Search results for: dynamics-of-the-earth

Dynamic Earth

Author : Geoffrey F. Davies
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Presents the principles of convection in the earth's mantle in an accessible style.

Global Dynamics of the Earth

Author : Roberto Sabadini
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This volume opens up new perspectives on the physics of the Earth's interior for graduate students and researchers working in the fields of geophysics and geodesy. It looks at our planet in an integrated fashion, linking the physics of its interior to the geophysical and geodetic techniques that record, over a broad spectrum of spatial wavelengths, the ongoing modifications in the shape and gravity field of the planet. Basic issues related to the rheological properties of the Earth's mantle and to its slow deformation will be understood, in both mathematical and physical terms, within the framework of an analytical normal mode relaxation theory. Fundamentals of this theory are developed in the first, tutorial part. The second part deals with a wide range of applications, ranging from changes in the Earth's rotation to post-seismic deformation and sea-level variations induced by post-glacial rebound. In the study of the physics of the Earth's interior, the book bridges the gap between seismology and geodynamics.

Dynamic Earth

Author : Eric H. Christiansen
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An Up-To-Date And Comprehensive Exploration Of How Earth Works New Technologies Has Given Us Many Different Ways To Examine The Earth. For Example, We Can Penetrate Deep Into The Interior Of Our Planet And Effectively X-Ray Its Internal Structure. With This Technology Comes An Increased Awareness Of How Our Planet Is Continually Changing And A Fresh Awareness Of How Fragile It Is. Designed For The Introductory Physical Geology Course Found In Geology, Earth Science, Geography, Or Physical Science Departments, Dynamic Earth: An Introduction To Physical Geology Clearly Presents Earth's Dynamic Geologic Systems With Their Many Interdependent And Interconnected Components. It Provides Comprehensive Coverage Of The Two Major Energy Systems Of Earth: The Plate Tectonic System And The Hydrologic Cycle. The Text Fulfills The Needs Of Professors By Offering Current Content And A Striking Illustration Package, While Exposing Students To The Global View Of Earth And Teaching Them To View The World As Geologists. The Book Is Divided In Four Parts. Part I Presents Earth’S Materials And How They Are Created By Geologic Systems. Part II Discusses The Hydrologic System By Examining Subsystems Chapter By Chapter. Plate Tectonics Is The Theme Of Part III, With Separate Chapters On Divergent, Transform, And Convergent Boundaries, As Well As Mantle Plumes—The Subsystems Of The Tectonic System. In Part IV, The Book Looks Back And Applies The Principles Learned To See How Earth’S Resources Formed And Just How Different Earth Is When Compared With Other Planets. The Special Attention To The Illustrations Helps Students Fully Experience The Excitement And Satisfaction Of Visualizing And Understanding Geology, Making Dynamic Earth: An Introduction To Physical Geology A Unique Exploration Into Our Ever-Evolving Planet.

Dynamics of the Earth s Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere

Author : Danny Summers
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 199. Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere draws together current knowledge of the radiation belts prior to the launch of Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RPSP) and other imminent space missions, making this volume timely and unique. The volume will serve as a useful benchmark at this exciting and pivotal period in radiation belt research in advance of the new discoveries that the RPSP mission will surely bring. Highlights include the following: a review of the current state of the art of radiation belt science; a complete and up-to-date account of the wave-particle interactions that control the dynamical acceleration and loss processes of particles in the Earth's radiation belts and inner magnetosphere; a discussion emphasizing the importance of the cross-energy coupling of the particle populations of the radiation belts, ring current, and plasmasphere in controlling the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere; an outline of the design and operation of future satellite missions whose objectives are to discover the dominant physical processes that control the dynamics of the Earth's radiation belts and to advance our level of understanding of radiation belt dynamics ideally to the point of predictability; and an examination of the current state of knowledge of Earth's radiation belts from past and current spacecraft missions to the inner magnetosphere. Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere will be a useful reference work for the specialist researcher, the student, and the general reader. In addition, the volume could be used as a supplementary text in any graduate-level course in space physics in which radiation belt physics is featured.

