Search results for: explaining-and-arguing

Explaining and Arguing

Author : Charles Antaki
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Explanations identify causes, back up claims and justify actions. Social scientists study them because they reveal how people understand and construct their worlds. This stimulating book offers a critical review of the major approaches to the study of everyday explaining and arguing. Using concrete examples to illuminate the range of contemporary approaches, Antaki's concern is to test theory against practice. He draws a picture of explanation as a richly social achievement of speaker and audience, involving a balance between delicate manoeuvre and the exercise of discursive power.

Explaining and Arguing

Author : Charles Antaki
File Size : 44.30 MB
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Explanations identify causes, back up claims and justify actions. Social scientists study them because they reveal how people understand and construct their worlds. This stimulating book offers a critical review of the major approaches to the study of everyday explaining and arguing. Using concrete examples to illuminate the range of contemporary approaches, Antaki's concern is to test theory against practice. He draws a picture of explanation as a richly social achievement of speaker and audience, involving a balance between delicate manoeuvre and the exercise of discursive power.

Historical Discourse

Author : Caroline Coffin
File Size : 69.82 MB
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Historical Discourse analyses the importance of the language of time, cause and evaluation in both texts which students at secondary school are required to read, and their own writing for assessment. In contrast to studies which have denied that history has a specialised language, Caroline Coffin demonstrates through a detailed study of historical texts, that writing about the past requires different genres, lexical and grammatical structures. In this analysis, language emerges as a powerful tool for making meaning in historical writing. Presupposing no prior knowledge of systemic functional linguistics, this insightful book will be of interest to researchers in applied linguistics and discourse analysis, as well as history educators.

Explaining Libertarianism Some Philosophical Arguments

Author : J.C. Lester
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Explaining Libertarianism: four theses: 1. Interpersonal liberty requires an explicit, pre-propertarian, purely factual, theory. 2. Liberty is and need only be morally desirable in systematic practice, not in every logically possible case. In practice, there is no clash between the two main moral contenders: rights and consequences. 3. Nothing can ever justify, support or ground any theory of liberty or its applications because it is logically impossible to transcend assumptions. Theories can only be explained, criticised and defended within conjectural frameworks. 4. The state is inherently authoritarian and also negative-sum. It reduces welfare overall, with the losses compounding over time. Libertarian anarchic order is the positive-sum solution to illiberal political chaos. J C Lester is a philosopher of libertarianism. He has written widely on the subject in books, articles and dialogues. His solution to the crucial philosophical problem of interpersonal liberty provides an explicit theory of liberty and explains how its application entails self-ownership and external property, and relates to all other interpersonal matters.

The Miracles Butler s Argument on Miracles Explained and Defended with Observations on Hume B Powell and J S Mill To which is Added a Critical Dissertation by H L Mansel

Author : Joseph NAPIER (Right Hon. Sir)
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Executive Teams in Research Based Spin Off Companies

Author : Rigo Tietz
File Size : 77.23 MB
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​Research-based spin-off companies are a special subgroup of new technology-based ventures and play an important role for innovation and economic development. Executive teams of academic spin-offs face several challenges in building up sustainable and profitable ventures, because they often lack managerial and entrepreneurial skills. Based on a quantitative analysis of 193 German spin-offs RigoTietz examines the relationships between executive team characteristics, strategic decision making, and firm performance. The study contributes to the entrepreneurship and strategic management literature and has practical implications for entrepreneurs and managers, policymakers and practitioners of start-up initiatives and technology transfer organisations.

Applied Artificial Intelligence

Author : Stephen J. Andriole
File Size : 47.86 MB
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The state of the practice--Tools and Techniques--Application Areas: Applications in Manufacturing and Design, Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instructional Systems, Defense Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Financial Applications of Intelligent Systems Technology, Applications in Robotics; Applied Natural Language; Artificial Intelligence and the Airline Industry, Artificial Intelligence and the Legal System, Knowledge-Based Software Engineering--Issues, Challenges, and New Frontiers.

Artistically and Musically Talented Students

Author : Enid Zimmerman
File Size : 55.78 MB
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Major themes include nature versus nurture in arts talent development, teacher empowerment, and collaboration with community members.

The Great Endarkenment

Author : Elijah Millgram
File Size : 80.39 MB
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Human beings have always been specialists, but over the past two centuries division of labor has become deeper, ubiquitous, and much more fluid. The form it now takes brings in its wake a series of problems that are simultaneously philosophical and practical, having to do with coordinating the activities of experts in different disciplines who do not understand one another. Because these problems are unrecognized, and because we do not have solutions for them, we are on the verge of an age in which decisions that depend on understanding more than one discipline at a time will be made badly. Since so many decisions do require multidisciplinary knowledge, these philosophical problems are urgent. Some of the puzzles that have traditionally been on philosophers' agendas have to do with intellectual devices developed to handle less extreme forms of specialization. Two of these, necessity and the practical ought', are given extended treatment in Elijah Millgram's The Great Endarkenment. In this collection of essays, both previously published and new, Millgram pays special attention to ways a focus on cognitive function reframes familiar debates in metaethics and metaphysics. Consequences of hyperspecialization for the theory of practical rationality, for our conception of agency, and for ethics are laid out and discussed. An Afterword considers whether and how philosophers can contribute to solving the very pressing problems created by contemporary division of labor. "These always interesting, often brilliant, and contentious essays focus on the question of how we need to reason practically, if we are to flourish, given Millgram's account of our human nature and of the environments that we inhabit. The originality of his thought is matched by his clarity and his wit."--Alasdair MacIntyre, University of Notre Dame

Critical Thinking for Students

Author : Roy van den Brink-Budgen
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Find out how to develop good arguments, looking specifically at assumptions and the use of evidence. Discover how to spot, and rectify, weaknesses in your arguments too.