Search results for: high-temperature-cuprate-superconductors

High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Nikolay Plakida
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High-Temperature Cuprate Superconductors provides an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the properties of these fascinating materials. The essential properties of high-temperature cuprate superconductors are reviewed on the background of their theoretical interpretation. The experimental results for structural, magnetic, thermal, electric, optical and lattice properties of various cuprate superconductors are presented with respect to relevant theoretical models. A critical comparison of various theoretical models involving strong electron correlations, antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations, phonons and excitons provides a background for understanding of the mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity. Recent achievements in their applications are also reviewed. A large number of illustrations and tables gives valuable information for specialists. A text-book level presentation with formulation of a general theory of strong-coupling superconductivity will help students and researches to consolidate their knowledge of this remarkable class of materials.

High Temperature Superconductors Materials Properties and Applications

Author : Rainer Wesche
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The discovery by J. G. Bednorz and K. A. Mtllier in 1986 that the superconducting state can exist in oxides at temperatures above 30 K stimulated research in the field of superconductivity and opened up a new field of research. Within a few years a large number of cuprate superconductors with transition temperatures well above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen have been found. The possibility of using liquid nitrogen as coolant re-stimulated interest in power applications of supercon ductivity. In this book an overview of the known high-Te superconductors and their physical properties is presented. Aspects related to conductor fabrication and high-current applications are emphasised. The material should be suitable for use in graduate level courses on superconductivity. Researchers in the field may profit from the large number of tables and references describing its status at the end of 1997. An introduction to high-To superconductivity must be based on the fundamental physical principles of normal-state electrical conductivity and the well-known characteristics of conventional superconductors. In Chapter 2 this background is provided. Crystal structures, anisotropic properties and general trends of the critical temperatures of the cuprate superconductors are described in Chapters 3 and 4. The processing of superconductor powders addressed in Chapter 5 affects considerably the current-carrying capacity of high-T. wires. In Chapter 6 several fabrication techniques for superconducting wires are described. In addition, the factors limiting the transport critical currents ofhigh-Te wires are discussed.

Doping in High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Seongshik Oh
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Advances In Theoretical And Experimental Research Of High Temperature Cuprate Superconductivity

Author : Rushan Han
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Researchers working at the frontier of high-Tc Superconductors have reviewed the development in this area in the past 20 years. Both experimental and theoretical aspects have been covered. New directions and possible theoretical models were suggested. The contributors of this book are from China Center of Advanced Science and Technology (CCAST); Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); National Lab for Superconductivity, Institute of Physics, CAS; School of Physics, Peking University and Center of Advanced Study Tsinghua University.This volume will be a useful guide to those who are working in the field.

Synthesis and Characterization of High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Allan E. Thomas
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Physical Properties of High Temperature Superconductors

Author : Rainer Wesche
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A much–needed update on complex high–temperature superconductors, focusing on materials aspects; this timely book coincides with a recent major break–through of the discovery of iron–based superconductors. It provides an overview of materials aspects of high–temperature superconductors, combining introductory aspects, description of new physics, material aspects, and a description of the material properties This title is suitable for researchers in materials science, physics and engineering. Also for technicians interested in the applications of superconductors, e.g. as biomagnets

Advances in Theoretical and Experimental Research of High Tc Superconductivity

Author : Han Rushan
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Researchers working at the frontier of high-Tc Superconductors have reviewed the development in this area in the past 20 years. Both experimental and theoretical aspects have been covered. New directions and possible theoretical models were suggested. The contributors of this book are from China Center of Advanced Science and Technology (CCAST); Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); National Lab for Superconductivity, Institute of Physics, CAS; School of Physics, Peking University and Center of Advanced Study Tsinghua University. This volume will be a useful guide to those who are working in the field.