Life as a Geological Force

Author : Pieter Westbroek
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Those who funded the sciences of geology 150 years ago intuitively saw the Earth as a unified whole. Since that time, the sciences have specialized into physics, chemistry, biology and geology - specialization that has brought advances, but has unfortunately obscured our view of the unique role that life and death play on our planet.

Dynamics of the Earth System Evolution Processes and Interactions

Author : Dhananjai K. Pandey
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This book highlights Indian scientific endeavours and contributions to answering the vast multitude of questions posed by our changing environment. The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) explores Earth’s history and dynamics using deep ocean drilling platforms to recover the data locked inside seafloor sediments and rocks. Since 2009, Indian scientists have been actively engaged in these expeditions. Scientists from various Earth Science disciplines have seized this opportunity to offer their expertise in order to help unravel the mysteries of the past – by delving deep into the valuable sedimentary records of our oceans. This book presents a compilation of some of their most important findings to motivate and encourage young minds for their enhanced role in the cutting edge science of ocean drilling.

Earth Dynamics

Author : D. E. Smylie
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A rigorous overview of the solid Earth's dynamical behaviour, explaining the theory with methodology and online freeware for numerical implementation.

Reference Coordinate Systems for Earth Dynamics

Author : E.M. Gaposchkin
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Proceedings of the 56th Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union held in Warsaw, Poland, September 8-12, 1980

Global Dynamics of the Earth Applications of Viscoelastic Relaxation Theory to Solid Earth and Planetary Geophysics

Author : Roberto Sabadini
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This volume opens up new perspectives on the physics of the Earth’s interior and planetary bodies for graduate students and researchers working in the fields of geophysics, planetary sciences and geodesy. It looks at our planet in an integrated fashion, linking the physics of its interior to geophysical and geodetic techniques that record, over a broad spectrum of spatial wavelengths and time scales, the ongoing modifications in the shape and gravity field of the planet. Basic issues related to the rheological properties of the Earth and to its slow deformation are considered, in both mathematical and physical terms, within the framework of an analytical relaxation theory. Fundamentals of this theory are developed in the first two Chapters. Chapters 3-9 deal with a wide range of applications, ranging from changes in the Earth’s rotation to post-seismic deformation and from sea-level variations induced by post-glacial rebound to tidal deformation of icy moons of the Solar System. This Second Edition improves substantially our formalism implementing compressibility in viscoelastic relaxation. Chapter 5 now contains new developments in the physics of the gravitational effects of large earthquakes at subduction zones, made possible by new gravity data from space missions. The new Chapter 9 of this Second Edition on deformation and stresses of icy moons enlarges the applications of the book to Planetology, dealing with the additional complications in the theory of viscoelastic relaxation introduced by the shallow low-viscosity zones and inviscid water layers of the moons of Jupiter and Saturn.

Gravity Observations and the Dynamics of the Earth

Author : Louis Byrne Slichter
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Mantle Convection

Author : W. R. Peltier
File Size : 68.24 MB
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A text which details the most important advance in earth sciences since the emergence of plate tectonics in the 1960s. Armed with the new techniques of seismic tomography, nine leading scientists in geophysical research present an experimental and theoretical description of the dynamics of the Earth's mantle. What emerges is a coherent modern theory of mantle convection leading to a greater understanding of both surface motions and large-scale structure of the Earth's interior.

The Dynamics of the Earth

Author : Edgar Winston Spencer
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Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics

Author : David E. Smith
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geodynamics Series, Volume 24. There are times in the history of a science when the evolving technology has been combined with a singleness of purpose to make possible the next great step. For space geodesy the decade of the 1980s was one of those times. Initiated in the early 1980s, the NASA Crustal Dynamics Project (CDP), a global venture of unprecedented proportions, exploited new technologies to confirm and refine tectonic theories and to advance geodynamics. The highlights of the efforts of scientists and engineers from some 30 countries are contained in the 54 papers collected in three volumes which are dedicated to the memory of Edward A. (Ted) Flinn, the former Chief Scientist of the NASA Geodynamics Program.

