Search Results for "evolution"

Evolution: Woher und Wohin?

Evolution: Woher und Wohin?

Antworten aus Religion, Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften

  • Author: Helmut A. Müller
  • Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • ISBN: 352556984X
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 264
  • View: 4099
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English summary: Scholars in the natural sciences, theology and the arts discuss fundamental questions about the evolution of life and culture and the creation on an endeavour to explain life and faith. German text. German description: Sobald sich der Mensch seiner selbst bewusst wird, will er wissen, wer er ist, wo er herkommt und was nach ihm sein wird. Antworten findet er in den Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften und in der Religion. Sein Fragehorizont hat sich weit uber die in den Schopfungsmythen erkennbaren ersten Ansatze ordnender und zahlender Welterklarung hinaus entwickelt. Erforscht werden heute die Rander des erkennbaren Universums ebenso wie die Ubergangsfelder von der unbelebten zur belebten Materie und die Bedingungen der Evolution des Erkennens. Wie die Rede von einer sich entwickelnden Schopfung so mag auch die Rede von der Evolution der Physik uberraschen. Sie vollzieht sich im Horizont einer Welt, deren Entwicklungspotentiale ihrem Anfang eingeschrieben sind. Ob sich Evolution unter dem Druck des schon Erreichten oder als Annaherung an ein absolutes Ziel vollzieht, bleibt im interdisziplinaren Diskurs kontrovers. Verhandelt werden weiter die Grundlinien einer evolutionaren Asthetik, evolutionare Entwicklungen in der Musik, die kulturelle Evolution der Natur und schliealich die Frage, ob sich die friedvolle Koexistenz von christlichem Schopfungsglauben und naturwissenschaftlicher Welterklarung konfliktreich zuspitzt, wenn das Urknallmodell von der Theorie eines ewigen Multiversums abgelost wird.

Evolution

Evolution

  • Author: Mohinder Singh Jus
  • Publisher: Homöosana AG
  • ISBN: 9783906407067
  • Category:
  • Page: 46
  • View: 9362
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VOLUME 1: EVOLUTION, SYSTEMATICS, AND BIOGEOGRAPHY

VOLUME 1: EVOLUTION, SYSTEMATICS, AND BIOGEOGRAPHY

  • Author: Willy Kükenthal
  • Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 9783110157048
  • Category:
  • Page: 501
  • View: 6079
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Covering 100 years of zoological research, the Handbook of Zoology represents a vast store of knowledge. Handbook of Zoology provides an in-depth treatment of the entire animal kingdom covering both invertebrates and vertebrates. It publishes comprehensive overviews on animal systematics and morphology and covers extensively further aspects like physiology, behavior, ecology and applied zoological research. Although our knowledge regarding many taxonomic groups has grown enormously over the last decades, it is still the objective of the Handbook of Zoology to be comprehensive in the sense that text and references together provide a solid basis for further research. Editors and authors seek a balance between describing species richness and diversity, explaining the importance of certain groups in a phylogenetic context and presenting a review of available knowledge and up-to-date references. New contributions to the series present the combined effort of an international team of editors and authors, entirely published in English and tailored to the needs of the international scientific community. Upcoming volumes and projects in progress include volumes on Annelida (Volumes 1-3), Bryozoa, Mammalia, Miscellaneous Invertebrates, Nannomecoptera, Neomecoptera and Strepsiptera and are followed later by fishes, reptiles and further volumes on mammals. Background The renowned German reference work Handbook of Zoology was founded in the 1920's by Professor Willi Kükenthal in Berlin and treated the complete animal kingdom from single cell organisms to mammals in eight thematic volumes: Volume I Protozoa, Porifera, Colenteratea, Mesozoa (1925); Volume II Vermes (1933/34); Volume III Arthropoda ex. Insecta (1927/1932); Volume IV Arthropoda: Insecta; Volume V Solenogastres, Mollusca, Echinoderma (1925); Volume VI Pisces / Amphibia (1930); Volume VII Reptilia / Aves (1931); Volume VIII Mammalia. The Volumes IV Arthropoda: Insecta and VII Mammalia continued publication into the present with the most recent contributions in English language. Adapting to the accelerating speed of scientific discovery in the past decades the Handbook of Zoology entered a next phase in 2010. In the new edition of the Handbook of Zoology, the original eight thematic volumes gave way for smaller and more flexible groupings that reflect the current state of phylogenetic knowledge. All subsequent volumes were published in print as well as e-book format. The Handbook of Zoology is additionally offered as a database, the Handbook of Zoology Online, which can easily be searched and rapidly updated. Original Handbook material (ca. 28 000 pages) has been reordered along taxonomic (instead of bibliographical) categories and forms the historical basis of this Online Reference Work. As a living Online Reference, the content is continuously updated and new content added. The material can be accessed through taxonomic and subject categories as well as free text, with a diversity of linking and search options. Faster publication times through online-first publication, reference- and cross-linking, and make the Handbook of Zoology highly attractive to both authors and users.

The GSM Evolution

The GSM Evolution

Mobile Packet Data Services

  • Author: Peter Stuckmann
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 9780470848555
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 241
  • View: 1406
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"The GSM Evolution" comprehensively provides the basics of GPRS and EGPRS comprising the radio interface, and the system and protocol architecture is described in detail.

