Search Results for "interaction-of-radiation-with-matter"

Interaction of Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Radiation with Matter

  • Author: Hooshang Nikjoo,Shuzo Uehara,Dimitris Emfietzoglou
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1466509600
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 364
  • View: 810
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Interaction of Radiation with Matter focuses on the physics of the interactions of ionizing radiation in living matter and the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation tracks. Clearly progressing from an elementary level to the state of the art, the text explores the classical physics of track description as well as modern aspects based on condensed matter physics. The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning. Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.

Interaction of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

Interaction of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

An Introduction

  • Author: Sow-Hsin Chen,Michael Kotlarchyk
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810220266
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 400
  • View: 5100
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This book is based on lecture notes developed for a one-semester graduate course entitled The Interaction of Radiation with Matter, taught in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The main objective of the course is to teach enough quantum and classical radiation theory to allow students in engineering and the applied sciences to understand and have access to the vast literature on applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in materials research. Besides presenting the fundamental physics of radiation interactions, the book devotes individual chapters to some of the important modern-day experimental tools, such as nuclear magnetic resonance, photon correlation spectroscopy, and the various types of neutron, x-ray and light-scattering techniques.

Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter

Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter

  • Author: N. B. Delone
  • Publisher: Atlantica Séguier Frontières
  • ISBN: 9782863321270
  • Category: Laser beams
  • Page: 401
  • View: 6390
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Interaction of Particles and Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Particles and Radiation with Matter

  • Author: Vsevolod V. Balashov
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9783642643835
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 238
  • View: 1359
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Beginning with a concise introduction on the constituents of matter (elementary particles, atomic nuclei, atoms and molecules), this course on the structure of matter focuses on the interaction of particles and radiation with matter. The course is divided into fourteen lectures with each ranging from physical fundamentals to current topics in subatomic and atomic research, thus making links to modern applications. Currently important topics such as channeling, the interaction between molecular ions and matter, and muon-catalyzed fusion are also discussed. The text is suitable as an introduction for graduate students and as a reference for scientists.

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

  • Author: Claude Leroy,Pier-Giorgio Rancoita
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814458465
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1040
  • View: 7651
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This book, like the first and second editions, addresses the fundamental principles of interaction between radiation and matter and the principles of particle detection and detectors in a wide scope of fields, from low to high energy, including space physics and medical environment. It provides abundant information about the processes of electromagnetic and hadronic energy deposition in matter, detecting systems, performance of detectors and their optimization. The third edition includes additional material covering, for instance: mechanisms of energy loss like the inverse Compton scattering, corrections due to the Landau–Pomeranchuk–Migdal effect, an extended relativistic treatment of nucleus–nucleus screened Coulomb scattering, and transport of charged particles inside the heliosphere. Furthermore, the displacement damage (NIEL) in semiconductors has been revisited to account for recent experimental data and more comprehensive comparisons with results previously obtained. This book will be of great use to graduate students and final-year undergraduates as a reference and supplement for courses in particle, astroparticle, space physics and instrumentation. A part of the book is directed toward courses in medical physics. The book can also be used by researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium, and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation. Errata(s) Errata Contents:Electromagnetic Interaction of Radiation in MatterNuclear Interactions in MatterRadiation Environments and Damage in Silicon SemiconductorsScintillating Media and Scintillator DetectorsSolid State DetectorsDisplacement Damage and Particle Interactions in Silicon DevicesGas Filled ChambersPrinciples of Particle Energy DeterminationSuperheated Droplet (Bubble) Detectors and CDM SearchMedical Physics Applications Readership: Researchers, academics, graduate students and professionals in accelerator, particle, astroparticle, space, applied and medical physics. Keywords:Interactions Between Radiation/Particles and Matter;High;Intermediate and Low Energy Particle Physics;Medical Physics;Radiation/Particle Detection;Space Physics;Detectors;Semiconductors;Calorimeters;Chambers;Scintillators;Silicon Pixels;Radiation Damage;Single Event Effects;Solar CellsKey Features:Covers state-of-the-art detection techniques and underlying theoriesAddresses topics of considerable use for professionals in medical physics, nuclear engineering, and environmental studiesContains an updated reference table set of physical properties

Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter

Thermal Physics Reviews

  • Author: R. Arutyunian
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9783718652167
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 65
  • View: 6773
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Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

  • Author: Claude Leroy,Pier-Giorgio Rancoita
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9812818286
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 930
  • View: 6834
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This book, like its first edition, addresses the fundamental principles of interaction between radiation and matter and the principle of particle detectors in a wide scope of fields, from low to high energy, including space physics and the medical environment. It provides abundant information about the processes of electromagnetic and hadronic energy deposition in matter, detecting systems, and performance and optimization of detectors. In this second edition, new sections dedicated to the following topics are included: space and high-energy physics radiation environment, non-ionizing energy loss (NIEL), displacement damage in silicon devices and detectors, single event effects, detection of slow and fast neutrons with silicon detectors, solar cells, pixel detectors, and additional material for dark matter detectors. This book will benefit graduate students and final-year undergraduates as a reference and supplement for courses in particle, astroparticle, and space physics and instrumentation. A part of it is directed toward courses in medical physics. The book can also be used by researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium, and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation.

Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter

Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter

  • Author: C-K Chris Wang
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781516552719
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 402
  • View: 1918
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Intended for graduate-level introductory courses in nuclear physics and radiation interaction, Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter gives students the foundation needed to study specialized subjects such as nuclear reactor physics, radiation transport methods, radiation detection, and radiation dosimetry. The text discusses the modern physics relevant to radiation interaction beginning with a condensed examination of nuclear physics and radioactive decay. There is an examination of nuclear reaction kinematics and how the different types of radiation engage in various types of nuclear or atomic interactions with matter. The interaction probability is discussed in term of "cross section." Both classical mechanics and wave mechanics are used to derive the cross section formulas. Specific examples are given when classical mechanics breaks down and quantum mechanics prevails. Extensively class-tested, the material in Atoms, Nuclei, and Interactions of Ionizing Radiation with Matter successfully links three closely-related subjects so that they can be taught in a succinct, one-semester course. The book is intended to serve as the primary text for entry-level radiation physics courses for students majoring in nuclear engineering, health physics, or medical physics. C-K Chris Wang, who earned his Ph.D. at Ohio State University, is a professor of nuclear engineering and medical physics at Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Dr. Wang has published extensively in neutron dosimetry, detection, spectrometry, and radiobiological modeling. His other areas of expertise include nuclear physics, radiation interaction, Monte Carlo methods in radiation transport, radiation protection and shielding, nuclear criticality safety, micro/nanodosimetry, and high-LET radiotherapy.

Interactions of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

Interactions of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

  • Author: Sow-Hsin Chen,Michael Kotlarchyk
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 981024214X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 441
  • View: 3492
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This invaluable book is based on lecture notes developed for a one-semester graduate course entitled "Interaction of Radiation with Matter", taught in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The main objective of the course is to teach enough quantum and classical radiation theory to allow students in engineering and the applied sciences to understand and have access to the vast literature on applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in materials research. Besides presenting the fundamental physics of radiation interactions, the book devotes individual chapters to some of the important modern-day experimental tools, such as nuclear magnetic resonance, photon correlation spectroscopy, and the various types of neutron, x-ray, and light-scattering techniques. This new edition contains added sections on such subjects as synchrotron radiation, neutron spin echo, and diffusive wave spectroscopy. End-of-chapter problems have also been added.

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Chemical, Physicochemical, and Biological Consequences with Applications

  • Author: A. Mozumder,Yoshihiko Hatano
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 9780203913284
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 860
  • View: 8191
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Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter offers in-depth perspectives on phenomena of ionization and excitation induced by charged particle and photon interactions with matter in vivo and in vitro. This reference probes concepts not only in radiation and photochemistry, but also in radiation physics, radiation biochemistry, and radiation biology as well as recent applications in medicine and material, environmental, space, and biological science and engineering. It studies reports on the interactions of high-energy photons, specifically in the vacuum ultraviolet-soft X-ray region to offer fundamental information on the primary processes of the interactions of charged particles with matter.