Search results for: energy-scavenging-for-wireless-sensor-networks

Energy Scavenging for Wireless Sensor Networks

Author : Shad Roundy
File Size : 89.47 MB
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The vast reduction in size and power consumption of CMOS circuitry has led to a large research effort based around the vision of wireless sensor networks. The proposed networks will be comprised of thousands of small wireless nodes that operate in a multi-hop fashion, replacing long transmission distances with many low power, low cost wireless devices. The result will be the creation of an intelligent environment responding to its inhabitants and ambient conditions. Wireless devices currently being designed and built for use in such environments typically run on batteries. However, as the networks increase in number and the devices decrease in size, the replacement of depleted batteries will not be practical. The cost of replacing batteries in a few devices that make up a small network about once per year is modest. However, the cost of replacing thousands of devices in a single building annually, some of which are in areas difficult to access, is simply not practical. Another approach would be to use a battery that is large enough to last the entire lifetime of the wireless sensor device. However, a battery large enough to last the lifetime of the device would dominate the overall system size and cost, and thus is not very attractive. Alternative methods of powering the devices that will make up the wireless networks are desperately needed.

Energy Harvesting for Wireless Sensor Networks

Author : Olfa Kanoun
File Size : 88.46 MB
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Wireless sensors and sensor networks (WSNs) are nowadays becoming increasingly important due to their decisive advantages. Different trends towards the Internet of Things (IoT), Industry 4.0 and 5G Networks address massive sensing and admit to have wireless sensors delivering measurement data directly to the Web in a reliable and easy manner. These sensors can only be supported, if sufficient energy efficiency and flexible solutions are developed for energy-aware wireless sensor nodes. In the last years, different possibilities for energy harvesting have been investigated showing a high level of maturity. This book gives therefore an overview on fundamentals and techniques for energy harvesting and energy transfer from different points of view. Different techniques and methods for energy transfer, management and energy saving on network level are reported together with selected interesting applications. The book is interesting for researchers, developers and students in the field of sensors, wireless sensors, WSNs, IoT and manifold application fields using related technologies. The book is organized in four major parts. The first part of the book introduces essential fundamentals and methods, while the second part focusses on vibration converters and hybridization. The third part is dedicated to wireless energy transfer, including both RF and inductive energy transfer. Finally, the fourth part of the book treats energy saving and management strategies. The main contents are: Essential fundamentals and methods of wireless sensors Energy harvesting from vibration Hybrid vibration energy converters Electromagnetic transducers Piezoelectric transducers Magneto-electric transducers Non-linear broadband converters Energy transfer via magnetic fields RF energy transfer Energy saving techniques Energy management strategies Energy management on network level Applications in agriculture Applications in structural health monitoring Application in power grids Prof. Dr. Olfa Kanoun is professor for measurement and sensor technology at Chemnitz university of technology. She is specialist in the field of sensors and sensor systems design.

