Search Results for "copernicus-darwin-and-freud"

Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud

Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud

Revolutions in the History and Philosophy of Science

  • Author: Friedel Weinert
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444304941
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 8535
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Using Copernicanism, Darwinism, and Freudianism as examples ofscientific traditions, Copernicus, Darwin and Freud takes aphilosophical look at these three revolutions in thought toillustrate the connections between science and philosophy. Shows how these revolutions in thought lead to philosophicalconsequences Provides extended case studies of Copernicanism, Darwinism, andFreudianism Integrates the history of science and the philosophy of sciencelike no other text Covers both the philosophy of natural and social science in onevolume

A Critique of Psychoanalytic Reason

A Critique of Psychoanalytic Reason

Hypnosis as a Scientific Problem from Lavoisier to Lacan

  • Author: Léon Chertok,Isabelle Stengers
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780804719506
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 319
  • View: 4110
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This original and provocative work begins by examining the shift of scientific paradigms that took place in the late eighteenth century, a shift illustrated by the report of a French Royal Commission appointed in 1784 to investigate Mesmerism. The reactions to Mesmerism among the Commission members--in particular the chemist Lavoisier and the botanist Jussieu--crystallized conflicts about the notion of reason and its role as a scientific ideal, about how science ought to be done. The Commission's denunciation of Mesmerism as the work of the "imagination" then serves as the starting point for the authors' reconsideration of the history of psychoanalysis, notably its suppression and repression of phenomena associated with hypnosis--imagination, suggestion, and empathy--in its search to establish itself as a science in accord with the new ideal of scientific reason. Examining the new and often troubled relationship in psychoanalysis between therapeutic effectiveness and advances in theory, the authors highlight the challenge to Freudian ideals in the 1920's by Otto Rank and Sandor Ferenczi. The discrediting of Ferenczi--engineered to a large extent by Ernest Jones and Freud himself--was an attempt to "purify" psychoanalysis of the effects of suggestion. The authors discuss Freud's own therapeutic nihilism occasioned by his recognition that suggestion, by means of the transference relationship, played an uncontrollable role in psychoanalytic therapy. In assessing Freud's legacy, the authors examine evolving notions of psychoanalysis, especially the role played by the effects of suggestion in recent theoretical representations of the development of the subject. Asserting that hypnosis and the challenge it poses to our understanding of human motivation, reason, and the mind/body relationship constitutes the fourth narcissistic wound to the human ego (after those introduced by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud), the authors analyze Lacan's rejection of hypnosis and explain current resistance to hypnosis through its challenge to the modern scientific notion of reason.

The Rorty Reader

The Rorty Reader

  • Author: Christopher J. Voparil,Richard J. Bernstein
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1405198311
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 548
  • View: 6904
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"In the last sentence of a posthumously published article, Richard Rorty wrote: "...individual men and women are more fully human when their memories are amply stocked with verses". Equally, we might say that they are more humane and wide-ranging thinkers when their minds are amply stocked with Rorty's subtle thoughts. We should be grateful for the editors of this anthology for giving us so many." Philip Kitcher, Columbia University "Pragmatist," "historicist," "literary," "anti-analytical," "postmodernist," "neo-liberal," "humanist," "ethnocentric" ù all these (and many other) terms have been applied to Richard Rorty, both as compliments and as insults. This careful selection from his writings, along with Christopher Voparil's excellent introduction, explains why. It charts Rorty's many philosophical twists and turns and it illuminates the intellectual and political commitments that provide his thinking with a deep continuity. And it brings back, for a broad audience, Rorty's characteristic voice: both simple and sophisticated, witty and passionate, light-handed and erudite, controversial and accommodating, detailed and sweeping, critical and hopeful ù above all, unmistakably individual and deeply missed." Alexander Nehamas, Princeton University "The Rorty Reader is a remarkable editorial accomplishment. By bringing together a wide variety of Richard Rorty's controversial and yet inspiring writings, Bernstein and Voparil provide an excellent introduction to this important thinker. The addition, their own insightful introductory chapter, makes the collection essential reading for everyone who wants to gain a better understanding of not just the significance of Rorty's philosophical contribution, but that of modern thought in general." Alan Malachowski, University of Stellenbosch The Rorty Reader represents the first comprehensive collection of the writings of Richard Rorty, one of the twentieth century's most influential thinkers, best known for the controversial Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979). Gathering together key essays from over four decades of writings, the volume offers an in-depth introduction to the philosopher's life and prolific body of work. Topics addressed include the continuities and transformations that span Rorty's early training in the history of philosophy, his engagement with the analytic tradition, and the 1979 publication that brought him international renown. Particular attention is devoted to his later political writings, including his turn to literature as the vehicle of moral reflection most suitable to democratic life, and his embrace of philosophy as cultural politics. With selections from The Linguistic Turn (1967), Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature (1979), Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity (1989), Achieving Our Country (1998), and his four volumes of philosophical papers, including Philosophy as Cultural Politics (2007), as well as in-depth interviews and revealing autobiographical pieces, The Rorty Reader offers a compelling and representative view of Rorty's relationship with American pragmatism and the overall intellectual trajectory of his philosophical and political thought. Christopher J. Voparil is on the Graduate Faculty of Union Institute & University in Cincinnati, OH, where he teaches philosophy and political theory. He is the author of Richard Rorty: Politics and Vision (2006), and has published articles in Contemporary Pragmatism, Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Philosophy and Social Criticism, and Education and Culture. He is also the current Secretary of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy. Richard J. Bernstein is Vera List Professor of Philosophy at the New School for Social Research, New York. His most recent book is The Pragmatic Turn (Polity, 2010).

