Search results for: innovation-ecosystems

Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Martin Fransman
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Martin Fransman presents a new approach to understanding how innovation happens, who makes it happen, and the helps and hindrances. Looking at innovation in real-time under uncertainty, he develops the idea of an 'innovation ecosystem', i.e. a system of interrelated players and processes that jointly make innovation happen. Examples include: how companies like Amazon, Google, Facebook, Apple, AT&T, and Huawei interact in the ICT Ecosystem; four innovations that changed the world - the transistor, microprocessor, optical fibre, and the laser; the causes of the telecoms boom and bust of the early 1990s that influenced the Great Recession from 2007; and the usefulness of the idea of innovation ecosystems for Chinese policy makers. By delving into the complex determinants of innovation this book provides a deeper, more rigorous understanding of how it happens. It will appeal to economists, social scientists, business people, policy makers, and anyone interested in innovation and entrepreneurship.

Mapping National Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Amnon Frenkel
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Increasingly, researchers and policymakers alike recognize that innovations are generated by complex and dynamic national ecosystems that include government, industry, universities and schools.

Disruptive Technology and Defence Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Pierre Barbaroux
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Recent advances in the disciplines of computer science (e.g., quantum theory, artificial intelligence), biotechnology and nanotechnology have deeply modified the structures of knowledge from which military capabilities are likely to develop. This book discusses the implications of disruptive technologies for the defence innovation ecosystem. Two complementary dimensions of the defence innovation ecosystem are highlighted: the industrial and intra-organizational. On the industrial scale, there is a shift in the ecology of knowledge underpinning the defence industrial and technological base (DITB). At the intra-organizational level, it is the actors’ practices that change and, through them, their skills and the processes by which they are acquired and transferred. In this context, the sources and legitimacy of innovation are being transformed, in turn requiring sometimes radical adaptations on the part of the various actors, including companies, military services, research communities and governmental agencies, which make up the defence innovation ecosystem.

Business Ecosystems and Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Peter Hartner
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The term ecosystem in the business context refers to new concepts of collaborative networks that have gained a great deal of attention by scholars and practitioners alike. However, scholars have put forth numerous overlapping concepts, frameworks, and theories whose boundaries are blurry. Addressing this issue, this thesis focuses on the two popular concepts business and innovation ecosystems and aims to differentiate them from one another. First, two seminal ecosystem approaches (ecosystem-as-affiliation and ecosystem-as-structure) are introduced as reference models to analyze the concepts and existing literature reviews are summarized as theoretical background for this thesis. Second, a systematic literature review of 53 articles from the business and management literature depicts the current state of research regarding these two concepts and differentiates them from each other. Despite a plethora of differing and overlapping definitions, the literature review revealed that the concept business ecosystem has mostly been used by researchers who referred to focal firms that collaborated with several actors to produce product(s), whereas the concept innovation ecosystem has mainly been used to refer to networks around focal innovations including the entities that contributed to them. The results of this review imply that scholars should agree on two distinct definitions for business and innovation ecosystems for which suggestions are provided. Alternatively, they could renounce from the use of different ecosystem concepts and exclusively use the term ecosystem in general.

Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Eunika Mercier-Laurent
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With innovation fast becoming omnipresent and part of strategic matters, there is a growing need to understand how to jumpstart the innovation process. This book introduces the concept of "e-co-innovation," which fosters the successful transition from idea to reality and ultimate value. It provides a global and system overview of the subject and presents various aspects of innovation from different angles and perspectives, leading to an understanding of all ecosystem components, their metamorphoses, cross-influences and possible impacts on the balanced development of people, businesses, regions and countries.

Evolving Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Carol L. Stimmel
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While emerging technologies create massive opportunity, especially for investors and companies that seek more adaptable forms of economic growth than currently available, value is held inert by traditional approaches, patents, and other closed systems. Yet, open data, content, and information may be the key to mass innovation for future technologies, although they bring difficult challenges to private-industry models that depend on the established ideas of intellectual property. It is from this foundational observation that OpenXFORM (a blending of the words Open and the engineering abbreviation for Transformation) was developed and is explored and described in this book. The intent of the model design is to synthesize an approach to the process of innovation, inspired by natural systems and human-centric design processes. OpenXFORM describes how an open system of innovation can adapt to the unregulated world of information, data, and content; can decompose its own information to release to the open world; and can discover ways to find the points of synergy among the studied and tested methodologies that put human relationships first. This book presents an explicit innovation process that shows how to move from a breakthrough idea through a process that encourages innovative thinkers to test their assumptions, validate hypotheses, and tune and tweak their ideas, not only to drive solutions for users but also to meet the strategic goals of their companies. The anatomy of innovation through OpenXFORM contains the process for moving ideas from a flight of fancy to an explicit concept that is ready to produce.

