Search Results for "jordan"

Water using conflicts in the Lower Jordan River Basin

Water using conflicts in the Lower Jordan River Basin

Optimal water allocation with a special reference to the agricultural sector

  • Author: Kathrin Stärk
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3638786048
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 134
  • View: 6844
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Diploma Thesis from the year 2007 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Physical Geography, Geomorphology, Environmental Studies, grade: 1,0, University of Passau, 113 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Die Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit der nachhaltigen Wasserversorgung des Trockenraums des Unteren Jordantals und ist in drei Hauptkapitel untergliedert. Im ersten Teil wird das Untere Jordantal im physischen sowie sozio-ökonomischen Kontext behandelt. Das zweite Kapitel konzentriert sich auf die Aspekte, die zur aktuelle Situation geführt haben. Dabei wird zunächst ein historischer Abriss über ide Entwicklung der heutigen Landnutzung, insbesondere der Bewässerungswirtschaft, gegeben. Das Lower Jordan River Basin beheimatet ca. 80 % der jordanischen Bevölkerung und verbraucht entsprechend auch etwa 80 % der nationalen Wasserressourcen. Während die Bewässerungslandwirtschaft weniger als 5 % des BIP ausmacht, verbraucht sie doch nahezu 70 % des nationalen Wasserbedarfs. Einem sich erneuernden natürlichen Wasserdargebot von 780 MMC steht ein Vebrauch von 1,35 MMC entgegen. Dieses Ungleichgewicht wird sich aufgrund des Bevölkerungswachstums und des steigenden Wasserbedarfs in den kommenden Jahren weiterhin dramatisch verschlechtern. Im dritten Kapitel werden verschiedene Optionen für eine künftige Sicherstellung des Wasserbedarfs erörtert. Neben möglichen technischen Einsparungen im Agrarbereich werden auch die Möglichkeiten von Mehrfachwasserverwendung diskutiert, ohne die Jordanien in der Zukunft nicht auskommen wird. Allerdings wird auch kritisch hinterfragt, inwieweit die Einsicht für ein integriertes Wassermanagement mit der Realität korreliert. Erste Schritte hin zu einer nachhaltigen Wasserversorgung wurden bereits vollzogen, doch das angestrebte Ziel ist noch weit entfernt. Notwendige Schritte sind nicht nur im Bereich des Wassermanagements erforderlich, auch die Bewertung des Gutes Wasser und den damit verbundenen Kosten sowie eine langfristige Umorientierung der jordanischen Wirtschaft und eine stärkere Bewusstseinsbildung in der Bevölkerung sind nötig. Ohne die Umsetzung dieser Maßnahmen ist gegenwärtig nicht absehbar, ob das Land langfristig bei seinen Bemühungen erfolgreich sein wird.

Michael Jordan, Inc.

Michael Jordan, Inc.

Corporate Sport, Media Culture, and Late Modern America

  • Author: David L. Andrews
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780791450253
  • Category: Sports & Recreation
  • Page: 301
  • View: 6631
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Uses Michael Jordan as a vehicle for viewing the broader social, economic, political, and technological concerns that frame contemporary culture.

Jordan

Jordan

Suspension of U.S. Military Assistance During Gulf Crisis : Report to Congressional Requesters

  • Author: United States. General Accounting Office
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Iraq-Kuwait Crisis, 1990-1991
  • Page: 19
  • View: 2318
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Jordan

Jordan

Supporting Stable Development in a Challenging Region : a Joint World Bank-Islamic Development Bank Evaluation

