Search Results for "industrial-espionage-and-technology-transfer-britain-and-france-in-the-eighteenth-century"

Industrial Espionage and Technology Transfer

Industrial Espionage and Technology Transfer

Britain and France in the 18th Century

  • Author: John R Harris
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1351927779
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 2686
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Britain and France were the leading industrial nations in 18th-century Europe. This book examines the rivalry which existed between the two nations and the methods used by France to obtain the skilled manpower and technology which had given Britain the edge - particularly in the new coal-based technologies. Despite the British Act of 1719 which outlawed industrial espionage and technology transfer, France continued to bring key industrial workers from Britain and to acquire British machinery and production methods. Drawing on a mass of unpublished archival material, this book investigates the nature and application of British laws and the involvement of some major British industrialists in these issues, and discusses the extent to which French espionage had any real success. In the process it presents an in-depth understanding of 18th-century economies, and the cultures and bureaucracies which were so important in shaping economic life. Above all, the late John Harris saw the history of industrial espionage as 'one means of restoring the thoughts and activities of human beings to the centre stage of industrial history'. These are the stories of individuals - Holkers, Trudaines, Wilkinsons, or Milnes - and their impact on the world.

Understanding the Industrial Revolution

Understanding the Industrial Revolution

  • Author: Dr Charles More,Charles More
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134670079
  • Category: History
  • Page: 208
  • View: 5797
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Understanding the Industrial Revolution is a fresh, new exploration of this economic phenomenon of major importance. It describes theories of economic growth, shows how these can be applied to the revolution and discusses them in the light of modern research. Furthermore, it places the debate surrounding the social effects of industrialisation into the context of economic change during the period. This book includes discussion of: * theories on the supply of capital * role of labour * innovation and entrepreneurship * the significance of transport * the impact of industrialisation on living standards. Each aspect of the Industrial Revolution in Britain is discussed in depth, focusing on the important debates and reviewing the most recent research.

Organizing Global Technology Flows

Organizing Global Technology Flows

Institutions, Actors, and Processes

  • Author: Pierre-Yves Donzé,Shigehiro Nishimura
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113501356X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 266
  • View: 3935
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Research on the international transfer of technology in economics and management literature has primarily focused on the role of countries and that of companies, in particular multinational enterprises (MNEs). Similarly, economic and business historians have tended to view international technology transfer as a way for economically ‘backward’ countries to acquire new technologies in order to catch up with more developed economies. This volume provides a more in-depth understanding of how the international transfer of technologies is organized and, in particular, challenges the core-periphery model that is still dominant in the extant literature. By looking beyond national systems of innovation, and statistics on foreign trade, patent registration and foreign direct investment, the book sheds more light on the variety of actors involved in the transfer process (including engineers, entrepreneurs, governments, public bodies, firms, etc.) and on how they make use of a broad set of national and international institutions facilitating technology transfer. Put differently, the volume offers a better understanding of the complexity of global technology flows by examining the role and actions of the different actors involved. By bringing together a number of original case studies covering many different countries over the period from the late 19th to the 21st century, the book demonstrates how technology is being transferred through complex processes, involving a variety of actors from several countries using the national and international institutional frameworks.

Gibbons v. Ogden, Law, and Society in the Early Republic

Gibbons v. Ogden, Law, and Society in the Early Republic

  • Author: Thomas H. Cox
  • Publisher: Ohio University Press
  • ISBN: 082144333X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 264
  • View: 1628
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Gibbons v. Ogden, Law, and Society in the Early Republic examines a landmark decision in American jurisprudence, the first Supreme Court case to deal with the thorny legal issue of interstate commerce. Decided in 1824, Gibbons v. Ogden arose out of litigation between owners of rival steamboat lines over passenger and freight routes between the neighboring states of New York and New Jersey. But what began as a local dispute over the right to ferry the paying public from the New Jersey shore to New York City soon found its way into John Marshall’s court and constitutional history. The case is consistently ranked as one of the twenty most significant Supreme Court decisions and is still taught in constitutional law courses, cited in state and federal cases, and quoted in articles on constitutional, business, and technological history. Gibbons v. Ogden initially attracted enormous public attention because it involved the development of a new and sensational form of technology. To early Americans, steamboats were floating symbols of progress—cheaper and quicker transportation that could bring goods to market and refinement to the backcountry. A product of the rough-and-tumble world of nascent capitalism and legal innovation, the case became a landmark decision that established the supremacy of federal regulation of interstate trade, curtailed states’ rights, and promoted a national market economy. The case has been invoked by prohibitionists, New Dealers, civil rights activists, and social conservatives alike in debates over federal regulation of issues ranging from labor standards to gun control. This lively study fills in the social and political context in which the case was decided—the colorful and fascinating personalities, the entrepreneurial spirit of the early republic, and the technological breakthroughs that brought modernity to the masses.

The Political Economy of Empire in the Early Modern World

The Political Economy of Empire in the Early Modern World

  • Author: S. Reinert,P. Røge
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137315555
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 241
  • View: 4742
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This collection of essays draws on fresh readings of classic texts as well as rigorous research in the archives of Europe's greatest imperial power. Its contributors paint a powerful picture of the nature and implementation of political economy in the long eighteenth century, from the East to the West Indies.

James Watt

James Watt

Making the World Anew

  • Author: Ben Russell
  • Publisher: Reaktion Books
  • ISBN: 1780234023
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 256
  • View: 4188
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Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer James Watt (1736–1819) is best known for his pioneering work on the steam engine that became fundamental to the incredible changes and developments wrought by the Industrial Revolution. But in this new biography, Ben Russell tells a much bigger, richer story, peering over Watt’s shoulder to more fully explore the processes he used and how his ephemeral ideas were transformed into tangible artifacts. Over the course of the book, Russell reveals as much about the life of James Watt as he does a history of Britain’s early industrial transformation and the birth of professional engineering. To record this fascinating narrative, Russell draws on a wide range of resources—from archival material to three-dimensional objects to scholarship in a diversity of fields from ceramics to antique machine-making. He explores Watt’s early years and interest in chemistry and examines Watt’s partnership with Matthew Boulton, with whom he would become a successful and wealthy man. In addition to discussing Watt’s work and incredible contributions that changed societies around the world, Russell looks at Britain’s early industrial transformation. Published in association with the Science Museum London, and with seventy illustrations, James Watt is not only an intriguing exploration of the engineer’s life, but also an illuminating journey into the broader practices of invention in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Published in association with the Science Museum, London

Journal of Economic Literature

Journal of Economic Literature

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Economics
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 9330
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Technology and Culture

Technology and Culture

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Technology
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4263
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Science and the French and British Navies, 1700-1850

Science and the French and British Navies, 1700-1850

  • Author: Pieter Van der Merwe
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780948065514
  • Category: France
  • Page: 160
  • View: 3811
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The Mariner's Mirror

The Mariner's Mirror

  • Author: Leonard George Carr Laughton,Roger Charles Anderson,William Gordon Perrin
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Great Britain
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4357
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