Search results for: fort-robinson

US 20 Fort Robinson East Sioux Dawes Counties

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Fort Robinson

Author : Ephriam D. Dickson
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Established in northwestern Nebraska in 1874, Fort Robinson served as a military post for nearly 75 years, playing a critical role in the settlement of the West. From here, soldiers marched out to participate in the Great Sioux War of 1876-1877. The famous Oglala leader Crazy Horse was killed at the post. In 1878, Dull Knife's band of Northern Cheyenne attempted to escape the post, resulting in more than 64 deaths. Troops from Fort Robinson were also sent to the Pine Ridge Agency during the Ghost Dance fervor in 1890, the last of the armed conflicts with the Lakota. The arrival of the railroad at Fort Robinson initiated a new role for the post in the 20th century. Between 1885 and 1907, Fort Robinson was home to the 9th and 10th Cavalry, the famous buffalo soldiers. In 1919, Fort Robinson became a remount depot where horses and mules were purchased and conditioned for issue to the army. During World War II, Fort Robinson included a German POW internment camp and the site of the army's largest war dog reception and training center. The fort closed in 1948 and was made a state park in 1972.

Fort Robinson and the American West 1874 1899

Author : Thomas R. Buecker
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Established in 1874 just south of the Black Hills, Fort Robinson witnessed many of the most dramatic, most tragic encounters between whites and American Indians, including the Cheyenne Outbreak, the death of Crazy Horse, the Ghost Dance, the desperation and diplomacy of such famed plains Indian leaders as Dull Knife and Red Cloud, and the tragic sequence of events surrounding Wounded Knee.

Fort Robinson and the American Century 1900 1948

Author : Thomas R. Buecker
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Most fort histories end when the military lowers the flag for the last time and the soldiers march out. In contrast, Fort Robinson—occupied and used for more than fifty years since its abandonment by the U.S. army—has taken on new roles. This book recounts the story of this famous northwestern Nebraska army post as it underwent remarkable transformation in the first half of the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, Fort Robinson hosted the last of the African American buffalo soldiers to serve in Nebraska. In the 1920s and 1930s the fort procured and issued thousands of horses for the U.S. army’s largest remount depot. During World War II, Fort Robinson housed the army’s primary war dog training center and served as a major internment camp for German prisoners of war. After 1948, Fort Robinson became a beef research center and is now the state’s premier park. Fort Robinson and the American Century, 1900-1948, is based on more than twenty years of archival research as well as the personal recollections of the men and women who served at the fort. More than ninety photographs and five maps supplement the narrative.

Northern Cheyenne Ledger Art by Fort Robinson Breakout Survivors

Author : Denise Low
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Northern Cheyenne Ledger Art by Fort Robinson Breakout Survivors presents the images of Native warriors—Wild Hog, Porcupine, and Left Hand, as well as possibly Noisy Walker (or Old Man), Old Crow, Blacksmith, and Tangled Hair—as they awaited probable execution in the Dodge City jail in 1879. When Sheriff Bat Masterson provided drawing materials, the men created war books that were coded to avoid confrontation with white authorities and to narrate survival from a Northern Cheyenne point of view. The prisoners used the ledger-art notebooks to maintain their cultural practices during incarceration and as gifts and for barter with whites in the prison where they struggled to survive. The ledger-art notebooks present evidence of spiritual practice and include images of contemporaneous animals of the region, hunting, courtship, dance, social groupings, and a few war-related scenes. Denise Low and Ramon Powers include biographical materials from the imprisonment and subsequent release, which extend the historical arc of Northern Cheyenne heroes of the Plains Indian Wars into reservation times. Sources include selected ledger drawings, army reports, letters, newspapers, and interviews with some of the Northern Cheyenne men and their descendants. Accounts from a firsthand witness of the drawings and composition of the ledgers themselves give further information about Native perspectives on the conflicted history of the North American West in the nineteenth century and beyond. This group of artists jailed after the tragedy of the Fort Robinson Breakout have left a legacy of courage and powerful art.

