Search Results for "free-jazz"

Free Jazz

Free Jazz

  • Author: Ekkehard Jost
  • Publisher: Da Capo Press
  • ISBN: 9780306805561
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 214
  • View: 832
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"Neither in Europe, nor in the States, has anyone published a volume dealing with contemporary jazz problems in such a concise and detailed manner."--Jazz Forum When originally published in 1974, Ekkehard Jost's Free Jazz was the first examination of the new music of such innovators as Sun Ra, Ornette Coleman, and the Art Ensemble of Chicago. Jost studied the music (not the lives) of a selection of musicians-black jazz artists who pioneered a new form of African American music-to arrive at the most in-depth look so far at the phenomenon of free jazz. Free jazz is not absolutely free, as Jost is at pains to point out. As each convention of the old music was abrogated, new conventions arose, whether they were rhythmic, melodic, tonal, or compositional, Coltrane's move into modal music was governed by different principles than Coleman's melodic excursions; Sun Ra's attention to texture and rhythm created an entirely different big bang sound then had Mingus's attention to form. In Free Jazz, Jost paints a group of ten "style portraits"-musical images of the styles and techniques of John Coltrane, Charles Mingus, Ornette Coleman, Cecil Taylor, Archie Shepp, Albert Ayler, Don Cherry, the Chicago-based AACM (which included Richard Abrams, Joseph Jarman, Roscoe Mitchell, Lester Bowie, Anthony Braxton, and the Art Ensemble of Chicago), and Sun Ra and his Arkestra. As a composite picture of some of the most compelling music of the 1960s and '70s, Free Jazz is unequalled for the depth and clarity of its analysis and its even handed approach.

Free Jazz and Free Improvisation

Free Jazz and Free Improvisation

An Encyclopedia

  • Author: Todd S. Jenkins
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313333149
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 468
  • View: 8057
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The free jazz revolution that began in the mid-1950s represented an artistic and sociopolitical response to the economic, racial, and musical climate of jazz and the nation. In parallel with the American civil rights movement, free jazz exemplified an escape from the restrictive rules of musical performance with an emphasis on individual expression and musical democracy. A handful of major individual artists opened the gateway to intense personalization of performances through astonishing new techniques, and inner-city collectives were formed to support artistic experimentation and community education. Reviled by most critics and jazz fans in its nascence, and still highly misunderstood today, free jazz eventually had a profound influence on subsequent developments in jazz and rock, forever changing the musical landscape. Todd S. Jenkins' handy encyclopedia of free music reflects upon the personalities, styles, organizations, philosophy and politics of a musical form to which too little prior attention has been devoted. Directing readers to outstanding recorded performances, it serves as an essential introduction to this difficult but rewarding music, offering a scholarly historical and cultural overview that provides a critical assessment of one of the most misunderstood periods in American music. Filling many gaps left in previously published literature on the subject, Jenkins's work is a necessary addition to the shelves of music libraries and the collections of jazz aficionados alike.

Flow, Gesture, and Spaces in Free Jazz

Flow, Gesture, and Spaces in Free Jazz

Towards a Theory of Collaboration

  • Author: Guerino Mazzola,Paul B. Cherlin
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540921958
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 141
  • View: 581
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Free jazz, as performed by such artists as John Coltrone and Archie Shepp, is a creative, collaborative art form. This book examines free jazz and develops geometric theories of gestures and distributed identities, also known as swarm intelligence.

Free Jazz

Free Jazz

A Research and Information Guide

  • Author: Jeff Schwartz
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315311755
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 388
  • View: 4720
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Free Jazz: A Research and Information Guide offers carefully selected and annotated sources on free jazz, with comprehensive coverage of English-language academic books, journal articles, and dissertations, and selective coverage of trade books, popular periodicals, documentary films, scores, Masters’ theses, online texts, and materials in other languages. Free Jazz will be a major reference tool for students, faculty, librarians, artists, scholars, critics, and serious fans navigating this literature.

