Search Results for "evidence-matters"

Evidence Matters

Evidence Matters

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Community development
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Evidence Matters

Evidence Matters

Science, Proof, and Truth in the Law

  • Author: Susan Haack
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107039967
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 446
  • View: 3863
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Susan Haack brings her distinctive work in theory of knowledge and philosophy of science to bear on real-life legal issues.

Evidence Matters

Evidence Matters

Randomized Trials in Education Research

  • Author: Frederick F. Mosteller,Robert F. Boruch
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815798180
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 272
  • View: 8304
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Opinions about education programs and practices are offered frequently—by children, parents, teachers, and policymakers. Credible studies of the impact of programs on the performance of children are far less frequent. Researchers use a variety of tools to determine their impact and efficacy, including sample surveys, narrative studies, and exploratory research. However, randomized field trials, which are commonly used in other disciplines, are rarely employed to measure the impact of education practice. Evidence Matters explores the history and current status of research in education and encourages the more frequent use of such trials. Judith Gueron (Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation), discusses the challenges involved in randomized trials and offers practical advice drawn experience. Robert Boruch (Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania), Dorothy de Moya (Campbell Collaboration Secretariat), and Brooke Snyder (University of Pennsylvania) explore the use of randomized field trials in education and other fields. David Cohen, Stephen Raudenbush, and Deborah Loewenberg Ball (all from the University of Michigan) review the history of progress in education over the past forty years and urge increased research on coherent instruction regimes. Maris Vinovskis (University of Michigan) examines the history and role of the U.S. Department of Education in developing rigorous evaluation of federal programs, and suggests a new National Center for Evaluation and Development. Thomas Cook and Monique Renee Payne (both from Northwestern University) take on the claim that randomized field trials are inappropriate in the U.S. education system. Gary Burtless (Brookings Institution) explores the political and professional factors that influence randomized field trials in economic programs, examining possible explanations for their lack of frequent use in education. Carol Weiss (Harvard University) provides a brief history of community studies in the United States and suggests a variety of alternatives to randomization. It is difficult to gauge the impact of various approaches in education. But the authors give a variety of concrete examples to illustrate the feasibility of randomized trials, and the circumstances under which they are appropriate. By offering a variety of suggestions to improve the methods used to evaluate education programs, the contributors to this volume seek to improve education in the United States. Frederick Mosteller is Roger I. Lee Professor in Mathematical Statistics, emeritus, in the department of statistics at Harvard University. Robert Boruch is the University Trustee Chair Professor the graduate school of education and statistics department at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

Canadian Health Policy in the News: Why Evidence Matters

Canadian Health Policy in the News: Why Evidence Matters

  • Author: Noralou Roos, Sharon Manson Singer, Kathleen O'Grady, Shannon Turczak, Camilla Tapp
  • Publisher: EvidenceNetwork.ca
  • ISBN: 0991697103
  • Category:
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Canadian Health Policy in the News is a compendium of the commentaries (or OpEds) published by Evidence Network in major newspapers across the country from April 2011 up to October 2012. It is a timely, balanced and non-partisan snapshot of what’s new and controversial concerning our healthcare system and related social programs that affect health and well-being in our country — with evidence at the forefront. This book is available free-of-charge so that you can share it widely, in your classrooms, amongst your friends and colleagues, on your websites and via social media. Canadian health policy will always be emerging and unfolding, responding to changing environmental and economic factors, new technologies, publicly held values and differing political landscapes. Canadian Health Policy in the News captures a moment in time and presents the issues that concern Canadians most, grounding our national discourse and debate on healthcare in the best evidence. With thanks to the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Manitoba Health Research Council whose funding supports EvidenceNetwork.ca.

Interrogating Ethnography

Interrogating Ethnography

Why Evidence Matters

  • Author: Steven Lubet
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190655674
  • Category:
  • Page: 272
  • View: 3430
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In this comprehensive review of urban ethnography, Steven Lubet encountered a field that relies heavily on anonymous sources, often as reported by a single investigator whose underlying data remain unseen. Upon digging into the details, he discovered too many ethnographic assertions that weredubious, exaggerated, tendentious, or just plain wrong. Employing the tools and techniques of a trial lawyer, Lubet uses original sources and contemporaneous documentation to explore the stories behind ethnographic narratives. Many turn out to be accurate, but others are revealed to be based onrumors, folklore, and unreliable hearsay. Interrogating Ethnography explains how qualitative social science would benefit from greater attention to the quality of evidence, and provides recommendations for bringing the field more closely in line with other fact-based disciplines such as law and journalism.

Evidence-Based Review in Policy and Practice, An Issue of Nursing Clinics,

Evidence-Based Review in Policy and Practice, An Issue of Nursing Clinics,

  • Author: Alan Pearson
  • Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
  • ISBN: 0323326633
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 145
  • View: 5977
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Evidence synthesis is the evaluation or analysis of research evidence and opinion on a specific topic to aid in decision-making in health care. Although the science of evidence synthesis has developed most rapidly in relation to the meta-analysis of numerical data linked to theories of cause and effect, the further development of theoretical understandings and propositions of the nature of evidence, its role in health care delivery, and the facilitation of improved global health have increased rapidly since 2000. The articles appearing in this issue examine the role of evidence synthesis in nursing and health care and are written by expert translational scientists from across the world. Three introductory articles overview evidence synthesis and its role in evidence-based health care; methods, issues, and trends in the systematic review of health care evidence; and the development of a robust evidence base for nursing. Subsequent articles explore the impact of systematic reviews on policy and practice in a variety of settings, including perioperative care, pediatrics, rehabilitation and long-term/continuing care, mental health, and public health. The final articles discuss the impact of evidence on health policy and practice and the complexities of translating evidence into policy and practice. These articles show the importance of synthesizing evidence and translating policy and practice into action in our quest to improve health care and health outcomes.

