Search results for: introduction-to-distributed-algorithms

Introduction to Distributed Algorithms

Author : Gerard Tel
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Introduction : distributed systems - The model - Communication protocols - Routing algorithms - Deadlock-free packet switching - Wave and traversal algorithms - Election algorithms - Termination detection - Anonymous networks - Snapshots - Sense of direction and orientation - Synchrony in networks - Fault tolerance in distributed systems - Fault tolerance in asynchronous systems - Fault tolerance in synchronous systems - Failure detection - Stabilization.

An Introduction to Distributed Algorithms

Author : Valmir C. Barbosa
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An Introduction to Distributed Algorithms takes up some of the main concepts and algorithms, ranging from basic to advanced techniques and applications, that underlie the programming of distributed-memory systems such as computer networks, networks of workstations, and multiprocessors. Written from the broad perspective of distributed-memory systems in general it includes topics such as algorithms for maximum flow, program debugging, and simulation that do not appear in more orthodox texts on distributed algorithms. Moving from fundamentals to advances and applications, ten chapters—with exercises and bibliographic notes—cover a variety of topics. These include models of distributed computation, information propagation, leader election, distributed snapshots, network synchronization, self- stability, termination detection, deadlock detection, graph algorithms, mutual exclusion, program debugging, and simulation. All of the algorithms are presented in a clear, template- based format for the description of message-passing computations among the nodes of a connected graph. Such a generic setting allows the treatment of problems originating from many different application areas. The main ideas and algorithms are described in a way that balances intuition and formal rigor—most are preceded by a general intuitive discussion and followed by formal statements as to correctness complexity or other properties.

Introduction to Distributed Self Stabilizing Algorithms

Author : Karine Altisen
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This book aims at being a comprehensive and pedagogical introduction to the concept of self-stabilization, introduced by Edsger Wybe Dijkstra in 1973. Self-stabilization characterizes the ability of a distributed algorithm to converge within finite time to a configuration from which its behavior is correct (i.e., satisfies a given specification), regardless the arbitrary initial configuration of the system. This arbitrary initial configuration may be the result of the occurrence of a finite number of transient faults. Hence, self-stabilization is actually considered as a versatile non-masking fault tolerance approach, since it recovers from the effect of any finite number of such faults in a unified manner. Another major interest of such an automatic recovery method comes from the difficulty of resetting malfunctioning devices in a large-scale (and so, geographically spread) distributed system (the Internet, Pair-to-Pair networks, and Delay Tolerant Networks are examples of such distributed systems). Furthermore, self-stabilization is usually recognized as a lightweight property to achieve fault tolerance as compared to other classical fault tolerance approaches. Indeed, the overhead, both in terms of time and space, of state-of-the-art self-stabilizing algorithms is commonly small. This makes self-stabilization very attractive for distributed systems equipped of processes with low computational and memory capabilities, such as wireless sensor networks. After more than 40 years of existence, self-stabilization is now sufficiently established as an important field of research in theoretical distributed computing to justify its teaching in advanced research-oriented graduate courses. This book is an initiation course, which consists of the formal definition of self-stabilization and its related concepts, followed by a deep review and study of classical (simple) algorithms, commonly used proof schemes and design patterns, as well as premium results issued from the self-stabilizing community. As often happens in the self-stabilizing area, in this book we focus on the proof of correctness and the analytical complexity of the studied distributed self-stabilizing algorithms. Finally, we underline that most of the algorithms studied in this book are actually dedicated to the high-level atomic-state model, which is the most commonly used computational model in the self-stabilizing area. However, in the last chapter, we present general techniques to achieve self-stabilization in the low-level message passing model, as well as example algorithms.

Distributed Algorithms for Message Passing Systems

Author : Michel Raynal
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Distributed computing is at the heart of many applications. It arises as soon as one has to solve a problem in terms of entities -- such as processes, peers, processors, nodes, or agents -- that individually have only a partial knowledge of the many input parameters associated with the problem. In particular each entity cooperating towards the common goal cannot have an instantaneous knowledge of the current state of the other entities. Whereas parallel computing is mainly concerned with 'efficiency', and real-time computing is mainly concerned with 'on-time computing', distributed computing is mainly concerned with 'mastering uncertainty' created by issues such as the multiplicity of control flows, asynchronous communication, unstable behaviors, mobility, and dynamicity. While some distributed algorithms consist of a few lines only, their behavior can be difficult to understand and their properties hard to state and prove. The aim of this book is to present in a comprehensive way the basic notions, concepts, and algorithms of distributed computing when the distributed entities cooperate by sending and receiving messages on top of an asynchronous network. The book is composed of seventeen chapters structured into six parts: distributed graph algorithms, in particular what makes them different from sequential or parallel algorithms; logical time and global states, the core of the book; mutual exclusion and resource allocation; high-level communication abstractions; distributed detection of properties; and distributed shared memory. The author establishes clear objectives per chapter and the content is supported throughout with illustrative examples, summaries, exercises, and annotated bibliographies. This book constitutes an introduction to distributed computing and is suitable for advanced undergraduate students or graduate students in computer science and computer engineering, graduate students in mathematics interested in distributed computing, and practitioners and engineers involved in the design and implementation of distributed applications. The reader should have a basic knowledge of algorithms and operating systems.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Nancy A. Lynch
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The material is organized according to the system model - first by the timing model and then by the interprocess communication mechanism. The material on system models is isolated in separate chapters for easy reference.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Sam Toueg
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This volume contains the proceedings of the fifth International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms. The workshop was a forum for researchers in distributed algorithms, communication networks, and decentralized systems.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Gerard Tel
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This volume presents the proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms (WDAG '94), held on the island of Terschelling, The Netherlands in September 1994. Besides the 23 research papers carefully selected by the program committee, the book contains 3 invited papers. The volume covers all relevant aspects of distributed algorithms; the topics discussed include network protocols, distributed control and communication, real-time systems, dynamic algorithms, self-stabilizing algorithms, synchronization, graph algorithms, wait-free algorithms, mechanisms for security, replicating data, and distributed databases.