Free Jazz/Black Power

Free Jazz/Black Power

  • Author: Philippe Carles,Jean-Louis Comolli
  • Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
  • ISBN: 1626743398
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 256
  • View: 3482
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In 1971, French jazz critics Philippe Carles and Jean-Louis Comolli co-wrote Free Jazz/Black Power, a treatise on the racial and political implications of jazz and jazz criticism. It remains a testimony to the long ignored encounter of radical African American music and French left-wing criticism. Carles and Comolli set out to defend a genre vilified by jazz critics on both sides of the Atlantic by exposing the new sound’s ties to African American culture, history, and the political struggle that was raging in the early 1970s. The two offered a political and cultural history of black presence in the United States to shed more light on the dubious role played by jazz criticism in racial oppression. This analysis of jazz criticism and its production is astutely self-aware. It critiques the critics, building a work of cultural studies in a time and place where the practice was virtually unknown. The authors reached radical conclusions—free jazz was a revolutionary reaction against white domination, was the musical counterpart to the Black Power movement, and was a music that demanded a similar political commitment. The impact of this book is difficult to overstate, as it made readers reconsider their response to African American music. In some cases it changed the way musicians thought about and played jazz. Free Jazz / Black Power remains indispensable to the study of the relation of American free jazz to European audiences, critics, and artists. This monumental critique caught the spirit of its time and also realigned that zeitgeist.

Free Jazz, Harmolodics, and Ornette Coleman

Free Jazz, Harmolodics, and Ornette Coleman

  • Author: Stephen Rush
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317303245
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 302
  • View: 1235
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Free Jazz, Harmolodics, and Ornette Coleman discusses Ornette Coleman’s musical philosophy of "Harmolodics," an improvisational system deeply inspired by the Civil Rights Movement. Falling under the guise of "free jazz," Harmolodics can be difficult to understand, even for seasoned musicians and musicologists. Yet this book offers a clear and thorough approach to these complex methods, outlining Coleman’s position as the developer of a logical—and historically significant—system of jazz improvisation. Included here are detailed musical analyses of improvisations, accompanied by full transcriptions. Intimate interviews between the author and Coleman explore the deeper issues at work in Harmolodics, issues of race, class, sex, and poverty. The principle of human equality quickly emerges as a central tenet of Coleman’s life and music. Harmolodics is best understood when viewed in its essential form, both as a theory of improvisation and as an artistic expression of racial and human equality.

This is Our Music

This is Our Music

Free Jazz, the Sixties, and American Culture

  • Author: Iain Anderson
  • Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • ISBN: 9780812239805
  • Category: History
  • Page: 254
  • View: 4297
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A look at the evolution of free jazz in the 1960s explores the role played by political radicalism, universities, nonprofit organizations, older musicians, Black nationalism, and commercial considerations in the reception and development of this new music.

Voices Found

Voices Found

Free Jazz and Singing

  • Author: Chris Tonelli
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429802978
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 198
  • View: 692
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Voices Found: Free Jazz and Singing contributes to a wave of voice studies scholarship with the first book-length study of free jazz voice. It pieces together a history of free jazz voice that spans from sound poetry and scat in the 1950s to the more recent wave of free jazz choirs. The author traces the developments and offers a theory, derived from interviews with many of the most important singers in the history of free jazz voice, of how listeners have experienced and evaluated the often unconventional vocal sounds these vocalists employed. This theory explains that even audiences willing to enjoy harsh sounds from saxophones or guitars often resist when voices make sounds that audiences understand as not-human. Experimental poetry and scat were combined and transformed in free jazz spaces in the 1960s and 1970s by vocalists like Yoko Ono (in solo work and her work with Ornette Coleman and John Stevens), Jeanne Lee (in her solo work and her work with Archie Shepp and Gunter Hampel), Leon Thomas (in his solo work as well as his work with Pharoah Sanders and Carlos Santana), and Phil Minton and Maggie Nicols (who devoted much of their energy to creating unaccompanied free jazz vocal music). By studying free jazz voice we can learn important lessons about what we expect from the voice and what happens when those expectations are violated. This book doesn't only trace histories of free jazz voice, it makes an attempt to understand why this story hasn't been told before, with an impressive breadth of scope in terms of the artists covered, drawing on research from the US, Canada, Wales, Scotland, France, The Netherlands, and Japan.

Beyond Time and Changes

Beyond Time and Changes

A Musician's Guide to Free Jazz Improvisation

  • Author: Hal Crook
  • Publisher: Alfred Music
  • ISBN: 9783892210740
  • Category: Improvisation (Music)
  • Page: 155
  • View: 9730
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In Beyond Time and Changes, acclaimed jazz trombonist, pianist, composer, arranger, teacher, and author Hal Crook offers a methodology to guide the advancing improviser through the un-chartered musical territory known as "free jazz."

What to Listen for in Jazz

What to Listen for in Jazz

  • Author: Barry Kernfeld
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300072594
  • Category: Music
  • Page: 247
  • View: 6207
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From the editor of the "New Grove Dictionary of Jazz" comes a unique way of approaching and understanding jazz. Drawing on 21 historic jazz recordings, reproduced on a compact disc that accompanies the book, Barry Kernfeld illustrates jazz rhythm, form, arrangement, composition, improvisation, style and sound.