Search results for: functional-neuroimaging

Clinical Functional MRI

Author : Christoph Stippich
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The second, revised edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date description of the use of preoperative fMRI in patients with brain tumors and epilepsies. State of the art fMRI procedures are presented, with detailed consideration of practical aspects, imaging and data processing, normal and pathological findings, and diagnostic possibilities and limitations. Relevant information on brain physiology, functional neuroanatomy, imaging technique, and methodology is provided by recognized experts in these fields. Compared with the first edition, chapters have been updated to reflect the latest developments and in particular the current use of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and resting-state fMRI. Entirely new chapters are included on resting-state presurgical fMRI and the role of DTI and tractography in brain tumor surgery. Further chapters address multimodality functional neuroimaging, brain plasticity, and pitfalls, tips, and tricks.

Functional Neuroimaging in Child Psychiatry

Author : Monique Ernst
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An authoritative account of clinical and research applications of functional imaging techniques in child psychiatry.

Handbook of Functional Neuroimaging of Cognition second edition

Author : Roberto Cabeza
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A new edition of the essential resource on using functional neuroimaging techniques to study the neural basis of cognition, revised with the student in mind; thoroughly updated, with new chapters on fMRI physics, skill learning, emotion and social cognition, and other topics. This essential resource on neuroimaging provides an accessible and user-friendly introduction to the field written by leading researchers. The book describes theoretical and methodological developments in the use of functional neuroimaging techniques to study the neural basis of cognition, from early scientific efforts to link brain and behavior to the latest applications of fMRI and PET methods. The core of the book covers fMRI and PET studies in specific domains: attention, skill learning, semantic memory, language, episodic memory, working memory, and executive functions. By introducing a technique within the description of a domain, the book offers a clear explanation of the process while highlighting its biological context. The emphasis on readability makes Handbook of Functional Neuroimaging of Cognition ideal for classroom use in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in cognitive neuroscience. This second edition has been completely updated to reflect new developments in the field, with existing chapters rewritten and new chapters added to each section. The section on history and methods now includes a chapter on the crucial topic of the physics of functional neuroimaging; the chapters on skill learning and executive functions are new to the domain section; and chapters on childhood development and emotion and social cognition have been added to the section on developmental, social, and clinical applications. The color insert has been increased in size, enhancing the visual display of representative findings. Contributors Todd S. Braver, Jeffrey Browndyke, Roberto Cabeza, B.J. Casey, Jody Culham, Clayton E. Curtis, Mark D'Esposito, Sander Daselaar, Lila Davachi, Ian Dobbins, Karl J. Friston, Barry Giesbrecht, Todd C. Handy, Joseph B. Hopfinger, Scott A. Huettel, Irene P. Kan, Alan Kingstone, Eleni Kotsoni, Kevin S. LaBar, George R. Mangun, Gregory McCarthy, Uta Noppeney, Robyn T. Oliver, Elizabeth A. Phelps, Russel A. Poldrack, Cathy J. Price, Marcus E. Raichle, Hannes Ruge, Gaia Scerif, Allen W. Song, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, Daniel T. Willingham, Richard J.S. Wise

Exploratory Analysis and Data Modeling in Functional Neuroimaging

Author : Friedrich T. Sommer
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An overview of theoretical and computational approaches to neuroimaging.

Functional Neuroimaging in Clinical Populations

Author : Frank G. Hillary
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Bringing together leading experts, this volume reviews cutting-edge applications of neuroimaging techniques in the study of brain injury, brain disease, and normal aging. It provides up-to-date descriptions of EEG, MEG, PET, and fMRI; discusses salient methodological issues; and presents significant clinical advances that have been brought about through the use of these procedures. Specific disorders addressed include epilepsy, aphasia, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, alcoholism, autism, schizophrenia, and stroke. Analyzing what functional imaging has revealed about the causes and mechanisms of sensory, motor, and cognitive disturbances associated with these conditions, the book also explores implications for improving cognitive rehabilitation. More than 60 illustrations, including 24 in full color.