  • Author: Fareed M. A. Hassan,Djelloul Al-Saci
  • Publisher: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821357828
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 126
  • View: 4928
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This evaluation, prepared in collaboration with the Islamic Development Bank, looks at the effectiveness of World Bank assistance to Jordan during the 1990s, from three perspectives: an analysis of the World Bank's services and products, development impact, and the contribution of the Bank and its development partners to development outcomes. The World Bank's strategy since 1990, based on wide-ranging and influential analytic and advisory activities, was to support macroeconomic stabilization and pro-market structural reforms to foster growth. The increased focus on the social sectors was aligned with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The strategy was relevant to the government's priorities outlined in a series of five-year economic and social development plans. The Bank's programs, in particular, were successful in promoting policy reforms. Substantial tariff, trade and financial sector reforms, together with the removal of disincentives for investment and the privatization of government enterprises, were achieved. Bank assistance also contributed to significant progress in the agriculture, water and social sectors. With Bank support, Jordan made excellent progress in almost all areas covered by the MDGs, and is likely to meet the target levels by 2015. However, these gains have been achieved in an inefficient manner and the cost in terms of public expenditures has been relatively high. Recommendations outline much needed public sector reform, for despite some public expenditures being curtailed, the country's vulnerability to external shocks remains high, and the potential for regional instability is also considerable. Future Bank assistance should focus on public expenditure restructuring, enhanced water management and conservation, and poverty reduction.

Culture and Customs of Jordan

Culture and Customs of Jordan

  • Author: John A. Shoup
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313336713
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 131
  • View: 9305
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Discusses the history, traditions, culture, religion, media, and arts of Jordan.

The Jordan River and Dead Sea Basin

The Jordan River and Dead Sea Basin

Cooperation Amid Conflict

  • Author: Clive Lipchin,Deborah Sandler,Emily Cushman
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9048129885
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 316
  • View: 3025
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The 21st century will present unprecedented challenges. Already in its first decade we have seen the dramatic impact of two systemic risks, that of climate change and that of the financial crisis. The cause but also the solution to these crises lies in a deeper understanding of the underlying factors and int- dependencies. New ways must be found to overcome deep obstacles and find common solutions to seemingly intractable problems. The water crisis in the Middle East is a central challenge of the 21st century. The future of the people of the region depends on finding lasting solutions. Due to the exhaustion and pollution of available sources, compounded by climate change, demographic change and economic development, the pressures of water resource management will grow. New solutions must urgently be found as business as usual is not sustainable. This book provides vital new insights into possible elements of a sustainable future in one key area, that of the Jordan River and Dead Sea Basin. The future development of the Jordanian, Palestinian and Israeli people depends on finding a just and sustainable system of water resource management in this Basin. Given the potential for regional and other conflicts arising out of tensions over water, the ramifications are wider and even global in significance. This volume provides fresh regional and international perspectives which greatly assist in our understanding of the issues and their possible resolution.

A History of Jordan

A History of Jordan

  • Author: Philip Robins
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521598958
  • Category: History
  • Page: 243
  • View: 7496
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Philip Robins traces Jordan's political history from pre-independence to the present day.

Michael Jordan

Michael Jordan

A Biography

  • Author: David L. Porter
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
  • ISBN: 9780313337673
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 176
  • View: 3883
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Profiles the legendary basketball player who is one of the wealthiest and most popular athletes in the world.

Jordan

Jordan

  • Author: Matthew Teller
  • Publisher: Rough Guides
  • ISBN: 9781858287409
  • Category: Travel
  • Page: 474
  • View: 2477
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The Rough Guide to Jordan is a handbook to the Middle East's most alluring destination. Features include: a full-colour section introducing Jordan's highlights; detailed accounts of all the sights and attractions, including the ancient city of Petra, the Red Sea resort of Aqaba and the desert cliffs of Wadi Rum; up-to-the-minute reviews of the best places to eat, drink and stay - in all price ranges; practical guidance on experiencing the unspoilt natural environment, from diving in the Red Sea to trekking and wildlife spotting, plus informed background on history, religion, art, politics and nature; and maps and plans for every region.

Jordan

Jordan

Some Aspects of Its Growing Importance in the Middle East

  • Author: Jordan. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Press and Publicity Bureau
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Jordan
  • Page: 33
  • View: 1465
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