Rechargeable Sensor Networks Technology Theory and Application

Author : Jiming Chen
File Size : 54.97 MB
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The harvesting of energy from ambient energy sources to power electronic devices has been recognized as a promising solution to the issue of powering the ever-growing number of mobile devices around us. Key technologies in the rapidly growing field of energy harvesting focus on developing solutions to capture ambient energy surrounding the mobile devices and convert it into usable electrical energy for the purpose of recharging said devices. Achieving a sustainable network lifetime via battery-aware designs brings forth a new frontier for energy optimization techniques. These techniques had, in their early stages, resulted in the development of low-power hardware designs. Today, they have evolved into power-aware designs and even battery-aware designs. This book covers recent results in the field of rechargeable sensor networks, including technologies and protocol designs to enable harvesting energy from alternative energy sources such as vibrations, temperature variations, wind, solar, and biochemical energy and passive human power. Contents:Wind Energy Harvesting for Recharging Wireless Sensor Nodes: Brief Review and a Case Study (Yen Kheng Tan, Dibin Zhu and Steve Beeby)Rechargeable Sensor Networks with Magnetic Resonant Coupling (Liguang Xie, Yi Shi, Y Thomas Hou, Wenjing Lou, Hanif D Sherali and Huaibei Zhou)Cross-Layer Resource Allocation in Energy-Harvesting Sensor Networks (Zhoujia Mao, C Emre Koksal and Ness B Shroff)Energy-Harvesting Technique and Management for Wireless Sensor Networks (Jianhui Zhang and Xiangyang Li)Information Capacity of an AWGN Channel Powered by an Energy-Harvesting Source (R Rajesh, P K Deekshith and Vinod Sharma)Energy Harvesting in Wireless Sensor Networks (Nathalie Mitton and Riaan Wolhuter)Topology Control for Wireless Sensor Networks and Ad Hoc Networks (Sunil Jardosh)An Evolutionary Game Approach for Rechargeable Sensor Networks (Majed Haddad, Eitan Altman, Dieter Fiems and Julien Gaillard)Marine Sediment Energy Harvesting for Sustainable Underwater Sensor Networks (Baikun Li, Lei Wang and Jun-Hong Cui)Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks in the Smart Grid (Melike Erol-Kantarci and Hussein T Mouftah)Energy-Harvesting Methods for Medical Devices (Pedro Dinis Gaspar, Virginie Felizardo and Nuno M Garcia) Readership: Graduates, researchers, and professionals studying/dealing with networking, computer engineering, parallel computing, and electrical & electronic engineering. Keywords:Rechargeable Sensor;Energy Harvesting Technology;Renewable Sensor NetworksKey Features:This book provides comprehensive coverage from hardware design, protocol design, to applications. This book provides very recent results. And this book has prominent contributorsWith the increasing deterioration of global warming, energy harvesting technologies as a green source of energy are of great interest to research community. For wireless networks especially wireless sensor networks, the introduction of energy harvesting technologies can address the challenge of energy constraint and obtain perpetual network operation. Although there are lots of existing publications on energy harvesting, most of them are journal and conference papers, which concentrate on specific research problems and do not provide a comprehensive overview and prerequisite preliminaries to understand the energy harvesting technologies. To the best of our knowledge, there are only a few books which are concerned with energy harvesting technologies. One main drawback of these books are that they all elaborate on the hardware design of energy harvesting devices but neglect the impact of hardware design on the performance of overall networks which is also of great significance in practice. For example, the energy management subsystem should be designed to fulfill all the tasks without running out of energy, which is dependent on the available energy of each node and all the tasks of the whole networks. Hence, the algorithm and protocol optimization are as important as hardware design. But this was not elaborated in existing publications and motivates this book

Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks

Author : R Budampati
File Size : 64.80 MB
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Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks: Monitoring, Control and Automation explores the explosive growth that has occurred in the use of wireless sensor networks in a variety of applications during the last few years. As wireless technology can reduce costs, increase productivity, and ease maintenance, the book looks at the progress in standardization efforts regarding reliability, security, performance, power consumption, and integration. Early sections of the book discuss issues such as media access control (MAC), antenna design and site survey, energy harvesting, and explosion-proof design. Subsequent sections present WSN standards, including ISA100, ZigBeeTM, WifiTM, WirelessHARTTM and 6loWPAN, and the applications of WSNs in the oil and gas, chemical, food, and nuclear power industries. Reviews technologies and standards for industrial wireless sensor networks Considers particular applications for the technology and their ability to reduce costs, increase productivity, and ease maintenance Focuses on industry needs and standardization efforts regarding reliability, security, performance, power consumption, and integration.

Energy Harvesting Technologies

Author : Shashank Priya
File Size : 37.50 MB
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Energy Harvesting Technologies provides a cohesive overview of the fundamentals and current developments in the field of energy harvesting. In a well-organized structure, this volume discusses basic principles for the design and fabrication of bulk and MEMS based vibration energy systems, theory and design rules required for fabrication of efficient electronics, in addition to recent findings in thermoelectric energy harvesting systems. Combining leading research from both academia and industry onto a single platform, Energy Harvesting Technologies serves as an important reference for researchers and engineers involved with power sources, sensor networks and smart materials.