Making Evidence Matter in Canadian Health Policy

Making Evidence Matter in Canadian Health Policy

  • Author: Noralou Roos,Kathleen O'Grady,Shannon Turczak,Camilla Tapp,Lindsay Jolivet
  • Publisher: EvidenceNetwork.ca
  • ISBN: 0991697111
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 355
  • View: 7159
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Making Evidence Matter in Canadian Health Policy is a compendium of Op-Eds published in the media in 2012-2013 by some of Canada’s leading experts in the field, offering a snapshot of the evidence on the issues of the day. It is the second in a series of eBooks produced by EvidenceNetwork.ca, the first being Canadian Health Policy in the News.. This second volume addresses a range of controversial topics, such as whether or not our health system is sustainable and how our health care dollars are spent. Other sections address pharmaceutical policy, private-for-profit delivery of care, social determinants of health, aging, mental health and obesity.

Evidence-Based Nursing: The Research-Practice Connection

Evidence-Based Nursing: The Research-Practice Connection

  • Author: Sarah Jo Brown
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • ISBN: 1449690998
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 461
  • View: 1104
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Evidence-Based Nursing: The Research-Practice Connection, Third Edition introduces students to research methods and evidence-based practice (EBP). Written in an accessible style, the content moves readers through understanding how research is produced to appraisal at the critical thinking level. Timely information links evidence-based practice to recent work in the Safety and Quality programs that are underway in healthcare and nursing. Key Features: • Offers five common research designs, systematic reviews, and clinical practice guidelines by using a consistent, easy-to-read "Why-How-What" approach. • Exemplar research reports include “Profile and Commentary” that explain results of studies and help students better understand the methodological components of a study Accompanied by Instructor Resources: • Save time with a Test Bank and sample syllabus • Encourage critical thinking using additional learning activities, including discussion questions and small group assignments • Plan classroom lectures using PowerPoint Presentations created by the author Navigate eFolio Now Available! Navigate eFolio: Evidence-Based Nursing , a fully supported and hosted online learning solution featuring an ebook and course management tools is also available for purchase. Navigate eFolio transforms how students learn and instructors teach by bringing together authoritative and interactive content aligned to course objectives, with student practice activities and assessments, an ebook, and reporting tools. For more information visit go.jblearning.com/nursingef

EU Cross-border Gathering and Use of Evidence in Criminal Matters

EU Cross-border Gathering and Use of Evidence in Criminal Matters

Towards Mutual Recognition of Investigative Measures and Free Movement of Evidence?

  • Author: Gert Vermeulen,Wendy De Bondt,Yasmin van Damme
  • Publisher: Maklu
  • ISBN: 9046603431
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 254
  • View: 3271
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The European Councii-set out the 2007 specific program on `Criminal Justice' as; Part of the General Programon Fundament Rights and justice. The concrete objectives of the program include the promotion of the principle of mutual recognition and mutual trust, eliminating obstacles created by disparities between member states judicial systems and improving knowledge of member states legal and judicial systems in criminal matters and the exchange and dissemination of good practice. As part of this program, the European Commission awarded a contract to the Institute of international Research on Criminal Policy to conduct the study this book comprises the results of. The initial aim of the study was to obtain up to date information on the national laws of the EU member states on the gathering and handling of evidence and to analyse that information in the light of recent developments in legislation governing cross-border transmission of evidence, in particular the 2008 European Evidence Warrant in addition, it was the intention of the European Commission to initiate preparatory work on a legal instrument that would expand the scope of application of the European Evidence Warrant in order to further replace the existing regime of mutual legal assistance within the EU by a mechanism based on the mutual recognition principle. As a result, the study was broadened as to also assess whether or not a mutual recognition-based EU mutual legal assistance regime is desirable and feasible. Whereas the Green Paper on obtaining evidence in criminal matters (issued in 2009 by the European Commission) raises general questions on the matter, this book provides an in-depth and full-scale overview of the current situation relating to cross-border gathering, obtaining and admissibility of evidence in criminal matters between the EU member states, as well as clear-cut future legal and policy options. This book is essential reading for EU policy makers, judicial and law enforcement authorities throughout the EU and from a broader international context. It will be particularly appealing also to the research community and anyone involved in or taking an interest in criminal policy initiatives in the EU.

Evidence-Based Chronic Pain Management

Evidence-Based Chronic Pain Management

  • Author: Cathy Stannard,Eija Kalso,Jane Ballantyne
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1444359029
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 464
  • View: 1124
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A genuine evidence-based text for optimum pain relief in various chronic conditions Contributes an important advance in the practice of pain management providing the information on which to build more coherent and standardised strategies for relief of patient suffering Answers questions about which are the most effective methods, AND those which are not effective yet continue to be used Includes discussion of the positive and the negative evidence, and addresses the grey areas where evidence is ambivalent Written by the world's leading experts in evidence-based pain management this is a seminal text in the field of pain