Search results for: environment-and-the-developing-world

Sustainable Development

Author : David William Pearce
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Blueprint for a Green Economy put the economics of the environment onto the public agenda. Its authors have now widened the issue by applying the principles of their earlier, ground-breaking work to the tangled issue of sustainable Third World development. They offer a definition of sustainable development in terms of not depleting natural resources and then examine its economic implications. The bulk of the book contains six lively case-studies of major developmental issues, from the watersheds of Java to the drylands of the Sudan; from Amazonia to Africa, all of which show the crucial importance of incorporating the economics of sustainable development into our thinking.

Green Development

Author : Bill Adams
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The concept of sustainability lies at the core of the challenge of environment and development and the way governments, business and environmental groups respond to it. Green Development provides a clear and coherent analysis of sustainable development in both theory and practice. This third edition retains the clear and powerful argument of previous editions, but has been updated to reflect advances in ideas and changes in international policy. Greater attention has been given to political ecology, environmental risk and the environmental impacts of development. This fully revised third edition discusses: the origins of thinking about sustainability and sustainable development and its evolution to the present day the ideas that dominate mainstream sustainable development (ecological modernization, market environmentalism and environmental economics) the nature and diversity of alternative ideas about sustainability that challenge ‘business as usual’ thinking (for example ecosocialism, ecofeminism, deep ecology and political ecology) the dilemmas of sustainability in the context of dryland degradation, deforestation, biodiversity conservation, dam construction and urban and industrial development the nature of policy choices about the environment and development strategies and between reformist and radical responses to the contemporary global dilemmas. Green Development offers clear insights into the challenges of environmental sustainability and social and economic development. It is unique in offering a synthesis of theoretical ideas on sustainability and in its coverage of the extensive literature on the environment and development around the world. This book has proved its value to generations of students as an authoritative, thought-provoking and readable guide to the field of sustainable development.

Green Development

Author : W. M. Adams
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This revised and updated new edition retains the clear and powerful argument which characterized the original. It gives a valuable analysis of the theory and practice of sustainable development and suggests that at the start of the new millennium, we should think radically about the challenge of sustainability. Fully revised, this latest edition includes further reading, chapter outlines, chapter summaries and new discussion topics, and explores: the roots of sustainable development thinking and its evolution in the last three decades of the twentieth century the dominant ideas within mainstream sustainable development the nature and diversity of alternative ideas about sustainability the problems of environmental degradation and the environmental impacts of development strategies for building sustainability in development from above and below. Offering a synthesis of theoretical ideas on sustainability based on the industrialized economies of the North and the practical, applied ideas in the South which tend to ignore 'First World' theory, this important text gives a clear discussion of theory and extensive practical insights drawn from Africa, Latin America and Asia.

Food Security and Environmental Quality in the Developing World

Author : Rattan Lal
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Can developing countries meet the food requirements of their growing populations without jeopardizing a natural resource base that is already under great stress? Can increases in food production achieved in the past two decades be sustained in the next two decades? Can developing countries achieve freedom from hunger and malnutrition

Environment and Conflict

Author : Ashok Swain
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It is true that environmental destruction concerns each and every state of the world, but as this study finds out, it bears more serious consequences for the poor developing countries than the rich developed ones. The relentless burden of meeting the needs of the growing population in these countries has brought a distinct possibility of erasing the natural renewable resource base from which human being inevitably reaps sustenance. There has been an attempt in this study to develop a conceptual framework of conceivable social conflicts that are likely to develop in an environmentally induced scarcity situation in the developing countries. This has been done by analyzing the role and formation of possible actors and theirs perceived conflicting behavior towards each other.

Globalization Political Institutions and the Environment in Developing Countries

Author : Gabriele Spilker
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Though industrialized countries are usually the ones indicted when environmental pollution is discussed, over the few last years the rate of emissions in developing countries has increased by a startling amount. The fallout from this increase is evidenced by the struggle of cities like Beijing to improve their air quality. Yet there also exist developing countries such as Thailand that have managed to limit their emissions to more tolerable levels, raising the question: why are some developing countries more willing or able to take care of their environment than others? In this volume, Gabriele Spilker proposes two factors for the differences in developing countries' environmental performance: integration into the international system and domestic political institutions. Focusing on developing countries generally but also closely examining important global powers such as China and India, Spilker employs a rigorous quantitative analysis to demonstrate the importance of considering various aspects of the international system, in order to draw more comprehensive conclusions about how globalization affects environmental performance. She asserts that democratic political institutions can shield developing countries from the negative consequences of either trade or foreign direct investment. But at the same time, developing countries, by avoiding demanding commitments, are more likely to use environmental treaties as a cover than as a real plan of action. Adding a new dimension to the existing body of research on environmental quality and commitment, Spilker convincingly demonstrates how international and domestic political factors interact to shape developing countries' ability and willingness to care for their natural environment.

