Search Results for "fads-and-fallacies-in-the-name-of-science"

Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science

Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science

  • Author: Martin Gardner
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486131629
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 384
  • View: 6895
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Fair, witty appraisal of cranks, quacks, and quackeries of science and pseudoscience: hollow earth, Velikovsky, orgone energy, Dianetics, flying saucers, Bridey Murphy, food and medical fads, and much more.

The Borderlands of Science

The Borderlands of Science

Where Sense Meets Nonsense

  • Author: Michael Shermer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198032724
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 368
  • View: 6502
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As author of the bestselling Why People Believe Weird Things and How We Believe, and Editor-in-Chief of Skeptic magazine, Michael Shermer has emerged as the nation's number one scourge of superstition and bad science. Now, in The Borderlands of Science, he takes us to the place where real science (such as the big bang theory), borderland science (superstring theory), and just plain nonsense (Big Foot) collide with one another. Shermer argues that science is the best lens through which to view the world, but he recognizes that it's often difficult for most of us to tell where valid science leaves off and borderland science begins. To help us, Shermer looks at a range of topics that put the boundary line in high relief. For instance, he discusses the many "theories of everything" that try to reduce the complexity of the world to a single principle, and shows how most fall into the category of pseudoscience. He examines the work of Darwin and Freud, explaining why one is among the great scientists in history, while the other has become nothing more than a historical curiosity. He also shows how Carl Sagan's life exemplified the struggle we all face to find a balance between being open-minded enough to recognize radical new ideas but not so open-minded that our brains fall out. And finally, he reveals how scientists themselves can be led astray, as seen in the infamous Piltdown Hoax. Michael Shermer's enlightening volume will be a valuable aid to anyone bewildered by the many scientific theories swirling about. It will help us stay grounded in common sense as we try to evaluate everything from SETI and acupuncture to hypnosis and cloning.

God's Action in Nature's World

God's Action in Nature's World

Essays in Honour of Robert John Russell

  • Author: Mr Nathan Hallanger,Professor Ted Peters
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409477215
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 264
  • View: 9436
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In 1981 Robert John Russell founded what would become the leading center of research at the interface of science and religion, the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences. Throughout its twenty-five year history, CTNS under Russell's leadership has continued to guide and further the dialogue between science and theology. Russell has been an articulate spokesperson in calling for "creative mutual interaction" between the two fields. God's Action in Nature's World brings together sixteen internationally-recognized scholars to assess Robert Russell's impact on the discipline of science and religion. Focusing on three areas of Russell's work - methodology, cosmology, and divine action in quantum physics - this book celebrates Robert John Russell's contribution to the interdisciplinary engagement between the natural sciences and theology.

Persuaded by the Evidence

Persuaded by the Evidence

  • Author: Doug Sharp,Jerry Bergman
  • Publisher: New Leaf Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 089051545X
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 288
  • View: 1597
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A unique and interesting collection of true stories from Christians each sharing his personal journey to find the biblical truth of a six-day creation! From scientists in the midst of complex research to youth ministers, and more, see how each began at a different point and place in his life to question the supposed truth of evolution and how faith and actual evidence led to his embracing a creation-based, biblical world-view. In their testimonies, you will read about their search for answers, often unavailable through their school, their church, or scientific knowledge and how the discoveries they made have shaped their faith and changed their lives. Seeking answers for yourself? Discover the powerful truths these individuals now share and find yourself also persuaded by the evidence! Contributors include: Carl Kerby, Curt Sewell, Dr. Robert A. Herrmann, Dr. Walter T. Brown, Dr. Raymond Damadian, Frank Sherwin, and more!"

Rethinking the Power of Maps

Rethinking the Power of Maps

  • Author: Denis Wood
  • Publisher: Guilford Press
  • ISBN: 160623708X
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 335
  • View: 7568
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A contemporary follow-up to the groundbreaking Power of Maps, this book takes a fresh look at what maps do, whose interests they serve, and how they can be used in surprising, creative, and radical ways. Denis Wood describes how cartography facilitated the rise of the modern state and how maps continue to embody and project the interests of their creators. He demystifies the hidden assumptions of mapmaking and explores the promises and limitations of diverse counter-mapping practices today. Thought-provoking illustrations include U.S. Geological Survey maps; electoral and transportation maps; and numerous examples of critical cartography, participatory GIS, and map art.