Investigation of Renormalization Effects in High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Volodymyr B. Zabolotnyy
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Phase Transition Approach to High Temperature Superconductivity

Author : T Schneider
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The discovery of superconductivity at 30 K by Bednorz and Müller in 1986 ignited an explosion of interest in high temperature superconductivity. The initial development rapidly evolved into an intensive worldwide research effort — which still persists after more than a decade — to understand the phenomenon of cuprate superconductivity, to search for ways to raise the transition temperature and to produce materials which have the potential for technological applications. During the past decade of research on this subject, significant progress has been made on both the fundamental science and technological application fronts. A great deal of experimental data is now available on the cuprates, and various properties have been well characterized using high quality single crystals and thin films. Despite this enormous research effort, however, the underlying mechanisms responsible for superconductivity in the cuprates are still open to question. This book offers an understanding from the phase transition point of view, surveys and identifies thermal and quantum fluctuation effects, identifies material-independent universal properties and provides constraints for the microscopic description of the various phenomena. The text is presented in a format suitable for use in a graduate level course. Contents:Ginzburg–Landau PhenomenologyGaussian Thermal FluctuationsSuperfluidity and the n-Vector ModelUniversality and Scaling Theory of Classical Critical Phenomena at Finite TemperatureExperimental Evidence for Classical Critical BehaviorQuantum Phase TransitionsImplicationsMean Field TreatmentXY ModelQuantum Phase TransitionsBCS TheorySuperconducting Properties of the Attractive Hubbard Model Readership: Researchers and graduate students interested in superconductivity. Keywords:High Temperature Superconductivity;Cuprate Superconductors;Ginzburg-Landau Phenomenology;Gaussian Thermal Fluctuations

Magnetization Studies of Oxides Related to the High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

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High Temperature Superconductivity

Author : Gerald Burns
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Here is a concise, tutorial overview of the exciting new field of high-temperature superconductivity. This authoritative textbook focuses on topics, experimental results, and theoretical issues that are likely to have lasting value and are readily understandable to upper-level undergraduates and others new to the field. Written primarily from an experimental point of view, the book reviews conventional superconductors and then presents the structure, normal state and superconducting properties, and applications of the new cuprate superconductors. An insightful analysis of critical currents in thin films and wires is included. The book will provide an excellent supplementary text for students taking their first solid state physics course. In addition, all those with a basic knowledge of solid state physics will find the book to be a useful introduction to the field. Serves as a concise, tutorial introduction to the field Requires very little solid state physics background Includes problem sets and references to key papers

High Temperature Superconductivity in Cuprates

Author : A. Mourachkine
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“The Frontiers of Knowhledge (to coin a phrase) are always on the move. - day’s discovery will tomorrow be part of the mental furniture of every research worker. By the end of next week it will be in every course of graduate lectures. Within the month there will be a clamour to have it in the undergraduate c- riculum. Next year, I do believe, it will seem so commonplace that it may be assumed to be known by every schoolboy. “The process of advancing the line of settlements, and cultivating and c- ilizing the new territory, takes place in stages. The original papers are p- lished, to the delight of their authors, and to the critical eyes of their readers. Review articles then provide crude sketch plans, elementary guides through the forests of the literature. Then come the monographs, exact surveys, mapping out the ground that has been won, adjusting claims for priority, putting each fact or theory into its place” (J. M. Ziman, Principles of the Theory of Solids (Cambridge University Press, 1972) p.v). The main purpose of the book is to present the mechanism of - perconductivity discovered in 1986 by J. G. Bednorz and K. A. Müller, and to discuss the physics of superconductors. The last chapter of the book presents analysis of tunneling measurements in cuprates. The book is - dressed to researchers and graduate students in all branches of exact sciences.

Magnetization Studies of Oxides Related to the High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Zhaorong Wang
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Pseudogap and Precursor Superconductivity Study of Zn doped YBCO

