Search results for: dynamic-spatial-models

A dynamic spatial model of agricultural price transmission

Author : Goundan, Anatole
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Spatial interactions are essential drivers of price transmission mechanisms and may significantly affect any food’s policy outcomes. However, spatial aspects seem to be generally overlooked when analyzing price transmission. This paper attempts to fill this gap by highlighting the usefulness of spatial interaction and models for market integration analysis. A spatial dynamic panel datamodel is presented and applied to Niger’s millet market. Empirical results show that (1) the millet market is partly integrated, (2) locally traded commodities (millet and sorghum) are linked by a cross-commodity price transmission, (3) most imported cereals prices, which for Niger is maize and rice, did not affect the millet market, and (4) no cross-regions price transmissionoccurred for the millet market.

Spatial Simulation

Author : David O'Sullivan
File Size : 68.9 MB
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A ground-up approach to explaining dynamic spatialmodelling for an interdisciplinary audience. Across broad areas of the environmental and social sciences,simulation models are an important way to study systemsinaccessible to scientific experimental and observational methods,and also an essential complement to those more conventionalapproaches. The contemporary research literature is teemingwith abstract simulation models whose presentation ismathematically demanding and requires a high level of knowledge ofquantitative and computational methods and approaches. Furthermore, simulation models designed to represent specificsystems and phenomena are often complicated, and, as a result,difficult to reconstruct from their descriptions in theliterature. This book aims to provide a practical andaccessible account of dynamic spatial modelling, while alsoequipping readers with a sound conceptual foundation in thesubject, and a useful introduction to the wide-rangingliterature. Spatial Simulation: Exploring Pattern and Process isorganised around the idea that a small number of spatial processesunderlie the wide variety of dynamic spatial models. Its centralfocus on three ‘building-blocks’ of dynamic spatialmodels – forces of attraction and segregation, individualmobile entities, and processes of spread – guides the readerto an understanding of the basis of many of the complicated modelsfound in the research literature. The three building block modelsare presented in their simplest form and are progressivelyelaborated and related to real world process that can berepresented using them. Introductory chapters cover essentialbackground topics, particularly the relationships between pattern,process and spatiotemporal scale. Additional chaptersconsider how time and space can be represented in more complicatedmodels, and methods for the analysis and evaluation of models.Finally, the three building block models are woven together in amore elaborate example to show how a complicated model can beassembled from relatively simple components. To aid understanding, more than 50 specific models described inthe book are available online at patternandprocess.org forexploration in the freely available Netlogo platform. Thisbook encourages readers to develop intuition for the abstract typesof model that are likely to be appropriate for application in anyspecific context. Spatial Simulation: Exploring Patternand Process will be of interest to undergraduate and graduatestudents taking courses in environmental, social, ecological andgeographical disciplines. Researchers and professionals whorequire a non-specialist introduction will also find this book aninvaluable guide to dynamic spatial simulation.

Dynamic Spatial Models of Urban and Regionl Systems

Author : R. A. Sayer
File Size : 81.8 MB
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Modeling Dynamic Economic Systems

Author : Matthias Ruth
File Size : 51.33 MB
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"The CD-ROM contains the run time version of the STELLA II software which is fully compatible with later versions of the software. All these versions of the software are collectively referred to in the text as STELLA" --back of title page.

A Conceptual Approach to Dynamic Spatial Modeling Using System Dynamics

Author : Steven L. Allenstein
File Size : 80.26 MB
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Spatial Models and GIS

Author : Stewart Fotheringham
File Size : 35.46 MB
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Spatial models have been in existence in the environmental and social sciences for a long time. More recently, specialised software for the capture, manipulation and presentation of spatial data, which can be referred to as `Geographical Information Systems' (GIS), have vastly increased the range of possibilities of organising spatial data by new and efficient ways of spatial integration and spatial interpolation. Coupled with the improvements in data availability and increases in computer memory and speed, these novel techniques give rise to new types of spatial models which exploit the technological potential now available, make better use of existing data, stimulate the collection of new data and open up new ways of working with geographic information. This book explores the potential and impact of GIS on spatial modelling.

