Search results for: darwin-and-international-relations

Darwin and International Relations

Author : Bradley A. Thayer
File Size : 61.17 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 501
Read : 285
Download »
Pathbreaking and controversial, Darwin and International Relations offers the first comprehensive analysis of international affairs of state through the lens of evolutionary theory. Bradley A. Thayer provides a new method for investigating and explaining human and state behavior while generating insights into the origins of human and animal warfare, ethnic conflict, and the influence of disease on international relations. Using ethnological and statistical studies of warfare among tribal societies, Thayer argues that humans wage war for reasons predicted by evolutionary theory -- to gain and protect vital resources but also for the physically and emotionally stimulating effects of combat. Thayer demonstrates that an evolutionary understanding of disease will become a more important part of the study of international relations as new strains of diseases emerge and advances in genetics make biological warfare a more effective weapon for states and terrorists. He also explains the deep causes of ethnic conflict by illuminating how xenophobia and ethnocentrism evolved in humans. He notes that these behaviors once contributed to our ancestors' success in radically different environments, but they remain a part of us. Darwin and International Relations makes a major contribution to our understanding of human history and the future of international relations.

Evolutionary Interpretations of World Politics

Author : William R. Thompson
File Size : 27.24 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 438
Read : 392
Download »
This book brings together many stellar scholars to discuss what is missing from current international debates and develop a new paradigm that better fits the world we live in.

Ideology and International Relations in the Modern World

Author : Alan Cassels
File Size : 53.2 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 677
Read : 929
Download »
Cassels offers a novel perspective on the part played by ideology in international relations over the past two centuries. His treatment is not restricted to the familiar totalitarian ideologies of communism and nazism, but also includes conservatism, liberalism and nationalism. The focus and emphasis given to ideology in an historical survey of such broad scope make this book unusual, and even controversial.

Strategic Choice and International Relations

Author : David A. Lake
File Size : 77.55 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 111
Read : 240
Download »
The strategic-choice approach has a long pedigree in international relations. In an area often rent by competing methodologies, editors David A. Lake and Robert Powell take the best of accepted and contested knowledge among many theories. With the contributors to this volume, they offer a unifying perspective, which begins with a simple insight: students of international relations want to explain the choices actors make--whether these actors be states, parties, ethnic groups, companies, leaders, or individuals. This synthesis offers three new benefits: first, the strategic interaction of actors is the unit of analysis, rather than particular states or policies; second, these interactions are now usefully organized into analytic schemes, on which conceptual experiments may be based; and third, a set of methodological "bets" is then made about the most productive ways to analyze the interactions. Together, these elements allow the pragmatic application of theories that may apply to a myriad of particular cases, such as individuals protesting environmental degradation, governments seeking to control nuclear weapons, or the United Nations attempting to mobilize member states for international peacekeeping. Besides the editors, the six contributors to this book, all distinguished scholars of international relations, are Jeffry A. Frieden, James D. Morrow, Ronald Rogowski, Peter Gourevitch, Miles Kahler, and Arthur A. Stein. Their work is an invaluable introduction for scholars and students of international relations, economists, and government decision-makers.

Power and Justice in International Relations

Author : Dr Andreas Oberprantacher
File Size : 46.79 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 208
Read : 1069
Download »
Outstanding and thought-provoking, this book provides up-to-date and in-depth analyses of current developments in international politics. It highlights the (unilateral) use of force in international relations and its implication for international law, the chances and risks of international criminal justice, and the question of epistemic violence with regard to dominant discourses in the theory of international relations, such as nation-building and intercultural dialogue. Furthermore, the book focuses on conditions for global social and ecological justice in international economics against the background of financial crisis. It contributes in particular to a better understanding of the relation between power and justice in view of current global tensions while reflecting the work of the internationally acclaimed philosopher Hans Köchler.

Evolution and Human Behavior

Author : John Cartwright
File Size : 58.38 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 397
Read : 1087
Download »
The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

Sex and World Peace

Author : Valerie M. Hudson
File Size : 75.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 799
Read : 282
Download »
Sex and World Peace unsettles a variety of assumptions in political and security discourse, demonstrating that the security of women is a vital factor in the security of the state and its incidence of conflict and war. The authors compare micro-level gender violence and macro-level state peacefulness in global settings, supporting their findings with detailed analyses and color maps. Harnessing an immense amount of data, they call attention to discrepancies between national laws protecting women and the enforcement of those laws, and they note the adverse effects on state security of abnormal sex ratios favoring males, the practice of polygamy, and inequitable realities in family law, among other gendered aggressions. The authors find that the treatment of women informs human interaction at all levels of society. Their research challenges conventional definitions of security and democracy and shows that the treatment of gender, played out on the world stage, informs the true clash of civilizations. In terms of resolving these injustices, the authors examine top-down and bottom-up approaches to healing wounds of violence against women, as well as ways to rectify inequalities in family law and the lack of parity in decision-making councils. Emphasizing the importance of an R2PW, or state responsibility to protect women, they mount a solid campaign against women's systemic insecurity, which effectively unravels the security of all.