Healthcare Sensor Networks

Author : Daniel Tze Huei Lai
File Size : 89.57 MB
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Healthcare sensor networks (HSNs) now offer the possibility to continuously monitor human activity and physiological signals in a mobile environment. Such sensor networks may be able to reduce the strain on the present healthcare workforce by providing new autonomous monitoring services ranging from simple user-reminder systems to more advanced mon

Energy Harvesting for Wireless Sensor Networks

Author : Olfa Kanoun
File Size : 22.77 MB
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Wireless sensors and sensor networks (WSNs) are nowadays becoming increasingly important due to their decisive advantages. Different trends towards the Internet of Things (IoT), Industry 4.0 and 5G Networks address massive sensing and admit to have wireless sensors delivering measurement data directly to the Web in a reliable and easy manner. These sensors can only be supported, if sufficient energy efficiency and flexible solutions are developed for energy-aware wireless sensor nodes. In the last years, different possibilities for energy harvesting have been investigated showing a high level of maturity. This book gives therefore an overview on fundamentals and techniques for energy harvesting and energy transfer from different points of view. Different techniques and methods for energy transfer, management and energy saving on network level are reported together with selected interesting applications. The book is interesting for researchers, developers and students in the field of sensors, wireless sensors, WSNs, IoT and manifold application fields using related technologies. The book is organized in four major parts. The first part of the book introduces essential fundamentals and methods, while the second part focusses on vibration converters and hybridization. The third part is dedicated to wireless energy transfer, including both RF and inductive energy transfer. Finally, the fourth part of the book treats energy saving and management strategies. The main contents are: Essential fundamentals and methods of wireless sensors Energy harvesting from vibration Hybrid vibration energy converters Electromagnetic transducers Piezoelectric transducers Magneto-electric transducers Non-linear broadband converters Energy transfer via magnetic fields RF energy transfer Energy saving techniques Energy management strategies Energy management on network level Applications in agriculture Applications in structural health monitoring Application in power grids Prof. Dr. Olfa Kanoun is professor for measurement and sensor technology at Chemnitz university of technology. She is specialist in the field of sensors and sensor systems design.

Mobile Ad Hoc Networking

Author : Stefano Basagni
File Size : 23.68 MB
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"An excellent book for those who are interested in learning thecurrent status of research and development . . . [and] who want toget a comprehensive overview of the currentstate-of-the-art." —E-Streams This book provides up-to-date information on research anddevelopment in the rapidly growing area of networks based on themultihop ad hoc networking paradigm. It reviews all classes ofnetworks that have successfully adopted this paradigm, pointing outhow they penetrated the mass market and sparked breakthroughresearch. Covering both physical issues and applications, Mobile Ad HocNetworking: Cutting Edge Directions offers useful tools forprofessionals and researchers in diverse areas wishing to learn about the latest trends in sensor, actuator, and robotnetworking, mesh networks, delay tolerant and opportunisticnetworking, and vehicular networks. Chapter coverage includes: Multihop ad hoc networking Enabling technologies and standards for mobile multihopwireless networking Resource optimization in multiradio multichannel wireless meshnetworks QoS in mesh networks Routing and data dissemination in opportunistic networks Task farming in crowd computing Mobility models, topology, and simulations in VANET MAC protocols for VANET Wireless sensor networks with energy harvesting nodes Robot-assisted wireless sensor networks: recent applicationsand future challenges Advances in underwater acoustic networking Security in wireless ad hoc networks Mobile Ad Hoc Networking will appeal to researchers,developers, and students interested in computer science, electricalengineering, and telecommunications.

Wireless Sensor Networks

Author : Gian Pietro Picco
File Size : 61.14 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks, EWSN 2012, held in Trento, Italy, in Februar 2012. The 16 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 78 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on communication and security, system issues, reliability, localization and smart cameras, and hardware and sensing.

Elements of Radio Frequency Energy Harvesting and Wireless Power Transfer Systems

Author : Taimoor Khan
File Size : 85.9 MB
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This book focuses on elementary concepts of both radio frequency energy harvesting (RFEH) and wireless power transfer (WPT), and highlights their fundamental requirements followed by recent advancements. It provides a systematic overview of the key components required for RFEH and WPT applications and also comprehensively introduces the pioneering research advancements achieved to date. The state-of-the-art circuit design topologies for the two different applications are presented mainly in terms of antenna operating frequencies, polarization characteristics, efficient matching network circuits, rectifier topologies, and overall rectenna systems. The book serves as a single point of reference for practicing engineers and researchers searching for potential sources and elements involved in the RFEH system as well as in the WPT system, and need rapid training and design guidelines in the following areas: • Different sensing elements used in RFEH and WPT • Inclusions of mathematical expressions and design problems • Illustration of some design examples and performance enhancement techniques