Startups and Innovation Ecosystems in Emerging Markets

Author : Moacir de Miranda Oliveira, Jr.
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This book examines the behavior of high-tech startups and important aspects of innovation ecosystems in Brazil. It discusses how the local business environment boosts startups and high-tech entrepreneurship, leading to the most successful implementation of technology parks and incubation movements in Latin America. In the first part, the chapters explore the experience of Brazilian high-tech startups with regard to innovation, funding, background of the entrepreneur and their efforts entering international markets. The second part is dedicated to innovation ecosystems and explains the role of business incubators, acceleration programs, and university entrepreneurship in the country.

Higher Education in Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Yuzhuo Cai
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Higher education has been considered both an 'engine' for innovation and a 'catalyst' for sustainability development; the integration of both the innovation engine and sustainability catalyst roles are discussed in a recently published Special Issue on the theme of Higher Education in Innovation Ecosystems in the journal Sustainability. Based on 16 articles contributing to the Special Issue from various perspectives, the Special Issue editors have developed an overarching framework about the relationships between higher education and innovation ecosystems. In the framework, we re-define the concept of innovation ecosystem and identify emerging roles of universities in developing sustainable innovation ecosystems. Re-conceptualization of innovation ecosystems In the editorial of the Special Issue, innovation ecosystem is defined as: co-innovation networks in which actors from organizations concerned with the functions of knowledge production, wealth creation, and norm control interact with each other in forming co-evolution and interdependent relations (both direct or indirect) in cross-geographical contexts and through which new ideas and approaches from various internal and external sources are integrated into a platform to generate shared values for the sustainable transformation of society. Compared with most commonly cited definitions of innovation ecosystem, our definition highlights three new aspects of interactions in co-innovation networks: cross-sectoral, transnational, and indirect, drawing insights from the literature including innovation, geography, and biology studies. The roles of universities in innovation ecosystems The emerging roles of universities in innovation ecosystems are as follows: (1) The role of universities is changing from being a central player in technology transfer to being an anchor in knowledge exchange; (2) universities are assuming a new role in trust-building between actors in innovation ecosystems; and (3) universities are not merely an entrepreneurial universities but are also institutional entrepreneur in the innovation ecosystem. The three emerging roles all indicate that universities are becoming the catalysts for sustainable development in innovation ecosystems. Knowledge exchange is crucial for sustainability; trust is the foundation of the sustainable networks; social entrepreneurship is indispensable for sustainable social change. Evidence in wider contexts A total of 44 authors from 10 countries contributed to the discussions on the changing roles of higher education in innovation ecosystems from varying perspectives. They also report transformations within higher education and universities' responses to both external and internal transformations. When addressing these issues, the studies provide both theoretical and methodological contributions to the research on higher education in innovation ecosystems. The 16 articles can be generally placed into four categories: (1) new demands for universities arising from the transformation in society toward innovation ecosystems, (2) transformations within higher education responding to emerging societal demands, (3) dynamics of the interaction of university with other innovation actors in a transnational context, and (4) academic and student mobility for higher education innovation. Calling for a new research agenda While societal changes demand broader roles of universities, they also call for and leads to substantial changes within the internal fabric of the university. The innovations in both society and the universities necessitate a renewed understanding of higher education in society, which has become a new research agenda in studies on innovation in higher education. We hope our Special Issue will inspire and encourage more scholars to join the research field.

Place based Innovation Ecosystems

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This case-study comparative analysis focuses on five different Place-based Innovation Ecosystems in four countries of the European Union (namely Espoo in Finland, Barcelona in Spain, Gothenburg in Sweden and Ljubljana in Slovenia) and one in the United States of America (Boston) and seeks to generate scientific evidence for the future development of the European Union policies related to innovation in the context of regional and urban innovation ecosystems, emphasising the importance of the place-based dimension of innovation for the purpose of local economic transformation. All five selected and presented Place-based Innovation Ecosystems have been individually synthesised, analysed and compared based on common dimensions of analysis. These results allowed - as a first theoretical approximation to a specific typology - to define five different models of Place-based Innovation Ecosystems, with the potential to serve as an indicative reference for the development of other EU (and non-EU) cases. In conclusion, this study evidences a high complexity of innovation ecosystems with different levels of implementation of the Quadruple Helix Model and different kind of interrelations with Smart Specialisation Strategies and their inherent Entrepreneurial Discovery Processes. Orchestrators and main key-players play an essential role in the governance of the innovation ecosystems, performing a leadership role concerning local, regional, national and international innovation-related policy agendas. This leadership, talent attraction and retaining, the presence of research and innovation infrastructure, complementary system stakeholders and internationalisation were detected as core elements for successful local and regional innovation ecosystems.