Environment and the Developing World

Author : Avijit Gupta
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Environment and the Developing World brings together the various aspects of environmental studies and management (earth and natural sciences, engineering and economics) as they relate to the developing world. It discusses environmental issues as well as the techniques and infrastructure for their management at various levels: global, national and local. The examples range from global warming and ozone depletion to the management of water resources and indoor air pollution. The book stresses the interrelated and interdisciplinary nature of environment, discusses the concept of sustainable development, explores the role of non-governmental organisations, and evaluates the importance attributed by international and multilateral organisations to monitoring environmental aspects of development projects. It critically reviews various economic, social and regulatory policies which address environmental issues. The different disciplines of the two authors (a physical geographer and a public policy economist) help to maintain the balanced and interdisciplinary nature of the book. Written primarily for advanced undergraduates, this is a stimulating text for any environment related course. Written in simple language and avoiding unnecessary jargon the book explains clearly the technical aspects of environmental management. Profuse illustrations, a large number of examples from a range of geographical areas, boxed case studies and stimulating exercises make the book attractive and comprehensive. All these features make the book a unique teaching tool in environmental management in the developing world.

Urbanization and the Environment in Developing Countries

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Sustainable Development in a Developing World

Author : Colin H. Kirkpatrick
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Evaluates the three main forms of appraising sustainable development projects--environmental impact assessment, social impact assessment, and economic appraisal--then concludes that the three must be further integrated and explains some methods for doing so. Among the topics are an OECD perspective on the environmental assessment of trade liberalization, a methodology for investigating the impact of policy decisions on the natural resource environment in developing countries, community impact evaluation in the development process, river sand harvesting in Kenya, and the public valuation of solid waste impacts in Bangkok. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Economic Values and the Environment in the Developing World

Author : Stavros G. Georgiou
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Overviews the application of economic valuation techniques to environmental problems in less developed countries. Demonstrates the importance of economic valuation in devising sound environmental policies and development initiatives, and gives examples of applications of valuation in various countries. Of interest to environmental economists, project appraisal analysts, policy makers, and graduate students of development and environmental economics. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Shipping Ports and the Environment

Author : Susan Wangeci-Eklöw
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Sustainable Development in Third World Countries

Author : Valentine Udoh James
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Shows how sustainable development requires a successful agricultural base, good conservation and preservation, sound health practices, and socioeconomic planning.

States Scarcity and Civil Strife in the Developing World

Author : Colin H. Kahl
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Over the past several decades, civil and ethnic wars have undermined prospects for economic and political development, destabilized entire regions of the globe, and left millions dead. States, Scarcity, and Civil Strife in the Developing World argues that demographic and environmental stress--the interactions among rapid population growth, environmental degradation, inequality, and emerging scarcities of vital natural resources--represents one important source of turmoil in today's world. Kahl contends that this type of stress places enormous strains on both societies and governments in poor countries, increasing their vulnerability to armed conflict. He identifies two pathways whereby this process unfolds: state failure and state exploitation. State failure conflicts occur when population growth, environmental degradation, and resource inequality weaken the capacity, legitimacy, and cohesion of governments, thereby expanding the opportunities and incentives for rebellion and intergroup violence. State exploitation conflicts, in contrast, occur when political leaders themselves capitalize on the opportunities arising from population pressures, natural resource scarcities, and related social grievances to instigate violence that serves their parochial interests. Drawing on a wide array of social science theory, this book argues that demographically and environmentally induced conflicts are most likely to occur in countries that are deeply split along ethnic, religious, regional, or class lines, and which have highly exclusive and discriminatory political systems. The empirical portion of the book evaluates the theoretical argument through in-depth case studies of civil strife in the Philippines, Kenya, and numerous other countries. The book concludes with an analysis of the challenges demographic and environmental change will pose to international security in the decades ahead.

Green Development

Author : William Mark Adams
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Adams analyses the evolution of the concept of `sustainable development' and assesses how this can be applied in the real world. Bridging the gap between ecology and development studies, he argues that the `greeness' of development planning is not to be found in a concern for ecology of the environment, but in control, power and self-determination.