Author : Ece Uykur
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In this thesis, the pseudogap and the precursor superconducting state, which are of great importance in clarifying the superconductivity mechanism in high-temperature cuprate superconductors, are investigated with a c-axis optical study in YBa2(Cu1-xZnx)3Oy. Testing was performed over a wide energy range with smaller temperature intervals for several Zn-substituted samples, as well as for several carrier-doping levels. A spectral weight (SW) analysis, in which the pseudogap behavior can be separated from the superconducting condensate with the SW transfer to the high-energy region, revealed that the pseudogap is not the precursor of the superconductivity (carriers moving to the high-energy region with pseudogap opening never contribute to the superconducting condensation). Moreover, the high-energy transfer continues even below Tc for the Zn-substituted samples (in which we weaken the superconductivity), which gives evidence to the coexistence of the pseudogap and the superconducting gap below Tc. On the other hand, the analysis of optical conductivity revealed that a precursor state to superconductivity can be defined at temperatures much higher than Tc. The superconducting carrier density (ns) was calculated for each temperature (above and below Tc) and the results confirmed the existence of ns at temperatures above Tc. The observed real superconducting condensate (ns) above Tc puts a serious constraint on the theory for high- Tc superconductivity. A theory based on an inhomogeneous superconducting state, in which a microscopically phase-separated state in a doped Mott insulator can be observed, is the most plausible candidate. This theory can explain the existence of ns and the observed temperature range for the precursor superconducting state. The results obtained show that the pseudogap coexists with superconductivity below Tc and is not the precursor of superconductivity. On the other hand, it is also possible to define a precursor superconducting state that is different than the pseudogap. The temperature range and the observed superconducting condensate in this state can be explained with the help of the inhomogeneous superconducting state.

Investigation of Renormalization Effects in High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

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While in conventional superconductors coupling between electrons and phonons is known to be responsible for the electron pairing, for the high temperature superconductors the pairing media remains under debates. Since the interactions of electrons with other degrees of freedom (phonons, magnetic excitations, etc) manifest themselves by an additional renormalization in the electronic dispersion, they can be investigated by means of Angle Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy. In the work renormalization in two families of high Tc cuprates have been studied. Along the diagonal of the two-dimensional BZ, the renormalization effects are represented by an unusual band dispersion that develops a so-called ''kink''. In the vicinity of the (pi, 0) point of the BZ, where the order parameter reaches its maximum, the renormalization is noticeably stronger and makes itself evident even in the shape of a single spectral line measured for a fixed momentum. It was shown that for the Bi-2212 samples substitution of Cu atoms in Cu-O plane changes renormalization features in ARPES spectra both in nodal and antinodal parts of the Brillouin zone. The smearing of the dip in the in the spectral line shape measured at (pi; 0) point can be well explained by coupling of electrons to the magnetic resonance mode. The effect of Zn and Ni substitution on the antinodal ARPES spectra was shown to be in good agreement with the influence of these impurities on magnetic resonance mode seen in inelastic neutron scattering experiments. This, in addition to the previous ARPES studies of temperature and doping dependence of peak-dip-hump structure, mass renormalization near antinodal region and a kink in the nodal part of Brillouin zone, provides further evidence that the coupling to magnetic excitations, rather than to phonons, is responsible for the observed unusual renormalization. Unlike the well studied Bi-2212 family of cuprates, photoemission on YBCO-123 turns out to be much more complicated. The o.

Evidence for Two Separate Energy Gaps in Underdoped High temperature Cuprate Superconductors from Broadband Infrared Ellipsometry

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Microstructure and Properties of High Temperature Superconductors

Author : I. A. Parinov
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The main features of high-temperature superconductors (HTSC) that define their properties are intrinsic brittleness of oxide cuprates, the layered anisotropic structure and the supershort coherence length. Taking into account these features, this treatise presents research into HTSC microstructure and properties, and also explores the possibilities of optimization of the preparation techniques and superconducting compositions. The "composition-technique-experiment-theory-model," employed here, assumes considerable HTSC defectiveness and structure heterogeneity and helps to draw a comprehensive picture of modern representations of the microstructure, strength and the related structure-sensitive properties of the materials considered. Special attention is devoted to the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O and Y-Ba-Cu-O families, which currently offer the most promising applications. Including a great number of illustrations and references, this monograph addresses students, post-graduate students and specialists, taking part in the development, preparation and research of new materials. The new edition had been updated intensively, especially experimental investigations and modeling conductive and elastic properties of HTC superconductors have been added.

Synthesis and Characterization of Iron Analogues of High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Masoud S. Seyedahmadian
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Synthesis Characterization Magnetic Properties and Field Alignment of High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Feng Chen
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Biaxial Alignment of Ceramic High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Sheng-Qi Wang
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