A Guide to Planning and Managing Open Innovative Ecosystems

Author : João Leitão
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Digital technology in the form of big data and data analytics is transforming the global economy. This book is the first to take an open innovation perspective to the study and practice of ecosystems, providing a novel way of understanding the impact data has on the way entrepreneurial firms develop.

Innovation Ecosystems in the Bioeconomy

Author : Jim Philp
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Abstract: "Innovation ecosystems in the bioeconomy" examines the policy aspects of building the industrial and innovation ecosystems and value chains needed to make a bioeconomy viable as a sustainable means of production. While building biorefineries is more like a formulaic exercise in engineering, enabling these ecosystems and their value chains is a much more complex endeavour. Building on qualitative case studies and face-to-face interviews in eleven participating countries, the study reveals the diverse ways countries are seeking to achieve the goals set by national strategies and policies. The current report draws lessons from this diverse set of national case studies to generate both common and country-specific insights that can enable this transition from a fossil-based economy to a more sustainable one. These lessons include the need for systems-based approaches, attention to policy alignment, more focus on demand-side instruments, diversification of products, enabling medium-sized companies and harnessing converging technologies

Entrepreneurial Ecosystems Meet Innovation Systems

Author : Alexandra Tsvetkova
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This book presents multidisciplinary research that expands our understanding of the innovation system (IS) and the entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) perspectives on regional economic development. It critically reviews the two concepts and explores the promise and the limits of bridging IS and EE, particularly as applied outside of the bubbling global hubs or to the types of entrepreneurship different from the high-growth variety.

Innovation Ecosystems in Small Countries

Author : Nico Binsfeld
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Since it emerged at the start of the decade, the ecosystem model of Martin Fransman (Fransman, 2010) has been widely applied to understand innovative processes within the information and communication technology (ICT) sector - see, for example, Binsfeld, Whalley, & Pugalis (2017b). The framework has recently been updated (Fransman, 2018) so that an innovation ecosystem is defined as "of a group of interdependent players and processes who together through their interactions, make innovation happen". He has also proposed a deeper examination of the dynamics of how innovation happens within innovation systems, and who is in charge of making innovation happen. This paper seeks to apply this evolved understanding of innovative processes to Luxembourg. More specifically, the paper will describe and comment about the evolution of the ICT ecosystem in recent years. The paper will also present and reflect on a series of recent government initiatives that have been launched with the intention of stimulating the development of the ecosystem. Through such an approach, we will demonstrate the pivotal role played by the government as the main driver behind innovation in the ecosystem. The paper also outlines Luxembourg's national skills strategy and explores the degree to which these various initiatives may be integrated together.

INNOVATION ECOSYSTEM IN INDIA

Author : Rama Iyer
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Everyone questions what India has done in the innovation sector. Can India ever compete with western countries? Well, this is an attempt to answer the above question. This book is not about how to innovate. It’s about the different initiatives India has undertaken to promote and inculcate a culture of innovation in the country. The book talks about what the Central Government, State Government, research institutions, and schools/colleges have done. This detailed read will be an eye-opener for the uninitiated and a re-affirmation for those who had some idea but did not know the details. This book aims to paint a complete picture for you to gaze and cherish while sipping your hot coffee. “The book clearly describes how Telangana has been at the forefront of the startup ecosystem and innovation, with T-Hub today becoming a role model for various state governments in the country.” -Shri K T Rama Rao Minister of Municipal Administration & Urban Development, Industries, and IT & Commerce, Government of Telangana “A good book for students to read and know what's happening with startups and entrepreneurship in India. We at MeitY are also contributing to India’s startup mission and are happy to see a book dedicated to innovation ecosystem.” -Shri Gopalakrishnan S Joint Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY), Government of India