U S Policy Toward the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs
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The Environmental Divide

Author : R. C. Das
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Managing in Developing Countries

Author : James E. Austin
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As consumers, suppliers, competitors, and capital users, the 142 developing countries in the world are of major and growing importance to more than 140,000 Western managers who do business with the Third World on a daily basis, often as partners in strategic alliances. Yet, other than theoretical articles in the economic development literature, there are few sources to which these managers, faced with a very different and difficult business environment, can turn. Now, building on 25 years as a teacher, researcher, and advisor to companies, governments, and international agencies in developing nations, James Austin presents the most complete and comprehensive analysis of the dynamics of the Third World business environment available today. Seemingly insurmountable obstacles confront a Western company setting up operations in a Third World country: governmental controls, rampant inflation and devaluation, cumbersome bureaucratic procedures for obtaining import licenses, skill scarcity, difficulties with training new employees in new technology -- and not least, the possibility that the entire venture could go up in the flames of a revolution. Through his lucid Environmental Analysis Framework -- a powerful, field-tested analytical tool -- Austin first systematically and masterfully examines these economic, political, cultural, and demographic factors at the international, national, industry, and company levels. The second and largest portion of the book comprises Austin's detailed, brilliantly insightful analysis of the most critical strategic issues and operating problems that managers will encounter in developing countries -- in governmental relations, finance, marketing, production, and organization -- together with a battery of tested operating techniques illustrated with numerous experiences of multinational companies operating in the Third World, such as Cummins Engine, Mitsubishi, PepsiCo, Ciba-Geigy, ICI, Nestlé, and Philips. In his concluding chapters, Austin returns to his Environmental Analysis Framework to show managers how they should determine the scale and scope -- the projected financial investment and the degree of managerial involvement -- of their activity in a particular developing country; how they should decide on ownership strategy and the use of joint ventures; and how cultural factors will affect the structure of the projected enterprise. Finally, Austin offers his perspective on the evolving business environment in developing countries.

Environmental Policies in the Third World

Author : O. P. Dwivedi
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This book analyzes environmental problems and policies in developing countries around the world and discusses new prospects for international cooperation and funding. It considers hard political choices, who is to blame for environmental decay, who should pay to overcome problems, and how they should be handled. Experts from different countries offer their perspectives about the role of multilateral agencies, the North-South dimensions of environmental problems from 1972 to present, and the experiences in India, China, Indonesia, Africa, Nigeria, Chile, and Mexico. A bibliography enhances this authoritative study for the use of political scientists, economists, and public administrators, for teachers, students, and professionals.

Third World Environmentalism

Author : N. Patrick Peritore
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"An impressive tour de force in its analytical and theoretical foci. It speaks with unique insight to the future of our world, forging a powerful link between ideology, politics, and the environment."--Daniel G. Zirker, University of Idaho "Enriches our understanding of global environmental beliefs and their place among the world's political elite. . . . Among the most theoretically based discussions of environmentalism founded on real data to date."--Steven R. Brechin, University of Michigan Focusing on seven developing countries--India, Korea, Brazil, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Romania, and Iran (where such data are rare), Patrick Peritore presents a detailed look at the environmental attitudes and policies of leaders in government, business, and environmental groups. The position that emerges, one considerably more optimistic than ever previously presented, rests outside old political poles of left and right thinking. Leaders in all three sectors studied hold the balance of power between the more utopian Greens and the economically inclined promoters of sustainable development. The author maintains that Third World decision makers hold international postmodern attitudes toward the environment that correspond closely to Western thought. They seek consensus and scientific information as the basis for making decisions and are risk-averse and highly concerned about the environment. In addition, he says, their awareness of these issues is far in advance of their own public, political parties, and mass media. The author creates a model of a new international environmental politics that flies in the face of much conventional wisdom and will be of keen interest to a range of scholars and policy makers. N. Patrick Peritore, professor of political science at the University of Missouri, Columbia, is the author of Socialism, Communism and Liberation Theology in Brazil: An Opinion Survey Using Q-Methodology and coeditor of Biotechnology in Latin America: Politics, Impacts, and Risks.

Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Developing Nations

Author : Sharma, Ravi
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In the face of rapid industrialisation in the last few decades, the tourism economy has blossomed into a major industry with positive impacts such as economic growth, infrastructure development, employment, and income generation. However, tourism brings negative environmental effects such as degradation of landscapes and habitats, increased vulnerability of avifauna and wildlife, and pollution leading to the decline of species. Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Developing Nations is a pivotal reference source that explores some of the critical challenges faced in the tourism economy particularly with regard to the impacts on the environment in developing nations. It also explores the impact tourism plays in the biophysical environment such as the issue of climate change. While highlighting topics such as environmental justice, ecosystems, and ecotourism, this book is ideally designed for academicians, policymakers, environmentalists, tourism professionals, and graduate-level students seeking current research on the environmental and economic impacts of tourism.