Search results for: connectomic-deep-brain-stimulation

Connectomic Deep Brain Stimulation

Author : Andreas Horn
File Size : 72.14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 773
Read : 1061
Download »
Connectomic Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) covers this highly efficacious treatment option for movement disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease, Essential Tremor and Dystonia. The book examines its impact on distributed brain networks that span across the human brain in parallel with modern-day neuroimaging concepts and the connectomics of the brain. It asks several questions, including which cortical areas should DBS electrodes be connected in order to generate the highest possible clinical improvement? Which connections should be avoided? Could these connectomic insights be used to better understand the mechanism of action of DBS? How can they be transferred to individual patients, and more. This book is suitable for neuroscientists, neurologists and functional surgeons studying DBS. It provides practical advice on processing strategies and theoretical background, highlighting and reviewing the current state-of-the-art in connectomic surgery. Written to provide a "hands-on" approach for neuroscience graduate students, as well as medical personnel from the fields of neurology and neurosurgery Includes preprocessing strategies (such as co-registration, normalization, lead localization, VTA estimation and fiber-tracking approaches) Presents references (key articles, books and protocols) for additional detailed study Provides data analysis boxes in each chapter to help with data interpretation

Connectomic Targets for Deep Brain Stimulation

Author : Ningfei Li
File Size : 77.66 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 454
Read : 677
Download »

Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Deep Brain Stimulation

Author : Alexandre Boutet
File Size : 75.84 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 801
Read : 825
Download »
This book describes the roles magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can play in deep brain stimulation (DBS). DBS therapeutically modulates aberrant neural circuits implicated in a broad range of neurological disorders. Following surgical insertion, an electrode placed into the desired brain target generates constant electricity, analogous to a cardiac pacemaker. Most commonly employed in movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and tremor, DBS is also being investigated for use in psychiatric and cognitive disorders, including depression and Alzheimer’s disease. It is estimated that more than 230,000 patients have undergone DBS surgery worldwide. Imaging techniques, specifically MRI, have played key roles in the preoperative and postoperative aspects of DBS. This book focuses on the established as well as the innovative roles of MRI in DBS. MRI and DBS are first introduced from an historical perspective and a review of the clinical aspects of DBS is performed. Then, the preoperative and postoperative applications of MRI in DBS are covered. The crucial aspect of MRI safety in these patients is also discussed. Finally, possible upcoming MRI applications for patients with DBS are discussed in a future directions chapter. Chapters are written by experts from the University of Toronto, a world leader in the field of DBS, alongside international co-authors to ensure a thorough review of the topics. This is an ideal guide for both clinicians (neurosurgeons, neurologists, psychiatrists, and neuroradiologists) and researchers as well as trainees interested in neuroimaging for DBS.

Neural Electroceuticals Interfacing With the Nervous System With Electrical Stimulation

Author : Giovanni Mirabella
File Size : 53.69 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 389
Read : 659
Download »

Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery

Author : Concezio Di Rocco
File Size : 74.22 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 772
Read : 188
Download »
This book offers an update on several basic and clinical problems in neurosurgery compiled by internationally recognized experts. This multi-thematic volume will touch on a variety of topics: from the role of women neurosurgeons in the last hundred year of the specialty history, to the pathogenesis of spinal dysraphism, to the convection-enhanced delivery of intracerebral antineoplastic drugs in children, through a review of methods and applications. The intraoperative cerebral blood flow monitoring in neurosurgery will be also discussed, offering again a comprehensive review of contemporary technologies and emerging perspectives. As for the technical standards, the book will describe the multimodality approach to cerebral gliomas, the management of thalamic tumors, the intracavitary treatment of craniopharyngiomas, the long term results of spasticity treatments, the surgical treatment of spinal vascular malformations, the management of idiopathic and refractory syringomyelia, offering at the same time an update of peripheral nerve surgery. All the chapters have to be considered an advance in the relative fields, in cerebral pathophysiology and in clinical management. Approaching the issue of technical standards in the everyday clinical practice of neurosurgery, this book is of great interest for neurosurgeons, neurologists and orthopaedists.

Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank Updates in Neurotechnology and Neuromodulation Volume II

Author : Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora
File Size : 71.63 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 443
Read : 1014
Download »

Neuroimaging Anatomy Part 1 Brain and Skull An Issue of Neuroimaging Clinics of North America E Book

Author : Tarik F. Massoud
File Size : 62.6 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 451
Read : 290
Download »
In this issue of Neuroimaging Clinics, guest editor Dr. Tarik F. Massoud brings his considerable expertise to the topic of Neuroimaging Anatomy, Part 1: Brain and Skull. Anatomical knowledge is critical to reducing both overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis in neuroimaging. This issue is part one of a two-part series on neuroimaging anatomy that focuses on the brain, with each article addressing a specific area. The issue also includes an article on Brain Connectomics: the study of the brain’s structural and functional connections between cells. Contains 13 relevant, practice-oriented topics including anatomy of cerebral cortex, lobes, and the cerebellum; brainstem anatomy; cranial nerves anatomy; brain functional imaging anatomy; imaging of normal brain aging; and more. Provides in-depth clinical reviews on neuroimaging anatomy of the brain and skull, offering actionable insights for clinical practice. Presents the latest information on this timely, focused topic under the leadership of experienced editors in the field. Authors synthesize and distill the latest research and practice guidelines to create clinically significant, topic-based reviews.

Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation New Frontiers in Brain and Spine Stimulation

Author :
File Size : 77.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 494
Read : 620
Download »
International Review of Neurobiology serial highlights new advances in the field with this new volume presenting interesting chapters. Each chapter is written by an international board of authors. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series

Reliability and Reproducibility in Functional Connectomics

Author : Xi-Nian Zuo
File Size : 90.33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 634
Read : 983
Download »
Functional connectomics enables researchers to monitor interactions among thousands of units within the whole brain simultaneously by using various vivo imaging technologies. For example, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging can image low-frequency fluctuations in the spontaneous brain activities, representing a popular tool for macro-scale functional connectomics to characterize individual differences in normal brain function, mind-brain associations, and the various disorders. Reliability and reproducibility represents the most fundamental and critical aspect for the human brain functional connectomics to both research and clinical practice. Unfortunately, lacking a data platform for researchers to rigorously explore the reliability and reproducibility of the functional connectome indices has been a bottleneck of further development of clinically oriented imaging markers in the field. Recent efforts on open neuroscience, such as Consortium for Reliability and Reproducibility, Human Connectome Project and OpenFMRI, provide the data for the field to refine and evaluate reliability and reproducibility of novel methods as well as those with widespread usage but without sufficient consideration of reliability. This Frontiers Research Topic aims at bringing together contributions from researchers in brain imaging, neuroscience, computer sciences, applied mathematics, psychology and related fields from an interdisciplinary perspective. By focusing on cutting-edge research across these fields, this topic will create new agenda on quantifying the reliability and reproducibility of the myriad connectomics-based measures and informing expectations regarding the potential of biomarker discovery.

Current State of the Art of Human Brain White Matter From Structural and Functional Connectivity to Neurosurgical Applications

Author : Graziano Serrao
File Size : 70.67 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 963
Read : 1124
Download »