Search results for: greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-land-use-land-use-change-and-forestry

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry

Author : John Dowens
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry

Author : J. Dowens
File Size : 88.55 MB
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African Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories and Mitigation Options Forestry Land Use Change and Agriculture

Author : John F. Fitzgerald
File Size : 53.11 MB
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As atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases continue to increase, so does the potential for atmospheric warming and associated climate change. In an effort to address the threat of global climate change, 155 countries signed the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. As of the first session of the Conference of the Parties, 128 nations had ratified the Convention. Among their other commitments, Parties to the Convention must develop and periodically update national inventories of net anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions using comparable methodologies, and must develop and implement national programs to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. To further the development of emission inventories and mitigation options within the African context, 64 governmental and non-governmental scientists and policy analysts from 23 nations gathered at a workshop near Johannesburg, South Africa from 29 May to 2 June 1995. The workshop focused on forestry, land-use change, and agriculture, because these sectors not only are responsible for the majority of emissions from the continent and provide promising opportunities for emissions mitigation, but also are a vital component of African economic growth and development. This book presents the workshop's major conclusions and findings, as well as individual papers that were prepared for the workshop, each of which was peer-reviewed and accepted for publication as part of the workshop process. The papers cover four areas: (1) issues are associated with data collection and emission factor determination; (2) problems associated with applying the IPCC inventory methodologies in Africa; (3) results of national inventory assessments in Africa; and (4) possible emissions mitigation options and methods for evaluating their potential viability. As the first book dedicated solely to greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation options in Africa, this will be an invaluable resource to scientists, policymakers, and development specialists interested in global climate change and Africa.

Land Use and the Causes of Global Warming

Author : W. Neil Adger
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Global watming through the enhanced greehouse effect is one of themajor and most uncertain forces of global environmental changepresently facing the earth. This book is a guide to the scientificand policy debate concerning the roles of agriculture, forestry andother activities leading to global warming. The influence of landuse on the greehouse effect is important, not only in terms of netemissions of greenhouse gases, but also in the potential to reduceemissions through changing land use policies. Land Use and the Causes of Global Warming reviews the globalemissions of greenhouse gases from land use sources, highlightingthe undertainties in estimating both the magnitude of the fluxesand the scale of land use change. Policies of afforestation,policies to encourage the halting of deforestation and changingmanagement pravctices in agriculture are all examined from theperspectives of feasibility, cost and equity. The authorsillustrate how all land use policies are multi-objective but thatthe reduction of grenhouse gas emissions must be a key element inforestry and agriculture policy on a global bais. This is aninvaluable book for all thoe in the climate change researchcommunity, environmental scientits, economists and social scientitsin research institutions.

Land Use Land use Change and Forestry

Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
File Size : 55.94 MB
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LULUCF MRV

Author :
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The land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector is a greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory sector that covers the emissions of GHGs from and their removal by terrestrial carbon stocks, living biomass, dead organic matter and soil organic carbon according to six main anthropogenic land use categories: Forest land, Cropland, Grassland, Wetlands, Settlements, and Other land. According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), all Parties shall periodically report an update inventory of anthropogenic emissions and removals of GHGs using comparable methodologies provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Parties are also required to report and account for such emissions under the Kyoto Protocol (KP). These emission inventories are then factored into an international reduction target commitment. In recent years, international negotiations have resulted in the adoption of new rules for the second commitment period of the KP (CP2: 2013-2020), e.g. mandatory accounting of Forest management. Furthermore, Decision 529/2013/EU goes beyond the international UNFCCC negotiations by adding the mandatory accounting of Cropland management and Grassland management. All these changes pose new challenges that Member States (MS) will need to address from 2015 (i.e. the start of the CP2 reporting period). This report describes the actions undertaken in the context of the JRC's "LULUCF MRV" (Monitoring, Reporting, and Verification) Administrative Arrangement with DG CLIMA, through a sequence of tasks (described in detail in the Annexes). The aim of the AA is to support MS in improving the quality and comparability of their LULUCF reporting during CP2, in line with IPCC methods and the new UNFCCC and EU rules.

African Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories and Mitigation Options Forestry Land Use Change and Agriculture

Author : John F. Fitzgerald
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Johannesburg, South Africa, 29 May-2 June 1995

Factors Influencing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Land Use Land use Change and Forest Activities

Author : Pattarawan Watcharaanantapong
File Size : 71.59 MB
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Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a major global issue because of their effects on climate and the resulting environmental and human impacts. The primary greenhouse gases (GHGs), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), are emitted into the atmosphere from a myriad of human activities such as energy supply, manufacturing, transportation, commercial and residential buildings, and waste. Additionally, management activities on agricultural and forest lands can influence GHG emissions substantially. Even though GHGs can be released into the air via the sectors mentioned, GHGs, especially CO2, can be removed from ecosystems through certain management activities, enhancing the storage of GHGs in soils, plants, and trees. Examples of GHG emission reduction strategies include decreased land clearing for agriculture, extended rotations for forest stands, afforestation and reforestation, and conservation management strategies for agriculture and forestry. Consequently, addressing GHG emissions and sinks from land use, land-use change, and forest activities (LULUCF) are critical scientific and policy questions. This dissertation examines the issue of LULUCF and the factors affecting GHG emission levels from this sector. The study is separated into three chapters encompassing an analysis of the factors driving GHG emissions from LULUCF on a global and national scale in the first two chapters and the willingness of individuals to pay for reductions in the third chapter. The results indicate that population growth was the major cause of GHG emissions from LULUCF. Policy alternatives are provided to address the emissions and sinks from LULUCF

GPG LULUCF

Author : Jim Penman
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This report on Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (GPG-LULUCF) is the response to the invitation by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to develop good practice guidance for land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). GPG-LULUCF provides supplementary methods and good practice guidance for estimating, measuring, monitoring and reporting on carbon stock changes and greenhouse gas emissions from LULUCF activities under Article 3, paragraphs 3 and 4, and Articles 6 and 12 of the Kyoto Protocol.

Land Use Agriculture and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Netherlands Omissions in the National Inventory Report and Potential Under Kyoto Protocol Article 3 4

Author : P. J. Kuikman
File Size : 85.91 MB
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Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry LULUCF Activities

Author : Global Environment Facility
File Size : 42.4 MB
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Comparative Analysis of Emission Factors and Activity Data Used for the Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Energy and Land use Change and Forestry Sectors for Some Developing Countries

Author : Emilio Lèbre La Rovere
File Size : 80.91 MB
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"This paper reviews existing emission factors and activity data used in the energy sector (Part One) and the land-use change and forestry sector (Part Two) based on the available literature, including the initial national communications submitted by non-Annex I Parties and various GHG inventory reports. It describes the methodology used, assesses the reliability and accuracy of the collected data and highlights the major problems encountered by non-Annex I Parties during the preparation of the GHG inventories in these two sectors. Based on the analysis, a number of conclusions are drawn and recommendations made on how to improve the reliability and comparability of emission factors and activity data, with a view to enhancing the quality of national GHG inventories. The complete bibliographical references of the reviewed documents are listed at the end of the paper."--Introd.

Carbon Sinks and Climate Change

Author : Colin A. G. Hunt
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The importance of this book lies in being one of the first comprehensive attempts to summarise major findings in the field of carbon sinks and climate change. . . The book also deals comprehensively with the present and future role of forests in climate change policy and practice. . . This timely book is essential reading for policy decision-makers and foresters alike. Wasantha Athukorala, Economic Analysis and Policy Reforestation and avoiding deforestation are methods of harnessing nature to tackle global warming the greatest challenge facing humankind. In this book, Colin Hunt deals comprehensively with the present and future role of forests in climate change policy and practice. The author provides signposts for the way ahead in climate change policy and offers practical examples of forestry s role in climate change mitigation in both developed and tropical developing countries. Chapters on measuring carbon in plantations, their biodiversity benefits and potential for biofuel production complement the analysis. He also discusses the potential for forestry in climate change policy in the United States and other countries where policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions have been foreshadowed. The author employs scientific and socio-economic analysis and lays bare the complexity of forestry markets. A review of the workings of carbon markets, based both on the Kyoto Protocol and voluntary participation, provides a foundation from which to explore forestry s role. Emphasis is placed on acknowledging how forests idiosyncrasies affect the design of markets for sequestered carbon. The realization of forestry s potential in developed countries depends on the depth of cuts in greenhouse gas emissions, together with in-country rules on forestry. An increase in funding for carbon retention in tropical forests is an immediate imperative, but complexities dictate that the sources of finance will likely be dedicated funds rather than carbon markets. This timely and comprehensive book will be of great value to any reader interested in climate change. Policy-makers within international agencies and governments, academics and students in the fields of geography, economics, science policy, forestry, development studies as well as carbon market participants and forest developers in the private sector will find it especially useful.

