Search results for: introduction-to-membrane-science-and-technology

Introduction to Membrane Science and Technology

Author : Heinrich Strathmann
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"The objective of this book is to provide a short but reasonably comprehensive introduction to membrane science and technology suitable for graduate students and persons with engieering or natural science background to gain a basic understanding of membranes, their function and application without studying a large number of different reference books."--P. xiii.

Membrane Technology and Applications

Author : Richard W. Baker
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Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization 161 5 Reverse Osmosis 191 6 Ultrafiltration 237 7 Microfiltration 275 8 Gas Separation 301 9 Pervaporation 355 10 Ion Exchange Membrane Processes - Electrodialysis 393 11 Carrier Facilitated Transport 425 12 Medical Applications of Membranes 465 13 Other Membrane Processes 491 Appendix 523 Index 535.

Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications

Author : Angelo Basile
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Membrane materials allow for the selective separation of gas and vapour and for ion transport. Materials research and development continues to drive improvements in the design, manufacture and integration of membrane technologies as critical components in both sustainable energy and clean industry applications. Membrane utilisation offers process simplification and intensification in industry, providing low-cost, and efficient and reliable operation, and contributing towards emissions reductions and energy security. Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications presents a comprehensive review of membrane utilisation and integration within energy and environmental industries. Part one introduces the topic of membrane science and engineering, from the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation to membrane characterization and economic analysis. Part two focuses on membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in coal and gas power plants, including pre- and post-combustion and oxygen transport technologies. Part three reviews membranes for the petrochemical industry, with chapters covering hydrocarbon fuel, natural gas and synthesis gas processing, as well as advanced biofuels production. Part four covers membranes for alternative energy applications and energy storage, such as membrane technology for redox and lithium batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen production. Finally, part five discusses membranes utilisation in industrial and environmental applications, including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and forward osmosis, as well as water, wastewater and nuclear power applications. With its distinguished editors and team of expert contributors, Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications is an essential reference for membrane and materials engineers and manufacturers, as well as researchers and academics interested in this field. Presents a comprehensive review of membrane science and technology, focusing on developments and applications in sustainable energy and clean-industry Discusses the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation and membrane characterization and economic analysis Addresses the key issues of membrane utilisation in coal and gas power plants and the petrochemical industry, the use of membranes for alternative energy applications and membrane utilisation in industrial and environmental applications

Membrane Science and Technology

Author : Yoshihito Osada
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This volume covers the theory and applications of transport phenomena in synthetic membranes - describing modern membrane preparation methods, structures, characteristics and properties.;Examining different types of membranes and how they are used, Membrane Science and Technology: presents the physical and chemical fundamentals of membrane science; introduces such new techniques of membrane preparation as Langmuir-Blodgett, liquid crystalline, and plasma deposition; spotlights experimental procedures based on wet as well as dry processes; discusses the practical application of chemical processing and engineering; and considers biomedical uses in membrane science .;This book should be a useful resource for industrial chemists and biochemists; chemical, electrical, electronics and agricultural engineers; environmental, materials and polymer scientists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Fundamentals of Inorganic Membrane Science and Technology

Author : A.J. Burggraaf
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Inorganic membrane science and technology is a new field of membrane separation technology which until recently was dominated by the earlier field of polymer membranes. Currently the subject is undergoing rapid development and innovation. The present book describes the fundamental principles of both synthesis of inorganic membranes and membrane supports and also the associated phenomena of transport and separation in a semi-quantitative form. Features of this book: - Examples are given which illustrate the state-of-the-art in the synthesis of membranes with controlled properties - Future possibilities and limitations are discussed - The reader is provided with references to more extended treatments in the literature - Potential areas for future innovation are indicated. By combining aspects of both the science and technology of inorganic membranes this book serves as a useful source of information for scientists and engineers working in this field. It also provides some observations of important investigators who have contributed to the development of this subject.

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Author : K. Scott
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Although membrane separations can now routinely replace traditional separations, there is a need for the new developments in the applications and theories of membrane separation to be transmitted to industry to continue the drive forward in membrane development. This book presents new developments in the context of industrial technology and relates the principles of design to plant set-up and equipment selection.