Distributed Control of Robotic Networks

Author : Francesco Bullo
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This self-contained introduction to the distributed control of robotic networks offers a distinctive blend of computer science and control theory. The book presents a broad set of tools for understanding coordination algorithms, determining their correctness, and assessing their complexity; and it analyzes various cooperative strategies for tasks such as consensus, rendezvous, connectivity maintenance, deployment, and boundary estimation. The unifying theme is a formal model for robotic networks that explicitly incorporates their communication, sensing, control, and processing capabilities--a model that in turn leads to a common formal language to describe and analyze coordination algorithms. Written for first- and second-year graduate students in control and robotics, the book will also be useful to researchers in control theory, robotics, distributed algorithms, and automata theory. The book provides explanations of the basic concepts and main results, as well as numerous examples and exercises. Self-contained exposition of graph-theoretic concepts, distributed algorithms, and complexity measures for processor networks with fixed interconnection topology and for robotic networks with position-dependent interconnection topology Detailed treatment of averaging and consensus algorithms interpreted as linear iterations on synchronous networks Introduction of geometric notions such as partitions, proximity graphs, and multicenter functions Detailed treatment of motion coordination algorithms for deployment, rendezvous, connectivity maintenance, and boundary estimation

Introduction to Reliable and Secure Distributed Programming

Author : Christian Cachin
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In modern computing a program is usually distributed among several processes. The fundamental challenge when developing reliable and secure distributed programs is to support the cooperation of processes required to execute a common task, even when some of these processes fail. Failures may range from crashes to adversarial attacks by malicious processes. Cachin, Guerraoui, and Rodrigues present an introductory description of fundamental distributed programming abstractions together with algorithms to implement them in distributed systems, where processes are subject to crashes and malicious attacks. The authors follow an incremental approach by first introducing basic abstractions in simple distributed environments, before moving to more sophisticated abstractions and more challenging environments. Each core chapter is devoted to one topic, covering reliable broadcast, shared memory, consensus, and extensions of consensus. For every topic, many exercises and their solutions enhance the understanding This book represents the second edition of "Introduction to Reliable Distributed Programming". Its scope has been extended to include security against malicious actions by non-cooperating processes. This important domain has become widely known under the name "Byzantine fault-tolerance".

Distributed Algorithms

Author : International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms (4, 1990, Bari)
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Proceedings of the 4th of a series of workshops on distributed algorithms. The workshop was a forum for researchers and others to discuss recent results and trends in the design and analysis of distributed algorithms for communication networks and decentralized systems.

Distributed Computing

Author : Ajay D. Kshemkalyani
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Designing distributed computing systems is a complex process requiring a solid understanding of the design problems and the theoretical and practical aspects of their solutions. This comprehensive textbook covers the fundamental principles and models underlying the theory, algorithms and systems aspects of distributed computing. Broad and detailed coverage of the theory is balanced with practical systems-related issues such as mutual exclusion, deadlock detection, authentication, and failure recovery. Algorithms are carefully selected, lucidly presented, and described without complex proofs. Simple explanations and illustrations are used to elucidate the algorithms. Important emerging topics such as peer-to-peer networks and network security are also considered. With vital algorithms, numerous illustrations, examples and homework problems, this textbook is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of electrical and computer engineering and computer science. Practitioners in data networking and sensor networks will also find this a valuable resource. Additional resources are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521876346.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms, WDAG '95, held in Le Mont-Saint-Michel, France in September 1995. Besides four invited contributions, 18 full revised research papers are presented, selected from a total of 48 submissions during a careful refereeing process. The papers document the progress achieved in the area since the predecessor workshop (LNCS 857); they are organized in sections on asynchronous systems, networks, shared memory, Byzantine failures, self-stabilization, and detection of properties.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Jean-Claude Bermond
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This book includes the papers presented at the Third International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms organized at La Colle-sur-Loup, near Nice, France, September 26-28, 1989 which followed the first two successful international workshops in Ottawa (1985) and Amsterdam (1987). This workshop provided a forum for researchers and others interested in distributed algorithms on communication networks, graphs, and decentralized systems. The aim was to present recent research results, explore directions for future research, and identify common fundamental techniques that serve as building blocks in many distributed algorithms. Papers describe original results in all areas of distributed algorithms and their applications, including: distributed combinatorial algorithms, distributed graph algorithms, distributed algorithms for control and communication, distributed database techniques, distributed algorithms for decentralized systems, fail-safe and fault-tolerant distributed algorithms, distributed optimization algorithms, routing algorithms, design of network protocols, algorithms for transaction management, composition of distributed algorithms, and analysis of distributed algorithms.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Marios Mavronicolas
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms, WDAG '97, held in Saarbrücken, Germany, in September 1997. The volume presents 20 revised full papers selected from 59 submissions. Also included are three invited papers by leading researchers. The papers address a variety of current issues in the area of distributed algorithms and, more generally, distributed systems such as various particular algorithms, randomized computing, routing, networking, load balancing, scheduling, message-passing, shared-memory systems, communication, graph algorithms, etc.

