Search results for: islamic-astronomy-and-geography

Islamic Astronomy and Geography

Author : David A. King
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This volume of 12 studies, mainly published during the past 15 years, begins with an overview of the Islamic astronomy covering not only sophisticated mathematical astronomy and instrumentation but also simple folk astronomy, and the ways in which astronomy was used in the service of religion. It continues with discussions of the importance of Islamic instruments and scientific manuscript illustrations. Three studies deal with the regional schools that developed in Islamic astronomy, in this case, Egypt and the Maghrib. Another focuses on a curious astrological table for calculating the length of life of any individual. The notion of the world centred on the sacred Kaaba in Mecca inspired both astronomers and proponents of folk astronomy to propose methods for finding the qibla, or sacred direction towards the Kaaba; their activities are surveyed here. The interaction between the mathematical and folk traditions in astronomy is then illustrated by an 11th-century text on the qibla in Transoxania. The last three studies deal with an account of the geodetic measurements sponsored by the Caliph al-Ma'mun in the 9th century; a world-map in the tradition of the 11th-century polymath al-Biruni, alas corrupted by careless copying; and a table of geographical coordinates from 15th-century Egypt.

Astronomy in the Service of Islam

Author : David A. King
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Delineates the two very different traditions of astronomy in medieval Islam: legal scholars watched the crescent moon to keep the calendar, and used shadows to keep the hours and direction of prayer, while astronomers constructed elaborate theories and mathematical tables to approach ever more precision in times and directions. The articles are reproduced from their original publication in various journals, 1982-91.

Astronomy Geography and Navigation in Islamic Civilization

Author : Fuat Sezgin
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Contains many models of instruments collected by the Museum for the History of Islamic Science and Technology in Istanbul.

Mathematical Geography and Cartography in Islam and Their Continuation in the Occident

Author : Fuat Sezgin
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Islamic Thought and Scientific Creativity

Author :
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Science in Medieval Islam

Author : Howard R. Turner
File Size : 38.93 MB
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During the Golden Age of Islam (seventh through seventeenth centuries A.D.), Muslim philosophers and poets, artists and scientists, princes and laborers created a unique culture that has influenced societies on every continent. This book offers a fully illustrated, highly accessible introduction to an important aspect of that culture—the scientific achievements of medieval Islam. Howard Turner opens with a historical overview of the spread of Islamic civilization from the Arabian peninsula eastward to India and westward across northern Africa into Spain. He describes how a passion for knowledge led the Muslims during their centuries of empire-building to assimilate and expand the scientific knowledge of older cultures, including those of Greece, India, and China. He explores medieval Islamic accomplishments in cosmology, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, geography, medicine, natural sciences, alchemy, and optics. He also indicates the ways in which Muslim scientific achievement influenced the advance of science in the Western world from the Renaissance to the modern era. This survey of historic Muslim scientific achievements offers students and general readers a window into one of the world's great cultures, one which is experiencing a remarkable resurgence as a religious, political, and social force in our own time.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Author : Library of Congress
File Size : 81.29 MB
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A E

Author : Library of Congress. Office for Subject Cataloging Policy
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Islamic Medical and Scientific Tradition

Author : Peter E. Pormann
File Size : 60.41 MB
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Presents a selection of articles that illustrate the intellectual curiosity and theoretical vigour with which Arabs and non-Arabs living in the medieval Muslim world pursued scientific endeavours. The focus is firmly on articles published during the last 20 years, during which the discipline has enjoyed a new bloom.

Al Biruni

Author : Bridget Lim
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Al-Biruni was an Islamic scholar who served on the courts of more than six caliphs. Like many of the great thinkers of the Islamic world’s Golden Age, his quest for truth motivated him to seek knowledge through research and innovation. He did this in the name of Allah. Al-Biruni set himself apart from his peers through his sheer range of expertise and drive for perfection. His considerable progress in astronomy, mathematics, geography, comparative religion, physical sciences, and history earned the respect of his colleagues, influenced countless academic followers, and remains as an inspiration to all who study his work today.

Islamic Culture

Author : Marmaduke William Pickthall
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The Geography of Science

Author : Harold Dorn
File Size : 71.80 MB
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The Encyclopaedia of Isl m

Author :
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Geography of Claudius Ptolemy

Author : Claudius Ptolemy
File Size : 29.66 MB
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Geography of Claudius Ptolemy, originally titled Geographia and written in the second century, is a depiction of the geography of the Roman Empire at the time. Though inaccurate due to Ptolemy's varying methods of measurement and use of outdated data, Geography of Claudius Ptolemy is nonetheless an excellent example of ancient geographical study and scientific method. This edition contains more than 40 maps and illustrations, reproduced based on Ptolemy's original manuscript. It remains a fascinating read for students of scientific history and Greek influence. CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY (A.D. 90- A.D. 168) was a poet, mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, and geographer who wrote in Greek, though he was a Roman citizen. He is most well-known for three scientific treatises he wrote on astronomy, astrology, and geography, respectively titled Almagest, Apotelesmatika, and Geographia. His work influenced early Islamic and European studies, which in turn influenced much of the modern world. Ptolemy died in Alexandria as a member of Greek society.

The Voice of Islam

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A Modern Guide to Astronomical Calculations of Islamic Calendar Times Qibla

Author : Mohammad Ilyas
File Size : 61.50 MB
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Islam Today

Author : Akbar S. Ahmed
File Size : 85.62 MB
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A valuable introduction to Islam attempts to overcome decades of bigotry and misunderstandings as it clearly explains the tenets of a religion practiced by more than one billion people, explaining the traditions that lie at this belief's heart. Original.

Studies in Islamic History

Author : Amir Hasan Siddiqi
File Size : 45.5 MB
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Science Reporter

Author :
File Size : 89.31 MB
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The Islamic Art and Architecture

Author : Sir Thomas Walker Arnold
File Size : 53.75 MB
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