists using this technology to improve patient care.

Clinical Magnetic Resonance

Author : Edward Raymond Andrew
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Handbook of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy In Vivo

Author : Paul A. Bottomley
File Size : 36.58 MB
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This handbook covers the entire field of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), a unique method that allows the non-invasive identification, quantification and spatial mapping of metabolites in living organisms–including animal models and patients. Comprised of three parts: Methodology covers basic MRS theory, methodology for acquiring, quantifying spectra, and spatially localizing spectra, and equipment essentials, as well as vital ancillary issues such as motion suppression and physiological monitoring. Applications focuses on MRS applications, both in animal models of disease and in human studies of normal physiology and disease, including cancer, neurological disease, cardiac and muscle metabolism, and obesity. Reference includes useful appendices and look up tables of relative MRS signal-to-noise ratios, typical tissue concentrations, structures of common metabolites, and useful formulae. About eMagRes Handbooks eMagRes (formerly the Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) publishes a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of eMagRes articles. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the eMagRes Handbooks are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips! Visit the eMagRes Homepage

MR Imaging and Spectroscopy of Central Nervous System Infection

Author : Rakesh K. Gupta
File Size : 38.28 MB
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Central nervous system (CNS) infections continue to pose a serious problem in health care even with improved knowledge and treatment. Despite the introduction of newer antimicrobial agents and diagnostic techniques, the morbidity and mortality associated with CNS infections remain high. The morbidity associated with CNS infections may be even more important than the death rate especially in developing countries as neurological sequelae may deprive the survivors of intellect and physical ability, demeaning the quality of life and burdening health resources and social services. MR imaging is an important integral part of the protocol for the management of CNS infections and MR spectroscopy is increasingly being utilized in its management. This work is an attempt to provide a comprehensive review of imaging and spectroscopy of the commonly encountered CNS infections in the clinical practice in developing and developed countries. The first chapter deals with basic physical principles of MR imaging and spectroscopy that will help beginners to understand the technical terms used in subsequent chapters. The remaining 10 chapters deal with clinical, pathological, MR imaging and spectroscopy features and their applications in CNS infections. This will help in giving a comprehensive understanding to readers with a background in clinical, radiological, basic MRI, and neurological sciences. The T2 hypointense lesions are a real diagnostic dilemma especially in developing countries for which an algorithm has been suggested in the concluding chapter.