Characterization of Ultra and Nanofiltration Commercial Filters by Liquid liquid Displacement Porosimetry

Author : René Israel Peinador Dávila
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Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2013 in the subject Engineering - Chemical Engineering, grade: "0", Universidad de Valladolid, language: English, abstract: Membrane Technology applied, among others, in processes such as Ultrafiltration (UF) and Nanofiltration (NF), has become an important part of biotechnological separation processes in recent decades. Its main feature, the morphology of the porous filters, leading to a “sieving mechanism” allows effective separation with high selectivity features and made in energy and environmental conditions very interesting. Given the enormous development of membrane filters, it becomes necessary the growth in parallel of characterization techniques applied to such filters, as essential tools for both manufacturers and end-users or researchers. In this sense we need to know most exactly possible, both functional and structural parameters of the membrane, all necessary for a proper choice of that with a view to a particular application. The question we must face is: Is there a characterization method, by itself, giving us a clear and easily interpretable picture of the true structure and functionality of the filter?. The answer to this question is obviously no. There are so many structural and functional parameters that contribute to the exact knowledge of the membrane, that there is no technique that can bring us all this wealth of information. From the industrial and commercial standpoints, the parameter most used and required, in view of possible applications of the filters, it is the molecular weight cut-off (MWCO), although it is clear that by itself is not a definitive tool for choosing a membrane filter. SMAP® group long experience in membrane characterization allows us to conclude that porosimetric techniques give interesting information related to the size and size distribution of the pores present in a membrane, information that can be conveniently checked against functional aspects of it. In this sense, we can consider that Liquid-liquid displacement porosimetry (LLDP) is the most promising porosimetric technique in the range of Ultrafiltration, thus giving us important information about these filters.

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification

Author : J.G. Crespo
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The current vigour in separations research principally derives from the need for pioneering separations processes in an emerging technology (biotechnology), from new societal emphases (reduction of chemical emissions into the environment), as well as from opportunities for achieving dramatic improvements in the efficiency of a number of manufacturing technologies through the development of a new generation of membranes (novel membrane applications). Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into `Membranes in Biotechnology' (11 papers), `Membranes in Environmental Technology' (6 papers), and `New Concepts' (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on `Energy Requirements' and `Education', i.e. membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state-of-the-art review of applied membrane processes. Even though other texts have appeared in recent years, a more documented, practical book is needed, with a strong interaction with the collateral disciplines of materials sciences, life sciences and environmental science. This book emphasizes the need for such an integrated approach to membrane processes.

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Author : Angelo Basile
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Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Techniques of Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) for Development of Membrane Technology provides updates on new progress in membrane processes due to various challenges and how many industrial companies and academic centers are carrying out these processes. Chapters help readers understand techniques of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) for the development of membrane technology, including an introduction to the technologies, their applications, and the advantages/disadvantages of CFD modeling of various membrane processes. In addition, the book compares these modeling methods with other traditional separation systems and covers fouling and concentration polarization problems. The book is a key reference for R&D managers interested in the development of membrane technologies as well as academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the wider areas of strategic treatments, separation and purification processes. Includes developments of membrane technologies in different applications by using CFD tools Describes CFD methods for evaluation and optimization of membrane process performance Indicates CFD method advantages over other modeling strategies for the analysis of membrane/membrane reactor processes

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Author : Anil K. Pabby
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The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnological Applications provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies as they have evolved over the past decades. To provide a basic understanding of membrane technology, this book documents the developments dealing with these technologies. It explores chemical, pharmaceutical, food processing and biotechnological applications of membrane processes ranging from selective separation to solvent and material recovery. This text also presents in-depth knowledge of membrane separation mechanisms, transport models, membrane permeability computations, membrane types and modules, as well as membrane reactors.

Ionomers

Author : M.R. Tant
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Polymers have achieved an enviable position as the class of materials having the highest volume of production, exceeding that of both metals and ceramics. The meteoric rise in the production and utilization of polymers has been due to advances in polymer synthesis which allow the creation of specific and well-defined molecular structures, to new knowledge concerning the relationships between polymer structure and properties, and to an improved understanding of how processing can be used as a tool to develop morphological features which result in desired properties. Polymers have truly become 'engineered materials' in every sense of the term. Polymer scientists and engineers are forever seeking to modify and improve the properties of synthetic polymeric systems for use in specific applications. Towards this end they have often looked to nature for advice on how to design molecules for specific needs. An excellent illustration of this is the use of noncovalent bonding (ionic, hydrogen, and van der Waals) in lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids, where these noncovalent bonds, acting both intra and intermolecularly, precisely control the structure and thus the function of the entire system. The utilization of ionic bonding, in particular in man-made polymers has attracted widespread interest in recent years, since ionic interactions exert a similar strong influence on the structure and properties of these synthetic systems.

