Search Results for "ethics-and-security-aspects-of-infectious-disease-control"

Ethics and Security Aspects of Infectious Disease Control

Ethics and Security Aspects of Infectious Disease Control

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

  • Author: Michael J. Selgelid
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131714127X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 7772
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The increasing emergence, re-emergence, and spread of deadly infectious diseases which pose health, economic, security and ethical challenges for states and people around the world, has given rise to an important global debate. The actual or potential burden of infectious diseases is sometimes so great that governments treat them as threats to national security. However, such treatment potentially increases the risk that emergency disease-control measures will be ineffective, counterproductive and/or unjust. Research on ethical issues associated with infectious disease is a relatively new and rapidly growing area of academic inquiry, as is research on infectious diseases within the field of security studies. This volume incorporates ethical and security perspectives, thus furthering research in both fields. Its unique focus on the intersection of ethical and security dimensions will, furthermore, generate fresh insights on how governments should respond to infectious disease challenges. Readers should include professionals and scholars working in infectious disease, epidemiology, public health, health law, health economics, public policy, bioethics, medical humanities, health and human rights, social/political philosophy, security studies, and international politics.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics

The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics

  • Author: Anna C. Mastroianni,Jeffrey P. Kahn,Nancy E. Kass
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0190245190
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 944
  • View: 669
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Natural disasters and cholera outbreaks. Ebola, SARS, and concerns over pandemic flu. HIV and AIDS. E. coli outbreaks from contaminated produce and fast foods. Threats of bioterrorism. Contamination of compounded drugs. Vaccination refusals and outbreaks of preventable diseases. These are just some of the headlines from the last 30-plus years highlighting the essential roles and responsibilities of public health, all of which come with ethical issues and the responsibilities they create. Public health has achieved extraordinary successes. And yet these successes also bring with them ethical tension. Not all public health successes are equally distributed in the population; extraordinary health disparities between rich and poor still exist. The most successful public health programs sometimes rely on policies that, while improving public health conditions, also limit individual rights. Public health practitioners and policymakers face these and other questions of ethics routinely in their work, and they must navigate their sometimes competing responsibilities to the health of the public with other important societal values such as privacy, autonomy, and prevailing cultural norms. This Oxford Handbook provides a sweeping and comprehensive review of the current state of public health ethics, addressing these and numerous other questions. Taking account of the wide range of topics under the umbrella of public health and the ethical issues raised by them, this volume is organized into fifteen sections. It begins with two sections that discuss the conceptual foundations, ethical tensions, and ethical frameworks of and for public health and how public health does its work. The thirteen sections that follow examine the application of public health ethics considerations and approaches across a broad range of public health topics. While chapters are organized into topical sections, each chapter is designed to serve as a standalone contribution. The book includes 73 chapters covering many topics from varying perspectives, a recognition of the diversity of the issues that define public health ethics in the U.S. and globally. This Handbook is an authoritative and indispensable guide to the state of public health ethics today.

Routledge Handbook of Global Health Security

Routledge Handbook of Global Health Security

  • Author: Simon Rushton,Jeremy Youde
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136155570
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 362
  • View: 4495
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This new Handbook presents an overview of cutting-edge research in the growing field of global health security. Over the past decade, the study of global health and its interconnection with security has become a prominent and rapidly growing field of research. Ongoing debates question whether health and security should be linked; which (if any) health issues should be treated as security threats; what should be done to address health security threats; and the positive and negative consequences of ‘securitizing’ health. In academic and policy terms, the health security field is a timely and dynamic one and this handbook will be the first work comprehensively to address this agenda. Bringing together the leading experts and commentators on health security issues from across the world, the volume comprises original and cutting-edge essays addressing the key issues in the field and also highlighting currently neglected avenues for future research. The book intends to provide an accessible yet sophisticated introduction to the key topics and debates and is organised into four key parts: Health Securities: the fundamental conceptual issues, historical links between health and security and the various ways of conceptualising health as a security issue Threats: those health issues which have been most frequently discussed in security terms Responses: the wide range of contemporary security-driven responses to health threats Controversies: the securitization of health, its impact on rights and justice and the potential distortion of the global health agenda This book will be of great interest to students of global health security, public health, critical security studies, and International Relations in general.

