Search results for: dialogues-of-maximus-and-themistius

Dialogues of Maximus and Themistius

Author : Pierre Bayle
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Dialogues of Maximus and Themistius is the first English translation of Pierre Bayle’s last book, Entretiens de Maxime et de Thémiste (1707), in which Bayle defends his skeptical writings on the problem of evil against Jean Le Clerc and Isaac Jaquelot.

New Essays on Leibniz s Theodicy

Author : Larry M. Jorgensen
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G. W. Leibniz's account in the Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil (1710) remains one of the most abiding systematic accounts of how evil is compatible with divine goodness. Any treatment on the problem of evil must, at some point, come to grips with Leibniz's proposed solution. This volume celebrates the 300th anniversary of the publication of the Theodicy, a prime opportunity to revisit and deepenour understanding of this important text. Leading scholars on Leibniz present original essays which critically evaluate Leibniz's Theodicy, providing a window on the historical context of the Theodicy and giving closeattention to the subtle and enduring philosophical arguments.

Dark Matters

Author : Mara van der Lugt
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An intellectual history of the philosophers who grappled with the problem of evil, and the case for why pessimism still holds moral value for us today In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, philosophers engaged in heated debates on the question of how God could have allowed evil and suffering in a creation that is supposedly good. Dark Matters traces how the competing philosophical traditions of optimism and pessimism arose from early modern debates about the problem of evil, and makes a compelling case for the rediscovery of pessimism as a source for compassion, consolation, and perhaps even hope. Bringing to life one of the most vibrant eras in the history of philosophy, Mara van der Lugt discusses legendary figures such as Leibniz, Hume, Voltaire, Rousseau, Kant, and Schopenhauer. She also introduces readers to less familiar names, such as Bayle, King, La Mettrie, and Maupertuis. Van der Lugt describes not only how the earliest optimists and pessimists were deeply concerned with finding an answer to the question of the value of existence that does justice to the reality of human suffering, but also how they were fundamentally divided over what such an answer should look like. A breathtaking work of intellectual history by one of today's leading scholars, Dark Matters reveals how the crucial moral aim of pessimism is to find a way of speaking about suffering that offers consolation and does justice to the fragility of life.

The Kingdom of Darkness

Author : Dmitri Levitin
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This transformative account of early modern intellectual life culminates with new interpretations of two of its leading minds: Pierre Bayle and Isaac Newton.

The History of Philosophy from the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Present Century

Author : William Enfield
File Size : 55.96 MB
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The History of Philosophy

Author : William Enfield
File Size : 90.90 MB
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The History of Philosophy from the earliest times to the beginning of the present century drawn up from Brucker s Historia critica philosophi by William Enfield

Author : Johann Jacob BRUCKER
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The History of Philosophy

Author : Johann Jakob Brucker
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Theodicy in the Christian Tradition A History

Author : Stephen Vicchio
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Theodicy in the Christian Tradition: A History By: Stephen Vicchio Theodicy in the Christian Tradition: A History is an examination of what is called the Problem of Evil. If God is All Good, All-Knowing, and All-Powerful, then why is there so much evil and suffering in the world? This book analyzes perspectives from Ireanaus, in the second century to two prominent thinkers in the late twentieth century, John Hick and Alvin Plantinga. Between these two chapters, views are examined from the fourth century to the nineteenth century.

The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism

Author : Steven Nadler
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The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism comprises fifty specially written chapters on René Descartes (1596-1650) and Cartesianism, the dominant paradigm for philosophy and science in the seventeenth century, written by an international group of leading scholars of early modern philosophy. The first part focuses on the various aspects of Descartes's biography (including his background, intellectual contexts, writings, and correspondence) and philosophy, with chapters on his epistemology, method, metaphysics, physics, mathematics, moral philosophy, political thought, medical thought, and aesthetics. The chapters of the second part are devoted to the defense, development and modification of Descartes's ideas by later generations of Cartesian philosophers in France, the Netherlands, Italy, and elsewhere. The third and final part considers the opposition to Cartesian philosophy by other philosophers, as well as by civil, ecclesiastic, and academic authorities. This handbook provides an extensive overview of Cartesianism - its doctrines, its legacies and its fortunes - in the period based on the latest research.