The Economy as a Complex Spatial System

Author : Pasquale Commendatore
File Size : 53.59 MB
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license. This collected volume represents the final outcome of the COST Action IS1104 “The EU in the new complex geography of economic systems: models, tools and policy evaluation”. Visualizing the EU as a complex and multi-layered network, the book is organized in three parts, each of them dealing with a different level of analysis: At the macro-level, Part I considers the interactions within large economic systems (regions or countries) involving trade, workers migration, and other factor movements. At the meso-level, Part II discusses interactions within specific but wide-ranging markets, with a focus on financial markets and banking systems. Lastly, at the micro-level, Part III explores the decision-making of single firms, especially in the context of location decisions.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2009

Author : Osvaldo Gervasi
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The two-volume set LNCS 5592 and 5593 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2009, held in Seoul, Korea, in June/July, 2009. The two volumes contain papers presenting a wealth of original research results in the field of computational science, from foundational issues in computer science and mathematics to advanced applications in virtually all sciences making use of computational techniques. The topics of the fully refereed papers are structured according to the five major conference themes: computational methods, algorithms and scientific applications, high performance technical computing and networks, advanced and emerging applications, as well as information systems and information technologies. Moreover, submissions from more than 20 workshops and technical sessions contribute to this publication. These cover topics such as geographical analysis, urban modeling, spatial statistics, wireless and ad hoc networking, logical, scientific and computational aspects of pulse phenomena in transitions, high-performance computing and information visualization, sensor network and its applications, molecular simulations structures and processes, collective evolutionary systems, software engineering processes and applications, molecular simulations structures and processes, internet communication security, security and privacy in pervasive computing environments, and mobile communications.

Spatial Economic Modelling of Megathrust Earthquake in Japan

Author : Suminori Tokunaga
File Size : 56.36 MB
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This book presents an evaluation of the impacts of megathrust earthquakes and tsunamis on regional economies and subsequent reconstruction, as well as regional revitalization by the spatial economic model and dynamic macro and regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) models. The cases examined are the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Indian Ocean Tsunami. The study constructs three models of these megathrust earthquakes and the associated tsunami. In the first model, the regional CGE model is proposed with a database comprising the two-regional social accounting matrix for 2005 between the region comprising four disaster-affected prefectures of Japan and the non-disaster region. For the recursive dynamic regional CGE model, the model that expanded and improved the dynamic two-regional CGE model to reflect the incomplete employment conditions and the aging society is used to analyze the impacts of an earthquake and the construction of industrial clusters. In the second model, the interregional input–output model is proposed in order to analyze the impacts of the earthquake and rapid population decline and construction of a biogas electricity power plant. In the third model, a new economic geography (NEG) model is proposed, consisting of the 47 prefectures of Japan in order to investigate the impacts of the Great East Japan and Nankai megathrust earthquakes and the associated tsunami and to consider how they change the regional economies of Japan. Using these three models, the impacts of megathrust earthquakes and tsunamis on regional economies and reconstruction and on regional revitalization are evaluated.

Spatial Microsimulation A Reference Guide for Users

Author : Robert Tanton
File Size : 81.70 MB
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This book is a practical guide on how to design, create and validate a spatial microsimulation model. These models are becoming more popular as academics and policy makers recognise the value of place in research and policy making. Recent spatial microsimulation models have been used to analyse health and social disadvantage for small areas; and to look at the effect of policy change for small areas. This provides a powerful analysis tool for researchers and policy makers. This book covers preparing the data for spatial microsimulation; a number of methods for both static and dynamic spatial microsimulation models; validation of the models to ensure the outputs are reasonable; and the future of spatial microsimulation. The book will be an essential handbook for any researcher or policy maker looking to design and create a spatial microsimulation model. This book will also be useful to those policy makers who are commissioning a spatial microsimulation model, or looking to commission work using a spatial microsimulation model, as it provides information on the different methods in a non-technical way.