Search Results for "introducing-relativity"

Introducing Relativity

Introducing Relativity

A Graphic Guide

  • Author: Bruce Bassett
  • Publisher: Icon Books Ltd
  • ISBN: 1848317700
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 176
  • View: 2503
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It is now more than a century since Einstein's theories of Special and General Relativity began to revolutionise our view of the universe. Beginning near the speed of light and proceeding to explorations of space-time and curved spaces, "Introducing Relativity" plots a visually accessible course through the thought experiments that have given shape to contemporary physics. Scientists from Newton to Hawking add their unique contributions to this story, as we encounter Einstein's astounding vision of gravity as the curvature of space-time and arrive at the breathtakingly beautiful field equations. Einstein's legacy is reviewed in the most advanced frontiers of physics today - black holes, gravitational waves, the accelerating universe and string theory. This is a superlative, fascinating graphic account of Einstein's strange world and how his legacy has been built upon since.

Introducing Special Relativity

Introducing Special Relativity

  • Author: W.S.C. Williams
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 042983702X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 5021
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Introducing Special Relativity provides an easy and rewarding way into special relativity for first and second year university students studying physics. The author establishes the fundamentals of relativity at the outset of this book so readers fully understand the principles and know how to them before moving on to subjects, like time dilation, that often are a source of difficulty for students. The primary topics addressed include conserved relativistic energy and momentum, applications of the Lorentz transformation, and developments in 20th-century physics. This volume also reviews some of the early experiments in the development of special relativity.

Introducing Einstein's Relativity

Introducing Einstein's Relativity

  • Author: Ray D'Inverno
  • Publisher: Peterson's
  • ISBN: 9780198596868
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 383
  • View: 2870
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There is little doubt that Einstein's theory of relativity captures the imagination. Not only has it radically altered the way we view the universe, but the theory also has a considerable number of surprises in store. This is especially so in the three main topics of current interest thatthis book reaches, namely: black holes, gravitational waves, and cosmology. The main aim of this textbook is to provide students with a sound mathematical introduction coupled to an understanding of the physical insights needed to explore the subject. Indeed, the book follows Einstein in that it introduces the theory very much from a physical point of view. Afterintroducing the special theory of relativity, the basic field equations of gravitation are derived and discussed carefully as a prelude to first solving them in simple cases and then exploring the three main areas of application. Einstein's theory of relativity is undoubtedly one of the greatest achievements of the human mind. Yet, in this book, the author makes it possible for students with a wide range of abilities to deal confidently with the subject. Based on the author's fifteen years experience of teaching thissubject, this is achieved by breaking down the main arguments into simple logical steps. The book includes numerous illustrative diagrams and exercises (of varying degrees of difficulty), and as a result this book makes an excellent course for any student coming to the subject for the firsttime.

Introduction to Relativistic Quantum Chemistry

Introduction to Relativistic Quantum Chemistry

  • Author: Kenneth G. Dyall,Knut Faegri
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
  • ISBN: 0195140869
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 530
  • View: 9985
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This book introduces relativistic methods in quantum chemistry to non-experts and students. Its five sections cover classical relativity background; the Dirac equation; four-component methods, including symmetry, correlation, and properties; approximate methods, including perturbation theory, transformed Hamiltonians, regular approximations, matrix approximations, and pseudopotential methods; and an overview of relativistic effects on bonding

Introducing Particle Physics

Introducing Particle Physics

A Graphic Guide

  • Author: Tom Whyntie
  • Publisher: Icon Books
  • ISBN: 1848317646
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 1192
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What really happens at the most fundamental levels of nature? Introducing Particle Physics explores the very frontiers of our knowledge, even showing how particle physicists are now using theory and experiment to probe our very concept of what is real. From the earliest history of the atomic theory through to supersymmetry, micro-black holes, dark matter, the Higgs boson, and the possibly mythical graviton, practising physicist and CERN contributor Tom Whyntie gives us a mind-expanding tour of cutting-edge science. Featuring brilliant illustrations from Oliver Pugh, Introducing Particle Physics is a unique tour through the most astonishing and challenging science being undertaken today.

