Search results for: contrast-and-representations-in-syntax

Contrast and Representations in Syntax

Author : Bronwyn M. Bjorkman
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This book explores how grammatical oppositions - for instance, the contrast between present and past tense - are encoded in the syntax of natural languages. The chapters approach the topic from a range of perspectives, drawing on data from a variety of typologically diverse languages, including Blackfoot, Greek, Onondaga, and Scottish Gaelic.

The Syntax of Topic Focus and Contrast

Author : Ad Neeleman
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This book addresses how core notions of information structure (topic, focus and contrast) are expressed in syntax. The authors propose that the syntactic effects of information structure come about as a result of mapping rules that are flexible enough to allow topics and foci to be expressed in a variety of positions, but strict enough to capture certain cross-linguistic generalisations about their distribution. In particular, the papers argue that only contrastive topics and contrastive foci undergo movement and that this is because such movement has the function of marking the scope of contrast. Several predications are derived from this proposal: such as that a focus cannot move across a topic – whether the latter is in situ or not. Syntactic and semantic evidence in support of this proposal is presented from a wide range of languages (including Dutch, English, Japanese, Korean and Russian) and theoretical consequences explored. The first chapter not only outlines its theoretical aims, but also provides an introduction to information structure. As a consequence, the book is accessible to advanced students as well as professional linguists.

The Semantics of Syntax

Author : Denis Bouchard
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During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels—phonological, syntactic, and semantic—and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of Syntax is an elegant and powerful analysis of the relationship between syntax and semantics. Noting that meaning is underdetermined by form even in simple cases, Denis Bouchard argues that it is impossible to build knowledge of the world into grammar and still have a describable grammar. He thus proposes simple semantic representations and simple rules to relate linguistic levels. Focusing on a class of French verbs, Bouchard shows how multiple senses can be accounted for by the assumption of a single abstract core meaning along with background information about how objects behave in the world. He demonstrates that this move simplifies the syntax at no cost to the descriptive power of the semantics. In two important final chapters, he examines the consequences of his approach for standard syntactic theories.

Grammar in Mind and Brain

Author : Paul Douglas Deane
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The Substance of Language Volume I The Domain of Syntax

Author : John M. Anderson
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The Domain of Syntax explores the consequences for syntax of assuming that language is grounded in cognition and perception. He considers whether this permits a lexicalist approach to syntax that would allow it to dispense not only with structural mutations but with universal grammar itself.

Levels of representation in the lexicon and in the syntax

Author : Maria Luisa Zubizarreta
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The architecture of the human language faculty has been one of the main foci of the linguistic research of the last half century. This branch of linguistics, broadly known as Generative Grammar, is concerned with the formulation of explanatory formal accounts of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior goal of gaining insight into the properties of the 'language organ'. The series comprises high quality monographs and collected volumes that address such issues. The topics in this series range from phonology to semantics, from syntax to information structure, from mathematical linguistics to studies of the lexicon.

Syntax of Scope

Author : Joseph Aoun
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Syntax of Scope takes up the issue of relative operator scope in generative grammarand offers a comparative study of quantifiers and interrogative wh-operators. The authors argue thatthe interaction of these operators is constrained by two interpretive principles: a Minimum BindingRequirement and a Scope Principle. These principles are shown to provide a unified account for thecross-linguistic similarities and variations in the interaction of operators. The authors present acomprehensive, contrastive study of operators in English and Mandarin Chinese and extend theirinvestigation to Japanese in the last chapter.Joseph Aoun is Professor of Linguistics in theDepartment of Linguistics and Yen-hui Audrey Li is Associate Professor of Linguistics in theDepartment of Linguistics and the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, both at theUniversity of Southern California.

The Substance of Language Volume III Phonology Syntax Analogies

Author : John M. Anderson
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The three linked but independent volumes of The Substance of Language collectively overhaul linguistic theory from phonology to semantics and syntax to pragmatics and offer a full account of how linguistic related to function. They comprise a powerfully coherent understanding of the nature of language and a major contribution to linguistic theory.

Syntax Theory and Analysis

Author : Tibor Kiss
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The handbook offers an overview of syntactic theory and analysis, in terms of different theories, different languages, and different methods. The Handbook presents the state of art in syntactic analysis, also dealing with the methodology employed, and the rules of argumentation required to achieve such analyses for a wide range of phenomena.

Brain and Music

Author : Stefan Koelsch
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A comprehensive survey of the latest neuroscientific research into the effects of music on the brain Covers a variety of topics fundamental for music perception, including musical syntax, musical semantics, music and action, music and emotion Includes general introductory chapters to engage a broad readership, as well as a wealth of detailed research material for experts Offers the most empirical (and most systematic) work on the topics of neural correlates of musical syntax and musical semantics Integrates research from different domains (such as music, language, action and emotion both theoretically and empirically, to create a comprehensive theory of music psychology