Search results for: formal-verification-of-circuits

Formal Verification and Design of Digital Circuits

Author : Jeffrey Nathan Spiegel
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Formal Verification of Circuits

Author : Rolf Drechsler
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Formal verification has become one of the most important steps in circuit design. Since circuits can contain several million transistors, verification of such large designs becomes more and more difficult. Pure simulation cannot guarantee the correct behavior and exhaustive simulation is often impossible. However, many designs, like ALUs, have very regular structures that can be easily described at a higher level of abstraction. For example, describing (and verifying) an integer multiplier at the bit-level is very difficult, while the verification becomes easy when the outputs are grouped to build a bit-string. Recently, several approaches for formal circuit verification have been proposed that make use of these regularities. These approaches are based on Word-Level Decision Diagrams (WLDDs) which are graph-based representations of functions (similar to BDDs) that allow for the representation of functions with a Boolean range and an integer domain. Formal Verification of Circuits is devoted to the discussion of recent developments in the field of decision diagram-based formal verification. Firstly, different types of decision diagrams (including WLDDs) are introduced and theoretical properties are discussed that give further insight into the data structure. Secondly, implementation and minimization concepts are presented. Applications to arithmetic circuit verification and verification of designs specified by hardware description languages are described to show how WLDDs work in practice. Formal Verification of Circuits is intended for CAD developers and researchers as well as designers using modern verification tools. It will help people working with formal verification (in industry or academia) to keep informed about recent developments in this area.

Formal Verification of Analog and Mixed Signal Circuits Using Deductive and Bounded Approaches

Author : Hafiz Ul Asad
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Highly Automated Formal Verification of Arithmetic Circuits

Author : Amr Sayed-Ahmed
File Size : 36.55 MB
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Applied Formal Verification

Author : Douglas L. Perry
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Formal verification is a powerful new digital design method. In this cutting-edge tutorial, two of the field's best known authors team up to show designers how to efficiently apply Formal Verification, along with hardware description languages like Verilog and VHDL, to more efficiently solve real-world design problems. Contents: Simulation-Based Verification * Introduction to Formal Techniques * Contrasting Simulation vs. Formal Techniques * Developing a Formal Test Plan * Writing High-Level Requirements * Proving High-Level Requirements * System Level Simulation * Design Example * Formal Test Plan * Final System Simulation

Introduction to Formal Hardware Verification

Author : Thomas Kropf
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This advanced textbook presents an almost complete overview of techniques for hardware verification. It covers all approaches used in existing tools, such as binary and word-level decision diagrams, symbolic methods for equivalence and temporal logic model checking, and introduces the use of higher-order logic theorem proving for verifying circuit correctness. Each chapter contains an introduction and a summary as well as a section for the advanced reader, aiding an understanding of the advantages and limitations of each technique. Backed by many examples and illustrations, this text will appeal to a broad audience, from beginners in system design to experts. XXXXXXX Neuer Text This is a complete overview of existing techniques for hardware verification. It covers all approaches used in existing verification tools, such as symbolic methods for equivalence checking, temporal logic model checking, and higher-order logic theorem proving for verifying circuit correctness. The book helps readers to understand the advantages and limitations of each technique. Each chapter contains a summary as well as a section for the advanced reader.

Formal Methods in Circuit Design

Author : Victoria Stavridou
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Graduate level account of hardware verification and algebraic specification.

Advanced Formal Verification

Author : Rolf Drechsler
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Advanced Formal Verification shows the latest developments in the verification domain from the perspectives of the user and the developer. World leading experts describe the underlying methods of today's verification tools and describe various scenarios from industrial practice. In the first part of the book the core techniques of today's formal verification tools, such as SAT and BDDs are addressed. In addition, multipliers, which are known to be difficult, are studied. The second part gives insight in professional tools and the underlying methodology, such as property checking and assertion based verification. Finally, analog components have to be considered to cope with complete system on chip designs.

Formal Methods in Computer Aided Design

Author : Mandayam Srivas
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Formal Methods in Computer-Aided Design, FMCAD '96, held in Palo Alto, California, USA, in November 1996. The 25 revised full papers presented were selected from a total of 65 submissions; also included are three invited survey papers and four tutorial contributions. The volume covers all relevant formal aspects of work in computer-aided systems design, including verification, synthesis, and testing.

Formal Methods Foundations and Applications

Author : Tiago Massoni
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st Brazilian Symposium on Formal Methods, SBMF 2018, which took place in Salvador, Brazil, in November 2018. The 16 regular papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 30 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections such as: techniques and methodologies; specification and modeling languages; theoretical foundations; verification and validation; experience reports regarding teaching formal methods; and applications.Chapter “TeSSLa: Temporal Stream-Based Specification Language” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Formal Methods in Computer Aided Design

Author : Mark D. Aagaard
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This volume contains the proceedings of the Fourth Biennial Conference on F- mal Methods in Computer-Aided Design (FMCAD). The conference is devoted to the use of mathematical methods for the analysis of digital hardware c- cuits and systems. The workreported in this bookdescribes the use of formal mathematics and associated tools to design and verify digital hardware systems. Functional veri?cation has become one of the principal costs in a modern computer design e?ort. FMCAD provides a venue for academic and industrial researchers and practitioners to share their ideas and experiences of using - screte mathematical modeling and veri?cation. Over the past 20 years, this area has grown from just a few academic researchers to a vibrant worldwide com- nity of people from both academia and industry. This volume includes 23 papers selected from the 47 submitted papers, each of which was reviewed by at least three program committee members. The history of FMCAD dates backto 1984, when the earliest meetings on this topic occurred as part of IFIP WG10.2.

