Search Results for "failing-to-protect-the-un-and-the-politicisation-of-human-rights"

Failing to Protect

Failing to Protect

The Un and the Politicization of Human Rights

  • Author: Rosa Freedman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190222549
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 222
  • View: 8650
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Every year tens of millions of individuals suffer grave abuses of their human rights. These violations occur worldwide, in war-torn countries and in the wealthiest states. Despite many of the abuses being well-documented, little seems to be done to stop them from happening. The United Nations was established to safeguard world peace and security, development, and human rights yet it is undeniable that currently is it failing to protect the rights of a great many people from the victims of ethnic cleansing, to migrants, those displaced by war and women who suffer horrendous abuse. This book looks at the reasons for that failure. Using concrete examples intertwined with explanations of the law and politics of the UN, Rosa Freedman offers clear explanations of how and why the Organisation is unable, at best, or unwilling, at worst, to protect human rights. Written for a non-specialist audience, her book also seeks to explain why certain countries and political blocs manipulate and undermine the UN s human rights machinery. Failing to Protect demonstrates the urgent need for radical reform of the machinery of human rights protection at the international level.

Commissions of Inquiry

Commissions of Inquiry

Problems and Prospects

  • Author: Christian Henderson
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1782258795
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 392
  • View: 3918
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This timely and pertinent collection looks at the variety of questions involved in the operation of Commissions of Inquiry (CoIs). Traditionally existing as pure fact-finding bodies, in recent times the function of CoIs has arguably shifted and broadened so as to provide a form of legal adjudication. This shift in their application merits scrutiny and this edited collection of essays addresses institutional and procedural aspects of CoIs, as well as issues in regards to the application and interpretation of the substantative law applied to them. Essay topics include the relationship of CoIs with, and impact upon, traditional forms of adjudication, the influences of international law upon the work of CoIs, through to issues of procedural fairness. Drawing upon the expertise of scholars working within in the field, it offers an insightful and critical analysis of CoIs.

The Human Rights Covenants at 50

The Human Rights Covenants at 50

Their Past, Present, and Future

  • Author: Daniel Moeckli,Helen Keller,Corina Heri
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019256028X
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 400
  • View: 6544
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Half a century ago, on 16 December 1966, the UN General Assembly adopted the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). While the adoption of the two UN human rights covenants was celebrated all over the world, their 50th anniversary has received very little attention from the international community. The present book marks this anniversary by taking stock of the first half-century of the existence of what are probably the world's two most important human rights treaties. It does so by reflecting on what the covenants have achieved (or failed to achieve) in the years that have passed, by determining and comparing their current influence in the various regions of the world, and by assessing their potential roles in the future. The book contains papers that were presented during a symposium held in Zurich in 2016, which brought together experts and stakeholders from a range of disciplines and world regions. Some fundamental issues that are addressed by the contributors are as old as the two covenants themselves. They concern, for example, the division of human rights into first- and second-generation rights, and the question of whether there should be one central monitoring body - possibly a world court - or more than just one. However, the contributors go beyond such questions that have been explored before; they develop new answers to old questions and point to new challenges.

Environmental Protection and Human Rights

Environmental Protection and Human Rights

  • Author: Donald K. Anton,Dinah L. Shelton
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139498525
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6615
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With unique scholarly analysis and practical discussion, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to the relationship between environmental protection and human rights being formalized into law in many legal systems. This book instructs on environmental techniques and procedures that assist in the protection of human rights. The text provides cogent guidance on a growing international jurisprudence on the promotion and protection of human rights in relation to the environment that has been developed by international and regional human rights bodies and tribunals. It explores a rich body of case law that continues to develop within states on the environmental dimension of the rights to life, to health, and to public participation and access to information. Five compelling contemporary case studies are included that implicate human rights and the environment, ranging from large dam projects to the creation of a new human right to a clean environment.

The United Nations Human Rights Council

The United Nations Human Rights Council

A critique and early assessment

  • Author: Rosa Freedman
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135115141
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 332
  • View: 1604
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The United Nations Human Rights Council was created in 2006 to replace the UN Commission on Human Rights. The Council’s mandate and founding principles demonstrate that one of the main aims, at its creation, was for the Council to overcome the Commission’s flaws. Despite the need to avoid repeating its predecessor's failings, the Council’s form, nature and many of its roles and functions are strikingly similar to those of the Commission. This book examines the creation and formative years of the United Nations Human Rights Council and assesses the extent to which the Council has fulfilled its mandate. International law and theories of international relations are used to examine the Council and its functions. Council sessions, procedures and mechanisms are analysed in-depth, with particular consideration given to whether the Council has become politicised to the same extent as the Commission. Whilst remaining aware of the key differences in their functions, Rosa Freedman compares the work of the Council to that of treaty-based human rights bodies. The author draws on observations from her attendance at Council proceedings in order to offer a unique account of how the body works in practice. The United Nations Human Rights Council will be of great interest to students and scholars of human rights law and international relations, as well as lawyers, NGOs and relevant government agencies.

Annual Report

Annual Report

  • Author: Justice (Society)
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law reform
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6526
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The Failure of Political Reform in Venezuela

The Failure of Political Reform in Venezuela

  • Author: Julia Buxton
  • Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited
  • ISBN: 9780754613466
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 242
  • View: 4931
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The victory of former lieutenant colonel Hugo Chavez in the Venezuelan presidential elections of 1998 was criticized as a blow against the country's deep-seated democratic tradition. It is claimed that this simplistic argument fails to recognize the extent of democratic deterioration in the country and the limitations imposed by discredited political actors on a meaningful democratic reform process. The book aims to break new ground in providing unseen evidence of electoral fraud and offers a fresh perspective on the nature of democratic development.

The United Nations and Africa

The United Nations and Africa

Peace, Development and Human Security : Policy Seminar Report

  • Author: Helen Scanlon,Timothy Murithi
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Peace-building
  • Page: 56
  • View: 5601
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Timor-Leste

Timor-Leste

Challenges for Justice and Human Rights in the Shadow of the Past

  • Author: William Binchy
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 604
  • View: 4978
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Timor-Leste has had a troubled history and faces an uncertain future. Having experienced colonization for centuries followed by the Indonesian occupation, with all its abuses of human rights, Timor-Leste emerged as an independent state, based on the rule of law and on respect for human rights. The last few years have shown that no society is simple and that the complex influences of the past continue to shape political, social, and cultural realities. This book examines the contemporary challenges for justice and human rights in the shadow of the past. It approaches the task from a broad interdisciplinary perspective, conscious of the need to integrate insights not only of scholars immersed in human rights, international criminal justice, and customary law, but of others whose backgrounds are in international relations, history, anthropology, demography, sociology, geography, and ecology.

Refugees and Human Rights

Refugees and Human Rights

  • Author: V. T. Patil,Priya Ranjan Trivedi
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Human rights
  • Page: 322
  • View: 9526
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