Functional Neuroimaging in Exercise and Sport Sciences

Author : Henning Boecker
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Regular physical exercise is associated with substantial health benefits. Recent evidence not only holds for cardiovascular effects promoting "physical health", but also for the central nervous system believed to promote "brain health”. Moderate physical exercise has been found to improve learning, memory, and attentional processing, with recent research indicating that neuroprotective mechanisms and associated plasticity in brain structure and function also benefit. Physical exercise is also known to induce a range of acute or sustained psychophysiological effects, among these mood elevation, stress reduction, anxiolysis, and hypoalgesia. Today, modern functional neuroimaging techniques afford direct measurement of the acute and chronic relation of physical exercise on the human brain, as well as the correlation of the derived physiological in vivo signals with behavioral outcomes recorded during and after exercise. A wide range of imaging techniques have been applied to human exercise research, ranging from electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to positron emission tomography (PET). All of these imaging methods provide distinct information, and they differ considerably in terms of spatial and temporal resolution, availability, cost, and associated risks. However, from a “multimodal imaging” perspective, neuroimaging provides an unprecedented potential to unravel the neurobiology of human exercise, covering a wide spectrum ranging from structural plasticity in gray and white matter, network dynamics, global and regional perfusion, evoked neuronal responses to the quantification of neurotransmitter release. The aim of this book is to provide the current state of the human neuroimaging literature in the emerging field of the neurobiological exercise sciences and to outline future applications and directions of research.

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences

Author : Andrew C. Papanicolaou
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The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences describes in a readily accessible manner the several functional neuroimaging methods and critically appraises their applications that today account for a large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology literature. The complexity and the novelty of these methods often cloud appreciation of the methods' contributions and future promise. The Handbook begins with an overview of the basic concepts of functional brain imaging common to all methods, and proceeds with a description of each of them, namely magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Its second part covers the various research applications of functional neuroimaging on issues like the function of the default mode network; the possibility and the utility of imaging of consciousness; the search for mnemonic traces of concepts; human will and decision-making; motor cognition; language; the mechanisms of affective states and pain; the presurgical mapping of the brain; and others. As such, the volume reviews the methods and their contributions to current research and comments on the degree to which they have enhanced our understanding of the relation between neurophysiological activity and sensory, motor, and cognitive functions. Moreover, it carefully considers realistic contributions of functional neuroimaging to future endeavors in cognitive neuroscience, medicine, and neuropsychology.

Functional Neuroimaging

Author : Robert W. Thatcher
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The 1990s have been designated by congress and the president as the decade of the brain, in part due to recognition of the expansion of knowledge and technology in the realm of neuroscience. Functional neuroimaging encompasses the technique of electrophysiology (EEG), magnetoecephalography (MEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET). Through these techniques, high resolution, 3 dimensional anatomical information can be obtained ofthe brain and it's functioning in normal and diseases states. Neuroscientists everywhere use neuroimaging in research, and these techniques are also used regularly by clinicians, and increasingly by biopsychologists. Given the increase in the number of techniques, and their diversity of applications, there is a need for a comprehensive volume to address both the technology and function of their use. Key Features * Addresses the technical problems of image registration * Compares different approaches to inter-subject and intra-subject analysis * Explores the synergestic advantages of multivolume integration * Divided into four sections devoted to relevant, timely issues

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences

Author : Andrew C. Papanicolaou
File Size : 85.47 MB
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A large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience literature involves functional neuroimaging, yet few readers are sufficiently familiar with it to appraise that literature correctly. The purpose of this Handbook is to enable them to understand the neuroimaging methods and evaluate their present contributions and future promise in the fields of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology. The chapters contain very accessible descriptions of the various methodsand an objective account of their clinical and research applications.

Functional Neuroimaging of Visual Cognition

Author : Nancy Kanwisher
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The latest volume in the critically acclaimed and highly influential Attention and Performance series focuses on the role that functional neuroimaging plays in visual cognition. Functional neuroimaging has greatly enhanced our knowledge of the brain, and has been one of the most important tools in cognitive neuroscience. At the same time, the full power of neuroimaging can be realized only if there is convergence with theories based on other approaches includingcomputational modelling, behavioural experiments, and electrophysiology in the behaving animal. In this book, Nancy Kanwisher and John Duncan have brought together leading cognitive neuroscientists to present groundbreaking new research on the neural bases of vision. The first part of the book considers the degree to which visual processing in the brain is modular, including contributions from both sceptics and proponents of modularity. Part 2 focuses on object recognition, in particular the role of the ventral visual pathway. In part 3, the mechanisms ofvisual attention are discussed. The final part of the book explores the relationship between vision and action, with a look at the neurophysiology of sensorimotor integration. In additional chapters, Giacomo Rizzolatti discusses research on mirror neurons and their implications for understanding the actions and intentions of others, while Michael Posner considers what we have achieved so far with neuroimaging, and looks to the future and the next steps in our quest tounderstand brain function. Superbly edited and full of stunning colour images, this will be one of the key publications in the field of cognitive neuroscience.