Verification of Systems and Circuits Using LOTOS Petri Nets and CCS

Author : Michael Yoeli
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A Step-by-Step Guide to Verification of Digital Systems This practical book provides a step-by-step, interactive introduction to formal verification of systems and circuits. The book offers theoretical background and introduces the application of three powerful verification toolsets: LOTOS-based CADP, Petri nets–based PETRIFY, and CCS-based CWB. The book covers verification of modular asynchronous circuits, alternating-bit protocols, arbiters, pipeline controllers, up-down counters, and phase converters, as well as many other verification examples. Using the given detailed examples, exercises, and easy-to-follow tutorials, complete with the downloadable toolsets available via referenced Web sites, this book serves as an ideal text in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in computer science and electrical engineering. It is also valuable as a desktop reference for practicing verification engineers who are interested in verifying that designed digital systems meet specifications and requirements.

Symbolic Simulation Methods for Industrial Formal Verification

Author : Robert B. Jones
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Symbolic Simulation Methods for Industrial Formal Verification contains two distinct, but related, approaches to the verification problem. Both are based on symbolic simulation. The first approach is applied at the gate level and has been successful in verifying sub-circuits of industrial microprocessors with tens and even hundreds of thousands of gates. The second approach is applied at a high-level of abstraction and is used for high-level descriptions of designs. Historically, it has been difficult to apply formal verification methods developed in academia to the verification problems encountered in commercial design projects. This book describes new ideas that enable the use of formal methods, specifically symbolic simulation, in validating commercial hardware designs of remarkable complexity. These ideas are demonstrated on circuits with many thousands of latches-much larger circuits than those previously formally verified. The book contains three main topics: Self consistency, a technique for deriving a formal specification of design behavior from the design itself; The use of the parametric representation to encode predicates as functional vectors for symbolic simulation, an important step in addressing the state-explosion problem; Incremental flushing, a method used to verify high-level descriptions of out-of-order execution. Symbolic Simulation Methods for Industrial Formal Verification concludes with work on verification of simplified models of out-of-order processors.

Formal Methods in Computer Aided Design

Author : Alan J. Hu
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Formal Methods in Computer-Aided Design, FMCAD 2004, held in Austin, Texas, USA in November 2004. The 29 revised full papers presented together with the abstract of an invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 69 submissions. The papers address all current issues on tools, methods, algorithms, and foundational theory for the application of formalized reasoning to all aspects of computer-aided systems design, including specification, verification, synthesis, and testing.

Computer Aided Verification

Author : Edmund M. Clarke
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This volume contains the proceedings of the second workshop on Computer Aided Verification, held at DIMACS, Rutgers University, June 18-21, 1990. Itfeatures theoretical results that lead to new or more powerful verification methods. Among these are advances in the use of binary decision diagrams, dense time, reductions based upon partial order representations and proof-checking in controller verification. The motivation for holding a workshop on computer aided verification was to bring together work on effective algorithms or methodologies for formal verification - as distinguished, say,from attributes of logics or formal languages. The considerable interest generated by the first workshop, held in Grenoble, June 1989 (see LNCS 407), prompted this second meeting. The general focus of this volume is on the problem of making formal verification feasible for various models of computation. Specific emphasis is on models associated with distributed programs, protocols, and digital circuits. The general test of algorithm feasibility is to embed it into a verification tool, and exercise that tool on realistic examples: the workshop included sessionsfor the demonstration of new verification tools.

Computer Aided Verification

Author : Gregor von Bochmann
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This volume gives the proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Computer-Aided Verification (CAV '92), held in Montreal, June 29 - July 1, 1992. The objective of this series of workshops is to bring together researchers and practitioners interested in the development and use of methods, tools and theories for the computer-aided verification of concurrent systems. The workshops provide an opportunity for comparing various verification methods and practical tools that can be used to assist the applications designer. Emphasis is placed on new research results and the application of existing results to real verification problems. The volume contains 31 papers selected from 75 submissions. These are organized into parts on reduction techniques, proof checking, symbolic verification, timing verification, partial-order approaches, case studies, model and proof checking, and other approaches. The volume starts with an invited lecture by Leslie Lamport entitled "Computer-hindered verification (humans can do it too)".

Formal Methods for Hardware Verification

Author : Marco Bernardo
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This book presents 8 papers accompanying the lectures of leading researchers given at the 6th edition of the International School on Formal Methods for the Design of Computer, Communication and Software Systems (SFM 2006). SFM 2006 was devoted to formal techniques for hardware verification and covers several aspects of the hardware design process, including hardware design languages and simulation, property specification formalisms, automatic test pattern generation, symbolic trajectory evaluation, and more.

Hardware and Software Verification and Testing

Author : Valeria Bertacco
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2013, held in Haifa, Israel in November 2013. The 24 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 49 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on SAT and SMT-based verification, software testing, supporting dynamic verification, specification and coverage, abstraction and model presentation.

The Design and Formal Verification of an Integrated Circuit for Use in a Floating point Systolic Array Fast Fourier Transform Processor

Author : Peter E. DelVecchio
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Hardware and Software Verification and Testing

Author : Ofer Strichman
File Size : 80.16 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2017, held in Haifa, Israel in November 2017.The 13 revised full papers presented together with 4 poster and 5 tool demo papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 45 submissions. They are dedicated to advance the state of the art and state of the practice in verification and testing and are discussing future directions of testing and verification for hardware, software, and complex hybrid systems.