Biosecurity Dilemmas

Biosecurity Dilemmas

Dreaded Diseases, Ethical Responses, and the Health of Nations

  • Author: Christian Enemark
  • Publisher: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 1626164045
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3559
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Biosecurity Dilemmas examines conflicting values and interests in the practice of "biosecurity," the safeguarding of populations against infectious diseases through security policies. Biosecurity encompasses both the natural occurrence of deadly disease outbreaks and the use of biological weapons. Christian Enemark focuses on six dreaded diseases that governments and international organizations give high priority for research, regulation, surveillance, and rapid response: pandemic influenza, drug-resistant tuberculosis, smallpox, Ebola, plague, and anthrax. The book is organized around four ethical dilemmas that arise when fear causes these diseases to be framed in terms of national or international security: protect or proliferate, secure or stifle, remedy or overkill, and attention or neglect. For instance, will prioritizing research into defending against a rare event such as a bioterrorist attack divert funds away from research into commonly occurring diseases? Or will securitizing a particular disease actually stifle research progress owing to security classification measures? Enemark provides a comprehensive analysis of the ethics of securitizing disease and explores ideas and policy recommendations about biological arms control, global health security, and public health ethics.

Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease

Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease

Workshop Summary

  • Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309178945
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 250
  • View: 4181
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In recent public workshops and working group meetings, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) has examined a variety of infectious disease outbreaks with pandemic potential, including those caused by influenza (IOM, 2005) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (IOM, 2004). Particular attention has been paid to the potential pandemic threat posed by the H5N1 strain of avian influenza, which is now endemic in many Southeast Asian bird populations. Since 2003, the H5N1 subtype of avian influenza has caused 185 confirmed human deaths in 11 countries, including some cases of viral transmission from human to human (WHO, 2007). But as worrisome as these developments are, at least they are caused by known pathogens. The next pandemic could well be caused by the emergence of a microbe that is still unknown, much as happened in the 1980s with the emergence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and in 2003 with the appearance of the SARS coronavirus. Previous Forum meetings on pandemic disease have discussed the scientific and logistical challenges associated with pandemic disease recognition, identification, and response. Participants in these earlier meetings also recognized the difficulty of implementing disease control strategies effectively. Ethical and Legal Considerations in Mitigating Pandemic Disease: Workshop Summary as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Bulletin de L'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé

  • Author: World Health Organization
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Medicine
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9879
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HIV and AIDS:

HIV and AIDS:

Basic Elements and Priorities

  • Author: S. Kartikeyan,R.N. Bharmal,R.P. Tiwari,P.S. Bisen
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 140205789X
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 418
  • View: 9710
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HIV and Aids: Basic Elements and Priorities is a concise collection of all aspects of this disease and a source of readily available knowledge. It examines all currently advocated preventive measures such as health education, condom use, safer sex practices, and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. Coverage details strategies for prevention and control as well as the latest global information about HIV/AIDS.

Ethical Issues in Biotechnology

Ethical Issues in Biotechnology

  • Author: Richard Sherlock,John D. Morrey
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780742513778
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 643
  • View: 1322
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Fifty eighth annual report of the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission for the year ending 30 September 2011

Fifty eighth annual report of the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission for the year ending 30 September 2011

  • Author: Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission
  • Publisher: The Stationery Office
  • ISBN: 9780108511455
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 31
  • View: 4931
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The Marshall Aid Commemoration Act 1953 was passed by the British Parliament in order to express enduring gratitude to the American people for the Marshall Plan. This Act established a series of scholarships for young Americans to study for a degree at a British University, funded by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office and administered in Britain by the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission. This is the 58th annual report of the Commission which details the activities of the scholarship scheme for the year ending September 2011

Global Health and International Community

Global Health and International Community

Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges

  • Author: John Coggon,Swati Gola
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1780935595
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 8388
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Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.