Freud at 150

Freud at 150

21st-century Essays on a Man of Genius

  • Author: Joseph P. Merlino,Marilyn S. Jacobs
  • Publisher: Jason Aronson
  • ISBN: 9780765705471
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 193
  • View: 9194
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The year 2006 marked the 150th anniversary of the birth of Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis. To commemorate this event, the Austrian government sponsored a number of academic and cultural events. Among these was a historic gathering of representatives of four major United States psychoanalytic organizations, at which prominent members of these organizations gave presentations surveying the wide-ranging influence that Freud has had on history, contemporary society, culture and the arts. These presentations are reproduced in this book as a collection of essays, literary works and remarkable photos of Freud and his contemporaries presented in recognition of Freud's influence on our world.

A Companion to Folklore

A Companion to Folklore

  • Author: Regina F. Bendix,Galit Hasan-Rokem
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444354388
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 696
  • View: 9372
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A Companion to Folklore presents an original and comprehensive collection of essays from international experts in the field of folklore studies. Unprecedented in depth and scope, this state-of-the-art collection uniquely displays the vitality of folklore research across the globe. An unprecedented collection of original, state of the art essays on folklore authored by international experts Examines the practices and theoretical approaches developed to understand the phenomena of folklore Considers folklore in the context of multi-disciplinary topics that include poetics, performance, religious practice, myth, ritual and symbol, oral textuality, history, law, politics and power as well as the social base of folklore Selected by Choice as a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title

Sociology and Education

Sociology and Education

Issues in Sociology of Education

  • Author: Nathalie Bulle
  • Publisher: Peter Lang
  • ISBN: 9783039115877
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 310
  • View: 5825
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"Sociology and Education" is a sound introduction to sociology of education. The book examines the respective logics behind the contemporary sociological approaches to education, their assumptions and their limits. It clarifies the links between psychology of cognitive development, micro-sociology and macro-sociology, as well as the role ascribed to human reason in social action. Special attention is given to major scientific discussions and empirical findings regarding inequality of educational opportunity. Rooted in both American and European sociology, the book helps the reader grasp the viewpoint of the different theoretical approaches to formal education and thus to envisage new perspectives.

Dictionary of Psychopathology

Dictionary of Psychopathology

  • Author: Henry Kellerman
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231146507
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 278
  • View: 6797
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Psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, psychiatric nurses, theoreticians, practitioners, and other allied professionals who together represent the entire arc of the mental health field must be versed in psychopathology, the study of mental and emotional phenomena, abnormal psychology, and specific symptoms and behaviors. Building a reference that speaks to all of these professions and subjects, Henry Kellerman assembles the first dictionary to focus exclusively on psychopathology, featuring more than two thousand entries (over fifteen hundred primary and more than five hundred subentries) on specific symptoms and disorders, general syndromes, facets of personality structure, and diagnosis. He also includes a sampling of benchmark contributions by theoreticians and researchers that cover the history of psychopathology. These contributions reflect those of a psychodynamic nature as well as cognitive and behavioral approaches, and represent the relatively new field of neuropsychoanalysis as well. This branch of neuroscience is concerned with the relation between the brain and the mind, specifically with reference to brain architecture and function. Monitored by a distinguished editorial board, the Dictionary of Psychopathology mostly adheres to the latest DSM nomenclature while also retaining useful residual diagnoses of previous DSM formulations, as well as diagnostic formulations outside of traditional nosologies. The aim of the Dictionary is to broadly contribute to the synthesis of psychopathology.

A History of Media

A History of Media

  • Author: W. Lambert Gardiner
  • Publisher: Trafford Publishing
  • ISBN: 1553692403
  • Category: History
  • Page: 225
  • View: 9386
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This history of media is organized around four generations. The first (memory & speech) anchors history within pre-history; the second (print & film), third (telephone & television), and fourth (multimedia & internet) are described as extensions of the nervous system.

Nature and Experience in the Culture of Delusion

Nature and Experience in the Culture of Delusion

How Industrial Society Lost Touch with Reality

  • Author: D. Kidner
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230391362
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 327
  • View: 7134
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While the historical development of symbolic power has benefitted humanity enormously, there is an insidious and seldom recognised price that goes beyond environmental degradation and cultural disintegration. With insights from both social and natural sciences, this book explores the changing character of subjectivity in contemporary life.

The Fourth Discontinuity

The Fourth Discontinuity

The Co-Evolution of Humans and Machines

  • Author: Bruce Mazlish
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300065121
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 271
  • View: 1207
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This book draws on history and legend, science and science fiction to consider the complex relationship between humans and machines. Bruce Mazlish argues that just as Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud overturned our illusions of separation from and domination over the cosmos, the animal world, and the unconscious, it is now necessary to relinquish a fourth fallacy or discontinuity-that humans are separate from the machines we make.