Forestry and Climate Change

Author : Peter H. Freer-Smith
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This book contains 28 chapters grouped into six sections providing information on forests interact with the other components of the physical and natural world with the human society, and how we could manage forests globally to make the most of their contribution to mitigation of climate change along with the established objective of sustainable management to maximize the full range of economic and non-market benefits which forests provide. Topics covered include: introduction on the interaction between forests and climate change; climate change, forestry and science-policy interface; forestry options for contributing to climate change mitigation; options for adaptation due to impacts of climate change on forests; current and future policy of national and international frameworks; and implications for future forestry and related environmental and development policy.

Sinks Table Options Paper

Author :
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The Kyoto Protocol on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions limits which types of sinks can be used to offset emissions, but allows for negotiations on what & how additional sinks can be used to meet commitments. This paper reflects discussions & current knowledge of this issue, based on input from experts in forestry, agriculture, and wetlands. It provides an update on the international negotiating dynamics and analyzes draft options for enhancing carbon dioxide sequestration in the forest sector. After an introduction, chapter 2 discusses the land-use, land-use change, and forestry issues as currently addressed in the Protocol, and the prospects for negotiations. Chapters 3 and 4 summarizes analyses of forestry options and agricultural soils strategies for sequestering carbon. Issues related to measurement, monitoring, and verification of changes in carbon stocks are presented in chapter 5. The role of wetland conservation in carbon cycling is reviewed in chapter 6, and the final chapter explores the linkages between sinks and the Kyoto mechanisms & other potential emissions crediting & trading mechanisms.

Managing Forest Carbon in a Changing Climate

Author : Mark S. Ashton
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The aim of this book is to provide an accessible overview for advanced students, resource professionals such as land managers, and policy makers to acquaint themselves with the established science, management practices and policies that facilitate sequestration and allow for the storage of carbon in forests. The book has value to the reader to better understand: a) carbon science and management of forests and wood products; b) the underlying social mechanisms of deforestation; and c) the policy options in order to formulate a cohesive strategy for implementing forest carbon projects and ultimately reducing emissions from forest land use.

Data Analysis and Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removal for the IPCC Sector Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry Sectors in Ireland

Author : Phillip O'Brien
File Size : 60.8 MB
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Climate Change Significance for Agriculture and Forestry

Author : David H. White
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Societies throughout the world depend on food, fiber and forest products. Continuity and security of agricultural and forest production are therefore of paramount importance. Predicted changes in climate could be expected to alter, perhaps significantly, the levels and relative agricultural and forestry production of different nations over the next few decades. Agriculture and forestry are also likely to influence the rate and magnitude of such change, as they can be both significant sources and sinks of a number of greenhouse gases. Adaptive management strategies therefore need to be formulated and implemented for these sectors, to enable them to both adapt to future environmental change, and to limit greenhouse gas emissions. This book arose from an international workshop held in Canberra, Australia, under the auspices of the former IPCC Working Group III - Agriculture, Forestry and Other Human Activities Sub-Group (AFOS). A number of leading speakers at the workshop were approached to encapsulate the concepts discussed and developed at this workshop. The resulting papers make up this volume. The book promotes a greater understanding of the major sources and sinks of greenhouse gases within intensive and extensive cropping and animal production systems, and of agroforestry. It highlights the need to adopt a holistic systems approach to monitoring and reducing greenhouse gas emissions and assessing impacts, and to integrate climate change-related goals and activities with other issues, such as biodiversity, desertification, and sustainable agriculture and forestry.

Land Use Global Climate Change

Author : Bernhard Schlamadinger
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Australian Methodology for the Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks

Author :
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