International Relations

Author : Conway W. Henderson
File Size : 48.10 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 849
Read : 751
Download »
This text is a distinctly post-Cold War learning tool that will help make sense of the rapid changes now taking place in international relations. The author's goal is to contribute to an understanding of a world more willing to abide by rules and norms, especially as expressed in international law, and a world shifting to an emphasis on the "soft power" of economic influence rather than relying on the "hard power" of military force. While this text is cautiously optimistic about humankind's future as we enter the 21st century, it warns about continuing turbulence caused by terrorism, rogue states, intense trade competition, ethnic conflict, and the antogonism between rich and poor states. The chapters are tied together with an overarching theme that argues the world is moving from an international anarchy based on fear and military power to the early stages of an international society comprised of multiple actors cooperating to solve problems they handle on their own.

International Relations A Very Short Introduction

Author : Paul Wilkinson
File Size : 64.3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 644
Read : 570
Download »
Of undoubtable relevance today, in a post-9-11 world of growing political tension and unease, this Very Short Introduction covers the topics essential to an understanding of modern international relations. Paul Wilkinson explains the theories and the practice that underlie the subject, and investigates issues ranging from foreign policy, arms control, and terrorism, to the environment and world poverty. He examines the role of organizations such as the United Nations and the European Union, as well as the influence of ethnic and religious movements and terrorist groups which also play a role in shaping the way states and governments interact. This up-to-date book is required reading for those seeking a new perspective to help untangle and decipher international events. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Author : Jack Snyder
File Size : 20.55 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 545
Read : 512
Download »
Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Author : Nicolas Guilhot
File Size : 38.76 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 467
Read : 517
Download »
The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a 'who's who' of scholars and practitioners debating what would become the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, the editor revisits a seminal event in the discipline.

Isolationism in International Relations

Author : Bear Frederick Braumoeller
File Size : 31.27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 708
Read : 1200
Download »

Manly States

Author : Charlotte Hooper
File Size : 25.22 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 197
Read : 378
Download »
Much has been written on how masculinity shapes international relations, but little feminist scholarship has focused on how international relations shape masculinity. Charlotte Hooper draws from feminist theory to provide an account of the relationship between masculinity and power. She explores how the theory and practice of international relations produces and sustains masculine identities and masculine rivalries. This volume asserts that international politics shapes multiple masculinities rather than one static masculinity, positing an interplay between a "hegemonic masculinity" (associated with elite, western male power) and other subordinated, feminized masculinities (typically associated with poor men, nonwestern men, men of color, and/or gay men). Employing feminist analyses to confront gender-biased stereotyping in various fields of international political theory—including academic scholarship, journals, and popular literature like The Economist—Hooper reconstructs the nexus of international relations and gender politics during this age of globalization.

For the Betterment of the Race

Author : S. Kühl
File Size : 53.13 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 834
Read : 923
Download »
Racism, race hygiene, eugenics, and their histories have for a long time been studied in terms of individual countries, whether genocidal ideology in Nazi Germany or scientific racial theories in the United States. As this study demonstrates, however, eugenic racial policy and scientific racism alike had a strongly international dimension. Concepts such as a 'Racial Confederation of European Peoples' or a 'blonde internationalism' marked the thinking and the actions of many eugenicists, undergirding transnational networks that persist even today. Author Stefan Kühl provides here a historical foundation for this phenomenon, contextualizing the international eugenics movement in relation to National Socialist race policies and showing how intensively eugenicists worked to disseminate their beliefs throughout the world.

Twentieth Century International Relations The rise and fall of the Third World

Author : Michael Cox
File Size : 78.21 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 863
Read : 258
Download »

Journal of Economics and International Relations

Author :
File Size : 88.92 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 364
Read : 895
Download »

International Affairs

Author :
File Size : 88.24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 524
Read : 1105
Download »

Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

Author : Thomas Hippler
File Size : 63.97 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 433
Read : 253
Download »
'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked. Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict. Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict. These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed. This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe.

Decolonization and the Cold War

Author : Leslie James
File Size : 64.33 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 513
Read : 533
Download »
The Cold War and decolonization transformed the twentieth century world. This volume brings together an international line-up of experts to explore how these transformations took place and expand on some of the latest threads of analysis to help inform our understanding of the links between the two phenomena. The book begins by exploring ideas of modernity, development, and economics as Cold War and postcolonial projects and goes on to look at the era's intellectual history and investigate how emerging forms of identity fought for supremacy. Finally, the contributors question ideas of sovereignty and state control that move beyond traditional Cold War narratives. Decolonization and the Cold War emphasizes new approaches by drawing on various methodologies, regions, themes, and interdisciplinary work, to shed new light on two topics that are increasingly important to historians of the twentieth century.

An Interpretive History of American Foreign Relations

Author : Wayne S. Cole
File Size : 86.66 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 975
Read : 961
Download »