Search results for: exceptions-and-rules

Exceptions and Defences in International Law

Author : Lorand Bartels
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Many international obligations are subject to exceptions. These can be expressed in several ways: an obligation may be vitiated by the presence of one of its constitutive negative requirements, an obligation may be set aside by the application of another more specific rule, or an actor might have a right to act in a certain way notwithstanding a contrary obligation. Exceptions are also of fundamental practical importance: for example, they affect the allocation of the burden of proof. This volume provides a systematic and analytic study of exceptions to legal obligations in international law and defences for breaches of these obligations. It features contributions written by legal philosophers, who introduce various theoretical approaches to the role of exceptions, and scholars of international law, who elaborate on generic issues applicable to exceptions in international law as well as examine specific issues arising from exceptions in their respective areas of expertise. Topics covered include the use of force, international criminal law, human rights, trade, investment, environment, and jurisdictional immunities.

Exceptions in International Law

Author : Lorand Bartels
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Many international obligations are subject to exceptions. These can be expressed in several ways: an obligation may be vitiated by the presence of one of its constitutive negative requirements, an obligation may be set aside by the application of another more specific rule, or an actor might have a right to act in a certain way notwithstanding a contrary obligation. Exceptions are also of fundamental practical importance: for example, they affect the allocation of the burden of proof. This volume provides a systematic and analytic study of exceptions to legal obligations in international law and defences for breaches of these obligations. It features contributions written by legal philosophers, who introduce various theoretical approaches to the role of exceptions, and scholars of international law, who elaborate on generic issues applicable to exceptions in international law as well as examine specific issues arising from exceptions in their respective areas of expertise. Topics covered include the use of force, international criminal law, human rights, trade, investment, environment, and jurisdictional immunities.

Expecting the Unexpected Exceptions in Grammar

Author : Horst J. Simon
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Every linguistic theory has to come to grips with a fundamental property of human language: the existence of exceptions, i.e. phenomena that do not follow the standard patterns one observes otherwise. The contributions to this volume discuss and exemplify a variety of approaches to exceptionality within different formal and non-formal frameworks. Topics include criteria for exceptionality, the diachronic rise of exceptions, the relevance of different grammatical subsystems and their interaction in the explanation of exceptions, and the crucial characteristics of grammatical models that can accommodate exceptions. A special feature of the book is that the articles are accompanied by peer-commentaries and responses thereupon, thus opening up the papers to further discussion.

The Laws and Rules of Practice in Colorado

Author : John Q. A. King
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Copyright Law in an Age of Limitations and Exceptions

Author : Ruth L. Okediji
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In this book, leading scholars analyze the important role played by copyright exceptions in economic and cultural productivity.

The Exceptions To The Rules Are You one You Can BE How to overcome ANY obstacle

Author : E. Michelle Lee
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Exceptions and Rules

Author : Pia Kleber
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This book examines the Brechtian influence on Roger Planchon's three stagings of Brecht's The Good Person of Szechwan (July 1954; October 1954; December 1958). The meaning of a Brechtian mise en scène is determined by an analysis of the Berliner Ensemble production of the same play (1957). A comparison of these stagings not only reveals the clash between the German and French theatrical traditions but the German mise en scène also provides a point of reference which underlines the similarities and differences between Planchon's and Brecht's staging methods.

The Principles and Rules of French Genders

Author : Hugues Charles Stanislas CASSAL
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The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

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The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

Constitution Jefferson s Manual and Rules of the House of Representatives

Author : United States. Congress. House
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Rules of the Circuit Court of the United States for the First Circuit and Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States

Author : United States. Circuit Court (1st Circuit)
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AI 88

Author : Christopher J. Barter
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The broad objective of this conference series is to bring business, industry and researchers together to consider the current activities and future potential of artificial intelligence, encompassing both practical and theoretical issues. Many papers were submitted, including some from Canada, France, UK, USA, Sweden, Italy and Thailand.

Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of the State of Illinois

Author : Jonathan Young Scammon
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The Civil Law in Its Natural Order

Author : Jean Domat
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Language and Meaning

Author : Christopher Beedham
File Size : 76.24 MB
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Lcc number: 2005048394

Precedents Statutes and Analysis of Legal Concepts

Author : Scott Brewer
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At least since plato and Aristotle, thinkers have pondered the relationship between philosophical arguments and the "sophistical" arguments offered by the Sophists -- who were the first professional lawyers. Judges wield substantial political power, and the justifications they offer for their decisions are a vital means by which citizens can assess the legitimacy of how that power is exercised. However, to evaluate judicial justifications requires close attention to the method of reasoning behind decisions. This new collection illuminates and explains the political and moral importance in justifying the exercise of judicial power.

Data Mining Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques

Author : Ian H. Witten
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Data Mining: Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques, Third Edition, offers a thorough grounding in machine learning concepts as well as practical advice on applying machine learning tools and techniques in real-world data mining situations. This highly anticipated third edition of the most acclaimed work on data mining and machine learning will teach you everything you need to know about preparing inputs, interpreting outputs, evaluating results, and the algorithmic methods at the heart of successful data mining. Thorough updates reflect the technical changes and modernizations that have taken place in the field since the last edition, including new material on Data Transformations, Ensemble Learning, Massive Data Sets, Multi-instance Learning, plus a new version of the popular Weka machine learning software developed by the authors. Witten, Frank, and Hall include both tried-and-true techniques of today as well as methods at the leading edge of contemporary research. The book is targeted at information systems practitioners, programmers, consultants, developers, information technology managers, specification writers, data analysts, data modelers, database R&D professionals, data warehouse engineers, data mining professionals. The book will also be useful for professors and students of upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level data mining and machine learning courses who want to incorporate data mining as part of their data management knowledge base and expertise. Provides a thorough grounding in machine learning concepts as well as practical advice on applying the tools and techniques to your data mining projects Offers concrete tips and techniques for performance improvement that work by transforming the input or output in machine learning methods Includes downloadable Weka software toolkit, a collection of machine learning algorithms for data mining tasks—in an updated, interactive interface. Algorithms in toolkit cover: data pre-processing, classification, regression, clustering, association rules, visualization

Principles of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery

Author : Djamel A. Zighed
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases, PKDD 2000, held in Lyon, France in September 2000. The 86 revised papers included in the book correspond to the 29 oral presentations and 57 posters presented at the conference. They were carefully reviewed and selected from 147 submissions. The book offers topical sections on new directions, rules and trees, databases and reward-based learning, classification, association rules and exceptions, instance-based discovery, clustering, and time series analysis.

Studies in Legal Logic

Author : Jaap Hage
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Studies in Legal Logic is a collection of nine interrelated papers about the logic, epistemology and ontology of law. All of the papers were written after the publication of the author’s Reasoning with Rules and supplement the issues addressed therein. Some of the papers are new; others have been revised substantially after the publication of their original versions. The emphasis is on analysis, not on logical technicalities. Studies in Legal Logic contains chapters about the nature of norms, the role of coherence in the law, the nature of defeasibility, the role of dialectics in law and artificial intelligence, the statics and dynamics of the law, and the consistency of rules. Moreover, it contains a new, simplified and yet more powerful version of Reason-based Logic and extensive examples of how it can be used for the analysis of legal reasoning. The examples deal with legal theory construction, case-based reasoning, and judicial proof.

The Court Rules of the State of New York

Author : New York (State). Courts
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