Fort Robinson Crawford Nebraska

Author : Nebraska State Historical Society
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January Moon

Author : Jerome A. Greene
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Historian Jerome A. Greene is renowned for his memorable chronicles of egregious events involving American Indians and the U.S. military, including Sand Creek, Washita, and Wounded Knee. Now, in January Moon, Greene draws from extensive research and fieldwork to explore a signal—and appallingly brutal—event in American history: the desperate flight of Chief Dull Knife’s Northern Cheyenne Indians from imprisonment at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. In the wake of the Great Sioux War of 1876–77, the U.S. government expelled most Northern Cheyennes from their northern plains homeland to Indian Territory, in present-day Oklahoma. Following mounting hardships, many of those people, under Chiefs Dull Knife and Little Wolf, broke away, seeking to return north. While Little Wolf’s band managed initially to elude pursuing U.S. troops, Dull Knife’s people were captured in 1878 and ushered into a makeshift barrack prison at Camp (later Fort) Robinson, where they spent months waiting for government officials to decide their fate. It is here that Greene’s riveting narrative edges toward its climax. On the night of January 9, 1879, in a bloody struggle with troops, Dull Knife’s people staged a massive breakout from their barrack prison in a last-ditch bid for freedom. Greene paints a vivid picture of their frantic escape, which took place under an unusually brilliant moon that doomed many of those fleeing by silhouetting them against the snow. A climactic engagement at Antelope Creek proved especially devastating, and the helpless people were nearly annihilated. In gripping detail, Greene follows the survivors’ dreadful experiences into their aftermath, including creation of the Northern Cheyenne Reservation. Carrying the story to the present day, he describes Cheyenne tribal events commemorating the breakout—all designed to ensure that the injustices of nineteenth-century U.S. government policy will never be forgotten.

Buffalo Soldiers Braves and the Brass

Author : Frank N. Schubert
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Although focusing on those men, women, and children stationed at the fort, the author also examines their impact on the neighboring town of Crawford. Those civilians depended on military spending in both traditional and novel ways. War Department expenditures stimulated business and brought some residents power and profit while the money the soldiers spent on whisky and sex helped support municipal government through saloon and prostitution taxes. Indeed, when the garrison was called away for the Spanish-American War in 1898, the town's revenues plummetted. Because Fort Robinson housed black troops for many years, race relations formed a significant part of the post's history. The black Ninth and Tenth Cavalry Regiments, both of which earned reputations for skill and reliability in the Indian Wars before coming to the fort, spent several years on post.

Library of Universal Knowledge

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Annual Report to the Secretary of War

Author : United States. War Dept. Inspector General's Office
File Size : 88.27 MB
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Serial set no 0 3099

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Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana for the Fiscal Years Ending October 31

Author : Indiana. Adjutant General's Office
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Outpost of the Sioux Wars

Author : Frank N. Schubert
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In 1874, Fort Robinson was founded amid the piney ridges of northwest Nebraska to stem the attacks of the Sioux, angered by settlers encroaching on the High Plains and by gold prospectors invading their sacred Black Hills. Fort Robinson’s residents—including black troops, members of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry Regiments—were divided by rank and sometimes by race. Schubert makes clear the vital importance of Fort Robinson during the Sioux wars, including the Ghost Dance Uprisings of 1890, and he blends social analysis with military history in his concern for the families of soldiers and civilians.

Nebraska Blue Book

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Beef Cattle Breeding Research at Fort Robinson

Author : Marvel L. Baker
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Annual Report of the Quartermaster general to the Secretary of War

Author : United States. Quartermaster's Dept
File Size : 30.15 MB
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Outing

Author : Poultney Bigelow
File Size : 85.59 MB
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United States Government Publications

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Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution

Author : Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of Ethnology
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Our Indian Wards

Author : George Washington Manypenny
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