An Introduction to Relativity

An Introduction to Relativity

  • Author: Jayant V. Narlikar
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139484680
  • Category: Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6289
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General relativity is now an essential part of undergraduate and graduate courses in physics, astrophysics and applied mathematics. This simple, user-friendly introduction to relativity is ideal for a first course in the subject. Beginning with a comprehensive but simple review of special relativity, the book creates a framework from which to launch the ideas of general relativity. After describing the basic theory, it moves on to describe important applications to astrophysics, black hole physics, and cosmology. Several worked examples, and numerous figures and images, help students appreciate the underlying concepts. There are also 180 exercises which test and develop students' understanding of the subject. The textbook presents all the necessary information and discussion for an elementary approach to relativity. Password-protected solutions to the exercises are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9780521735612.

Introduction to General Relativity and the Cosmological Constant Problem

Introduction to General Relativity and the Cosmological Constant Problem

  • Author: Marcelo Samuel Berman
  • Publisher: Nova Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781594547171
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 213
  • View: 4594
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This book is an introductory text in General Relativity, while also focusing some solutions to the cosmological constant problem, which consists in an amazing 100 orders of magnitude discrepancy between the value of this constant in the present Universe, and its estimated value in the very early epoch. The author suggests that the constant is in fact, a time-varying function of the age of the Universe. The book offers a wealth of cosmological models, treats up to date findings, like the verification of the Lense-Thirring effect in the year 2004, and the recently published research by Cooperstock and Tieu (2005) suggesting that "dark" matter is not a necessary concept in order to explain the rotational velocities of stars around galaxies' nuclei. This is a mathematical cosmology textbook that may lead undergraduates, and graduate students to one of the frontiers of research, while keeping the prerequisites to a minimum, because most of the theory in the book requires only prior knowledge of Calculus and a University Physics course.

Recollections and Reflections

Recollections and Reflections

  • Author: Joseph John Thomson
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108037925
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 482
  • View: 4513
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Manchester-born Sir Joseph John Thomson (1858-1940), discoverer of the electron, was one of the most important Cambridge physicists of the later nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries. Succeeding Lord Rayleigh as Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics, he directed the research interests of the laboratory, and eight of his students, including Rutherford, went on to win Nobel Prizes, as Thomson himself did in 1906. He was knighted in 1908, received the Order of Merit in 1912, and became Master of Trinity College in 1918. He also served as President of the Royal Society from 1915 from 1920 and was a government advisor on scientific research during World War I. This autobiography, published in 1936, covers all aspects of his career - his student days in Manchester, arrival in Cambridge, and growing international reputation. It gives a fascinating picture of Cambridge life and science at a dynamic period of development.

Introduction to 2-spinors in General Relativity

Introduction to 2-spinors in General Relativity

  • Author: Peter J. O'Donnell
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789812795311
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 204
  • View: 6607
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This book deals with 2-spinors in general relativity, beginning by developing spinors in a geometrical way rather than using representation theory, which can be a little abstract. This gives the reader greater physical intuition into the way in which spinors behave. The book concentrates on the algebra and calculus of spinors connected with curved space-time. Many of the well-known tensor fields in general relativity are shown to have spinor counterparts. An analysis of the Lanczos spinor concludes the book, and some of the techniques so far encountered are applied to this. Exercises play an important role throughout and are given at the end of each chapter. Sample Chapter(s). Spinor Geometry (238 KB). Contents: Spinor Geometry; Spinor Algebra; Spinor Analysis; Lanczos Spinor. Readership: Postgraduate level students and researchers.

Introduction to General Relativistic and Scalar-tensor Cosmologies

Introduction to General Relativistic and Scalar-tensor Cosmologies

  • Author: Marcelo Samuel Berman
  • Publisher: Nova Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781600210136
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 266
  • View: 2397
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This book offers an introduction to General Relativity and its mathematical tools, together with an introduction to relativistic and scalar-tensor cosmologies. Part I deals with Tensor Calculus. Part II introduces General Relativity Theory, while Part III deals with Relativistic Cosmology. In Part IV we work Scalar-Tensor theories, concentrating in Cosmological Models. In the last chapters, the cosmological models presented, become more and more sophisticated, including some new cases, never published elsewhere, in which all fundamental "constants" are made to vary, with the age of the Universe, namely, the gravitational, the cosmological, the coupling Brans-Dicke "constants", the speed of light, Planck's "fine -structure "constant" alpha" etc. This is a mathematical cosmology textbook that may lead undergraduates, and graduate students, to one of the frontiers of research, while keeping the prerequisites to a minimum, because most of the theory in the book requires only prior knowledge of Calculus and a University Physics course.