Admired Disorder a Guide to Building Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Alistair M. Brett
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Innovation requires supportive innovation ecosystems. This book is about building innovation ecosystems and improving existing ones. These have the character of complex adaptive systems. Innovation ecosystems do not just happen; they need to be engineered. Cases and examples in the book of how to engineer innovation ecosystems illustrate widely applicable fundamentals. No previous knowledge of complexity is assumed. Innovation ecosystems are systems of people usually in organizations behaving as normal non-rational beings, making decisions, experiencing successes and failure, learning, and living. An innovation ecosystem is a complex system of connections and relationships among people and their environment. We call these Rainforests or complex adaptive systems. This book applies complex adaptive systems and Rainforest Thinking to building innovation ecosystems.Understanding such systems helps deliver economic and social benefits: entrepreneurship, new business opportunities, workforce utilization, exports, investment, quality of life, prosperity, and more in a holistic, positive manner; and, most importantly, a robust innovation culture. Strategic planning and planning strategies change when the environment is a mix of certainty and uncertainty, as in complex adaptive systems.

Place based Innovation Ecosystems

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This case study focuses on Ljubljana/ Slovenia's start-up ecosystem and its main actors and orchestrators (or "innovation process entrepreneurs") like the Technology Park Ljubljana. While Slovenia has kept its place as a strong innovator (EIS, 2017), the only CEEC in this group, it lacks an effective governance structure for research and innovation and true collaboration between actors. Taking advice from more experienced countries and applying policy and funding instruments prescribed by the EU could have speeded up the process of developing a more advanced innovation system, but frequent changes of the instruments and the support provided to different stakeholders did not help. Against this background, one of the interesting phenomena that can be observed in Ljubljana's start-up environment is a growth of various kinds of new initiatives, some bottom-up from entrepreneurial activity, others stimulated by public policy, but all aimed at providing stimulating support to start-ups, from co-working spaces, geek house, Hackathon, etc. All together they create a dynamic network, which spreads beyond Ljubljana's Region across Slovenia, but also much wider across Western Balkans and to EU and USA. This network is developing in parallel, with or without the support of formal institutions and/or governmental support.

The Emergence of Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Gouthanan Pushpananthan
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Sustaining the Nation s Innovation Ecosystems

Author : President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.)
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Open Innovation Ecosystems

Author : Daniel Fasnacht
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The next level for creating and capturing value for clients and businesses in the banking, wealth and asset management industry are platform business models embedded in cross-sector ecosystems. Sharing information and knowledge, co-innovating with clients, communities, and competitors and adopting cognitive technology, robo advisors, crowdfunding, and blockchain reflect the socio-economic behavior in the interconnected digital world. Emerging growth regions in Asia, demographic shifts, intergenerational wealth transfers, and increasing regulations are further trends that are amplifying each other and disrupting the client journey and affecting the entire economy. As this is not enough, we have never experienced before that new market entrants outside the financial sector, be it Amazon, Apple, Google, or Facebook, increasingly expand scale and scope to offer financial services. Featuring case studies of Chinese cross-sector ecosystems like that of Alibaba and Ant Financial that transformed from domestic and organic growth to rapid global expansion, this highly readable book gives you a glimpse how banking services where you just walk out of the store and pay with a smile are evolving. We break down everything you need to know about challenger bank’s foray into financial services by leveraging their digital platforms and analytical capabilities, offering services from health to wealth, threatening incumbent banks. This is the last call for banks with traditional business models to open up and engage in an innovation ecosystem that transcend organizational boundaries and performs without sector borders because every actor contributes to the value constellation of the system. The book provides practitioners and scholars with new insights about open and holistic business models with platforms as the crucial entry point to global markets where competition will be among ecosystems rather than on company level. It encourages leaders to expand their skills and think through the lens of the ecosystem theory, while developing compelling strategies to serve the next generation clients.

Leadership and Teamwork in Innovation Ecosystems

Author : José Miguel Muñoz
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As experts acknowledge innovation is rarely driven by individuals acting in an isolated capacity, it is generally a social and collaborative element that triggers the concepts of organizational behavior. The question is then how to create environments in projects and in organizations where individual's creativity and contribution fosters pollination to drive innovation. Studies confirm that the key impacting element in this area is teamwork quality, rather than team composition. Thus, organizations need to create teams with key traits that drive positive collaborations such as communication, coordination, balance of member contributions, mutual support, effort, and cohesion. These traits will allow a social group to deal with the inevitable creative tension needed for innovation ecosystems to flourish. Since human behavior is not mathematical, the only way to do this is creating the conditions for these traits to appear. In this context, leaders as social architects become very important, setting the tone of the organization, clearly defining the mission, identifying and living shared values, setting example, and understanding how organizations and social groups behave. When they are able to build high quality and performing environments, they become innovation brokers generating models that are scalable to be able to impact communities.