Philosophy of Pseudoscience

Philosophy of Pseudoscience

Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

  • Author: Massimo Pigliucci,Maarten Boudry
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022605182X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 464
  • View: 9116
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What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? In this volume, the contributors seek to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as “the demarcation problem.” This issue has a long history in philosophy, stretching as far back as the early twentieth century and the work of Karl Popper. But by the late 1980s, scholars in the field began to treat the demarcation problem as impossible to solve and futile to ponder. However, the essays that Massimo Pigliucci and Maarten Boudry have assembled in this volume make a rousing case for the unequivocal importance of reflecting on the separation between pseudoscience and sound science. Moreover, the demarcation problem is not a purely theoretical dilemma of mere academic interest: it affects parents’ decisions to vaccinate children and governments’ willingness to adopt policies that prevent climate change. Pseudoscience often mimics science, using the superficial language and trappings of actual scientific research to seem more respectable. Even a well-informed public can be taken in by such questionable theories dressed up as science. Pseudoscientific beliefs compete with sound science on the health pages of newspapers for media coverage and in laboratories for research funding. Now more than ever the ability to separate genuine scientific findings from spurious ones is vital, and The Philosophy of Pseudoscience provides ground for philosophers, sociologists, historians, and laypeople to make decisions about what science is or isn’t.

Mind, Brain, and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century

Mind, Brain, and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century

Cerebral Localization and Its Biological Context from Gall to Ferrier

  • Author: Robert Maxwell Young
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • ISBN: 0195063899
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 278
  • View: 7528
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The author examines ideas of the nature and localization of the functions of the brain in the light of the philosophical constraints at work in the sciences of mind and brain in the 19th century. Particular attention is paid to phrenology, sensory-motor physiology and associationist psychology.

The New Ambidextrous Universe

The New Ambidextrous Universe

Symmetry and Asymmetry from Mirror Reflections to Superstrings

  • Author: Martin Gardner
  • Publisher: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486442446
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 401
  • View: 4269
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This newly updated edition of a well-known work explores a pair of modern science's most fundamental discoveries: the asymmetric DNA helix and the overthrow of parity (left-right symmetry) in particle physics. Absorbing and thought-provoking, The New Ambidextrous Universe was written by Martin Gardner, one of Dover's most popular authors,.

Counter-Movements in the Sciences

Counter-Movements in the Sciences

The Sociology of the Alternatives to Big Science

  • Author: H. Nowotny,H. Rose
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400994214
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 294
  • View: 5127
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Heretical thoughts in an orthodox series on sociology of the sciences? Devils and science between the covers of one book? Games with ambivalence to mask collective uncertainty? We anticipate similar future reactions from readers or reviewers when assessing the way in which this volume has been assembled. But writings on counter-science, like the history of colonialism, are usually written by the winners, therefore unequivocally partial and only too often lacking in social imagination. In seeking to redress the balance, we admit to having been fully receptive to the latter, of having displayed an un measured degree of sympathy with heretics and outsiders, including practising scientists, and to letting science defend itself. The antithetical relationship implied in the volume's title - Counter-movements in the Sciences - stands for what we regard as an ongoing, open-ended process. In collecting material for this volume, we have brought together voices speaking from different quarters: there are those who, although modestly claiming to speak only for them selves, have set out to question sacred assumptions of scientific faith or to cast doubt on well-known claims scientific knowledge holds over other forms of knowledge; others have undertaken to demonstrate the fragility, ifnot untenability of attempts at demarcation between science and other systems of belief or practice or shown that demarcations between different forms of rationality rest on other than methodological grounds; finally, those who wish to re-arrange, by mapping out some meta-point of surveillance, familiar territory, showing the need for rearrangement and