Design and Analysis of Distributed Algorithms

Author : Nicola Santoro
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This text is based on a simple and fully reactive computational model that allows for intuitive comprehension and logical designs. The principles and techniques presented can be applied to any distributed computing environment (e.g., distributed systems, communication networks, data networks, grid networks, internet, etc.). The text provides a wealth of unique material for learning how to design algorithms and protocols perform tasks efficiently in a distributed computing environment.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Jan van Leeuwen
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This volume presents the proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms, held July 8-10, 1987, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. It contains 29 papers on new developments in the area of the design and analysis of distributed algorithms. The topics covered include, e.g. algorithms for distributed consensus and agreement in networks, connection management and topology update schemes, election and termination detection protocols, and other issues in distributed network control.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Özalp Babaoglu
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Microsystem technology (MST) integrates very small (up to a few nanometers) mechanical, electronic, optical, and other components on a substrate to construct functional devices. These devices are used as intelligent sensors, actuators, and controllers for medical, automotive, household and many other purposes. This book is a basic introduction to MST for students, engineers, and scientists. It is the first of its kind to cover MST in its entirety. It gives a comprehensive treatment of all important parts of MST such as microfabrication technologies, microactuators, microsensors, development and testing of microsystems, and information processing in microsystems. It surveys products built to date and experimental products and gives a comprehensive view of all developments leading to MST devices and robots.

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Wan Fokkink
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A comprehensive guide to distributed algorithms that emphasizes examples and exercises rather than mathematical argumentation. This book offers students and researchers a guide to distributed algorithms that emphasizes examples and exercises rather than the intricacies of mathematical models. It avoids mathematical argumentation, often a stumbling block for students, teaching algorithmic thought rather than proofs and logic. This approach allows the student to learn a large number of algorithms within a relatively short span of time. Algorithms are explained through brief, informal descriptions, illuminating examples, and practical exercises. The examples and exercises allow readers to understand algorithms intuitively and from different perspectives. Proof sketches, arguing the correctness of an algorithm or explaining the idea behind fundamental results, are also included. An appendix offers pseudocode descriptions of many algorithms. Distributed algorithms are performed by a collection of computers that send messages to each other or by multiple software threads that use the same shared memory. The algorithms presented in the book are for the most part “classics,” selected because they shed light on the algorithmic design of distributed systems or on key issues in distributed computing and concurrent programming. Distributed Algorithms can be used in courses for upper-level undergraduates or graduate students in computer science, or as a reference for researchers in the field.

Distributed Algorithms and Protocols

Author : Michel Raynal
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The use of distributed algorithms offers the prospect of great advances in computing speed. This book provides a clear, practical, and up-to-date guide to distributed algorithms and protocols in the area of control. Much of the material has been heretofore unavailable in English. Each chapter considers a specific aspect of control, with an analysis of the problem, a description of the algorithm for solving it, and proofs of correctness. Chapters can be studied independently to find solutions to particular problems.

PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING ARCHITECTURES AND ALGORITHMS

Author : BASU, S. K.
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This concise text is designed to present the recent advances in parallel and distributed architectures and algorithms within an integrated framework. Beginning with an introduction to the basic concepts, the book goes on discussing the basic methods of parallelism exploitation in computation through vector processing, super scalar and VLIW processing, array processing, associative processing, systolic algorithms, and dataflow computation. After introducing interconnection networks, it discusses parallel algorithms for sorting, Fourier transform, matrix algebra, and graph theory. The second part focuses on basics and selected theoretical issues of distributed processing. Architectures and algorithms have been dealt in an integrated way throughout the book. The last chapter focuses on the different paradigms and issues of high performance computing making the reading more interesting. This book is meant for the senior level undergraduate and postgraduate students of computer science and engineering, and information technology. The book is also useful for the postgraduate students of computer science and computer application.