Advanced Materials for Membrane Preparation

Author : Maria Giovanna Buonomenna
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The need to reduce pollution and the waste of energy and resources imposes a wider diffusion of environmentally friendly membrane systems. The expanding domain of membrane operations demands tailored materials with unprecedented performances and resistanc

Membrane and Desalination Technologies

Author : Lawrence K. Wang
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In this essential new volume, Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies, a panel of expert researchers provide a wealth of information on membrane and desalination technologies. An advanced chemical and environmental engineering textbook as well as a comprehensive reference book, this volume is of high value to advanced graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, scientists, and designers of water and wastewater treatment systems. This is an essential part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series, an incredible collection of methodologies that study the effects of pollution and waste in their three basic forms: gas, solid, and liquid. Chapters adopt the series format, employing methods of practical design and calculation illustrated by numerical examples, including pertinent cost data whenever possible, and exploring in great detail the fundamental principles of the field. Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies is an essential guide for researchers, highlighting the latest developments in principles of membrane technology, membrane systems planning and design, industrial and municipal waste treatments, desalination requirements, wastewater reclamation, biofiltration, and more.

Inorganic Polymeric and Composite Membranes

Author : S. Ted Oyama
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Inorganic, Polymeric and Composite Membranes: Structure-Function and Other Correlations covers the latest technical advances in topics such as structure-function relationships for polymeric, inorganic, and composite membranes. Leading scientists provide in depth reviews and disseminate cutting-edge research results on correlations but also discuss new materials, characterization, modelling, computational simulation, process concepts, and spectroscopy. Unified by fundamental general correlations theme Many graphical examples Covers all major membrane types

Biocatalytic Membrane Reactors

Author : Enrico Drioli
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This research level reference book has been co-written by Enrico Drioli, perhaps one of the world's best known researchers into membrane technology. The application of membrane technology to chemical transformation and molecular separation are beginning to be exploited in the pharmaceutical science and biotechnology industries, but there is a need for researchers and students to have up-to-date literature - and this book provides it. The book will be of interest to students of chemistry, chemical engineering, pharmacy and biotechnology.

Membrane Distillation

Author : Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi
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Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes

Transport Processes in Bubbles Drops and Particles

Author : Daniel DeKee
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This second edition attests to the impact of the subject matter in a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines. There has been tremendous growth in areas such as transport phenomena/materials science and processing. This book builds on and updates the editor's earlier work. It highlights recent advances in the motion of particles, drops and bubbles in complex fluids and represents a timely and needed addition to the literature on real (non-linear) materials. In particular, it contains state-of-the-art contributions from leading experts in areas such as particle deposition in membranes, flow of granular mixtures, food suspensions, foams, electro kinetic and thermo capillary driven flows, and two-phase flows.

Progress in Surface and Membrane Science

Author : J. F. Danielli
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Progress in Surface and Membrane Science, Volume 7 covers the developments in the study of surface and membrane science. The book discusses the theoretical and experimental aspects of the van der Waals forces; the electric double layer on the semiconductor-electrolyte interface; and the long-range and short-range order in adsorbed films. The text also describes the hydrodynamical theory of surface shear viscosity; the structure and properties of monolayers of synthetic polypeptides at the air-water interface; and the structure and molecular dynamics of water. The role of glycoproteins in cell adhesion is also considered. Physicists, zoologists, molecular biologists, and scientists involved in the study of electrochemistry will find the book invaluable.

Membrane Technology Applications to Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Author : Ana Caetano
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This publication presents the lectures given at the course on Advanced Separation Technology for Industrial Waste Minimization: Environmental and Analytical Aspects (13-15 October, 1992, Ispra, Italy) organized jointly by the Technical University of Lisbon, University of Calabria and the Environment Institute of the Joint Research Centre of the Commission of the European Communities at Ispra. This course is integrated in a programme for education and training in Advanced Separation Technology for Industrial Waste Minimization supported by the Community Action Programme for Education and Training for Technology (COMETT II). The lecture material is based on case studies of importance to textile, tanneries, pulp and paper, metal finishing and electroplating, food, and other industries. Environmental regulations have lead industrial engineers to search for more efficient, less energy consuming and less waste producing processes. Membrane-based separation processes contributed to recover water, raw materials and energy and to achieve simultaneously pollution control. Along this book emphasis will be given to this fast growing area of process technology.

Proceedings of the Third Pacific Basin Conference on Adsorption Science and Technology Kyongju Korea May 25 29 2003

Author : Chang-Ha Lee
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This book presents the latest research on adsorption science and technology. It serves as an excellent reference for research in areas such as fundamentals of adsorption and ion exchange (equilibria and kinetics), new materials, adsorption characterization, novel processes, energy and environmental processes.