Evolution of the Vertebrate Auditory System

Evolution of the Vertebrate Auditory System

  • Author: Geoffrey A. Manley,Richard R. Fay
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780387210896
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 9898
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The function of vertebrate hearing is served by a surprising variety of sensory structures in the different groups of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. This book discusses the origin, specialization, and functional properties of sensory hair cells, beginning with environmental constraints on acoustic systems and addressing in detail the evolutionary history behind modern structure and function in the vertebrate ear. Taking a comparative approach, chapters are devoted to each of the vertebrate groups, outlining the transition to land existence and the further parallel and independent adaptations of amniotic groups living in air. The volume explores in depth the specific properties of hair cells that allowed them to become sensitive to sound and capable of analyzing sounds into their respective frequency components. Evolution of the Vertebrate Auditory System is directed to a broad audience of biologists and clinicians, from the level of advanced undergraduate students to professionals interested in learning more about the evolution, structure, and function of the ear.

Evolution and Human Behavior

Evolution and Human Behavior

Darwinian Perspectives on Human Nature

  • Author: John Cartwright
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262531702
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 376
  • View: 9875
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The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

The Politics of Evolution

The Politics of Evolution

Morphology, Medicine, and Reform in Radical London

  • Author: Adrian Desmond
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226143460
  • Category: History
  • Page: 503
  • View: 5238
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Looking for the first time at the cut-price anatomy schools rather than genteel Oxbridge, Desmond winkles out pre-Darwinian evolutionary ideas in reform-minded and politically charged early nineteenth-century London. In the process, he reveals the underside of London intellectual and social life in the generation before Darwin as it has never been seen before. "The Politics of Evolution is intellectual dynamite, and certainly one of the most important books in the history of science published during the past decade."—Jim Secord, Times Literary Supplement "One of those rare books that not only stakes out new territory but demands a radical overhaul of conventional wisdom."—John Hedley Brooke, Times Higher Education Supplement

Cultural Transmission and Evolution

Cultural Transmission and Evolution

A Quantitative Approach

  • Author: Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza,Marcus W. Feldman
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691082837
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 388
  • View: 2307
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A number of scholars have found that concepts such as mutation, selection, and random drift, which emerged from the theory of biological evolution, may also explain evolutionary phenomena in other disciplines as well. Drawing on these concepts, Professors Cavalli-Sforza and Feldman classify and systematize the various modes of transmitting "culture" and explore their consequences for cultural evolution. In the process, they develop a mathematical theory of the non-genetic transmission of cultural traits that provides a framework for future investigations in quantitative social and anthropological science. The authors use quantitative models that incorporate the various modes of transmission (for example, parent-child, peer-peer, and teacher-student), and evaluate data from sociology, archaeology, and epidemiology in terms of the models. They show that the various modes of transmission in conjunction with cultural and natural selection produce various rates of cultural evolution and various degrees of diversity within and between groups. The same framework can be used for explaining phenomena as apparently unrelated as linguistics, epidemics, social values and customs, and diffusion of innovations. The authors conclude that cultural transmission is an essential factor in the study of cultural change.

Evolution and Structure of the Internet

Evolution and Structure of the Internet

A Statistical Physics Approach

  • Author: Romualdo Pastor-Satorras,Alessandro Vespignani
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521714778
  • Category: Computers
  • Page: 284
  • View: 7503
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This book, first published in 2004, describes the application of statistical physics and complex systems theory to the study of the evolution and structure of the Internet. Using a statistical physics approach the Internet is viewed as a growing system that evolves in time through the addition and removal of nodes and links. This perspective permits us to outline the dynamical theory required for a description of the macroscopic evolution of the Internet. The presence of such a theoretical framework appears to be a revolutionary and promising path towards our understanding of the Internet and the various processes taking place on this network, including, for example, the spread of computer viruses or resilience to random or intentional damages. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in statistical physics, computer science and mathematics studying in this subject.

Human Evolution

Human Evolution

An Introduction to Mans Adaptations

  • Author: Bernard Grant Campbell
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780202366623
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 523
  • View: 8040
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In this new fourth edition, Campbell has revised and updated his classic introduction to the field. Human Evolution synthesizes the major findings of modern research and theory and presents a complete and integrated account of the evolution of human beings. New developments in microbiology and recent fossil records are incorporated into the enormous range of this volume, with the resulting text as lucid and comprehensive as earlier editions. The fourth edition retains the thematic structure and organization of the third, with its cogent treatment of human variability and speciation, primate locomotion, and nonverbal communication and the evolution of language, supported by more than 150 detailed illustrations and an expanded and updated glossary and bibliography. As in prior editions, the book treats evolution as a concomitant development of the main behavioral and functional complexes of the genus Homo among them motor control and locomotion, mastication and digestion, the senses and reproduction. It analyzes each complex in terms of its changing function, and continually stresses how the separate complexes evolve interdependently over the long course of the human journey. All these aspects are placed within the context of contemporary evolutionary and genetic theory, analyses of the varied extensions of the fossil record, and contemporary primatology and comparative morphology. The result is a primary text for undergraduate and graduate courses, one that will also serve as required reading for anthropologists, biologists, and nonspecialists with an interest in human evolution. "Synthesizes the conventional academic thought into a textbook or detailed account for lay readers. Along the chronological narrative are discussions of progress in homeostasis, the primate radiation, locomotion and the hindlimb, function and structure of the head, reproduction and social structure, and culture and society." Book News Bernard Campbell has been a visiting lecturer at Harvard and Cambridge, and has taught and conducted research in Eastern and Southern Africa. He was professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1970-76. Dr. Campbell is author/coauthor of Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man; Human Ecology (second edition, Aldine); Humankind Emerging and the definitive three-volume Catalogue of Fossil Hominids.