Search results for: fatal-tradeoffs

Fatal Tradeoffs

Author : W. Kip Viscusi
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Rights

Author : Robin West
File Size : 37.65 MB
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Rights brings together the most influential essays of the last thirty years critiquing and defending the liberal rights tradition. Modern 'rights critics' have focused on the perceived conflict between liberal rights and progressive or egalitarian political objectives, the preference of liberal states for negative over positive rights and also the dangers to community of the overly atomistic conception of human nature, which is arguably at the heart of the liberal rights tradition.

The Regulatory State

Author : Lisa Schultz Bressman
File Size : 82.15 MB
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The Regulatory State, Third Edition is distinguished by a practical focus on how federal administrative agencies make decisions, how political institutions influence decisions, and how courts review those decisions. With coverage tailored to 1L or upper-level courses on the regulatory state or legislation and regulation, Bressman, Rubin, and Stack use primary source materials drawn from agency rules, adjudicatory orders, and guidance documents to show how lawyers engage agencies. Additionally, this book uses an accessible central example (auto safety) throughout to make the materials cohesive and accessible, and presents legislation with attention to modern developments in the legislative process. The Regulatory State, Third Edition also presents statutory interpretation in useful terms, highlighting the “tools” that courts employ as well as the theories that judges and scholars have offered. New to the Third Edition: Expanded discussion of agency methods of statutory implementation and regulatory interpretation Additional primary source materials Up-to-date examination of political and judicial control of agency action New chapter with a case study of the regulatory process using the main example from the book Professors and students will benefit from: Tools-based approach that highlights the methods of analysis that agencies, courts, and lawyers utilize Use of an accessible central example as a familiar entry point into a complex legal area Primary source materials—agency documents, including notice-and-comment rules, adjudicatory orders, agency guidance, and more Empirical data, normative or theoretical questions, and practical examples

Death Rode the Rails

Author : Mark Aldrich
File Size : 45.5 MB
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For most of the 19th and much of the 20th centuries, railroads dominated American transportation. They transformed life and captured the imagination. Yet by 1907 railroads had also become the largest cause of violent death in the country, that year claiming the lives of nearly twelve thousand passengers, workers, and others. In Death Rode the Rails Mark Aldrich explores the evolution of railroad safety in the United States by examining a variety of incidents: spectacular train wrecks, smaller accidents in shops and yards that devastated the lives of workers and their families, and the deaths of thousands of women and children killed while walking on or crossing the street-grade tracks. The evolution of railroad safety, Aldrich argues, involved the interplay of market forces, science and technology, and legal and public pressures. He considers the railroad as a system in its entirety: operational realities, technical constraints, economic history, internal politics, and labor management. Aldrich shows that economics initially encouraged American carriers to build and operate cheap and dangerous lines. Only over time did the trade-off between safety and output—shaped by labor markets and public policy—motivate carriers to develop technological improvements that enhanced both productivity and safety. A fascinating account of one of America's most important industries and its dangers, Death Rode the Rails will appeal to scholars of economics and the history of transportation, technology, labor, regulation, safety, and business, as well as to railroad enthusiasts.

Columbia Law Review

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File Size : 22.24 MB
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Product risk Labeling

Author : W. Kip Viscusi
File Size : 32.40 MB
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Or would some labeling strategies actually distort consumers' perceptions of relative risks and impair their ability to make informed choices?

When All Else Fails

Author : David A. Moss
File Size : 29.16 MB
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One of the most important functions of government--risk management--is one of the least well understood. Moving beyond familiar public functions--spending, taxation, and regulation--Moss spotlights government's pivotal role as a risk manager, revealing the nature and extent of this function, which touches almost every aspect of economic life.

Regulation

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File Size : 65.78 MB
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Toolbox to Assess Tradeoffs Between Safety Operations and Air Quality for Intersection and Access Management Strategies

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File Size : 67.3 MB
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Significant transportation agency resources are allocated to meet maintenance, operations, safety, and air quality goals. Although there is a significant amount of overlap between these areas, decisions to meet agency goals in one area often do not consider goals in the others and, as a result, miss opportunities to leverage funds and make better informed decisions overall. There are a number of areas of overlap between capital improvements designed to improve operations, maintenance, safety, and air quality goals that provide a rich opportunity to leverage funds and use resources more cost-effectively while meeting agency goals in two or more of the areas. The objective of this research is to develop analytical tools that can efficiently evaluate common capital projects used to meet agency goals in one area (operations, safety, air quality, and maintenance) but that also have a significant impact on the others.

Economic Environmental and Health Tradeoffs in Agriculture Pesticides and the Sustainability of Andean Potato Production

Author : C. Crissman
File Size : 90.8 MB
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Today the goal of designing highly productive, sustainable agricultural produc tion systems is at the forefront of the agricultural research agenda around the world. The key to designing sustainable agricultural production technologies is in understanding their economic, environmental, and human health impacts. This volume presents a methodology designed to quantify such impacts and to represent them as tradeoff's. We propose this tradeoff' methodology as an approach to accomplish two essential elements in achieving agricultural sustainability. First, the tradeoff's method is a key to the design of successful interdisciplinary research projects to assess sustainability of production systems. Second, the tradeoff's method provides a successful means to communicate research findings to policy makers and the public. To put this effort into perspective, we would like to explain its origins and reflect on its implications for conducting future research. In 1987, the Rockefeller Foundation commissioned a report that set out to ascertain why, in view ofthe extensive literatures on certain classes of agricul tural pollution, there had been few if any attempts to incorporate pollution externalities into the rather voluminous literature on the assessment of agricultural research impacts (Antle and Capalbo, 1988; see also Antle, 1994).

Book Review Digest

Author : Martha T. Mooney
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- Excerpts from and citations to reviews of more than 8,000 books each year, from 109 publications. - Electronic version with expanded coverage, and retrospective version available, see p. 5 and p. 31. - Pricing: Service Basis-Books.

New York University environmental law journal

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File Size : 20.1 MB
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Penn State Environmental Law Review

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File Size : 55.23 MB
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California law review

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File Size : 87.86 MB
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The Social Costs of Punitive Damages Against Corporations in Environmental and Safety Tort

Author : W. Kip Viscusi
File Size : 69.30 MB
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Canada United States Law journal

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File Size : 73.43 MB
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Estimating OSHA Compliance Costs

Author : Harvey S. James
File Size : 36.2 MB
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Journal of Economic Literature

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File Size : 36.85 MB
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Determination of the Tradeoffs Between Safety Weight and Cost of Possible Improvements to Vehicles Structure and Restraints Final Report

Author : G. H. Alexander
File Size : 36.61 MB
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State and Market in a Globalized World

Author : Detlef Junker
File Size : 69.82 MB
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Papers of a conference held October 5-8, 2006 in Heidelberg.