Proceedings of the International Symposium

Author : Petr Holota
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The Dynamic Structure of the Deep Earth

Author : Shun-Ichiro Karato
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"The Dynamic Structure of the Deep Earth is a text for advanced-level undergraduate students and graduate students of Earth sciences, materials sciences, and physics."--BOOK JACKET.

The Earth s Dynamic Systems

Author : W. Kenneth Hamblin
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Dynamic Earth Environments

Author : Kamlesh P. Lulla
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The U.S./Russian collaboration that used the Space Shuttle and the Mir Space Station as platforms for acquiring remote sensing information about the Earth between 1996 and 1998 produced significant scientific results on hydrology, land use, and changes in some of the Earth's most dynamic environments. Many of these outstanding images are presented here and compared with photographs taken during earlier missions, allowing detection of changes on the Earth's surface. Studies reported in this fascinating volume include observations of El Niño-related phenomena; fluctuating water levels of the Caspian and Aral Seas; smoke, dust, and aerosols in the atmosphere; urban land use changes; and drought in the southeastern United States and Mexico. This valuable information, and the techniques used to gather it, will form the basis for future remote sensing studies to be conducted from the International Space Station.

The Earth s Biosphere

Author : Vaclav Smil
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A comprehensive overview of Earth's biosphere, written with scientific rigor and essay-like flair. In his latest book, Vaclav Smil tells the story of the Earth's biosphere from its origins to its near and long-term future. He explains the workings of its parts and what is known about their interactions. With essay-like flair, he examines the biosphere's physics, chemistry, biology, geology, oceanography, energy, climatology, and ecology, as well as the changes caused by human activity. He provides both the basics of the story and surprising asides illustrating critical but often neglected aspects of biospheric complexity. Smil begins with a history of the modern idea of the biosphere, focusing on the development of the concept by Russian scientist Vladimir Vernadsky. He explores the probability of life elsewhere in the universe, life's evolution and metabolism, and the biosphere's extent, mass, productivity, and grand-scale organization. Smil offers fresh approaches to such well-known phenomena as solar radiation and plate tectonics and introduces lesser-known topics such as the quarter-power scaling of animal and plant metabolism across body sizes and metabolic pathways. He also examines two sets of fundamental relationships that have profoundly influenced the evolution of life and the persistence of the biosphere: symbiosis and the role of life's complexity as a determinant of biomass productivity and resilience. And he voices concern about the future course of human-caused global environmental change, which could compromise the biosphere's integrity and threaten the survival of modern civilization.

The Earth s Core

Author : Jon M. Phillips
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In this book, the authors have gathered and present current research from across the globe in the study of the structure, properties and dynamics of the Earth's core. Topics discussed include computer modelling of liquid iron solutions in the Earth's core; the origin and development of cores of the terrestrial planets from their tectomagmatic evolution and paleomagnetic data; the Slichter modes and their free translational oscillations of the inner core; manifestations of upwelling mantle flow on the Earth's surface and various geophysical data and theoretical models dealing with the behaviour of liquid and solid Earth's cores.

The Earth s Atmosphere

Author : Kshudiram Saha
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The author has sought to incorporate in the book some of the fundamental concepts and principles of the physics and dynamics of the atmosphere, a knowledge and understanding of which should help an average student of science to comprehend some of the great complexities of the earth-atmosphere system, in which a thr- way interaction between the atmosphere, the land and the ocean tends to maintain an overall mass and energy balance in the system through physical and dynamical processes. The book, divided into two parts and consisting of 19 chapters, introduces only those aspects of the subject that, according to the author, are deemed essential to meet the objective in view. The emphasis is more on clarity and understanding of physical and dynamical principles than on details of complex theories and ma- ematics. Attempt is made to treat each subject from ?rst principles and trace its development to present state, as far as possible. However, a knowledge of basic c- culus and differential equations is sine qua non especially for some of the chapters which appear later in the book.